Employers and employees in Thailand alike are being compelled to reconsider the nature of the job environment because of the pandemic. Companies are increasingly embracing a hybrid model that incorporates a mixture of remote working and in-office. Many employees, according to a study, prefer this hybrid approach as they consider the workplace as an ideal place to meet, collaborate and socialise with colleagues – at least till when it is safe again.
Culture has fundamentally shifted, and organisations will have to redefine work and reimagine how teams function and collaborate. Remote working allows employees to work more independently with less oversight than traditional working techniques. This is beneficial in attracting and keeping employees, particularly millennials with prior experience leading digital transformation initiatives.
When evaluating work-from-home regulations, management must consider the quality of work and overall productivity in the light of the infrastructure, platforms and solutions needed to facilitate this. The right technological tools are needed to store and analyse data for measuring employee performance, which can be used to incentivise and encourage productivity, engagement, and collaboration of a remote workforce.
The question then is: How should organisations be viewing and preparing for this new reality?
As it is common to have several devices connected to multiple systems and linked to a defined cloud, hybrid work is bound to raise power consumption in supporting high-speed memory and speedy access. Therefore, to cost-effectively offer a reliable remote working experience, it is necessary to have a robust power management efficiency approach.
Remote and dispersed working in a digital environment is built on adaptability, agility and accessibility that requires a secure digital infrastructure. Only a robust cyber security system will ensure the safety of such an organisational setup.
Apart from that, maintaining flexibility is crucial to boosting efficiency and remaining agile. To that end, accelerating the power of server processors and cloud deployments in the virtual workplace can help to create an efficient working environment. Specifically, a hybrid cloud can give the required flexibility, agility and scalability while also controlling operating costs.
OpenGovLive! Virtual Breakfast Insight held on 23 November 2021 aimed at exploring strategies to foster a creative digital workplace with hybrid cloud, multi-layered security and manageability features that complement Thailand’s digital economy strategy.
Embracing the challenges of the hybrid work culture
Mohit Sagar, Group Managing Director and Editor-in-Chief, OpenGov Asia, kicked off the session with his opening address.
The pandemic has vaulted the governments and businesses headfirst into the next stage of digital transformation and online services. Culture has changed. “People do not want to return to the old work environment anymore,” Mohit asserts. Culture is going to challenge strategy if organisations force people to return to work in an office.
“Hybrid work is here to stay,” Mohit is convinced and organisations need to be able to provide the environment within the organisation that is harnessing technology to offer that service to your employees.
Against this backdrop, organisations carefully consider the implications of hybrid work as new challenges abound. Despite high productivity, the workforce is exhausted with rapidly increasing digital/online fatigue – it is getting more difficult to stay in touch with employees virtually.
Managing a dispersed workforce has meant that organisations have pivoted or are in the process of pivoting to a cloud-enabled model. While this offers significant advantages for remote working, data sharing and virtual collaboration, it has increased the surface for cyber risk. The new digital landscape has created many opportunities for cyber-criminals in Thailand and, indeed, globally.
In face of mounting challenges and evolving risks, the blueprint is clear: organisations must harness technology to enhance working experience and drive organisation goals in the new normal. Global companies have been looking into the design of high-performance computing solutions that will tackle some of the world’s toughest challenges.
“Do not hide behind the word security,” Mohit cautions. Security concerns should not deter people from embracing technology – security concerns must be confronted, not avoided. “Either deal with the risk of security or risk having dissatisfied employees leave.”
Mohit urges delegates to partner with organisations with the expertise to facilitate digital transformation. Experts can assist them to enhance the remote working experience and can make their digital transformation journey smoother, cost-effective and impactful.
Employing leading technologies to confidently transit to hybrid workplaces
John Hampton, Senior Director, Worldwide Customer Field Support, AMD, spoke next about the trends in the future of work, as well as the technologies that can help organisations facilitate transformation.
The pace of change is accelerating exponentially, John asserts. From one device per household, it is now the norm to have one device per user.
While technology used to be an enabler, it is now a foundational piece of the business. No longer is the younger generation the sole adopters of technology – everyone has been forced to embrace technology. Further, people now work from anywhere in a digital economy, as opposed to working from an office in a cash economy. The implications are clear – people expect access from anywhere, anytime, using any device.
The mission at AMD is to use technology innovation to solve the world’s biggest challenge. AMD has been investing and supporting the fight against Covid-19. AMD has been helping with research, stimulation s and high-performance computing working to accelerate the vaccine.
The attendant challenges, John points out, are issues of performance, security, price, reliability, and lower total cost of ownership (TCO), among other issues. While the challenges might seem overwhelming, AMD’s innovation can support these trends. AMD’s value proposition is A + A + A, which means CPUs, GPUs, and software.
John says that AMD has a portfolio that can help innovate and advance technology in a compelling way. He shared that AMD has hardware-based security in their processors. AMD possess a superior ‘zen’ architecture, multi-tier security design, ecosystem collaboration (ISVs, IHVs, CSPs), competitive price, excellent performance and power, industry-standard technology (no vendor lock-in) – all of which makes AMD a viable alternative option.
Some of the technologies include:
- AMD Secure Processor: A hardware root of trust that helps protect the confidentiality and integrity of data with minor impact.
- Secure memory encryption: Full system memory encryption helps defend data against certain cold boot and even physical attacks
- Secure encrypted virtualisation: A set of AMD technologies that help protect virtual machines with up to 509 unique encryption keys known to the processor.
- AMD shadow stack: Provides hardware-enforced stack protection capabilities to help guard against malware attacks.
John speaks of the advanced technology at AMD. The newest CPUs and GPUs are powering the new supercomputer and is delivering staggering performance. The same technology in the supercomputer is used in all the other products by AMD.
AMD also boasts a broad base of supporters including companies in the field of hardware, software, and operating systems. John is excited that AMD is partnering with many new customers in the new ecosystem. “Choice is so important right now,” John asserts, and AMD brings that choice in the different supply chains.
A fitting example is how DBS transformed its data centre with AMD EPYC™ CPUs. DBS Bank Ltd wanted to accelerate its digital transformation with technology at the core, provide greater resiliency, improve sustainability, enable faster release cadences, and lower costs. To enable that required a switch from monolithic systems to wholesale virtualisation across most workloads, particularly the next generation of cloud, machine learning, and AI (Artificial Intelligence).
The resulting solution was transferring DBS’ computing infrastructure from premium highly resilient systems to technologies such as the Dell PowerEdge R7425 and R6525 servers powered by AMD EPYC™ 7542, 7642 and 7742 processors. It also involved running VMware virtualisation, open-source software, and aggressive automation from Day 0 provisioning to Day 2 operations.
