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Indonesia’s App for Managing Cardiac Arrest Cases

Image credits: ugm.ac.id

A Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing lecturer at Gadjah Mada University (FKKMK UGM), Beta Ahlam Gizela, has developed the Satu Jantung 2.0 application, which can assist in managing cardiac arrest cases.

Beta shared that the initial idea for creating the SatuJantung application originated when she and her husband, Dr Nurholis Majid, discovered their son had experienced a sudden heart attack. From that experience, they were inspired to create a device that could assist many people when experiencing a heart attack, especially when no healthcare professionals are available.

At present, the SatuJantung application has been released on the smartphone marketplace. The public can download this application, especially those with a history or risk of heart attacks and cardiac arrest.

After downloading the application, users can register by entering personal data such as name, gender, date of birth, phone number, emergency contact number, blood pressure, weight and height, smoking history, diabetes history, and physical activity. Once this data is entered, the app will generate the user’s heart disease risk results.

“If the calculation results indicate a high risk, it is highly advisable to use this application,” she said.

Furthermore, she expressed that the SatuJantung application is designed with a primary feature of an alarm for heart attack and cardiac arrest patients. The application can be activated with just one click on the floating button. “Time is very crucial when the attack occurs, and this floating button can save the user,” she explained.

When the floating button is clicked, several pieces of information will appear to assist healthcare professionals in identifying the patient. Some data includes the high risk of heart disease, emergency contact information, and an emergency button.

When a heart attack or cardiac arrest occurs, users of this application can immediately click the help button. Then, they can follow the instructions for first aid based on the patient’s condition. For example, if the patient is conscious or unconscious, they can seek assistance from others by calling 119 (emergency ambulance service). Moreover, there is also a guide on how to perform chest compressions for untrained rescuers in the application.

Currently, the application is only developed for basic versions of smartphones and below. In the future, it will be developed for higher versions and can connect with hospitals and ambulance services directly.

She added that the application also provides a guide on performing chest compressions for rescuers who have yet to receive training. Based on a literature review conducted by her husband, they could be saved out of approximately 10 out of 100 cardiac arrest patients who received first aid in the form of chest compressions. Cardiac arrest patients who receive first aid in chest compressions have three times greater chances of survival than those who do not accept help.

Because heart disease is listed as one of the leading causes of death in developed and developing countries. According to the report from 2014-2019, heart disease is one of the highest causes of death in Indonesia.

Moreover, data from the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2013 and 2018 showed an increasing trend in heart disease, from 0.5% in 2013 to 1.5% in 2018. Heart disease represents the highest healthcare expenditure in the Social Security Administration for Health (BPJS Kesehatan) data for 2021, with a total cost of IDR 7.7 trillion.

Beta optimists that SatuJantung 2.0 can enhance cardiac arrest management, reduce response time, and improve treatment outcomes in the future of Indonesia’s healthcare. It is also a valuable tool for data collection, research, and policy development, leading to a better understanding of the prevalence, risk factors, and patterns of cardiac arrest incidents. Utilising the data gathered through this application can improve health policies and strategies for managing cardiac arrest patients.

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