Above photo (from left): Mr. Edwin Low, Director, Accreditation, IMDA, Mr. Daryl Neo, Founding Director, DC Frontier and Mr. Benjamin Mah, Co-Founder & CEO, V-Key. Photo: Dean Koh/OpenGov Asia.
New tech product companies often face the challenges of getting to market in a timely manner, ensuring that their businesses are scalable and most importantly, getting funding from the right partners and investors. These are issues that often stumble young tech product companies, especially if they had not been considered or dealt with at an early stage.
In their role towards contributing to the Digital Economy strategy, IMDA realised that one method of developing a strong Infocomm Media (ICM) ecosystem is to support and nurture young and promising Singapore-based ICM companies and helping them to scale their businesses. To that end, Accreditation@IMDA (A@IMDA) was launched in July 2014 to provide promising Singapore-based tech product companies with resources and investment to help them build a track record locally, grow and compete on the global market.
When asked about the origins behind A@IMDA, Mr. Edwin Low, Director, Accreditation, IMDA, shared:
“We wanted a more sustainable and impactful way to help tech start-ups grow. The traditional approach is usually to provide them grants but in the long run we felt that grants while helpful it may not take the company through its entire lifecycle. And most start-ups have different challenges at different stages so we wanted something more holistic and sustainable.”
Mr. Low mentioned that the approach was to ask what start-ups struggle with at an early stage: they struggle to win work and struggle to establish a track record. The reason behind that is most buyers or even investors are not sure if the product works, they are not sure if the company can deliver to the quality that is expected and they are not sure if they are financially viable.
Through A@IMDA, two things are being done: firstly, an assurance process, a deep dive where the government puts its reputation behind it and assure buyers and stakeholders that they can rely on these products. The next thing is to put these tech start-ups in front of the right buyers and stakeholders, which helps to shorten the whole sales cycle. Instead of tech start-ups pitching to one agency multiple times and being unsure about the outcome, A@IMDA helps put these accredited companies in front of many government agencies and work with both parties to co-create strategic projects.
Mr. Low also added: “Interestingly enough, A@IMDA also has a spin-off effect in how financial investors view Singapore’s start-ups – I think the work that we do changes the risk-reward ratio for them and as a consequence, I think fundraising is more expedient as well. For tech start-ups, once they create a momentum for winning work, there should be a corresponding momentum in fundraising – as they expand, they need to raise more funds.”
Success stories: V-Key and DC Frontier
To date, A@IMDA has accredited 17 companies. Two of them are V-Key and DC Frontier. From the tech companies’ perspectives, both companies agreed that the A@IMDA process proved extremely valuable in helping them prepare to be ready for the global market.
Mr. Benjamin Mah, Co-Founder & CEO of V-Key, explained: “A@IMDA is one of the programmes which stood out for me personally – after establishing a number of tech companies, one of the key things that was so essential, the base foundation, was getting ourselves ready for the world.
What does it mean? It means that not only do we need to have a solid technology unique proposition, a good business model…more importantly, you need to have an independent party to be able to substantiate your claims. Nothing beats A@IMDA, at the trusted Singapore government level, to go through the due diligence process from technologies to financials to business models and giving you the valuable ‘report card’ for you to talk to customers, partners and investors.”
Mr. Mah elaborated that the whole accreditation process took about 4-5 months from start to finish. For Mr. Daryl Neo, Founding Director of DC Frontier, the accreditation process took about the same time but he was only successful after the second attempt:
“We tried twice – for our first attempt, we went through the process but we were not ready. At that point of time, our business was not yet scalable. So we took in A@IMDA’s inputs, went back and built scalability into our business.
That first experience was what prompted us to invest into building AI so that our business will become scalable. 12 months after that, we re-engaged with A@IMDA and it took about 5 months to complete. It was very valuable – that certificate, that stamp of approval as Benjamin said, is very valuable but I think the inputs that we got along the way, they actually helped us to mould the strategy and realise that we need the scalability.”
The Way Forward
About the long term objectives of A@IMDA, Mr. Low mentioned that his team will be expanding to do more:
“We ourselves are very much like a start-up, we’ve learnt to evolve and respond to 2 things that are dynamic: one is the tech start-ups that we’re bringing – their needs change over time so how do we continue to provide value along their journey. What would be really satisfying to me is to see these companies really exit and vie for compelling valuations on the IPO market. We have to continue to be relevant to these start-ups.
