Indonesia’s Government has faced increasing pressure to strengthen their cyber security defense and resources in the wake of growing targeted attacks towards the public sector.
The Indonesian National Defense Forces recently created a new division, Armed Forces Center for Information and Data Processing of Indonesian National Defense Forces, to address this rising pressure to combat against cyber physical threats.
OpenGov speaks to Col IGN Budiman SP M Sc, Chief Information Officer Security, Indonesia National Defense Forces, Armed Forces Center for Information and Data Processing of Indonesian National Defense Forces, to learn more about his position and how it affects Indonesia’s National Defense strategy.
“I have recently been appointed to this position as CISO,” Col IGN Budiman told us, “The cyber security trends in Indonesia have reflected that Government needs to protect their infrastructure with better equipped manpower and skills.”
In the new digital era, public and private sectors alike face an increase in attacks within the cyber physical space. With this, it is urged that organisations put cyber security at the forefront of their agenda to show that they recognise these threats and are taking the necessary steps to combat them.
“Cyber security should be at the forefront because the trends in defense have changed,” stated Col IGN Budiman, “We are not just fighting a physical war, but a cyber physical war. This is why this new division [Armed Forces Center for Information and Data Processing of Indonesian National Defense Forces] was created.”
There are many challenges that must be addressed in order to prepare and protect the cyber physical landscape against threats. The Indonesian Defense Forces face two main challenges to improving their security infrastructure.
“We are dealing with new challenges to increasing the security infrastructure,” Col IGN Budiman said, “On one hand, we are facing a new age through the Internet of Everything. At the same time, we are trying to integrate more green ICT. We are being prompted to reduce the amount of energy we use.”
With the growing threat landscape, it is becoming all the more important for organisations to rethink their ICT infrastructure and plan for ongoing adaption to changes.
“We need to create a plan for our department to improve ICT and skills over the next ten years,” Col IGN Budiman told us.
“With the ever changing threat landscape, I think the most important thing is human resources. You start training people to handle potential events and gain the skillset for the future. Also, we must consider the growing skills gap for the security industry.”
When we asked how else they are working to close this growing skills gap, Col IGN Budiman told us that his division is working to do something similar to what the Indonesia Defense Forces has done in the past.
“We do not have a training and education centre yet, since I am in a new division. But my former division created programmes to bring together the IT community in unique ways, I hope to bring that to my division,” Col IGN Budiman said.
The creation of the Armed Forces Center for Information and Data Processing of Indonesian National Defense Forces and CISO role represents new trends in defense organisations.
As governments are fighting battles outside of land, sea, and air, they must prepare the right amount of human resources to defend against these fairly new threats in the cyber physical world.
Public transportation is a crucial service for enhancing the general satisfaction the government provides. In light of this, the Indonesian government has established high-speed rail infrastructure for Jakarta-Bandung mobility.
The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kominfo) fully supports the Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Train (KCJB) WHOOSH operation. Kominfo’s Budi Arie Setiadi expressed continuous monitoring for the availability and reliability of digital connectivity, particularly telecommunications networks along the first high-speed rail route in Indonesia.
“We, along with the telecommunications ecosystem, conducted tests. Kominfo is tasked with supporting signal-related issues. We assessed the signal quality along our journey and found that we could use devices and frequencies for communication,” he explained.
Minister Budi Arie emphasised that KCJB, as a technological leap for Indonesia’s progress, needs full support from the latest telecommunications technology. With advancements in transportation paralleled by digital technology, it will undoubtedly facilitate more efficient access for the public.
“This is a technological leap for Indonesia’s progress. Because this train is solid, the tracks are seamless, and the signal is robust. Our duty and responsibility are to support it,” he added.
Kominfo assured that the quality of telecommunications services would sustain the overall KCJB service. According to them, the journey from KCJB Halim Station to KCJB Padalarang Station and vice versa proceeded smoothly.
“Overall, the management and governance of the high-speed train are excellent,” he noted.
At this trial event, Minister Budi Arie Setiadi was joined by Deputy Minister of Kominfo Nezar Patria and senior officials from the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. Minister Budi Arie encouraged the telecommunications service provider network to oversee and guarantee the quality of the network.
