“In this age of the internet and social media, resilience of Singaporeans will be tested through attacks from the digital front. This will be the new battlefront because of how connected we are, and how reliant we are on digital technology to communicate and to consume information” said Dr Mohamad Maliki Bin Osman, Senior Minister of State for Defence at the MINDEF’s Committee of Supply Debate 2019 this week.
He continued that connectivity opens up threats from the digital domain and that many examples in Singapore and overseas illustrate the devastating impact that these threats can wreak. Another challenge he highlighted is how quickly information, and disinformation, can spread over the digital domain -fake news.
“Singapore is not spared. We know how hackers stole the information of 1.5 million SingHealth patients. We have also seen the spread of fake news on a wide range of matters for example, plastic rice or Halal pork, to more insidiously, false accounts of incidents that could inflame xenophobia, communalism, and puncture social harmony.” Dr Mohamad Maliki Bin Osman said.
Government agencies working closely to protect Singapore from digital threats
MINDEF has been working with various Government agencies to fortify Singapore and Singaporeans against digital threats.
MCI and its agencies, the Cyber Security Agency (CSA), the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) and the National Library Board (NLB), have in place various programmes for individuals, businesses and the wider community, to educate them on being secure, alert and responsible online.
In MHA, the Singapore Police Force (SPF) has developed further its capabilities to deal with cybercrime, and educates the public on staying safe in cyberspace.
All citizens must play a part to make Digital Defence a part of Singapore’s DNA
“Only if everyone plays a part – the Government, businesses, communities and individuals – can we make Digital Defence a part of Singapore’s DNA, and keep our defence total. ” he added
One of the ways government is making sure servicemen are prepared for threats from the digital domain is through working with National Library Board (NLB) to have all recruits going through Basic Military Training (BMT) to attend an information literacy workshop to equip them to better recognise and deal with fake news and deliberate online falsehoods.
MINDEF and the SAF strengthen cybersecurity awareness for personnel through enhancing our existing curriculum and learning journeys. We hope that collectively, these efforts will help our servicemen better understand the role of fake news in modern warfare, the steps they can take in response, and strengthen cyber hygiene as a whole.
For students, Digital Defence topics are already in MOE’s curriculum, and the government aims to reinforce this through digital literacy and Cyber Wellness programmes.
One of the initiatives government has used to reach out to the youth is the ‘Guardians of the City’ (GOTC) card game, this has been refreshed this year to include threats from the digital domain. Students who have played the refreshed game said felt it helped them better understand these threats and how they can play a part.
“While we step up efforts in Digital Defence, the multi-faceted threats of today mean that to keep Singapore strong, we need a collective effort where everyone plays a part and takes action across all six pillars of Total Defence” said the Senior Minister of State for Defence
Singapore’s Minister Josephine Teo recently addressed the Singapore Conference on Artificial Intelligence, emphasising the nation’s commitment to learning, contributing, and posing critical questions in the realm of AI. Drawing parallels to Singapore’s historical challenges, the Minister highlighted the significance of seeking answers collaboratively.
Minister Josephine reflected on Singapore’s journey as an independent nation, underscoring the importance of seeking wise counsel from international experts. Notably, she mentioned Dr Albert Winsemius, who played a pivotal role as Singapore’s Chief Economic Advisor, advising the nation to focus on attracting foreign investments—a decision that propelled Singapore into an industrial powerhouse.
While acknowledging the value of global advice, Minister Josephine stressed a crucial difference in Singapore’s approach to AI. The nation aims not only to learn from the world but also to contribute significantly. The Singapore Conference on Artificial Intelligence (SCAI) serves as a platform to foster international collaboration—a brain trust where experts and thought leaders can share knowledge and ideas.
Minister Josephine drew attention to Singapore’s water story, highlighting the nation’s innovative solutions to address its existential water challenge. Through technologies like membrane filtration and desalination, Singapore transformed from heavily relying on imported water to producing “NEWater,” now supplying 40% of the country’s water needs.
Besides, Singapore freely shares its water management expertise through events like the Singapore International Water Week, showcasing the nation’s commitment to addressing global challenges collaboratively.
