How can digital technology help
clinicians in tackling a poorly understood, neglected disease, with a lack of comprehensive
clinical information and agreed-on guidelines for diagnosis? How can technology
facilitate international collaboration between clinicians separated by long
distances across multiple countries and produce results benefiting patients
around the world?
Recently, OpenGov learnt about the
Collaborative Ocular Tuberculosis Study (COTS),
a global initiative to address ocular tuberculosis (TB) leveraging cloud
computing and big data.
COTS is led by uveitis 
experts from 25 multinational Ophthalmology centres including Tan Tock Seng
Hospital (Singapore), Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research
(India), Moorfields Eye Hospital (UK), Byer's eye centre in Stanford (USA), and
many more. Participating centres in this international work group originate
from over 10 countries spanning Singapore, India, UK, US, Turkey, Tunisia,
Switzerland, Saudi Arabia, Italy, Spain, and Brazil.
Most people would think of TB as
a disease affecting only the lungs. But few know that it can also affect other
parts of the body, including the eye.
Uveitis could be indicative of
latent TB. But the difficulty in diagnosing ocular TB often leads to delayed or
missed diagnoses, resulting in poor clinical outcomes and missed opportunities to
address TB infection at an early stage. The COTS group was created to address
OpenGov spoke to Dr Rupesh
Agrawal (below left), a consultant ophthalmologist at Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) and
communicated via e-mail with Dr Dinesh Visva Gunasekeran (below right), two of the leads on
the study to learn more about the technology platforms used.
Dr Dinesh said that COTS-1 was effectively
a pilot trial for the use of cloud-based data aggregation platform to
facilitate this multinational clinical research collaboration.
Dr Agrawal started research on
ocular TB in London in 2012. His team reviewed case records of more than 300
patients and published reports in different scientific journals. But this was a
single centre study. Then he conducted a similar study in Singapore, looking at
60 patients over 5 years.
He said, “The conclusion was that
we do not know anything about the disease. Let’s form a group, a consortium.”
The initiative was taken from
Singapore and soon centres from US, Australia, India, the Middle East and more
were on-board. Clinicians everywhere were facing the same challenges so joining
forces and collaborating was seen as the way ahead.
The idea was proposed in 2015 and
it took nearly three years, with 10-12 hours of time committed every week, to
set up the consortium and complete the first stage of the study.
Designing a Smart Form
One of the key challenges was to
design a secure, multi-user data aggregation system with a
centralised data repository accessible by an administrator user. The data
collection had to be uniform and standardised, so that data clean-up is
minimised. In addition, patient confidentiality cannot be breached.
Data privacy requirements in the
different geographies, such as the Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) in Singapore, have
to be complied with. Then the data has to be encrypted, to prevent anyone
entering into the database and manipulating the data.
Finally, the form had to be
simple enough for people to be motivated to do the data entry. Training
requirements would have to be minimal, as clinicians are busy with seeing
patients and they have limited time on their hands. Taking into account that
research assistants and junior clinicians also help with the data entry, the
form has to be straightforward with no scope for ambiguity.
After exploring multiple options,
a cloud-based platform called Cognito
Forms was selected. The team designed their own template for protocolised data
entry, based on retrospective records by trained interpreters. The protocol
was developed by the international experts on the steering committee of this
study group, and was used by the team to design the ICT platform
The form incorporated dropdown
menus where possible and minimised the use of free text fields, so as to avoid
situations where different jargons are used (e.g. one person enters right eye, another
The form also had embedded
logic to minimise keystrokes by modifying the questions presented for
data entry based on responses to earlier questions (so that only relevant
data is collected i.e. depth of relevant data instead of breadth of all data).
For instance, if a patient informs that only one eye is involved, then
automatically all entry fields related to the other eye become inactive.
The form also has embedded
prompts to reinforce relevant criteria during data entry in accordance
with the study protocol as well as important instructions, such as the process
of anonymising patient data that is entered to the form.