Ismail, the Director-General of Resources and Equipment of Posts and Information Technology at Kominfo, explained that the test conducted by Kominfo officials and telecommunications service providers is part of the initial process to support digital connectivity for KCJB. Kominfo has prepared radio frequency spectra for quality telecommunications signal transmission.
“And, fortunately, the signal used, or the frequency used, is now in collaboration with one of the biggest telecommunication companies in Indonesia. This cooperation began about two or three years ago. And, thank God, we witnessed today that the train’s communication system worked well. No signal interruptions,” he stated.
Director-General Ismail states that 5G telecommunication networks are available at Halim KCJB Station and Padalarang KCJB Station. This network supports connectivity and signifies that Indonesia is ready for full-scale and comprehensive digital transformation, even in minor details.
“For these two station locations here (Halim) and in Padalarang, the 5G signal has already been covered. Passengers at these stations can now enjoy 5G services. The remaining task is to improve the signal for passengers during the journey. So, from Jakarta to Padalarang and Bandung, we hope there will be no frequency or cellular signal interruptions,” he explained.
Next, Henry Mulya Syam, the President and Director of the Telecommunication company, stated that they would address several remaining telecommunications service challenges at various points along the KCJB route.
“There are several sites to be added, both outdoor and on the KCJB panel. We have conducted evaluations, so hopefully, within 6 to 9 months, because new towers need to be built,” he clarified.
Previously, together with President Joko Widodo and several members of the Indonesia Maju Cabinet, Minister of Communication and Information Technology Budi Arie Setiadi conducted a test journey on the KCJB from Halim Station, East Jakarta, to Padalarang Station, West Bandung Regency. The KCJB, WHOOSH, travels 350 kilometres per hour, making it the first high-speed train in Indonesia and Southeast Asia.
The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology is devising incentives to support the implementation of 5G telecommunications network technology in Indonesia. This step is taken as part of a strategy to optimise the 5G network to enhance internet speed significantly.
Minister of Communication and Information Technology, Budi Arie Setiadi has revealed that the government’s efforts are geared towards encouraging investment in this sector. One specific measure is to incentivise telecommunications operators to encourage them to make large-scale investments. With these incentives in place, operators can avoid making a substantial upfront payment, which can reduce their investment costs.
Budi Arie Setiadi also expressed his belief that internet speed in Indonesia will continue to increase in line with the advancement of digital technology. The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology is committed to making Indonesia one of the top 10 countries in the world in terms of internet speed by implementing a robust 5G network. Therefore, the government will continue to focus on developing the digital infrastructure to support this goal.
In addition, Budi Arie Setiadi emphasised the importance of establishing a strong digital infrastructure. He explained that includes the development of a reliable and extensive 5G network, which will help meet the needs of the public and industries as they navigate the ever-evolving digital era.
“5G in the future will undoubtedly play a pivotal role in shaping not just the telecommunications landscape but also the broader digital ecosystem,” Budi Arie Setiadi elaborated. As the world becomes increasingly interconnected and reliant on high-speed data transmission, Indonesia is positioning itself strategically to harness the potential of 5G technology for its growth and development.
The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has embarked on a mission to position Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous country, among the top 10 nations globally regarding 5G network deployment.
“When we discuss speed, it’s a measure relative to other nations, but what truly matters is our global ranking. We employ this benchmark because the world’s pace of internet adoption is not slowing down. Even if our target is to achieve 100 Mbps, if we observe that the global rankings are on the ascent, we remain steadfast in our pursuit,” he expressed.
Furthermore, he also underscored that the government is committed to assessing and crafting strategic initiatives to deliver improved-speed 5G network services. He emphasised that they are poised to collaborate closely with various mobile operators and industry ecosystems to formulate the most effective strategies.
In pursuing high-quality internet network services, the government also remains acutely attuned to the evolving dynamics within the domestic industry.
Budi Arie further highlighted the significance of fostering an industrial ecosystem that enhances quality sustainably and competitively. He said that it is paramount as it will ensure the industry sustains its health and engages in fair competition.