As a result, the footprint of a DBS data centre was reduced to a quarter of its size in square feet, consuming half the power and providing a tenfold increase in the room for growth. Coupled with the wide adoption of open-source software and aggressive automation, cloud infrastructure services can now be provisioned in a matter of minutes instead of months.
In closing, John reiterated that AMD can help organisations arrive at technology decisions based on technology competitiveness, future roadmaps (future proof investment), overall TCO benefits, standard implementation to avoid vendor lock-in and dual/multi-vendor solutions. He encouraged delegates to reach out to his team to explore ways they can help.
Strategies to tackle the challenges of a new reality
GP CAPT Amorn Chomchoey, Acting Deputy Secretary-General, National Cyber Security Agency, elaborated on the hybrid workplace situation in Thailand.
Echoing the sentiments of Mohit and John, Amorn posits that hybrid work is inevitable. Increasingly, employees want the best of both worlds – flexible remote work with opportunities for in-person work. At the same time, employees are experiencing a digital overload with the surge in time spent in meetings and chats each week. However, leaders are out of touch with employees who feel disconnected from their up-line managers. Zoom and Teams are not enough, he contends.
Singapore and Greater Asia, Amorn remarks, seem to be faring better – the leadership is more connected with workers and staff seem less exhausted. However, people are likely to move to other positions after they have been separated from their workplace.
Considering these prevailing trends, Amorn offered a few suggestions that organisations can consider to mitigate challenges. Firstly, organisations need to create a plan for more empowerment and flexibility. Additionally, organisations need to invest in technology to bridge the physical and digital world. There is also a real need to combat digital exhaustion from the top. Companies need to prioritise rebuilding social capital and culture. Finally, he emphasised the urgency to rethink employee experience to compete for talents.
Cloud adoption, Amorn adds, is paramount. Many companies recognise the tremendous benefits and are moving to cloud. He pointed out best practices that organisations can adopt while cautioning against common pitfalls that compromise data.
Setting up the right protection and security must be the priority in this age of digital transformation. Yet, security cannot be completely outsourced, he believes. “Even if you have SaaS (Software as a Service), companies still need to take up responsibility for the security.”
In summation, Amorn acknowledges that the world has changed. Organisations need to respond quickly and devise new ways to stay relevant in this changing world. Embracing technology is an indispensable part of that equation.
After the informative presentations, delegates participated in interactive discussions facilitated by polling questions. This activity is designed to provide live-audience interaction, promote engagement, hear real-life experiences, and facilitate discussions that impart professional learning and development for participants.
The first question asked delegates which area they would focus on based on the Thailand Digital Economy Plan. Most of the delegates indicated digital transformation (61%) as their area of focus, followed by enterprise architecture (22%) and work collaboration (17%).
A delegate posits that transformation must begin with processes that people utilise. Agreeing, Mohit adds that technology is the enabler and emphasises the need to upskill the workforce to cope with the demands.
John concurs with the view that digital transformation starts with the people. “People are the most valuable resource at AMD,” he shares. “When organisations place people first, products and profits will follow. Against that backdrop, it is paramount for people to have a digital transformation and security plan in place.”
He is confident that AMD can help organisations accelerate those plans. In addition, he believes that AI and Machine Learning can act as false multipliers for organisations that do not have certain skill sets in place. The key is to be able to balance human resources and technology. If you put people in front you need to give them the process so that they can help you.
When asked about the most important focus of their organisation to ensure that operations can continue efficiently post-COVID-19 pandemic, most delegates indicated their focus to be strengthening business continuity plans (45%). The other delegates prioritised employee satisfaction (25%), reduction of Total Cost of Ownership (20%) and sales strategy to increase revenue (10%).
Focusing on sales is the most important, for Mohit, because all other policies and practices will align when the organisation is driven by revenue. He points out that all the options are important but that organisations need to choose a focus area and a starting point for their journey.
A delegate shared that his organisation is focusing on cloud services to reduce TOC. Without a doubt, cloud has become mainstream for government and all private sectors, Mohit concedes. From his observation, governments have challenged how processes and technology deployment goes into the market.
For some organisations, Amorn points out, costs are a real concern. John recognises costs as a genuine issue and shared that AMD has experience in managing budgets and helping customers get more with their existing budget through various hybrid cloud solutions. For example, AMD has been able to deliver the same or higher level of performance with reduced software and hardware cost, using a single processor to perform what is done in traditional dual-processor data centres.
Inquiring on the main issue executives and management should on decide on when evaluating work-from-home regulation, most delegates indicated platforms and solutions needed to facilitate work-from-home (65%) as the main area. The remaining votes were split between overall productivity (18%), quality of work (12%) and IT infrastructure (5%).
Since work-from-home is here to stay, organisations need to move away from blaming infrastructure or processes, and instead, find solutions through technology. John, too, believes that organisations need to evolve the way they think. To alter the way people work, technology must be deployed in this new reality. The quality of work from employees will improve through improvements in technology.
Mohit is convinced that the workforce in Asia is more tech-savvy now – they own their own smart devices and are interacting with multiple platforms. In fact, they are not only demanding remote working but having access to everything remotely.
A delegate commented that keeping track of people and work has been a challenge. That, Mohit is an issue of culture. The key is not to dwell on the challenge but to find solutions to evolve the platforms that employees use so that it becomes more engaging and appealing. That is the way to retain employees while ensuring that quality work is produced.
John concurs with Mohit and emphasises that organisations can achieve outputs is through culture. Organisations need to consider how they are shaping culture such that it continues to adapt to the modern situation.
Regarding strategies to incentivise and encourage productivity, engagement and collaboration of a remote workforce, more than half the delegates indicated that the flexibility of working from anywhere (55%) is an important strategy, followed by a convergence of personal and professional devices (27%) and secure digital infrastructure (18%).
On the main types of cloud computing organisations work with, delegates were evenly split between private clouds (33%) and hybrid clouds (33%). The remaining votes opted for multi-clouds (28%) and public clouds (6%).
In the last poll, delegates were asked about how their organisation measure the performance of IT Infrastructure. In response, more than half of the delegates selected system performance (55%) as the indicator, followed by the overall Total Cost of Ownership (45%).
“People are waiting for the technology that can change them and their behaviour,” a delegate opines. With the right technology, engagement and connection can enable the workforce to stay motivated and continuously perform.
For Mohit, all the options point to one thing: that hybrid cloud infrastructure is in place for all the other objectives to be achieved.
In closing, John summarised the discussions. It was exciting to note, he said, that the theme of “people as resources” stood out in the discussion. He is a firm believer in the paramount importance of using tech, tools and plans to support people.
Along the same vein, he reiterated the importance of employing the right technologies to mitigate the issues of transiting to hybrid work culture.