While acknowledging AI as a general-purpose technology, Minister Josephine recognised its potential for both positive and negative impacts. She outlined the commendable applications of AI, such as drug discovery and personalised learning, but also stressed the risks, including biases, cybercrime, and potential societal disruptions. Minister Josephine reiterated Singapore’s commitment to embracing AI innovations while confronting associated risks.
Drawing inspiration from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Minister Josephine proposed a holistic, system-oriented approach to addressing AI’s challenges and opportunities. Much like TCM practitioners aim for holistic health, SCAI adopts a systems-oriented perspective to identify strategic points for focused efforts in the AI landscape.
Minister Josephine also highlighted SCAI’s goal of identifying critical questions in AI that, if systematically answered, can enable AI to serve the global good. She drew parallels to a talk by Dr Lydia Liu, emphasising the need to move beyond theoretical fairness criteria in AI to consider system dynamics and interaction effects for practical impact.
In its pursuit of AI development, Singapore aims to create a new equilibrium by focusing on specific outcomes, measuring progress, and addressing both risks and opportunities. The SCAI conference serves as an experiment, bringing together diverse perspectives from 16 countries and various sectors to form an international brain trust for AI.
Minister Josephine expressed hope that SCAI would contribute to international cooperation on AI, forging connections and friendships to address complex AI issues collectively. Singapore’s unique approach and diverse participation underscore its dedication to fostering a global brain trust to navigate the intricate landscape of AI for the global good.
As AI technologies continue to advance, their potential to address global challenges, such as healthcare, poverty, and climate change, becomes increasingly evident. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding is essential to leverage AI for the betterment of humanity while mitigating potential negative consequences.
The ethical dimensions of AI development and deployment are significant considerations. An understanding of AI for the global good facilitates the creation of ethical frameworks and guidelines, ensuring responsible and fair use of these technologies. This approach emphasises the importance of ethical considerations in harnessing the power of AI to benefit societies worldwide.
To accelerate digitalisation in coal mines, a group of robotics researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (IIT-Roorkee) conducted tests in the open-cast mines of the Chhattisgarh-based Coal India subsidiary, South Eastern Coalfields Ltd (SECL). The team is working on developing drones for coal mines under its project, titled “Design and development of an intelligent unmanned aerial vehicle applied to open-cast minefield surveillance for real-time monitoring, hazards, and vulnerability assessment”.
Under the project, the team is creating a drone to address challenges associated with stock measurement in open-cast mines. Once developed, the drone will assist surveyors in measuring stocks of coal or overburden by sending it to various sections of the mine. At present, 3D TLS (Terrestrial Laser Scanning) technology is employed for measuring overburden and coal stock, but its scope is limited.
SECL mines will serve as the primary testing and development ground for drones, with SECL providing essential technical expertise on coal mines to support the research team in obtaining crucial data for the project. The I-Hub Foundation for Cobotics (IHFC), the Technology Innovation Hub of IIT-Delhi, will act as the funding agency for this undertaking.
The IIT-Roorkee team recently conducted drone tests in the Rajnagar coal mine in the Hasdeo area and visited the Amadand mine in the Jamuna Kotma area of SECL. The team successfully tested a drone produced in their institute’s laboratory.
Integrating drones into mining operations is poised to enhance both production and productivity while offering crucial logistics support. Drones can play a pivotal role in improving mine safety by monitoring slopes and assisting in blast observation.
They can help in accurately monitoring the movement of rocks and other materials during blasting in open-cast mines, allowing workers to take proactive measures to mitigate accidents. It also helps address false claims related to such incidents more effectively.
Furthermore, drones can also be employed to deliver goods to face machinery in mining operations. Additionally, in the event of accidents, drones can facilitate the delivery of essential items such as medicines or food to the personnel working on the face, ensuring timely support and aid.
As part of Coal India’s “Project Digicoal,” SECL is actively implementing various measures to digitise its mines. The deployment of numerous digital solutions in major projects like Gevra, Dipka, and Kusmunda is a key aspect of this initiative. The focus of these solutions is to improve worker safety, optimise mine surveys, enhance learning, and streamline management processes. They include:
- An emergency SOS device named “Suraksha Kavach” enables mine workers to call for assistance in the event of an emergency. It uses real-time location detection to enhance rescue operations.
- It uses drones for conducting surveys of mines and analysing mine topography, eliminating the need to physically enter risk-prone zones and enhancing safety measures.