Commercial 5G services are already operational in 49 cities across Indonesia. Furthermore, the development of 5G networks is actively progressing in five super-priority tourist destinations and is being showcased at various international events.
The Minister’s emphasis on global ranking highlights Indonesia’s determination to benchmark itself against international standards. It acknowledges that the digital landscape is dynamic and constantly evolving, and being among the top performers globally clearly indicates staying relevant in the digital age.
The National Cyber and Crypto Agency of the Republic of Indonesia (BSSN RI), in a joint effort with 18 Regional Governments (Pemda), has embarked on a collaborative initiative. Their objective is to safeguard the integrity and sovereignty of the nation against an array of cyber threats that have become increasingly prevalent in today’s digital landscape. To formalise this commitment and ensure a unified front in addressing cyber threats, they signed a Cooperation Agreement (PKS) focused on utilising Electronic Certificates.
Through Presidential Regulation Number 95 of 2018 concerning the Electronic-Based Government System (SPBE), the government strives to realise clean, effective, transparent, and accountable governance and quality and reliable public services. Therefore, implementing SPBE as a form of digital transformation is a necessity carried out by every government institution.
The Chief Secretary of BSSN, Susilo Wibowo, conveyed that BSSN, through the Electronic Certification Institute (BSrE), provides electronic certification services to support information security in e-government implementation.
“At present, BSrE has been officially designated as an Electronic Certification Authority for Agencies based on the Recognition Decree Number 103 of 2022 from the Ministry of Communication and Informatics of the Republic of Indonesia,” he stated.
Furthermore, Susilo explained that by using electronic certificates in Electronic Signature services, BSrE builds trust by providing three aspects of information security based on asymmetric cryptography systems: authentication assurance, integrity assurance, and non-repudiation assurance.
“With the use of TTE, in addition to security aspects, it is hoped to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of bureaucratic processes, thereby creating easily accessible, fast, and straightforward public services in data processing, as well as the availability of accurate data,” he elaborated.
It should also be noted that as the Single Agency for Electronic Certification Providers, BSrE BSSN has the responsibility to provide electronic certificate services to meet the needs of 5.2 million government employees, military personnel and police officers. As of September 25, 2023, BSrE has issued over 335,000 electronic certificates integrated into 967 electronic systems.
Susilo envisioned that the 18 Regional Governments present and BSrE BSSN can implement the agreed-upon points with full commitment to realising work effectiveness, integrated work patterns, sustainability, and the successful utilisation of electronic certificates in the future.
The meeting was attended by the Regent, Mayor, Regional Secretary, Head of the Regional Information and Communication Agency, and officials from both Regional Governments and BSSN.
The 18 Regional Governments (Pemda) involved in the PKS are the North Sulawesi Provincial Government, Bandar Lampung City Government, Bungo Regency Government, South Buton Regency Government, Cirebon Regency Government, Garut Regency Government, Gayo Lues Regency Government, Katingan Regency Government, Lebak Regency Government, Merauke Regency Government, South Nias Regency Government, Parigi Moutong Regency Government, West Pasaman Regency Government, Sleman Regency Government, Sumedang Regency Government, Sukoharjo Regency Government, Raja Ampat Regency Government, and Tanah Bumbu Regency Government.
It marks the seriousness of BSSN in its commitment to fostering not only the security of the nation but also the efficiency and effectiveness of government operations. The collaboration with 18 Regional Governments underscores the collective effort to strengthen the cybersecurity infrastructure, ensuring it remains robust in the face of evolving cyber threats.
Space technology and its utilisation in remote sensing have contributed to achieving sustainable development goals in Indonesia since the 1970s. To further enhance national space capabilities, the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) is currently developing a digital satellite constellation known as the Nusantara Satellite Constellation.
BRIN’s Deputy for Development Policy, Mego Pinandito, emphasised BRIN’s role in bridging policymakers, academia, and the public to leverage the upcoming satellite developments. This inclusive approach fosters discussions about the satellite constellation from various perspectives.
Multidisciplinary and multinational speakers addressed technical specifications, potential contributions of satellite technology to national development, potential partnerships with national and international industries, and strategic policy challenges.
