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Singapore: Digital Tools Transform ADHD Diagnosis

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Digital technology provides innovative tools and platforms that improve the diagnostic process of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) by providing objective measurements, improving data collecting and analysis, enabling remote assessments, and promoting collaborative care. These developments help to improve the accuracy and efficiency of ADHD diagnosis and management.

Professor Roger Ho, Principal Investigator at the NUS Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), and his team developed a battery of tests to improve the present ADHD diagnosing procedure and make it more objective.

ADHD, he claims, is one of the most common childhood diseases that typically persists into adulthood. While ADHD is a curable condition, it is often misdiagnosed in adults. Conventional methods of diagnosing ADHD make it difficult for clinicians to identify if someone has ADHD since it needs self-reporting of symptoms, which can be subjective and exaggerated at times.

The researchers devised a new set of three objective tests, including an infrared brain scan, an eye tracker test, and a continuous performance test. These assessments were developed to be used in conjunction with the standard clinical interviews and self-report questionnaires completed by a medical professional.

Prof Roger and his colleagues began working on this new objective ADHD diagnostic technique in June 2021, when they investigated whether infrared brain scans could determine whether an adult has ADHD.

“Psychiatry is the only medical discipline that diagnoses patients without objective diagnostic tools,” he noted. “So, the brain scan and eye tracker are analogous to the prick test. There has a predetermined and objective value. That cannot be changed. If your score is less than or close to this, you may have ADHD.”

Since July 2022, the research team has used the new diagnostic technique on around 250 persons at iHealthtech, with 240 of them being diagnosed with ADHD. The research team cited that the majority of these individuals had been suffering from ADHD symptoms for years before consulting for a diagnosis.

The client will undergo an infrared brain scan to assess the oxygen level in the brain while undertaking easy mental tasks as part of the three objective tests. Lower oxygen levels in the frontal lobe of the brain are frequent in adults with ADHD. The customer will next be asked to look at or away from a dot on the screen, which will be measured using an eye tracker.

Adults with ADHD may take longer to react or may turn to look in the wrong direction when given instructions. Finally, the client will be subjected to the Conners’ Continuous Performance Test to uncover any problems with brain and hand synchronisation. People with a moderate to high risk of ADHD are more likely to make mistakes or have irregular reaction times.

The entire ADHD assessment will take approximately 90 minutes. Each of the three objective tests has a 70% accuracy rate, which contributes to the total accuracy of the ADHD diagnosis procedure. The patient will obtain a diagnostic report following the entire testing process.

The team is currently aiming to increase the use of these ADHD diagnostic techniques in adults in underdeveloped countries such as Vietnam.

Further, digital applications and software are available to aid in the assessment and management of ADHD. These tools may include cognitive training exercises, behaviour-tracking apps, and organisational aids that assist individuals in improving attention, time management, and executive functioning.

Digital technology allows for remote consultation and collaboration among healthcare professionals, enabling a multidisciplinary approach to ADHD diagnosis and treatment. Specialists in different fields can share information, review assessments, and provide comprehensive care to patients.

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

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As a Titanium Black Partner of Dell Technologies, CTC Global Singapore boasts unparalleled access to resources.

Established in 1972, we bring 52 years of experience to the table, solidifying our position as a leading IT solutions provider in Singapore. With over 300 qualified IT professionals, we are dedicated to delivering integrated solutions that empower your organization in key areas such as Automation & AI, Cyber Security, App Modernization & Data Analytics, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Renowned for our consulting expertise and delivering expert IT solutions, CTC Global Singapore has become the preferred IT outsourcing partner for businesses across Singapore.

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Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

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SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

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HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

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IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and consulting services provider, helping clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,800 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently, and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity, and service. For more information, visit www.ibm.com