- A technology-driven learning platform accessible to all, featuring modules covering the latest industry trends.
- The Land Acquisition Management System (LAMS), which is comprehensive digital solution designed for end-to-end workflow management. It includes features such as digital verification of land records, process mapping, and the generation of resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) and compensation plans.
Last year, the government announced its plans to make India a hub for drone technology. It has been working to boost the demand for drone technology and services by implementing effective policies, for example, the Drone Rules, 2021, providing incentives through the Production Linked Incentive Scheme for drones and drone components, and creating indigenous demand.
New Zealand military is advancing its military capabilities with the imminent acquisition of five state-of-the-art C-130J aircraft, signalling a transformative leap forward in the country’s defence readiness. The modernisation initiative, overseen by the Ministry of Defence, underscores New Zealand’s commitment to staying at the forefront of aerospace technology and bolstering its national security posture.
Andrew Rooney, the Project Team Lead at the Ministry of Defence, highlighted the meticulous process of preparing the first C-130J aircraft for service. A team of 14 painters dedicated two days to meticulously apply 238 litres of paint on the towering 11.85-meter-high aircraft, utilising ladders and scaffolding. Further adornment with distinctive RNZAF markings, including the iconic Kiwi roundel and No. 40 Squadron’s mariner’s compass, is slated for completion in the coming months.
The second C-130J aircraft is currently undergoing the final stages of assembly, with its engines being fitted before making its way to Georgia, USA, for the finishing touches at the paint shop. This process underscores the commitment to both functionality and aesthetics as these aircraft are poised to become vital assets in New Zealand’s defence capabilities.
Digital engineering takes centre stage in the aircraft’s cargo capabilities, with an additional 4.5 meters in length and a payload capacity of 21 tonnes. These enhancements, resulting from a fusion of digital engineering and materials science, amplify the aircraft’s utility and operational efficiency, allowing it to carry more cargo with digital-aided precision.
Operational capabilities reach new heights with the C-130J, featuring a 15-tonne payload and an extended range of 2400 nautical miles, a testament to the integration of digital technology in avionics, navigation systems, and fuel management. This not only augments strategic deployment options but also aligns with a broader global trend of using digital technologies to enhance military readiness and response capabilities.
Human training, an integral part of the digital transformation, sees the first three crews of No. 40 Squadron fully trained and certified to operate the C-130J. This is complemented by a recent exercise in Hawaii, where aviators and maintenance personnel were embedded with the US Air Force 19th Airlift Wing, showcasing the interconnectedness and collaboration facilitated by digital platforms in modern air forces.
The pinnacle of digital technology in aviation training is embodied by the ongoing construction of a full-motion flight simulator in the United States. Simultaneously, infrastructure development at RNZAF Base Auckland progresses, promising a facility that will support advanced simulation technology—an essential component in the ongoing digital revolution in aviation training.
Further, in the context of digital technology integration, New Zealand has always advanced its military structure. OpenGov Asia reported it was set to trial the Bluebottle, an Unmanned Surface Vessel (USV) designed and manufactured in Australia, aboard the HMNZS Aotearoa. The USV, powered by solar, wind, or wave energy, represents a cutting-edge approach to maritime autonomy. Equipped with a retractable rigid sail and a unique flipper and rudder device, the Bluebottle can undertake maritime tasks without fuel or personnel, achieving a top speed of five knots and the ability to operate indefinitely in challenging wave conditions, marking a significant step in leveraging digital technology for naval operations.
New Zealand was also enhancing its maritime infrastructure, recognising the P-8A Poseidon maritime patrol aircraft equipped with cutting-edge digital sensors, radar systems, and high-resolution cameras, and this aircraft significantly enhanced its ability to monitor naval activities.
The impending deployment of these cutting-edge technologies heralds a new era for the New Zealand Defence Force, aligning the nation with the latest advancements in aerospace technology. The enhanced capabilities, extended range, and increased payload capacity position New Zealand to respond effectively to a wide array of operational requirements, reinforcing its commitment to national and global security.
The Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC) of Singapore and Mexico’s National Institute for Transparency, Access to Information and Personal Data Protection (INAI) have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), highlighting the growing significance of international cooperation in the digital age. This marks a significant milestone as the first such collaboration between Singapore and a Latin American country’s data protection authority.