The second thing is because our Smart Nation aspirations are also gaining momentum, people are now asking for different types of technologies but not the technologies in isolation, rather how do we stitch these different types of technologies together to form something that is scalable, exportable and has some competitive advantages. While we’re seeing more and more companies come to the fore, we’re thinking about how then how to form these ‘discreet samurai’ into an army to win a bigger battle.”
At the beginning, A@IMDA focused very much with government use cases and government will form an anchoring part of the demand but we are also expanding our market access platforms into industries like finance (MOIs signed with DBS, UOB and OCBC), urban solutions and healthcare. Ultimately, the goal is to help promising tech product companies/start-ups to make it big in the global arena.
A new study from U.S. computer scientists reveals what may be the first way to encrypt personal images on popular cloud photo services, all without requiring any changes to — or trust in — those services. Smartphones now make it easy for virtually everyone to snap photos. The limited amount of data that smartphones hold, and how they are vulnerable to accidental loss and damage, lead many users to store their images online via cloud photo services. Google Photos is especially popular, with more than a billion users.
However, these online photo collections are not just valuable to their owners, but to attackers seeking to unearth a gold mine of personal data. Security measures such as passwords and two-factor authentication may not be enough to protect these images anymore, as the online services storing these photos can themselves sometimes be the problem.
A potential solution to this problem would be to encrypt the photos so no one but the proper users can view them. However, cloud photo services are currently not compatible with existing encryption techniques.
Hence, U.S. Engineering researchers have created a way for mobile users to enjoy popular cloud photo services while protecting their photos. The system encrypts photos uploaded to cloud services so that attackers — or the cloud services themselves — cannot decipher them. At the same time, users can visually browse and display these images as if they were not encrypted. Even if the account is hacked, attackers cannot get the photos because they are encrypted.
The system employs an image encryption algorithm whose resulting files can be compressed and still get recognised as images, albeit ones that look like black and white static to anyone except authorised users. In addition, the system works for both lossy and lossless image formats such as JPEG and PNG and is efficient enough for use on mobile devices. Encrypting each image results in three black-and-white files, each one encoding details about the original image’s red, green, or blue data
Moreover, the system creates and uploads encrypted thumbnail images to cloud photo services. Authorised users can quickly and easily browse thumbnail galleries using image browsers that incorporate the system. The system adds an extra layer of protection beyond password-based account security. The goal is to make it so that only the owners’ devices can see their sensitive photos.
The researchers wanted to make sure that each user could use multiple devices to access their online photos if desired. The problem is the same digital code or key used to encrypt a photo has to be the same one used to decrypt the image. Users often do not understand keys and requiring them to move the keys around from one device to another is too complicated for users to use. They may also copy the key the wrong way and inadvertently give everyone access to their encrypted data.
Therefore, computer scientists developed an easy-to-use way for users to manage these keys that eliminates the need for users to know or care about keys. All a user has to do to help a new device access the encrypted photos is to verify it with another device on which they have already installed and logged into the system’s enabled app. This makes it possible for multiple trusted devices to still view encrypted photos.
The lead researcher said that right now is the beginning of a major technological boom where even average users move towards moving all their data into the cloud. This comes with great privacy concerns that have only recently started rearing their ugly heads, such as the increasing number of discovered cases of cloud service employees looking at private user data. Users should have an option to protect the data that they think is really important in these popular services, and this new system is just one practical solution for this.
The Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) has approved an e-commerce plan that aims to boost the sale of farm produce and accelerate distribution to avoid congestion during harvesting season. It will keep farm produce prices stable and eliminate intermediary merchants. Two sites, Postmart and Vo So, have been assigned to place farm produce on sale, thus promoting the digital economy in agriculture and rural development.
Through e-commerce sites and digital platforms, farming households will receive useful information about farm produce markets, predicted demand and production capacity, weather forecasts, and seed and fertilizer supply. High-quality input materials and tools for agriculture production will be introduced to farmers via the platforms, according to a press release.