Indonesia has mandated the National Remote Sensing Data Bank at BRIN, through Presidential Instruction No. 6 of 2012, along with space laws and government regulations, to provide data and satellite services free of charge to ministries/agencies, local governments, and universities. This satellite constellation’s presence will support national infrastructure, unlock new opportunities for progress development, and play a vital role in improving connectivity, disaster management, environmental monitoring, and economic development.
Mego expressed his optimism for strengthening partnerships and collaborations with the international community, as space exploration and technology are believed to provide a platform for mutually beneficial global cooperation. The collaborative nature of space fosters knowledge exchange and contributes to international efforts in addressing shared challenges, such as climate change, disaster management, and sustainable development. By joining forces with other nations, Indonesia aims to leverage collective expertise and resources, amplifying the impact of its space programmes on a global scale.
Robertus Heru Triharjanto, Head of the Flight and Space Research Organisation at BRIN, provided a comprehensive overview of the Nusantara Satellite Constellation programme. This visionary initiative encompasses a constellation of 18 satellites, each meticulously designed to fulfil diverse and pivotal missions integral to Indonesia’s progress and prosperity.
Among these 18 satellites, several are strategically dedicated to high-resolution remote sensing, incorporating optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) capabilities. These advanced remote sensing capabilities offer Indonesia unparalleled insights into its landscapes and seascapes.
For instance, they enable the precise monitoring of maritime regions, empowering law enforcement agencies to combat illegal fishing activities effectively. Moreover, they provide essential data for strategic rice production monitoring, enhancing food security. The satellites contribute to pollution mapping, support carbon trading initiatives to safeguard the environment, and monitor topographical changes such as land subsidence, which is critical for disaster preparedness and mitigation.
Additionally, the programme includes a dedicated relay satellite designed specifically to address the need to monitor illegal fishing activities, especially across extensive maritime areas. Equipped with advanced instruments and technologies, the Nusantara Satellite Constellation is a highly strategic and essential initiative for Indonesia.
Meanwhile, Herjon CM Panggaben, Director of Basic Land and Spatial Measurement at the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN), added that the need for high-resolution data and services is crucial to accelerate land registration in Indonesia.
Access to satellite imagery for 126 million land parcels throughout Indonesia is anticipated, supporting spatial planning, including Regional Spatial Plans (RTRWs) and Detailed Spatial Plans (RDTRs) in all districts/cities. It aids in identifying land use and utilisation in Right to Cultivate (HGU) permits, improving land boundary quality, mitigating risks associated with land use changes, and updating paddy field base maps.
Through such endeavours, Indonesia solidifies its presence in space. It demonstrates a strong commitment to utilising advanced satellite technology to address strategic challenges in various fields crucial for the country’s progress and security.
Minister of PANRB Abdullah Azwar Anas stated that in 2023, the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Indonesia and Korea will reach its 50th year. Both countries continuously work to enhance their relations and cooperation, both bilaterally, regionally, and multilaterally.
In light of this, the governments of Indonesia and Korea are continuing their cooperation in Electronic Government Systems (EGS) through the Digital Government Cooperation Forum. This event, organised through the collaboration of the Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform (PANRB), the Ministry of the Interior and Safety (MoIS), and the National Information Society Agency (NIA), discusses the implementation of cooperation in 2023 and the cooperation project plans for 2024.
“The closeness of this relationship and cooperation is certainly supported by the complementary nature of resources and advantages possessed by Indonesia and Korea, in addition to the excellent economic and political progress, making opportunities for cooperation in various sectors increasingly wide open,” said Minister PANRB Abdullah Azwar Anas.
In 2023, the governments of Indonesia and Korea embarked on a cooperation project related to digital ID development strategies and poverty alleviation digitalisation strategies. As for the extension of the DGCC cooperation project in 2024, there are several project proposals from the DGCC Committee, including support for government efforts in digitalising Nusantara City into a smart city focusing on intelligent government aspects.
“These cooperation proposals include the use of Big Data and AI for government administrative services, open-source technology-based designs, and big data designs in service provision,” explained Anas.