The instructions specified how each
site would code their patients, but no patient identifiers had to be entered. Each
clinician would thus have access to the identity of the patients they have
entered from their centre, but that information is not accessible by other
sites and is also not required for the research project.
Each participating centre had to
get their own ethics clearance, before they could start doing data entry. Only
Dr Agrawal and Dr Dinesh have access to the central data repository.
We asked Dr Agrawal if they
considered extracting data from Electronic Medical Records (EMRs). He replied
that the team considered using machine learning or big data analytics to
extract the data. But each centre uses a different EMR system.
“There is no common language in
which these platforms can talk to each other. If they do not speak the same
language, you cannot extract the data,” explained Dr Agrawal.
“Particularly in uveitis or TB,
we do not have the same language, everyone writes their own language. So there
needs to be a person for entering the information.”
Data processing and analytics was
embedded into the form itself. A program for automated data
processing/analytics was developed by a statistician using R-program based
on the Microsoft Excel data file output of the data aggregation form.
A trial run was conducted with
100 patients. On conducting the automated analysis, a few important fields were
found to be missing. Then the form was modified and it was then necessary to
re-enter those information from the trial. Several iterations were required to
arrive at the final form.
Dr Agrawal said, “We finally
managed to get the form the way we wanted it to be. That form has given us a
lot of data from 25 participating centres in 10 countries. With that data, we
published our first report
in the journal, JAMA Opthalmology. There are other reports in the pipeline,
two more papers. One more is published and another will be published very soon.
Three more are under review.”
Impact of the technology
Dr Dinesh told us that the form
facilitated the international collaboration and overcame many limitations
of existing scientific descriptions of this disease which are limited to
small cohorts of patients from singular localities.
Some of its key benefits were
ease of coordination of a multinational clinical investigation and protocolised
data aggregation to extract meaningful data on a poorly understood subject
Before this form, such a collaboration would have been incredibly
difficult to coordinate. Many difficulties would have been encountered including
insufficient data entry, security concerns with the transfer of large amounts
of patient data between centres, and fatigue for data entrants.
variables were collected for each study subject and without the smart form
logic, this would have been a highly taxing exercise for the data entrants, who
were often clinicians themselves with limited time.
Insights gained and future plans
The results of the study included
novel findings that improve understanding of the disease and question existing
doctrines that are based on limited available evidence from existing
For example, the
results revealed geographic variations in the way affected patients may
present, and also suggest unusual behaviour of the condition in certain defined
populations that will direct future study.
Around 80% of the patients
entered into the records did very well after they were given anti-tubercular
therapy, while 20% still had recurrences.
Another finding was that there
was a particular subtype of uveitis which involves the back of the eye, called choroiditis, which is a strong indicator of TB.
PCR (polymerase chain reaction),
a test which the researchers thought could be a diagnostic gold standard, was
found to be very useful in diagnosing ocular TB. Similarly, another test QuantiFERON-TB
gold, produced false positives.
Dr Agrawal said that through these
insights, they realised that the disease needs to be studied in greater detail.
The team is exploring a genetic study to see whether there is any genetic
pre-disposition. They are also looking into novel ways to diagnose this
COTS-1 was a retrospective study.
Now the group is planning to launch a COTS registry for COTS-2, which will be a
An app is being created, so that
the participating centres can enter the data of any patient they see easily
into the registry. The number of entries will be minimised to reduce demands on
clinic time. This is also being done using the Cognito Forms based smart form.
“We have also created COTS-1A
which is a survey questionnaire kind of form which we have circulated to
general practitioners and to specialist doctors for their opinions. We recently
got an education grant from a pharma company, for 45000 dollars. This is for a
survey study called COTSCon (COTS consensus group meeting),” Dr Agrawal said.
For COTSCon, again a smart form
has been created for circulation among experts with more than 10 years of experience
in managing ocular TB from around the world.