MIC stressed that e-commerce platforms are an important solution to develop the digital economy in agriculture and rural development. MIC has asked provincial and municipal authorities to create favourable conditions for Vietnam Post and Viettel Post, the owners of the two e-commerce sites, to implement the plan. Farmers will be trained in digital skills. They will learn how to operate in the digital environment; how to register accounts to display products on the sites; and how to register online payment accounts and implement the process of packaging, connection, and delivery.
The result of the work will be measured by the number of farming households trained, the number of households having sale accounts/stalls on e-commerce sites, and the number of households with e-payment accounts. The support in boosting sales will be carried out through advertising farm produce on modern distribution channels based on digital platforms, expanding the domestic and international markets, and speeding up the distribution of farm produce to avoid congestion.
The plan also allows people in Vietnam and overseas to buy products quickly even amid restricted travel because of COVID-19. Particularly, it will help farming households develop their own brands, ensuring the quality of farm produce. Production households will receive information about farm produce markets and predicted demand and production capacity. This is the first time that ministries, branches, and local authorities have joined forces to help boost farm produce with a MIC-initiated project.
In the first quarter of the year, 7,987 households entered e-commerce sites, up by 191% over the same period last year. More than 14,590 products were put up for sale, up by 268%. The total transaction value went up by 293%.
Digital transformation has played an important role in promoting the growth of businesses and the retail sector, in particular. Data from the General Statistic Office show that in the first six months of 2021, total retail sales of goods and services went up 4.9% compared to the same period in 2020 to VND 2,463.8 trillion (over US$ 107 billion), of which goods retail revenue went up 6.2%. According to a report by OpenGov Asia, the results could be attributed to the fact that the people, household businesses, and firms have been quick to adapt their business operations to the new normal situation amid the pandemic and actively apply technological solutions in trading and payment.
The application of new technology such as the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning have allowed businesses to provide customer services with unique and valuable experiences, optimising management strategies as well as supply chain, hence improving revenue.
Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation (HKSTP) announced that Park two companies triumphed at the recent Global Regtech Challenge, organised by The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA). One company, an AI start-up, won in the Conduct and Customer Protection category, while the other firm, an AI and blockchain start-up, was selected as runner up in the Customer Data Privacy category.
The CEO of HKSTP noted that the success of the Park’s start-ups is proof of Hong Kong’s Regtech innovation potential and its growing status as a global Regtech hub. The winning solutions are just a sample of the significant wealth of innovation emerging from HKSTP’s ecosystem of deeptech-driven fintech companies, creating a pipeline of impactful innovation and powering Hong Kong’s financial sector.
The Hong Kong-based AI provider specialises in speech and natural language processing technologies; they triumphed as the best solution in Banking Conduct and Customer Protection. Its AI technology, specifically the Callinter product, is used to automatically analyse multilingual and mixed language (Cantonese, Mandarin, and English) conversations between a relationship manager and a customer, to help identify potential regulatory breaches, suspicious activities and business insight.
The Co-Founder and CEO of the AI start-up stated that with HKMA’s two-year roadmap to promote Regtech adoption and the Fintech 2025 strategy, a golden opportunity for growth has been presented to the firm. The company’s technologies have been adopted by several of the largest international banks and regulators in the region. The firm looks forward to engaging with its partners to work towards the FinTech 2025 goal and make Hong Kong a leading global hub for developing Regtech.
Meanwhile, the second start-up, an AI and blockchain technology provider was selected as runner-up for their Customer Data Privacy category at the Global Regtech Challenge. Its SafeGuard Series is a comprehensive cybersecurity solution that tackles both internal and external threats by integrating facial recognition, object detection and blockchain technologies.
HMKA launched the challenge to raise the Hong Kong banking industry’s awareness of the potential of Regtech adoption. The competition drew over 80 submissions from 15 jurisdictions and four continents. The two HKSTP start-ups beat out Regtech providers from around the world, who were invited to showcase applications in solving common risk management and regulatory compliance pain points experienced by banks, including governance, risk and compliance; conduct and customer protection; customer data privacy; and risk management.
On 17 June 2021, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) launched a new Regtech Adoption Practice Guide series to provide banks with detailed practical guidance on the implementation of Regtech solutions.