While it might sound daunting, partnerships can help to lubricate the process and ease organisations in the move towards change. He underscored the importance of such conversations to understand the challenges that organisations face
John says AMD is s a disruptive force because they deliver a high level of performance at a dramatically lower TOC. He invited delegates to reach out to him and the team if they had queries or wanted to explore ways AMD can help them.
Concluding the session, he thanked all the delegates for their participation and insights on the topic and looked forward to collaborating with them in the near future.
As a vital arm of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), the Philippine Council for Industry, Energy, and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) holds a pivotal role as one of the three sectoral planning councils within the organisation.
Founded on 29 June 2010, PCIEERD is distinguished by its unique commitment to driving research and development initiatives, particularly in the industries, energy, and emerging technology sectors.
Functioning as a pivotal agency, DOST-PCIEERD takes a central role in crafting policies, plans, and programmes, along with implementing strategies in the designated sectors. The execution of these initiatives is facilitated through a spectrum of Science and Technology (S&T) programmes designed to promote innovation and progress.
Encompassing a broad spectrum, DOST-PCIEERD extends research and development (R&D) support across 21 sectors, broadly categorised under industry, energy, emerging technology, and special concerns.
The council plays a crucial role in disseminating and promoting S&T information, undertaking sustained programmes for information dissemination. This proactive approach aims to enhance the accessibility and utilisation of information and research results by the diverse array of customers and stakeholders associated with the sectors.
In its commitment to fostering growth, DOST-PCIEERD dedicates efforts to developing and enhancing R&D and support capabilities. This forward-looking perspective ensures the fulfilment of present and future human resource and institutional requirements.
Moreover, the council actively contributes to technological advancement by adopting, transferring, and commercialising available technologies. In doing so, DOST-PCIEERD plays a vital role in propelling the nation’s scientific and technological landscape towards greater heights.
Driving Innovation and Industry Development
In an exclusive interview with OpenGov Asia, Dr Enrico C. Paringit, Executive Director of DOST-PCIEERD, sheds light on compelling projects that underscore the council’s significant influence on research and development in the realms of industry, energy, and emerging technology.
At the forefront of catalysing research and development in the Philippines, DOST-PCIEERD has been a driving force behind diverse programmes and initiatives. Launched in 2015, the Infrastructure Development Programme (IDP) has emerged as a cornerstone, playing a pivotal role in the expansion or modernisation of academic and research institutions.
Under the Infrastructure Development Programme (IDP), DOST-PCIEERD has actively spearheaded initiatives encompassing the acquisition of cutting-edge laboratory facilities, state-of-the-art equipment, and specialised software. Between 2015 to 2023, this strategic investment, totalling Php234.4 million (S$6.31 million), has yielded transformative outcomes, facilitating the establishment and enhancement of 49 laboratories across the nation. This concerted effort reflects the commitment to fortify research capabilities and foster innovation within academic and research institutions.
In line with the DOST Halal Policy, the DOST Halal S&T Programme was initiated to support the development of the Halal industry. This programme focuses on research and development, technology transfer, human resource development, and Halal verification through laboratory testing. Additionally, efforts have been directed towards fortifying the Filipino Halal sector to meet global benchmarks, enhance competitiveness, and improve research and development.
Dr Enrico explains that the Food Safety Programme, Food Innovation Centres, and Natural Dyes facilities have been established to strengthen the food industry and improve the living standards of Filipino people. The commitment extends to bolstering the country’s manufacturing industry by providing cutting-edge facilities for specialised testing, designing, and research and development in key sectors like food, electronics, and materials.
Under the OneLab Programme, regional testing facilities have been consolidated into a unified network, providing easy access to a global network of public and private laboratories for analytical and calibration needs. This initiative promotes collaboration among students, researchers, and industry stakeholders, with information accessible through the onelab.ph website.
The National Metrology Laboratory (NML) leads metrology efforts in the Philippines and has achieved international recognition. However, continued support is required for the expansion of Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMCs) to maintain competence globally.
Dr Enrico reveals that the establishment of the Advanced Device and Materials Testing Laboratory (ADMATEL) marks the country’s first electronics design facility, aimed at reinforcing and upgrading failure analysis and materials testing facilities to attract potential investors and promote a conducive business environment.
The Electronics Product Development Centre (EPDC) serves as the national testing facility, providing design, prototyping, and testing facilities for printed circuit boards. The goal is to support companies and schools in developing hardware and software for electronics products.
The Advanced Manufacturing Centre (AMCen), on the other hand, has been established as the national centre of excellence in additive manufacturing, focusing on areas like Aerospace and Defense, Pharmaceutical/Healthcare, Novel Electronics, Agriculture, and Automotive.
In addition, the renewable energy projects include a micro-hydro turbine research and testing facility in Morong, Rizal, supporting off-grid electrification for communities. The Mindanao Renewable Energy Centre (MREC) focuses on Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Ocean Renewable Energy (ORE) facilities, aiming to harness energy from solar power and simulate tidal and wave characteristics.
To serve as a bridge between R&D and commercialisation, the Funding Assistance for Spin-off and Translation of Research in Advancing Commercialisation (FASTRAC) Programme supports technologies such as USHER, CharM, FISH_I, Smart Surface, CATCH-ALL, Marine Nanocoat, Monascus Red Colorant, Fruitect, HormoGroe, Gitara ni Juan, X-LIPAD, MapX, Vigormin, and others.
Embedded in the ethos of DOST, a circular economy mindset takes centre stage, underscoring a dedication to initiatives that champion environmental stewardship and optimal resource utilisation. Positioned as a key tenet within the DOST framework, this pledge manifests in the backing of projects geared towards converting waste materials into valuable and sustainable resources.
A notable example is the successful initiative led by the Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI), wherein an in-depth analysis of dredged material from the Tullahan River was undertaken to investigate alternative applications. This project exemplifies a forward-thinking strategy in tackling environmental issues by repurposing materials that would otherwise contribute to waste, showcasing a commitment to sustainable solutions and resourcefulness.
The University of Mindanao is leading another remarkable sustainable initiative, centring on the transformation of durian rinds into 3D printing filaments. This inventive project not only addresses waste reduction but also taps into the potential of agricultural by-products, underscoring a steadfast commitment to sustainability and resource optimisation.
“At the core of our mission, we prioritise environmental sustainability, ensuring that our operations, activities, and programmes are conducted with a steadfast commitment to minimising adverse impacts on the environment,” Dr Enrico states.
Recognising the importance of ecological responsibility, PCIERRD incorporates environmental considerations as a pivotal metric in the assessment of proposals. This approach underscores its unwavering commitment to nurturing initiatives that adhere to the principles of environmental conservation and responsible stewardship.