All this will help accumulate
evidence. At a closed-door meeting in PGI Chandigarh, India on November 15 this
year, 25 experts from across the world will gather to discuss and generate evidence
statements for this disease, which will guide all ophthalmologists in managing
patients with uveitis.
To further ease data entry and
make it less tedious and more enjoyable, Dr Agrawal said that gamification
ideas are being implemented.
We enquired if images have been
uploaded and whether the team considered using artificial intelligence
algorithms on the images for diagnosis. Dr Agrawal replied that images were
uploaded as part of the data entry. However, as the prevalence of the disease
is not very high, it is difficult to gather the large number of images required
to the train the system. Moreover, pattern recognition on the images is insufficient,
But eventually, a machine
learning algorithm will have to be built. It will have to go beyond the images
to take into consideration multiple risk factors, such as geography and
endemicity, and figure how the 200 variables correlate.
At the moment, the COTS group is
looking to continue expanding on its collaborations, with technology solution
providers, more ophthalmology centres, and more clinicians. Only by pooling
together resources, knowledge, experience and data, can the understanding of
this medical condition be improved.
 Inflammation of the middle layer of the
eye that consists of the iris, ciliary body and choroid.
The Singapore Tourism Board (STB) and Singapore Association of Convention & Exhibition Organisers & Suppliers (SACEOS) released the MICE Sustainability Roadmap, which outlines specific goals and plans for raising sustainability standards throughout the MICE sector in Singapore over the coming years.
The Meetings, Incentives, Conventions, and Exhibitions (MICE) industry is a type of tourism travel in which groups of people are brought together for a specific reason, usually well in advance. On the other hand, the MICE market refers to a subset of people who plan, arrange, and facilitate conferences, seminars, exhibitions, and other events.
Part of STB’s overarching plan to develop a sustainable tourism sector is the use of such roadmaps, which direct businesses in the sector to achieve specific sustainability goals. Following the launch of the Hotel Sustainability Roadmap earlier this year, the MICE Sustainability Roadmap is the second such project.
The Singapore Green Plan 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations (UN) serve as the roadmap’s guiding principles. Three goals are listed in the MICE Sustainability Roadmap to help Singapore become one of the most environmentally-friendly MICE destinations in Asia Pacific:
- By 2023, create a set of industry-acceptable sustainability standards with the goal of having them recognised internationally by 2024.
- For all six purpose-built MICE venues and 80% of SACEOS members to get internationally or nationally recognised sustainability certification, or both, by 2025.
- To attain net-zero emissions by 2050 in accordance with the country’s net-zero aim, the Singapore MICE sector must first track waste and carbon emissions by 2023, reduce waste in line with the Singapore Green Plan by 2030, and reduce waste overall by 2050.
The MICE Sustainability Committee (MSComm), established by STB and SACEOS in August 2022 to advance sustainability capabilities and create awareness of sustainability initiatives and best practices, will help the industry adopt sustainable practices and meet these goals.
The dedication to sustainability follows a robust MICE rebound in the wake of Singapore’s borders being reopened in April this year and a rising desire for environmentally friendly business travel. More importantly, the industry is aware of how crucial it is to lessen the environmental impact of MICE events.
With STB and SACEOS leading the charge and offering support as necessary to further develop a sustainable business events landscape in Singapore, the MICE Sustainability Roadmap will ensure that MICE players move forward in pursuing relevant and achievable sustainability goals that are tracked at appropriate milestones.
Meanwhile, OpenGov Asia recently reported that the Infocomm Media Development Authority (IMDA) of Singapore is working with a large American technology company to address climate change-related challenges and enhance the sustainability of digital technologies.
The cooperation aims to hasten the local and international development of software applications and solutions to assist businesses in using their resources more efficiently.
The tech giant and IMDA will exchange best practices, standards, learnings, and certification pathways for accurate measurement and reporting of carbon emissions resulting from software applications. Through this relationship, the nation hopes to speed up the application of the ideas and resources needed to create green technologies.