In his opinion, strengthening the strategic partnership between Korea and Indonesia for a shared future, especially in digital transformation, is not just an aspiration but a necessity. Indonesia’s digital transformation is already on the right track, where digital transformation serves as an accelerator for development acceleration.
Strengthening partnerships with Korea, one of the global technology industry leaders can bring Indonesia significant benefits. Korea has extensive experience and expertise in digital transformation and cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things, and 5G. Through knowledge sharing and close collaboration, Indonesia can accelerate the implementation of these technologies to support various sectors, including industry, education, healthcare, and public services.
Furthermore, strengthening this partnership can also open doors for investments in Indonesia’s technology ecosystem. With financial and technical support from Korea, Indonesian startups and technology companies can further develop their innovations and compete in the global market. This will create new job opportunities, drive economic growth, and strengthen Indonesia’s position in an increasingly interconnected international community.
“Interoperability of systems and applications continues to be pursued to realise integrated services nationally. However, we continue to strive and learn best practices from various countries, especially Korea, to strengthen digital transformation breakthroughs in Indonesia,” he said.
NIA President Jong Sung Hwang stated that in the future, his agency will actively assist Indonesia in digital governance, similar to what they did by establishing NIA in 1987 to support the digitalisation of the South Korean government. “The South Korean government used to have 17,060 silo systems, but they managed to integrate them all into an all-in-one service,” explained Jong Sung Hwang.
Jong Sung Hwang added that in the era of digital governance, everything should run smoothly, and data should be easily accessible. “Usually, data preparation takes a lot of time, but with data infrastructure, it can be done more quickly and data is easier to use,” he added.
In an era where technology defines many aspects of daily life, strengthening a strategic partnership with Korea in digital transformation is not just an option but a necessity. This step will help Indonesia address challenges and seize opportunities from the global digital revolution. With strong cooperation between the two countries, Indonesia can achieve a brighter and more sustainable future in the digital era.
Indonesian Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi highlighted the digital dimension in the country’s counter-terrorism strategies during her recent address at the Ministerial Plenary Meeting of the Global Counter-Terrorism Forum (GCTF) in New York.
Minister Retno emphasised the significance of comprehensive rehabilitation and reintegration (R&R) efforts within Indonesia. Notably, these efforts extend beyond former terrorist inmates, encompassing strengthening communities and the environments that receive them. The focus on digital aspects of R&R is evident in Indonesia’s approach.
Indonesia has adopted a multifaceted strategy to counter extremism, as outlined in its National Action Plan for Prevention and Countering Extremism. This strategy underscores the “whole-of-government” and “whole-of-society” approaches, highlighting the collaborative roles of the government and civil society. Combining hard and soft approaches, Indonesia actively engages communities and fosters international cooperation in its counter-terrorism efforts.
The digital dimension is also prominent in Indonesia’s second pillar of counter-terrorism strategy, which aims to harness technological advancements while ensuring they are not misused for extremist purposes. The rapid evolution of technology has created opportunities for disseminating extremist ideas, demanding constant vigilance. In response, Indonesia introduced the “Pusat Pengetahuan Indonesia (I-KHub),” or the Indonesian Knowledge Hub.
I-KHub is not merely a digital repository of information but a dynamic platform that actively contributes to Indonesia’s counter-terrorism endeavours. Integrating data systems and facilitating evidence-based decision-making empowers policymakers, law enforcement agencies, and community leaders with actionable insights.
One of the critical features of I-KHub is its ability to analyse trends and patterns in extremist activities. Leveraging advanced data analytics, it can identify emerging threats and hotspots, allowing for proactive measures to be taken. This early warning system is instrumental in preventing extremist ideologies from taking hold in vulnerable communities.
Moreover, I-KHub is a collaborative space where experts, researchers, and stakeholders from various sectors can share knowledge and best practices. This collective intelligence enriches the understanding of extremist narratives and recruitment tactics and facilitates the development of effective counter-narratives.
The platform’s outreach extends to educational institutions, where it supports curriculum development aimed at countering extremism. I-KHub is vital in promoting digital literacy and critical thinking among students by providing educators with relevant resources and insights. This proactive approach helps inoculate young minds against the allure of extremist ideologies.