Dedicated to environmental stewardship, the agency proactively pursues a science and technology roadmap for tackling and mitigating challenges related to waste management. Under the leadership of Dr Enrico, PCIERRD aims to assume a pivotal role in shaping sustainable practices that advocate for the responsible use and disposal of resources.
Demonstrating a responsible use of resources through its life cycle, PCIERRD fulfils its mandate to actively support the Clean Air Act (RA8749). By championing the implementation of this key legislation, the agency contributes significantly to promoting clean air standards and mitigating air pollution, aligning its efforts with broader initiatives that prioritise the health of both the environment and local communities.
“Through these multifaceted approaches, we strive to be proactive stewards of the environment, integrating sustainability principles into the fabric of the industrial operations; thereby promoting responsible practices within the realm of science and technology,” Dr Enrico emphasises.
The success of PCIERRD can be attributed in part to its ability to develop talent and inspire upcoming researchers and innovators to advance the country’s technological frontiers. In 2017, the country witnessed the launch of the Young Innovators Programme (YIP), designed as an inclusive platform for highly talented high school students aspiring to gain research experience.
The programme invites these young minds to gain experience in research under the guidance of mentors, facilitating hands-on learning and fostering a spirit of scientific inquiry. The objective of YIP is to equip and prepare these young researchers to undertake independent research endeavors, supported by funding allocated to innovative research projects.
Since its inception, the Young Innovators Programme has made significant strides in cultivating a new era of scientific exploration and inventive breakthroughs within the country. A total of Php37 million (SG$1 million) in funding has been disbursed across 56 approved projects, providing vital resources for these young innovators to bring their ideas to fruition.
The programme’s impact extends beyond financial support, contributing to the development of a vibrant community of budding scientists and researchers who are poised to make meaningful contributions to the scientific landscape in the years to come.
Nurturing Ingenuity Through Partnerships
According to Dr Enrico, engaging with diverse stakeholders is at the core of their approach as they strive to meet the evolving needs of the 21 sectors under its support. Through focused initiatives such as focus group discussions and consultation, they actively seek input from industry stakeholders, research institutions, and government agencies.
“This collaborative process allows us to gain valuable insights into the specific requirements and challenges faced by each sector, informing the direction of our research and development endeavours,” Dr Enrico explains.
Beyond external engagement, PCIEERD places considerable emphasis on internal feedback mechanisms. Tools such as the Research Fairness Survey and the R&D Customer Preference Survey serve as valuable means to directly collect insights from researchers. This two-way communication approach ensures that the perspectives and experiences of those actively engaged in the research process are taken into account, fostering an environment of continuous improvement and responsiveness within the organisation.
Collaboration remains a cornerstone of their strategy, and they actively cultivate partnerships with industry stakeholders. Through a range of programmes, such as the Expert Intervention for Scientific Engagement (ExperTiSE) programme, Regional Research Institutions (RRI), research attachments and expert visits, PCIEERD creates avenues for meaningful cooperation.
These collaborative initiatives not only enhance the effectiveness of the research but also contribute to the broader goal of fostering innovation and sustainable development across diverse sectors.
Furthermore, DOST-PCIEERD recognises the pivotal role of international alliances and partnerships, strategically emphasising their significance in advancing research and development in the fields of industry, energy, and emerging technology.
This concerted effort is driven by a commitment to contribute to the growth of scientific knowledge, facilitate technology transfer, spur economic development, and enhance the capacity to address global challenges effectively.
International partnerships provide a crucial avenue for knowledge exchange, where foreign counterparts and experts bring expertise that exposes Filipino researchers to cutting-edge technologies, methodologies, and the sharing of best practices.
Such exposure not only enhances the skills of local researchers, rendering them more competitive on the international stage but also unlocks new opportunities for commercialising innovative technologies in the global market. Consequently, it bridges the gap between research and market application, facilitating technology pathways that contribute to economic growth through income and job creation.
Several notable international engagements exemplify the commitment of DOST-PCIEERD to fostering global collaborations. Among them, the e-ASIA initiative stands out – a multilateral international joint effort involving public funding organisations from East Asia Summit (EAS) member countries.
Additionally, the Southeast Asia-Europe Joint Funding Scheme for Research and Innovation (SEA-EU JFS) facilitates joint funding of bi-regional, multi-lateral research and innovation projects, fostering cooperation between Southeast Asia and Europe.
Joint efforts such as the UKRI-NERC initiative address specific challenges, exemplified by the “Sustainable Mineral Resources in the Philippines” programme. This collaborative effort aims to fund research that offers a comprehensive perspective on mineral production in the Philippines and address environmental issues associated with legacy and abandoned mines.
Another noteworthy effort is the UKRI-JST-DOST ‘Science, Technology and Action’ Nexus for Development (STAND) Collaboration, which seeks to foster international research interaction and exchange among researchers in Japan, the United Kingdom, and Southeast Asia. This collaboration focuses on projects contributing to sustainable development in Southeast Asia, aligning with the broader goals of knowledge sharing and capacity building on a global scale.
Public-private partnerships have also contributed to the advancement of industry, energy, and emerging technology in the country. In June 2023, PCIEERD took a significant step forward in fortifying its collaboration with the mining industry by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Chamber of Mines of the Philippines.
This partnership encompasses three key areas aimed at fostering advancements and sustainability within the mining sector.
Firstly, there is a focus on the collaborative drafting of a nickel roadmap, with active consultation involving both mining industries and key government agencies. This initiative aims to chart a strategic course for the nickel industry, ensuring alignment with industry needs and national development goals.
Another crucial facet of the partnership involves an increased emphasis on research related to green minerals, particularly in anticipation of their translation into components for Electric Vehicles (EVs). This forward-looking approach aligns with the global shift towards sustainable and environmentally friendly technologies, positioning the mining industry to play a pivotal role in the emerging green economy.
Additionally, the collaborative efforts extend to the improvement of energy efficiency and the promotion of renewable energy within the mining sector. By addressing these critical aspects, the partnership endeavours to enhance the sustainability and environmental impact of mining operations, aligning with broader goals of responsible resource utilisation and energy conservation.
PCIEERD maintains an ongoing and fruitful partnership with the Philippine Technological Council (PTC), a non-stock, non-profit private organisation. The collaboration with PTC unfolds through its accreditation service, serving as a mechanism to facilitate capstone projects and promote STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) initiatives.
This sustained partnership underscores PCIEERD’s commitment to advancing technological excellence, education, and innovation within the Philippines, fostering a collaborative ecosystem that transcends industry boundaries for the greater benefit of scientific and technological progress.
Unveiling Key Strategies
Dr Enrico reveals the key strategic priorities and initiatives he is focusing on as the Executive Director of PCIEERD to foster innovation and drive industry development in the Philippines.