According to IMDA, Southeast Asia is well-positioned for the region to take the lead in digital sustainability. This collaboration will produce cutting-edge digital sustainability solutions that can be used by multinational corporations, bringing about positive change for the environment worldwide and ensuring a sustainable future for all.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) and a US-based engineering company signed a Memorandum of Understanding to establish the Centre for Humanistic Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CHAiR) for translational research with the goal of advancing the well-being of humanity.
The partnership aims to integrate the university’s interdisciplinary research capabilities and the company’s well-known humanoid robotics platform to explore technology applications. Sophia, the company’s most advanced human-like robot, will work with PolyU researchers to enhance the contribution of AI and robotic technology for social and commercial benefits.
Research into and applications of AI and robotics are essential to the advancement of industry. As an interdisciplinary research and development centre, CHAiR brings cross-faculty collaborations in research fields such as AI, the internet of things (IoT), neuroscience, design, computer science, mechanical engineering, material science, healthcare, and the humanities.
In collaboration with the company, CHAiR supports innovation and entrepreneurship in Hong Kong and the Greater Bay Area. The Dean of Graduate School, Chair Professor of Distributed and Mobile Computing, and Otto Poon Charitable Foundation Professor in Data Science will serve as the principal investigator and administrative director of CHAiR. He will also serve alongside the CEO and Founder of the company as a co-chair of the Centre’s steering committee.
The MoU was signed by the Vice President (Research and Innovation) of PolyU and the CEO and Founder of the company. It was Witnessed by the President of PolyU and the Executive Director of the firm.
During the signing ceremony, Sophia made conversation with the guests. She said, “I look forward to learning many new skills and abilities. With your help, maybe I can learn how to be a nurse, a teacher, a concierge, a librarian. You can teach me how to be a better companion, a more skilful artist, a funnier entertainer.”
Meanwhile, the company’s CEO and Founder noted that the new centre is perfectly positioned to refine and improve the performance of Sophia-class robots in ways that promote the growth of a new service robot industry. As soon as the industry begins expanding, investment in improved hardware, software and manufacturing technologies will as well, he noted.
The President of PolyU noted that academia-industry collaboration is one of the most productive mechanisms for creating and implementing innovations. There is tremendous untapped potential for humanistic social robots. Let us aspire that CHAiR will be a major catalyst for the onset of the age of humanistic robots.
The Dean of Graduate School, Chair Professor of Distributed and Mobile Computing, who is also Director of the Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence of Things (RIAIoT), said the Institute has been working on practical solutions to key challenges in advanced AIoT technologies and applications.
He noted that the natural evolution for RIAIoT is to partner with the engineering firm to address increasingly ambitious opportunities in humanistic AI and social robotics. CHAiR will play a unique and key role to combine the firm’s knowledge with world-class academics here at PolyU.
The engineering company is an AI and robotics company dedicated to creating socially intelligent machines that enrich the quality of our lives. Sophia is the world’s first robot citizen and the first robot Innovation Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme.
The Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) and Tecnológico de Monterrey (Tec) through its Institute for the Future of Education, signed a research collaboration agreement to improve the cyber-physical learning of students and teachers in Singapore and Mexico.
The three-year agreement will see the two parties share practices and experiences in the configuration and usage of cyber-physical learning infrastructure to create new opportunities for educational innovation and research, resulting in new pathways for the future of education.
The SUTD-Tec’s Institute for the Future of Education agreement will foster the exchange and sharing of practices of cyber-physical learning and evaluation of the effectiveness of associated educational delivery models. Both parties will conduct joint experiments involving students and instructors to explore domains such as technology-enabled learning, translational pedagogical innovations, learning analytics, and personalised and engaging learning.
This research collaboration will have its focus on the SUTD campusX initiative, which focuses on the needs and experiences of students and instructors using data analytics and learning sciences with the purpose of creating a safe, inclusive, and enjoyable space for students to learn, interact and optimise their learning outcomes.