The publication of the Regtech Adoption Practice Guide series forms part of the HKMA’s two-year Regtech promotion roadmap announced in November 2020. It succeeds the Regtech Watch series and builds on it to provide banks with detailed guidance on how to overcome implementation challenges associated with Regtech adoption.
Each Regtech Adoption Practice Guide focuses on a specific technology or application area identified in the HKMA’s White Paper to further Regtech adoption in the Hong Kong banking sector. The inaugural issue provides guidance on “Cloud-based Regtech solutions”.
As noted in the first issue of the Practice Guide, Cloud computing is a key underpinning technology behind Regtech solutions. The use of Cloud technology on Regtech solutions offers several benefits including timely offsite support, fast implementation and highly scalable solutions. Findings from the White Paper suggested that banks that were open to using Cloud-based technology displayed greater operational resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The HKMA also published today the seventh and final issue of the Regtech Watch series. This last issue outlines the HKMA’s three-year roadmap to integrate supervisory technology (Suptech) into its processes. Through greater use of Suptech, the HKMA aims to enhance the effectiveness and forward-looking capability of its supervisory processes.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused massive disruptions in health care, both directly from the infectious disease outbreak and indirectly from public health measures to prevent transmission. Because of this disruption, demand, capacity, and even contextual aspects of health care have experienced rapid dynamic fluctuations. As a result, in many countries, the traditional face-to-face patient-physician care model has had to be re-examined, with digital technology and new models of care being rapidly deployed to meet the pandemic’s various challenges.
This viewpoint focuses on new ophthalmology models that have adapted to include digital health solutions such as telehealth, artificial intelligence decision support for triaging and clinical care, and home monitoring. Based on technology, clinical need, patient demand, and manpower availability, these models can be operationalised for various clinical applications ranging from out-of-hospital models such as the hub-and-spoke pre-hospital model to front-line models such as the inflow funnel model and monitoring models such as the so-called lighthouse model for provider-led monitoring. Lessons learnt from implementing these models for ophthalmology in the context of COVID-19 are discussed, as well as their applicability to other speciality domains.
NZ Health IT general manager says that investment in digital technology research for issues such as disease monitoring should be a top priority for Aotearoa. The covid pandemic has called into question how public decision-makers handle a health crisis, and he has stated that New Zealand Health IT fully supports today’s government announcement of the latest funding for health research through the Health Research Council of New Zealand.
The council is responsible for managing the government’s investment in health research. “Digital health represents an opportunity for significant improvements in healthcare to deliver better health and enable more efficient and accessible service delivery models,” He then added.
“NZHIT wants to see a national Digital Health Innovation Network (DHIN) established, bringing together the health sector, entrepreneurs, investors and innovators, researchers, and evaluators to focus on new digital health solutions. “Research of digital health data can help develop future predictive models, quickly identify high-risk patients and present multi-variable patient-specific factors to support and enhance clinical decision making.
It has also been stated that research into health data science is an important tool for improving care systems and developing new products. Digital tool research in the health sector will also provide health consumers with new ways to improve their overall health and well-being. “We know digital health technologies will strengthen health systems and help meet the increasing demand for healthcare services.” New Zealand needs to buy into digital tools for managing health crises, such as the covid pandemic.
OpenGov Asia reported that during this crisis, digital transformation is more important than ever. However, it will not look the same as it did before the pandemic. Resources, both in terms of talent and money, will most likely be limited. Digital initiatives may need to be reprioritized based on their current relevance. New issues and opportunities may emerge with greater urgency. For some businesses, the forces of disruption may be so powerful that the long-term strategic vision must be rewritten.
In correspond, Singapore has launched mobile apps to notify people when an infected person is in their immediate vicinity. These apps’ data is directly integrated into monitoring tools, making it immediately available to public decision-makers. The covid pandemic has demonstrated the value of digital technology which greatly improves the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of policies targeted at social distancing.
This facilitates impact assessments and, as a result, promotes evidence-based action. This is true not only for pandemics but also for overall better healthcare management. Digital health research assists us in developing tools that can be purchased from other countries, which is also economically beneficial to the country. In contrast, the pandemic has unravelled the importance of digital technology for managing health crises and health systems in an unprecedented manner.
The Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs directs the project, Smart City Taiwan, as part of the Taiwanese government’s goal to promote industrial upgrading and transformation and digital technologies. The central and local governments and industries work together to introduce smart, innovative applications covering different areas, such as health, education, agriculture, and tourism.
So far, the project has yield remarkable results. About 300 companies have released more than 220 smart services accessible to 8.54 million people. These smart services are designed to address local issues and are also being exported to foreign countries.
Taking smart fire control/disaster reduction services in the field of governance, for example, there is a shortage of firefighters, which disproportions the population served in cities/counties across Taiwan. About 90% of fires in Taiwan occur in buildings. Firefighters have different psychological and training qualities such as stress resistance and mastery of equipment in the fire scene.
Without sufficient on-site information and construction drawings, fire commanders are unable to give clear instructions to the disaster relief personnel; after entering the fire scene, firefighters are prone to fall, be hit by objects or trigger flashovers and explosions as they have difficulties locating dangerous objects. Changes in compartments or blocked exits ensure the build-after-occupancy-permit, or firefighters lose directions due to thick smoke. These external factors also pose a high threat to the lives and safety of the disaster relief personnel.
A Taiwanese company designed the “Smart 3D Realty Fire Control System” featuring 3D-BIM (Building Information Modeling), 3D map and panoramas shooting, and LiDAR. Based on the internal/external environments filmed and points of interest tagging, commanders can track the location and status of fire hoses and roads around the fire scene and dangerous objects inside the building; in addition, commanders can deploy in advance through the system on the way to the fire scene and fine-tune the deployment as needed after arriving at the scene.
After applying the system in disaster relief, the Yilan County Fire Bureau shortened the time for deployment by 10% on average; most importantly, commanders could fully control the physiological state of firefighters, the number of gas cylinders, and the location of a firefighter whose vertical and horizontal errors are within 5 meters. This means that once firefighters are trapped, rescue can be provided immediately or instructions can be given to evacuating them quickly from the fire scene.
Built on this successful cooperation with Yilan County Government, the company has been improving solutions to stringent firefighting environments and working with other local governments to export the system. As of today, the Fire Department, New Taipei City Government has adopted the system, and European positioning system manufacturers and Filipino firefighting equipment manufacturers have also expressed their willingness to purchase the system.
To augment the applications of the system, the company also applies panoramas shooting in route directions in large places such as hospitals and personnel positioning services in the management of key equipment, assets and dangerous objects in companies and hospitals.
As reported by OpenGov Asia, in the process of developing smart cities, Taiwan has begun to explore ways to combine technology with commerce to create a new green economy while finding a new powerful engine for the industry and cities in support of international efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Ultimately, Taiwan aims to build urban resilience and usher into a new era of urban and environmental sustainability.
The A$2.1 million Digital Health Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) project to collect patient data in one place aims to better equip healthcare workers when making critical and life-saving clinical decisions.
The project will deliver live streams of clinical analytics and reporting information in the form of online dashboards. The dashboards will drive quality improvement, safety assurance and more efficient accreditation in a hospital setting. The data will be drawn from hospital electronic medical records (EMR) and the Victorian Health Incident Management System (VHIMS).
The project will be led by the Monash University Faculty of Information Technology and Eastern Health Clinical School, and the Australian Council on Healthcare Standards, with Eastern Health and the Department of Health (Victoria) as collaborators.
Professor David Plunkett, Chief Executive of Eastern Health, said the project will be led by the Executive Director of Information, Technology and Capital Projects and will display streamed data on dashboards extracted from Eastern Health hospital systems.
The project will bring together the areas of clinical practice, technology and the very important requirement of accreditation, to proactively improve the quality and safety of how care is provided.
Professor Peteris Darzins, Executive Clinical Director of Aged Medicine and Director of Geriatric Medicine at Eastern Health, added that this venture will facilitate and improve patient care in a timely manner. The project will build on investments in the digitisation of healthcare in Victorian hospitals. EMR and other clinical data sources will also be used to ensure health services can be ready at any time for accreditation. At the same time, clinical datasets will be put into the hands of clinicians to drive local quality improvement.
Neville Board, Victoria’s Chief Digital Health Officer, said digital technologies will empower hospitals to provide real-time data for clinical decision-making and accreditation against national standards set by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care.