The collaboration acknowledged that data governance and the seamless flow of information across borders are imperative for fostering global trade in the digital economy. Recognising personal data protection as a shared concern, the MoU aims to build trust and facilitate secure cross-border data flows between the two nations.
Commissioner of PDPC, Lew Chuen Hong, and Commissioner Josefina Román Vergara of INAI Mexico formally sealed this partnership, signifying a commitment to navigating the complexities of the digital age together.
The collaboration’s focal points include the development of compatible data transfer mechanisms that will serve as the foundation for trusted cross-border data flows. Technological innovation also takes centre stage, with both authorities pledging to cooperate in fostering advancements that enable these secure data exchanges.
Beyond this, the MoU sets the stage for an exchange of information, sharing best practices, and collaborative research on emerging privacy and data protection issues and trends.
Commissioner Josefina Román Vergara of Mexico’s INAI perceived this collaboration as a pivotal stride toward a future where nations work hand in hand to confront the challenges of the digital era. “By focusing on the development of compatible data transfer mechanisms, technological innovation, and information exchange, through this MoU we are not only shaping our digital futures, but also setting a standard for global cooperation,” she remarked.
Singapore’s PDPC shares a similar sentiment, expressing its commitment to facilitating responsible cross-border data flows. The MoU with Mexico’s INAI is viewed as a significant leap forward in bridging the fragmented global landscape for personal data protection. Commissioner Lew Chuen Hong emphasised the importance of the collaboration, stating, “We look forward very much to working closely with Mexico on this.”
The scope of the MoU extends beyond the technical aspects of data transfer and innovation. It encompasses the continued sharing of experiences and the exchange of best practices on data protection.
Both countries commit to providing mutual assistance in cross-border personal data incidents that contravene their respective data protection legislations. This not only reflects a commitment to data security but also establishes a framework for cooperation in addressing challenges that may arise in the enforcement of data protection laws.
As the digital landscape evolves, Singapore’s PDPC remains dedicated to actively collaborating and strengthening global cooperation on personal data protection. The renewal of the MoU with Australia’s Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) at the 60th Asia Pacific Privacy Authorities (APPA) Forum in Sydney underscores Singapore’s commitment to fostering international partnerships in safeguarding personal data.
These collaborative efforts by Singapore’s PDPC with Mexico’s INAI and Australia’s OAIC highlight the shared recognition of the global nature of personal data protection. In an era where information knows no borders, such collaborations set the stage for standardised practices, innovation, and mutual support in addressing the challenges posed by the digital age.
Digital collaboration, according to PDPC, is critical for modern organisations seeking to thrive in a dynamic and interconnected world. It not only improves efficiency and productivity, but it also allows for global connectivity, fosters innovation, and promotes flexible work arrangements, all of which contribute to the success and competitiveness of businesses and teams.
The National Cybercrime Threat Analytics Unit (NCTAU), a vertical under the Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre (I4C), identified and recommended action against over 100 websites engaged in organised investment or task-based part-time job frauds The I4C is a Ministry of Home Affairs initiative designed to address cybercrime in the country through a coordinated and comprehensive approach.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), exercising its authority under the Information Technology Act of 2000, has blocked these websites. These platforms, which posted task-based illegal investment-related economic crimes, were found to be operated by foreign entities. They used digital advertisements, chat messengers, and mule or rented accounts as part of their operations.
Additionally, it has come to light that the gains from these large-scale economic frauds were laundered out of India through various means, including card networks, cryptocurrency transactions, overseas ATM withdrawals, and international fintech companies.
In this regard, numerous complaints were lodged through the 1930 helpline and the National Cyber Reporting Portal (NCRP), highlighting the substantial threat these offences posed to citizens, along with concerns related to data security. Typically, these frauds entail the following steps:
- Targeted digital advertisements are launched on major search engines and social media sites using key phrases like “work-from-home” and “ways to make money from home” in multiple languages. These advertisements originate from overseas advertisers and predominantly target retired individuals, women, and unemployed youth seeking part-time employment.
- Upon clicking the advertisement, an agent initiates a conversation with the potential victim through a messaging service. The agent persuades the individual to perform various tasks, such as liking videos, subscribing to channels, rating maps, and similar online activities.