“Guided by the Harmonised National Research and Development Agenda (HNRDA) for the period 2022-2028, our research initiatives are intricately woven into a framework that aligns with the broader vision encapsulated in AmBisyon Natin 2040,” Dr Enrico highlights.
Envisioning a promising future for Filipinos, the HNRDA is anchored in the pillars of Malasakit, Pagbabago, and Kaunlaran, which collectively advocate for inclusive growth, a resilient society, and the cultivation of a competitive knowledge economy.
In pursuit of these aspirations, PCIERRD has embarked on pioneering programmes aimed at revolutionising the local transport systems. Spearheaded by the ELECTROMOBILITY R&D Centre, and R&D Centre for Advanced Batteries, these initiatives focus on the development and implementation of electric vehicles and enhancing advanced battery technology.
These efforts align with the priorities of the Comprehensive Roadmap for the Electric Vehicle Industry (CREVI). Additionally, PCIERRD has several initiatives on maritime transport on the electrification of boats and ferries.
“This strategic move reflects our commitment to advancing sustainable and eco-friendly solutions in the domain of transportation,” Dr Enrico furthers. “Our commitment extends to the empowerment of local governance through the implementation of the Smart Cities initiative.”
Significant transformations have been realised in cities such as Baguio, Cauayan, Iloilo, and Butuan, where the integration of smart technologies has contributed to improved urban living. The success of these endeavours has prompted an expansion of the programme beyond cities, reaching into various communities as part of our ongoing efforts to create more inclusive and technologically empowered environments.
Recognising the critical role of startups in driving innovation, PCIERRD actively supports the startup ecosystem through the Startup Grant Fund. The comprehensive programmes assist startups throughout their journey, from the initial ideation phase to full commercialisation. By nurturing and facilitating the growth of startups, they contribute to the dynamism of the entrepreneurial landscape and the overall economic development of the region.
Dr Enrico underscores in the domain of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the DOST endeavours are guided by a comprehensive 2019-2029 R&D Programme Framework. This strategic blueprint delineates a path to ensure the Philippines remains a frontrunner in the global evolution of AI technologies.
The primary thrusts of this initiative span across National Infrastructure, where the DOST has distributed nine High-Performance Computing (HPC) machines to higher education institutions, catalysing the commencement of new AI projects.
The groundwork laid in 2014 with the establishment of the Computing and Archiving Research Environment (CoARE) further bolsters these efforts, providing free access to HPC and Cloud services. The overarching goal is to enhance connectivity and expedite digital transformation by 2024, with a specific target of elevating the PH e-government index to 0.85 by 2029.
The DOST’s dedication to AI extends beyond infrastructure to encompass Capacity Building, where initiatives are undertaken to nurture the skills and expertise necessary for meaningful AI contributions. Simultaneously, the focus on Research and Data initiatives accentuates the commitment to advancing the knowledge frontier in AI.
Additionally, the department actively engages in developing Policies and Stakeholder relationships, ensuring a holistic and forward-looking approach to AI development within the country. This multi-faceted strategy underscores the DOST’s commitment to positioning the Philippines as a key player in the dynamic landscape of AI innovation and progress.
“In our pursuit of ensuring the Philippines’ prominence in technological innovation and sustainable development globally, DOST-PCIEERD employs a multifaceted approach encompassing various strategic initiatives. One pivotal effort involves bridging the gap between academic research and industry through the establishment of Technology Business Incubators (TBIs),” Dr Enrico asserts.
With 54 members in the DOST TBI Network, including 32 industry-based and 22 agriculture- and aquaculture-focused TBIs across Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and State Universities and Colleges (SUCs), the investments since 2018 have totalled Php411 million (SG$11.1 million).
These TBIs have incubated 1,359 startups, generated 5,696 jobs, attracted over Php1.87 billion (SG$50.49 million) in private investments, and produced Php907 million (SG$24.49 million) in startup revenue. Additionally, the TBIs themselves have secured Php118.3 million (SG$3.19 million) in private investments from various partners.
To promote science education in Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Areas (GIDA), they fund projects such as the Philippine Science Centrum Travelling Exhibit. This initiative, spanning 26 GIDA districts across Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, has reached 300,000 students and instructed 4,000 teachers in basic science experiments, enhancing education in these remote areas.
Acknowledging the vital role of women entrepreneurs, initiatives like Women-Helping-Women: Innovative Social Enterprises (WHWise) aims to support and acknowledge women driving economic growth and sustainable development in their communities.
Strategic planning is another cornerstone of the approach, with formulated roadmaps and sectoral strategies for the 21 supported sectors. These roadmaps not only guide the development of specific research programmes but also contribute to the realisation of sustainable development goals.
Collectively, these strategies underscore the commitment to enhancing the country’s competitiveness and productivity in the global landscape of technological innovation and sustainable development, fostering a comprehensive and impactful approach to propel the nation forward.
Nexus of Innovation by 2040
“Our forward-looking vision is rooted in becoming the Nexus of Innovation by the year 2040,” Dr Enrico shares his vision for PCIEERD’s position in the global context in the next three years. “Positioned as a leader in the country’s competitiveness and productivity, we aim to enable science and technology solutions across the industry, energy, and emerging technology sectors, all while upholding the principles of good governance.”
To realise this vision, global collaboration stands as a cornerstone of this strategy. They envision strengthening international partnerships and collaborations with funding institutions worldwide. By engaging with global counterparts, they seek to foster knowledge-sharing, promote cooperation and teamwork, facilitate mutual learning, and collectively drive innovation in the realms of industry, energy, and emerging technologies.
An essential aspect of their approach involves a dedicated focus on investment in Research and Development (R&D). By prioritising R&D investment, they ensure that PCIEERD remains at the forefront of technological advancements in the Industry, Energy, and Emerging (IEE) sectors. This commitment contributes to global innovation efforts and positions the nation as a key player in addressing pressing global challenges through technological solutions.
Their commitment extends to robust mechanisms for technology transfer and commercialisation. By effectively translating the R&D findings and innovations into practical applications and marketable products, they strive to bridge the gap between research outcomes and real-world impact.
“Knowledge dissemination forms another crucial element of our strategy. We are committed to sharing our S&T outputs, technological advancements, and success stories in technology transfer and commercialisation, both locally and globally,” Dr Enrico says emphatically. “This proactive approach ensures that the benefits of our innovations reach diverse audiences, contributing to the broader global knowledge pool.”
In all aspects of their operations, sustainability is a guiding principle. They are committed to using sustainable practices in everything they do, from research to innovations, technology transfers, and commercialisation.
Through their actions, they actively support the preservation of the environment on a global scale and are consistent with larger sustainability objectives, exemplifying a responsible and comprehensive approach to scientific and technological advancement.