Chris Bain, Professor of Practice in Digital Health at Monash University, added that the project uses innovative technologies to address a need in the healthcare sector for reliable, quick and easy-to-access data.
The dashboards will combine data engineering techniques with user-friendly visualisations to surface key information from large data sets. These dashboards will enable clinicians to better understand the quality of care needed on a continuous daily basis, leading to improved quality standards, better patient care and overall support for clinicians.
Accreditation of safety and quality in health services aims to ensure the health system is better informed, supported and organised to deliver safe and high-quality care. On completion, the project will develop a roadmap for Australian hospitals to adopt live digital dashboards with new models to support proactive, continuous quality improvement and accreditation.
The implementation of the digital dashboards will benefit many hospital areas, including clinical governance, preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infection, medication safety, comprehensive care, blood management, recognising and responding to acute deterioration, communicating for safety, and partnering with consumers.
The four-year project will demonstrate the impact of the dashboard framework on clinical practice, hospital audit teams and external accreditation.
Recent research notes that digital dashboard systems in hospitals provide a user interface (UI) that can centrally manage and retrieve various information related to patients in a single screen, support the decision-making of medical professionals on a real-time basis by integrating the scattered medical information systems and core workflows, enhance the competence and decision-making ability of medical professionals, and reduce the probability of misdiagnosis.
Advancements in information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the internet, have resulted in improvements in life expectancy, GDP, life satisfaction, and environmental sustainability. Internet access is crucial to New Zealand’s effective digitalisation. As a result, the New Zealand government has established strategic priorities in the digital domain, including internet access.
Recently, New Zealand’s network company made its uncapped wireless broadband product available to more than 500,000 households, bringing uncapped connectivity to approximately 1.2 million New Zealand addresses in urban and rural areas. The expansion means that nearly two-thirds of New Zealand addresses, including more than 10% of rural households, can now stream their favourite shows and music, connect with loved ones, and work from home without having to worry about data caps.
According to the company’s Product Director, the company has a long-term goal of providing unrestricted capacity to all New Zealanders and is investing more than $100 million per year in its mobile network to make that goal a reality. “We are really happy to be able to take this next step toward uncapping New Zealand. We know Kiwis’ appetite for data is growing and as we continue upgrading and building more cell sites to increase capacity, we’re making uncapped broadband available to as many people as possible,” she said.
Instead of relying on physical infrastructure like fibre or copper to the home, wireless broadband connects customers to the nearest cell tower. It has the same speed as a 4G mobile connection and is usually faster than ADSL broadband, making it especially appealing to many rural customers who do not have access to fibre. Because there are no installation requirements, wireless broadband can usually be set up in minutes, and since it runs through the company’s mobile network, customers get end-to-end support rather than dealing with multiple parties if they have a fibre or copper fault.
The newest wireless broadband offer flexes the price a customer pays based on their monthly usage, giving them the freedom to use more if they want, and enjoy savings when they use less. “In other parts of rural New Zealand where we have great coverage but more limited capacity, we’re offering the broadband service for customers to sign up to before 6 September and retain the plan thereafter. This will enable us to closely monitor network performance and make sure we could continue to provide an excellent service in these areas if made permanent, given the added data use.”
OpenGov Asia reported that authorities recognise that if New Zealand is to compete internationally it would need better broadband. Enhanced internet speeds boost video conferencing and enable faster access to cloud services for New Zealand enterprises. Both are considered necessary for effective foreign trade by the government.
Broadband is considered essential infrastructure and the country’s digital divide underscores the difficulties in bringing its benefits to all people, regardless of demographics or geography. Tens of millions of people do not have access to in-home broadband, mobile data, or both. These disparities are especially pronounced among rural, low-income households. While physical internet access remains a challenge for some households, many more struggle to afford services and navigate digital spaces.
The Ultra-Fast Broadband (UFB) programme is transforming New Zealand’s telecommunications sector. This initiative is supporting both the digital economy and the emerging digital media sector. UFB is expected to be completed by 2020, with approximately 540,000 premises connected by early 2016. This infrastructure will allow the residential and business segments to make much better use of the potential for IP-delivered services and content, allowing the country to remain at the forefront of the digital future. Though some of these deployments may not be completed for several years, they will undoubtedly pave the way for many new and exciting developments in the future.