- After completing the assigned task, the victim is initially rewarded with a commission. Subsequently, the victim is urged to invest more capital with the promise of higher returns for additional tasks.
- Once the victim, having gained confidence deposits a larger sum, the deposits are subsequently frozen, resulting in the victim being deceived.
As a precautionary measure, the government has advised citizens to exercise due diligence before investing in any online schemes that promise exceptionally high commissions and are promoted over the Internet. Furthermore, when an unfamiliar individual contacts someone through an online messaging service, individuals should avoid carrying out financial transactions without proper verification.
The name of the receiver mentioned in the Unified Payments Interface application should be verified. If the recipient appears to be a random person, it could be indicative of a mule account, and the scheme may be fraudulent. Likewise, individuals should scrutinise the source from which the initial commission is received.
Citizens are strongly advised to abstain from conducting transactions with unfamiliar accounts, as they may be implicated in activities such as money laundering and potentially even terror financing. Engaging in such transactions could result in the blocking of accounts by law enforcement and other legal actions.
Establishing a ‘Cyber Safe India’ is one of the Ministry of Home Affairs’ top priorities. In a recent press release, it reiterated that it is dedicated to combating cybercrime and safeguarding individuals from cyber threats. Citizens are encouraged to promptly report the phone numbers and social media handles used by fraudsters to the National Cyber Reporting Portal (NCRP).
India is actively prioritising cybersecurity readiness and advocating for enhanced protection among citizens, government personnel, agencies, and organisations. The country is spearheading efforts to fortify digital defences, ensuring a resilient and secure cyber landscape across all sectors.
OpenGov Asia reported that the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology’s National e-Governance Division conducted a comprehensive CISO Deep-Dive Training Programme, part of the Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative, to enhance cybersecurity awareness and empower government officials across India against escalating cyber threats.
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Finance Lawrence Wong officially unveiled the National AI Strategy 2.0 (NAIS 2.0) at the inaugural Singapore Conference on AI (SCAI). This comprehensive strategy is designed not only to address contemporary challenges but also to uplift the collective economic and social potential of Singapore over the next three to five years.
Singapore’s journey into AI began in 2019 with the inception of the first National AI Strategy. This initial strategy laid out plans to deepen the integration of AI into various sectors, from Education to Healthcare and Safety & Security. Notably, the nation invested in critical enablers to fortify its AI ecosystem. Since then, Singapore has witnessed remarkable breakthroughs, leading to new products, capabilities, and interactions.
The renewed NAIS 2.0 acknowledges the opportunities and risks that AI presents in a society where digital technologies are an integral part of everyday life. Mastery of AI, according to Deputy Prime Minister Wong, holds the key to empowering businesses and citizens, unlocking new job opportunities, and driving the next wave of economic growth.
However, the responsible and sustainable management of AI is imperative to mitigate potential negative effects or misuse, such as cyber threats and misinformation, ensuring that AI engagement is safe and trustworthy for everyone.
NAIS 2.0 is framed by the vision “AI for the Public Good, for Singapore and the World.” The strategy revolves around two key goals: Excellence and Empowerment. Under the banner of Excellence, Singapore aims to selectively develop AI peaks to advance the field and maximise value creation.
This involves directing AI towards addressing pressing global challenges, including population health and climate change. On the Empowerment front, the strategy aspires to equip individuals, businesses, and communities to use AI with confidence, discernment, and trust, making AI the great equaliser in preparing for an AI-enabled future.
The strategy outlines 15 key actions across various systems and enablers that Singapore will undertake over the next three to five years. These actions encompass building a trusted and responsible AI ecosystem, driving innovation and growth through AI, and ensuring that people and businesses can engage with AI effectively.
Simultaneously, the launch of the inaugural SCAI underscores Singapore’s commitment to navigating the challenges of AI development. Themed “For the Global Good,” the conference aims to convene over 40 distinguished experts from academia, industry, and government. The goal is to identify critical questions in the realm of AI that, once answered, will enable the responsible development and deployment of AI for the benefit of societies globally.
Singapore’s NAIS 2.0 and the SCAI mark a significant stride toward harnessing the potential of AI while acknowledging the responsibilities that come with it. With a vision focused on the public good and a commitment to excellence and empowerment, Singapore is poised to navigate the intricate landscape of AI, ensuring that this transformative technology contributes positively to society and the world at large.