“Embracing the role of a scientist is to willingly confront the mysteries of the unknown, and it is this very challenge that captivates me,” says Dr Enrico, who completed his doctorate at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and served as the principal scientist for DOST Project NOAH and the DOST DREAM LIDAR Programme.
Seeking out interesting and meaningful challenges brought him joy. His work at PCIEERD is similar to a large-scale experiment in which he develops theories and verifies them against reality.
He believes that this dynamic process fosters continuous innovation by pushing boundaries and revealing new possibilities. The core values of high integrity, innovation, and excellence serve as guiding principles, propelling the entire PCIEEED led by him to strive for excellence in all that they do.
“We are committed to exploring new ground in science and are constantly looking for ways to offer significant discoveries and solutions that have a long-term impact for the benefit of the whole nation,” Dr Enrico concludes.
In a bid to empower food manufacturers to embrace sustainability, Enterprise Singapore (EnterpriseSG) has unveiled the Sustainability Playbook for Food Manufacturers. Announced by Minister for Sustainability and the Environment, Grace Fu, this playbook is a key component of the Enterprise Sustainability Programme (ESP), aiming to equip companies with the tools and insights needed for their sustainability journey.
Jeannie Lim, Assistant Chief Executive Officer (Lifestyle & Consumer) at EnterpriseSG, emphasised the imperative for food manufacturers to navigate global supply chain challenges, evolving sustainability regulations, and the rising demand for climate-conscious food products. Jeannie introduced the playbook as a comprehensive guide, offering strategies and resources to help companies incorporate sustainability practices into their operations.
The playbook, part of the ESP series, presents a step-by-step approach for food manufacturers, featuring checklists with recommended starting points for core sustainability strategies and relevant resources. It outlines three fundamental strategies to enhance sustainability:
- Optimising Resources: The playbook advocates for a review of current manufacturing processes to identify opportunities for resource optimisation. Investments in energy-efficient equipment, on-site energy generation like solar panels, and digitalisation for increased efficiency and waste reduction are highlighted.
- Valorising Food Side Streams: Encouraging the repurposing of food manufacturing by-products into higher value-added products, such as plant-based cheese and probiotic beverages. The playbook identifies key side streams in Singapore, including okara, brewers’ spent grain, surplus bread, and fruits, offering innovative solutions to meet consumer demands for healthy and sustainable products.
- Adopting Sustainable Packaging: Recognising the importance of sustainable packaging for global market access, the playbook encourages the reduction of packaging and the use of recyclable or sustainable materials with enhanced shelf-life stability.
To complement the Sustainability Playbook, EnterpriseSG, in collaboration with the Singapore Food Manufacturers’ Association (SFMA), announced the “Embracing Sustainability for Enterprise Growth in Food Manufacturing” course. This provides an introduction to sustainability concepts and equips food manufacturing companies with the necessary tools and support to take tangible steps towards sustainability.
The course, scheduled for Q1 2024, offers participants access to a sustainability assessment toolkit and personalised advisory sessions to kickstart their sustainability journey. EnterpriseSG will defray 70% of course fees for eligible businesses, making it an accessible and valuable resource for companies looking to enhance their sustainability capabilities.
According to Enterprise Singapore, their initiatives are poised to guide food manufacturers towards a future where environmental consciousness aligns seamlessly with business success. The playbook and course serve as inspirations, illuminating the path for companies to thrive in an era where sustainability is both a responsibility and a competitive advantage.
Digital tools are pivotal in advancing sustainable food manufacturing, revolutionising processes and fostering environmental stewardship. These tools optimise resource utilisation, emphasising energy-efficient equipment and digitalisation to enhance operational efficiency.
By identifying areas for improvement and implementing smart technologies, companies can minimise waste, reduce carbon footprints, and embrace eco-friendly practices. The integration of digital solutions allows for real-time monitoring, predictive analytics, and precision control, enabling precise resource management and minimising environmental impact.
Sustainable packaging initiatives, facilitated by these tools, further contribute to eco-conscious practices, aligning with global sustainability goals. The adoption of digital tools in food manufacturing not only improves operational effectiveness but also positions the industry as a leader in environmentally responsible practices, ensuring a more sustainable and resilient future.
In a session at the Dewan Negara, Senator Datuk Sivarraajh Chandran proposed a significant expansion of Artificial Intelligence (AI) courses across public universities, aligning with the anticipated transformative impact of AI technology on the future job landscape.
Senator Chandran emphasised that greater participation of higher education institutions in offering AI courses would create a more extensive platform for cultivating experts capable of addressing the challenges arising from the evolution and development of AI technology.
Citing a study conducted by the Ministry of Human Resources, which projected that approximately 4.5 million workers in the country could face job displacement by 2030 due to advancements in AI and Machine Learning (ML), Senator Chandran underscored the importance of mitigating this risk through the provision of additional AI-related educational opportunities. While acknowledging that the majority of jobs at risk are categorised as semi-skilled and unskilled, he stressed the profound impact such a shift could have on people’s livelihoods, warranting proactive measures.
These proposals were articulated during the deliberation of the Supply Bill 2024 in the Dewan Negara. Senator Chandran expressed support for the government’s initiative to establish the nation’s first Artificial Intelligence Studies Centre, housed at the Faculty of Artificial Intelligence in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). This centre, announced by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim as part of the Budget 2024, received an initial allocation of RM20 million.
While commending the establishment of the AI Studies Centre at UTM, Senator Chandran argued for a more intensified effort, calling for the active involvement of additional public higher education institutions in providing AI courses. He believed that expanding educational offerings in the AI field could play a crucial role in reducing the projected job displacement and equipping the workforce with the necessary skills for the evolving job market.
In the context of potential job losses outlined in the Ministry of Human Resources study, Senator Chandran stressed the significance of not underestimating the impact of AI and ML advancements. He emphasised that the livelihoods of individuals were at stake, necessitating a proactive approach to skill development and education in emerging technologies.
Furthermore, Senator Chandran argued that the participation of more educational institutions in offering AI studies could have broader economic implications. He suggested that a robust educational ecosystem in AI would be an attractive factor for investors in the industry, as it would demonstrate the country’s commitment to fostering a skilled and credible talent pool capable of meeting the demands of the evolving job market.
In mid-October, Malaysia presented its 2024 budget, said to be the largest in the nation’s history, with an allocation of RM303 billion (US$64.7 billion). To fulfil fiscal obligations and decrease the deficit to 4.3%, the budget introduces significant structural changes to Malaysia’s tax system, affecting both businesses and individuals.
Notably, a capital gains tax is introduced, and there is an upswing in service tax rates. Furthermore, the government has confirmed the implementation of e-invoicing starting from 1 August 2024 and the adoption of the global minimum tax in 2025. These measures signify a comprehensive approach to fiscal management, aiming to enhance revenue streams, streamline tax processes, and align with global taxation standards.