In the digital realm, I-KHub monitors online spaces where extremist content proliferates. It can promptly identify and report such content through advanced algorithms and data analysis. This collaborative effort with tech companies and social media platforms contributes to removing extremist material from the internet, disrupting the digital recruitment efforts of extremist groups.
The third aspect of Indonesia’s counter-terrorism strategy focuses on creating a secure environment to counter extremism. This includes digital-driven educational programmes targeting women and children. Minister Retno highlighted that extremist ideologies thrive in environments rife with hatred, emphasising the role of digital tools in promoting understanding, tolerance, and peace.
In her closing, Minister Retno expressed that GCTF member countries would firmly commit to ensuring the inclusive implementation of the R&R strategy. The Global Counter-Terrorism Forum is a vital international platform for global cooperation and information exchange on counter-terrorism and violence-based extremism.
Indonesia underscores the country’s commitment to harnessing technology for a safer and more peaceful society. Indonesia’s multifaceted counter-terrorism approach, particularly its emphasis on digital knowledge sharing through I-KHub, reflects its dedication to addressing the global challenge of extremism with modern tools and strategies.
The National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN) acknowledges that technological advancements will trigger increasingly massive and diverse cybersecurity risks and threats. These threats focus on social, psychological, and behavioural aspects and activities aimed at influencing or manipulating individuals, groups, or communities, which can disrupt mindsets, behaviours, and human interactions.
Instances of these social cybersecurity threats include disseminating false electronic information, also known as information disruption. Information disruption is divided into misinformation, disinformation, and misinformation, real threats that can spread fear or provoke and lead to the widespread dissemination of false news and even propaganda.
One of BSSN’s steps in anticipating social cyberattacks is to strengthen the culture of information security by collaborating with the Directorate General of Public Information and Communication (Ditjen IKP) of the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology through the joint creation of content in Komik Komunika with the theme “Digital Deception.”
Acting Director of Security and Information Control Operations at BSSN, Satryo Suryantoro, welcomed the cooperation and collaboration established by publishing Komik Komunika edition 48. The introduction of the character Cody in this comic edition strengthens the connection between the world of cybersecurity literacy and a more engaging visual approach.
Previously, Cody was introduced in the cybersecurity literacy series titled “Cybernaut Generation 1.0.” Cody’s presence in the comic provides continuity in delivering crucial messages about cybersecurity to various audiences, especially the younger generation, who may be more connected to visual forms of communication.
There is also the Latest Social Cyber Education News (BESTI), which has successfully published 8 editions in 2 languages. The presence of bilingual versions is an effort to ensure that as many people can receive messages related to cybersecurity as possible. Using two languages, BESTI strives to embrace diverse audiences, including those who may be more comfortable with one language. It also makes the cybersecurity education approach more inclusive and far-reaching.
In other words, this comic is part of a broader strategy to educate the public about the importance of cybersecurity and how they can protect themselves online. Through various communication tools such as comics, literacy materials, and educational news, this effort aims to reach a wider audience and create a better understanding of the challenges and solutions in the ever-evolving cyber world. The more people receive this message, the better the community’s ability to face existing cybersecurity threats.
Satryo is optimistic that cybersecurity literacy in Indonesia can be strengthened through ongoing cooperation and collaboration. He plans to collaborate even in Remote, Frontier, and Outermost Areas (Daerah 3T).
“I am optimistic that the results of the collaboration, such as Komik Komunika, can be accessible to the younger generation, both in urban areas and in Daerah 3T,” Satryo adds.
Nursodik Gunarjo, Director of Media Management at the Directorate General of IKP Kemenkominfo, stated that cybersecurity awareness is conveyed through various media, including comics. According to Gunarjo, comics are deliberately chosen because images and visual presentations appeal more strongly to the younger generation. Moreover, the fact that Indonesia is the largest consumer of comics in the world.
He also expressed his optimism that cybersecurity literacy through comics can increase the younger generation’s understanding, awareness, and participation in efforts to maintain Indonesia’s cyber sovereignty.
“Without active participation from the younger generation in applying cybersecurity, the risks to our country in the digital world will increase,” he said.