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5G Garbage Trucks Driving the Future of Smart Cities

Image Credits: The Swinburne University of Technology, Press Release

An interconnected network of garbage trucks could be the new frontline in repairing local roads, thanks to a research collaboration between the Swinburne University of Technology and Brimbank City Council that utilises the 5G network and the Internet of Things (IoT).

The project will see high-resolution cameras and GPS sensors attached to Brimbank’s waste trucks. The rich data captured from these connected devices will be sent in real-time to a cloud-based system that can create an easy-to-use map of assets that require maintenance, such as road signs, bus shelters or damaged roads. This will drastically reduce the time it takes to identify, document and fix issues, removing the need for costly manual reporting and auditing, and saving up to 50 per cent of asset auditing costs.

Supported by $1.18 million in funding from the Federal Government’s Australian 5G Innovation Initiative, the project will also help demonstrate how 5G can reliably support the needs of smart cities around Australia.

Bringing the Internet of Things to life

The Director of Swinburne’s Factory of the Future and Digital Innovation Lab stated that the project presents unique challenges that 5G and IoT technology can help solve. He noted that Swinburne is bringing together researchers, government and industry to co-create safe, resilient solutions for smart and sustainable cities. Together, they are enhancing access to services, places and economic opportunities, and improving quality of life.

He added that the team is delighted to be working with the Brimbank Council, and utilising Swinburne’s leading capabilities and world-renowned expertise in the Internet of Things and digital innovation to demonstrate a solution that can be used in cities across Australia and around the world.

The Brimbank Mayor welcomed the partnership stating that residents have told the council via the Community Survey that improving the appearance of Brimbank’s roads, road signs, bus stop shelters and roadside spaces is a high priority. The innovative 5G-based project offers us a quicker and more efficient way to identify which assets need maintenance, and to get the information to the work crews. Simply put, this project will help Council respond faster to assets that need maintenance, she said.

The Council is pleased to be working with Swinburne University and Optus on this ground-breaking project. The project will also lead the way for other councils considering 5G based solutions for road and roadside asset condition monitoring.

Cutting-edge technology

The stereo vision and depth cameras attached to the garbage trucks will collect 3D perception data at a rate of 900 megabits per second.  For comparison, the average mobile download speeds in Australia in 2020 were around 43 megabits per second. To add extra complexity, the garbage trucks travel across every street in the council area each week and need to transmit the data in real-time while moving at varying speeds. This makes the environment perfect for testing the capabilities of the super-fast 5G network, while also helping maintenance teams work more effectively.

As part of the project, maintenance teams will be able to get information directly on their phones and upload proof of maintenance performed on the spot. With more than 900 kilometres of road under maintenance and an estimated $15 to $20 million spent every year of maintaining and improving road and roadside assets in Brimbank alone, it is hoped that the project will not only improve the lives and safety of residents but also help councils around Australia save millions.

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