Senator Datuk Sivarraajh Chandran’s proposals centre around the crucial role of education in mitigating the potential negative impacts of AI and ML advancements on the job market. By advocating for an expanded offering of AI courses in public universities, he aims to not only address the challenges posed by technological developments but also position the country as an attractive destination for investments in the burgeoning field of artificial intelligence.
The Minister of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Ashwini Vaishnaw, has discussed creating a robust response to the challenges posed by deepfake technology with representatives from academia, industry bodies, and social media companies. The consensus reached in the discussion entails collaborative efforts among the government, academia, social media companies, and the National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) to collectively address the harmful uses of deepfake.
Deepfakes are artificial intelligence-manipulated video, audio, and images. Their hyper-realistic nature makes them challenging to identify as fake, especially for individuals unfamiliar with the technology. Therefore, these manipulations can and have harmed reputations and serve as tools to falsify evidence. Deepfakes are also a threat to democracy and social institutions globally and the increasing presence of deepfakes in political messaging could be particularly damaging, especially in the lead-up to the upcoming general elections, posing risks to the integrity of information and public discourse.
The meeting, held at the end of November, concluded with an agreement to identify actionable items within the next 10 days, focusing on four key pillars:
- Detection: Develop methods to identify deepfake content both before and after its posting.
- Prevention: Establish an effective mechanism to prevent the spread of deepfake content.
- Reporting: Implement an efficient and prompt reporting system along with a grievance redressal mechanism.
- Awareness: Launch a widespread awareness campaign to educate the public on the issues related to deepfake technology.Top of Form
Furthermore, effective immediately, MeitY will initiate an exercise to assess and formulate necessary regulations to combat the threat of deepfake. To facilitate this process, MeitY will invite public comments through the MyGov portal.
A follow-up meeting with relevant stakeholders will be held again this week to finalise the four-pillared structure. According to the government’s AI news portal, it remains committed to combating the growing threat of deepfake through technology and by fostering public awareness. It said that MeitY has frequently guided social media intermediaries, urging them to exercise due diligence and promptly take necessary actions against instances of deepfake.
Recently, the Delhi High Court expressed reservations about the prospect of judicial intervention to regulate the use of deepfake content created through AI. It said that addressing the issue and finding a balanced solution would be more appropriately handled by the government, given its extensive data resources and wide-ranging machinery. The court scheduled the matter for an additional hearing in January.
Governments globally are addressing the threats of damaging deepfake technologies by implementing enhanced rules and regulations. In September, the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and federal agency partners issued new guidance on cybersecurity risks associated with deepfakes.
As OpenGov Asia reported, they published a Cybersecurity Information Sheet (CSI) titled “Contextualising Deepfake Threats to Organisations” to help organisations recognise, safeguard against, and respond to deepfake threats.
It suggests that organisations should incorporate real-time verification capabilities. It underscores the use of passive detection techniques for continuous monitoring and early identification and emphasises the significance of safeguarding high-profile officers and their communications, as they are frequent targets of deepfake attempts.
Apart from detection, the guidance offered ways to mitigate the impact of deepfake attacks. Organisations must foster information sharing within and across organisations. The guidance advocates for thorough planning and rehearsal of responses to potential exploitation attempts, ensuring organisations are well-prepared for any incidents. Personnel training is another crucial aspect, providing individuals with the skills and knowledge to effectively recognise and respond to synthetic media threats.
One of the main challenges in addressing digital copyright infringements is the ability to detect and effectively combat such violations. Advanced technologies enable digital piracy and unauthorised content distribution through increasingly complex and difficult-to-monitor methods. Therefore, collaboration between the government, private sector, and relevant institutions is essential to develop efficient solutions and enforcement strategies to tackle these challenges.
Josefhin Mareta, a researcher at the Centre for Legal Research of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), revealed that there are still many digital copyright infringements in Indonesia. Examples of such cases include copyright violations of books in digital formats, such as scanning for e-books, file sharing, and unauthorised sales in online marketplaces. Additionally, there are copyright violations in digital music or songs, such as uploading cover songs to social media platforms without the copyright holder’s permission and bootlegging, such as recording concerts or performances on TV/film for personal or commercial purposes.
Copyright infringement refers to the unauthorised utilisation of copyrighted materials without the consent of the creators, holders, or authors. It constitutes an act of dishonesty and a breach of the economic and exclusive rights of the creators.
According to Josephine, the Indonesian government has taken several measures to address these issues, including actions by the Directorate General of Intellectual Property (DJKI) and the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (Kemenkominfo). These agencies have attempted to create joint regulations requiring monitoring or blocking content or access rights for individuals who violate copyright.
However, in investigating such violations, the bureaucracy is still intricate. The complainant must submit several requirements, such as documentary shreds of evidence, to prove that the item in question is being sold illegally, for example, on an e-commerce platform. Despite these efforts, various issues persist, such as the presence of digital literary works related to copyright.
Josefhin expressed that the relevant laws still need a clear definition of literary and digital works. This ambiguity extends to books, music, performances, and other forms, raising questions about how the public can distribute the creator’s royalties using digital works.
Further, Josefhin added that literary works have evolved from physical to digital forms over time. She explained that this evolution reflects significant changes in how humans convey, consume, and interact with information.
In light of this, Josephine explained that there are two approaches regarding copyright violations. First, substantial duplication refers to replicating the core elements of a copyrighted work. It should be noted that there are legal limitations, indicating that this prohibition does not encompass the entire work or a substantial part of it. Moreover, duplication is acceptable if accompanied by actions that do not harm the reasonable interests of the creator or if there is an agreement among all parties involved.
The second approach involves a “causal connection,” where events or previous works inspire a newly created copyrighted work. In other words, there is a traceable connection between the work being made and a work produced at some point in the past.
To elaborate further, Josefhin mentioned three restriction methods to prevent misuse when someone uses another person’s work without permission:
- Based on specific conditions or cases, an individual can sometimes use someone else’s copyrighted work without permission.
- Duplication should not conflict with the normal exploitation of the owner or copyright holder. It relates to the substance of the work.
- It should not diminish the legitimate interests of the creator.
Josefhin reiterated these points, emphasising that copyright violations are not a new phenomenon in Indonesia. With the rapid and massive digital developments, the government has to conduct regulations to prevent and oversee copyright infringement and avoid harm to any party.
“Creating works is a challenging process, but for many individuals, it serves as a means to earn a living. We must recognise and value this effort,” she concluded.
Professor Sun Dong, the Secretary for Innovation, Technology, and Industry, conducted a thorough inspection of a promising new site earmarked for innovation and technology (I&T) endeavours in Sandy Ridge, North District.
