The proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI) technology has experienced rapid and widespread growth across various sectors. This phenomenon reflects massive adoption, making it easier for humans to meet their diverse needs. In this context, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) demands the existence of good guidelines and ethics for humans, thus emphasising the importance of responsible and ethical practices in harnessing this technology.
In Indonesia alone, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has supported using cutting-edge technology to compete globally. The Vice Minister, Nezar Patria, stated that the Circular Guidelines (SE) for AI Usage would help the innovations of the nation’s youths. According to him, Indonesians have made numerous discoveries in various industries, but only a few of them have integrated AI into their findings.
The Thick Blood Smear Microphotograph CAD Malaria system is an example of such integration. This is a breakthrough in the healthcare industry that focuses on the diagnosis of Malaria, which is prevalent, especially in the eastern part of Indonesia. In this innovative system, artificial intelligence significantly contributes to the efficiency of diagnostic processes, providing more accurate results and enabling faster and more effective treatment for patients infected with Malaria. Using three diagnostic methods to identify plasmodium parasites in the blood facilitates healthcare providers in obtaining comprehensive information and insights into malaria patients.
According to Nezar Patria, the guidelines for using AI represent a strategic step to ensure the continued relevance of this latest technology ecosystem, aligning with global innovation growth. Given its significant impact on international technological and economic development, he emphasised the importance of keeping pace with global developments in AI usage.
Nezar Patria emphasised that AI policies must always align with global dynamics so that Indonesia can ensure its optimal position in developing and utilising this technology. Their main focus is on determining Indonesia’s positioning in the context of AI development and utilisation, which will directly impact the sectors to be developed domestically.
Additionally, Nezar Patria highlighted that aligning with global developments in AI usage can open up broader collaboration opportunities between Indonesia and other countries. This collaboration may involve exchanging knowledge, experiences, and resources that will enrich Indonesia’s perspective in facing the challenges and opportunities arising from the development of AI technology.
At the same time, Nezar Patria discussed issues related to artificial intelligence and ethical values. There, he gathered several suggestions and recommendations from stakeholders regarding the development and use of AI, emphasising that the ecosystem’s regulations should be transparent, accountable, and fair while adhering to human-centric and explainability principles.
Nezar Patria highlighted the need for a comprehensive response to the potential challenges and risks of artificial intelligence (AI). In this framework, the government, developers, and AI providers from the public and private sectors need to support educational efforts to enhance understanding of AI, especially given its significant social implications.
The Circular on AI Ethics is considered a crucial instrument to provide comprehensive guidance in addressing regulatory compliance and responsibility needs among AI developers or providers. Nezar Patria emphasised that appropriate regulations must be implemented to provide clarity and certainty. This is to ensure that the Circular on AI Ethics can be a ready-to-use guide for stakeholders in the AI ecosystem, particularly in responding to the evolving dynamics of AI.
Nezar Patria asserted that the Circular on AI Ethics is not just a normative document but also a concrete step to enforce regulatory compliance and assume social responsibility. With clear regulations, stakeholders in the AI ecosystem can effectively adopt this guide, making it a practical guideline ready for use in developing and utilising AI technology.
“Appropriate regulations will provide legal certainty and a solid foundation for AI industry players. Thus, the Circular on AI Ethics becomes a normative instrument and an effective tool to achieve the compliance and responsibility required in using artificial intelligence,” he concluded.