A National AI Strategy is paramount for a country, offering a strategic vision that guides the integration and development of AI. This comprehensive approach is instrumental in fostering economic growth and competitiveness by attracting investments, promoting innovation, and creating job opportunities.
Positioned as a leader in AI research and development, a nation with a well-defined strategy elevates its technological standing globally. Beyond economic benefits, such strategies address specific societal challenges, such as healthcare and education, improving citizens’ overall quality of life.
Establishing a robust regulatory framework, fostering talent development, and promoting ethical AI principles are integral components of these strategies. They also facilitate international collaboration, ensuring the exchange of knowledge and joint efforts in addressing global challenges.
In the ever-evolving landscape of technology, the year 2022/2023 marked a significant juncture for cybersecurity in New Zealand. The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) revealed a sharp increase in financially motivated cyber activities, surpassing state-sponsored incidents for the first time. This shift in dynamics signals a crucial turning point in the realm of cybersecurity, one that demands heightened vigilance and adaptive measures from organisations across the country.
With an eye on defending against an increasingly sophisticated threat landscape, organisations in New Zealand find themselves facing a relentless onslaught from cybercriminals. These malicious actors, driven by financial gain, are employing tactics aimed at extorting payments from businesses. However, there’s a silver lining amid this adversity. Organisations, increasingly cognisant of these tactics, are bolstering their resilience to withstand such coercive manoeuvres.
Yet, this resilience is constantly put to the test as cyber adversaries innovate, adopting novel techniques and technologies that challenge conventional detection methods. The advent of cutting-edge technologies like generative artificial intelligence (AI) further amplifies the need for organisations to exercise stringent governance, ensuring the adoption of these advancements while mitigating associated privacy and security risks.
Amidst this turbulent landscape, the NCSC stands as a bastion of defence, dynamically adapting to confront the ever-shifting cybersecurity scenario. This year, the NCSC’s interventions and expertise have been instrumental in preventing an estimated NZ$65.4 million in potential harm to vital national entities.
Notably, over the past four fiscal years, the NCSC’s capabilities have been pivotal in detecting approximately one-third of all recorded incidents. In 2022/2023, the NCSC took proactive measures, successfully disrupting over 250,000 malicious cyber events through the implementation of Malware Free Networks®.
In the span of the reported period, 316 cyber incidents targeted nationally significant organisations, a slight decrease from the 350 incidents documented in the preceding year, 2021/2022. Notably, 73 of these incidents, equating to 23%, demonstrated potential connections to suspected state-sponsored actors – a decline from the previous year’s figure of 34%. Conversely, 90 incidents, accounting for 28%, displayed indicators of criminal or financially motivated activity, marking a rise from the 23% recorded in the prior reporting period of 2021/2022.
In a significant move towards fortifying the nation’s cybersecurity infrastructure, the NCSC, in conjunction with New Zealand’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT NZ), has become the forefront operational cybersecurity agency for Aotearoa New Zealand. This integration promises a unified approach, pooling resources, and expertise, and fostering both domestic and international alliances for a more robust defence against cyber threats.
The integration not only streamlines operations but also ensures a consistent stream of guidance and support for New Zealanders facing cybersecurity challenges. By providing a centralised hub for advice and assistance during cyber incidents, this merger aims to facilitate a more cohesive response to threats faced by the nation.
The NCSC’s latest report has positive insights, offering actionable strategies to combat the recurring tactics employed by cyber adversaries. Encouraging organisations to leverage these insights, the report emphasises the need for continuous review and enhancement of cybersecurity controls and governance. Furthermore, it extends a supportive hand, urging organisations to seek additional assistance when needed.
As New Zealand navigates the complexities of an increasingly digitised world, the NCSC’s report serves as a pivotal guidepost, advocating a collective effort towards fortifying the nation’s cyber resilience. In this concerted endeavour, organisations are not merely defending digital infrastructures but safeguarding the collective prosperity and security of the nation.
OpenGov Asia reported that the New Zealand Police issued a warning regarding a targeted email campaign that has notably affected various organisations, with a particular emphasis on schools. This digital threat has instigated increased vigilance among authorities and spurred collaborative efforts aimed at mitigating potential risks posed to the targeted entities.