Based on the initial assessment, the government perceives the site as viable for data centre development. This visit unveiled the immense potential this site holds for furthering Hong Kong’s strides in the realm of I&T.
During the Policy Address 2023, Hong Kong SAR Chief Executive, John Lee, confirmed the integration of the Northern Metropolis with the strategic planning of Shenzhen and other cities within the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (“GBA”). He announced the government’s intention to repurpose a two-hectare site in Sandy Ridge, North District.
Hong Kong stands at the frontier of digital transformation, actively exploring new sites and avenues to catalyse tech innovation. With a keen focus on harnessing technological prowess, the city is zealously identifying and repurposing spaces, like the recent scrutiny of sites such as Sandy Ridge, to nurture the growth of innovation and technology.
This vigorous pursuit underscores Hong Kong’s unwavering commitment to fostering an ecosystem conducive to ground-breaking advancements, propelling the city into a dynamic era of digital evolution and technological innovation.
The government’s concerted efforts to foster the growth of I&T industries involve augmenting land supply specifically dedicated to I&T and enhancing the accompanying infrastructure. The latest Policy Address introduced a proposal to repurpose a substantial two-hectare site in Sandy Ridge, North District, underscoring its pivotal role in bolstering Hong Kong’s I&T landscape.
Professor Sun, accompanied by key figures such as Mr Vic Yau, Director of the Northern Metropolis Co-ordination Office, and Mr Gavin Tse, Acting Project Manager (North Development Office) of the Civil Engineering and Development Department, meticulously examined the Sandy Ridge site.
Professor Sun inspected Sandy Ridge and received a comprehensive briefing from relevant officers regarding the site’s status, encompassing the formed land and completed infrastructure facilities.
They considered crucial factors such as site location, infrastructure plans, development timelines, and nearby commercial and community amenities, alongside the industry’s pressing need for such facilities. Importantly, this prospective development is anticipated not to significantly impact local foot traffic.
“The Government aims to expedite technical evaluations and necessary rezoning procedures within the coming year, rendering the site ripe for I&T and associated developments. This provides a swift solution for I&T expansion, complementing the existing Loop, aligning seamlessly with the ‘South-North dual-engine (finance-I&T)’ strategy,” Professor Sun emphasised.
The visit also saw the presence and active involvement of esteemed personalities like Mr Eddie Mak, Permanent Secretary for Innovation, Technology, and Industry; Ms Lillian Cheong, Under Secretary for Innovation, Technology, and Industry; and Mr Tony Wong, Government Chief Information Officer, further underscoring the significance of this prospective I&T hub in Sandy Ridge.
This proactive pursuit of fostering a dedicated space for I&T endeavours reflects Hong Kong’s commitment to fortifying its position as a regional tech leader. As the Government advances with its strategic plans, Sandy Ridge emerges as a promising cornerstone in the burgeoning landscape of innovation and technology in the region.
OpenGov Asia has reported that Hong Kong is keen to cement its reputation as a regional and global digital hub. It already is a dynamic global financial centre and a historical node for the Chinese diaspora and stands as a vibrant hub for tech and trade.
Indeed, the nation is looking to emerge as a dynamic tech hub and global business intersection, fostering innovation, propelling digital economy growth, and connecting a thriving start-up ecosystem within a vast global network.
Hong Kong’s innovation and technology sector together with that of Shenzhen and Guangzhou – the Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Guangzhou science and technology cluster – ranks as the world’s second performing according to the Global Innovation Index 2023.
The pursuit of smart city development in Vietnam has encountered numerous hurdles despite the dedicated efforts of technology businesses collaborating with localities in planning and implementation, as highlighted at the VN-Asia Smart City Summit 2023.
The two-day event, themed “Data Mining – Building a Smart and Sustainable City,” was a collaborative effort between Hanoi’s Department of Information and Communication and the Vietnam Software and Information Technology Services (VINASA).
Primary objectives revolved around introducing Hanoi’s ambitious digital transformation and smart city development plans by 2025, with a forward-looking vision for 2030. Furthermore, it aimed to garner insights from experts and businesses, fostering partnerships between local IT enterprises and their international counterparts.
With 2023 designated as the National Year of Digital Data, the focus was on creating models for secure data collection, connectivity, and utilisation to inform urban management strategies and decisions.
Insights and successful cooperation experiences from various cities like Jakarta, Huế, and Đà Nẵng, along with contributions from industry leaders and experts, were shared during the conference. The spectrum covered smart platforms, cloud technologies, 5G solutions, IoT products, AI applications in healthcare, and innovations in smart traffic and mobility.
Chairman of VINASA’s Founding Council, Trương Gia Bình, elaborated on the collaborative endeavours of major enterprises like Viettel and VNPT in establishing Intelligent Operations Centres (IOCs) across provinces and districts, along with initiatives by FPT to infuse urban planning with intelligence and AI.
These technology companies have been at the forefront, offering innovative solutions such as AI, IoT, and 3D Digital Maps to enhance the management of various departments, agencies, urban areas, and industrial parks nationwide.
However, the foremost challenge highlighted for smart city development lies in the ambiguous legal framework that does not favour public-private cooperation, particularly in investment, bidding processes, and IT service procurement. Additionally, inadequate emphasis on smart planning and fundamental infrastructure in urban areas further compounds these challenges.
Trương Gia Bình stressed the necessity for Hanoi to establish distinct mechanisms for attracting both local and international talent while spearheading comprehensive IT training initiatives encompassing hardware and software aspects.
Yudhistira Nugraha, Director of Jakarta Smart City, believes that the essence of smart cities transcends technology, underscoring the need to enhance happiness, quality of life, economic growth, and sustainability for citizens. He highlighted Jakarta’s implementation of Citizen Relation Management, an interactive platform fostering citizen-government communication and resolving civic issues efficiently.
Nguyễn Huy Dũng, Deputy Minister of Information and Communications, reiterated that smart city development involves a holistic approach to address key urban issues like traffic, environment, energy, waste management, and security. He emphasized the integration of smart elements into urban planning and the inseparable link between local smart city development and the broader digital transformation process.
Chairman Trần Sỹ Thanh of the Hanoi People’s Committee envisions a sustainable smart city model prioritizing a high-quality living environment, administrative efficiency, and robust support for the digital economy. He emphasized the centrality of smart choices, solutions, and technology in shaping Hanoi’s sustainable development.
The summit served as a platform to deliberate on challenges, seek solutions, and redefine perspectives on smart city growth and sustainable development. The culminating smart city award announcement and honouring ceremony highlighted outstanding smart city development trends in Vietnam, underscoring the nation’s commitment to embracing innovation for a smarter future.