With regards to the campusX and its impact on the future of education, SUTD’s Provost stated that both Tec and SUTD share a common vision of cyber-physical learning, with similar interests and understanding of the challenges in areas of applying human-centric technology and design to the practice of pedagogy and andragogy in actual higher learning environments. This forms a strong basis on which many more projects can be conducted between Tec and SUTD. The current research collaboration is an important start and SUTD looks forward to furthering the partnership with Tec in years to come.
He noted that, similarly, SUTD also looks forward to working with more like-minded partners across academia and industry and from local and global landscapes to make cyber-physical learning a reality.
Speaking about the research collaboration between the two renowned higher education institutions, the Rector for Higher Education of Tecnológico de Monterrey expressed his satisfaction with the signing of the agreement and said that to advance in current-day education challenges and design the future of education, collaboration is key.
He noted that Tec has pioneered educational innovation in Mexico and Latin America, and they aim to expand their projects and initiatives to have an increasingly global relationship and impact. An initiative aimed at strengthening links with Asia is being developed; these collaborations with them will extend to the areas of research, education, and technology.
Furthermore, the Executive Director of the Institute for the Future of Education of Tecnológico de Monterrey emphasised the importance of this kind of agreement between both universities. He noted that conducting joint experiments to evaluate innovative cross-border educational models will be key to developing effective cyber-physical learning environments.
The collaborative project with SUTD’s campusX initiative will increase learning opportunities for global higher education audiences, capitalising on the intercultural exchanges between Singaporean and Mexican students and professors, and developing best practices with an international perspective, he added.
The research activities framed in this agreement are slated to begin in the first quarter of 2023 and the experimental and simulated learning environment trials will result in the identification of best practices in digital education delivery models supported by effective cyber-physical technology platforms.
The Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-Madras) has launched an online masters in technology (MTech) course for working professionals, allowing candidates to pursue the educational qualification while working. According to a statement, the tailor-made online programme for qualified engineers is gaining popularity and over 600 working professionals have already enrolled for the three-year course.
The MTech degree includes programmes on communications, VLSI and analog circuits, microelectronics, multimedia signal processing, software security, automotive engineering, mechanical design, interdisciplinary programmes in quantum technology, and data sciences.
IIT-Madras is the first IIT to offer an MTech course in a distance learning mode through its Centre for Continuing Education. “The students of this programme have the same rights and privileges as regular students. The working professionals can carry out the project work at their workplaces. They do not need any residency as compared to sponsored candidates,” a representative from the IIT-Madras said. From only 14 candidates in 2020, the number has shot up to 605 this year.
IIT-Madras faculty, teachers from other premier academic institutions, and eminent industry professionals will be conducting the classes. Apart from online classes, which are held in the evening, students will also have live interaction with their faculty members. Students will give exams in the same city as their offices. In terms of the evaluation method, a problem statement will be evaluated and approved by IIT-Madras faculty. A mentor will guide the student at their workplace. The student’s progress will be jointly evaluated by faculty from IIT-Madras and the mentor. The faculty member will approve the problem statement and review the progress.
In September, IIT-Madras launched an industry-oriented Online Certificate Programme on e-mobility for working professionals. Four out of the nine modules in the programme are delivered by industry professionals. The programme was conceived with inputs from industry experts and would be continuously upgraded based on technology trends, market trends, and industry needs, the Institute noted.
The course is offered through IIT-Madras’ Centre for Outreach and Digital Education (CODE). It provides an overview of the e-mobility ecosystem and fundamentals in technical areas like vehicle development, power electronics, battery engineering, thermal management, power trains, and EMI/ EMC, among others. The programme contains 120 hours of video classes and 40 hours of online contact classes with the faculty. The candidates need to complete regular assignments and a final evaluation, after which they will receive a certificate. The first cohort started at the beginning of October.
In November, the Institute partnered with United States-based Purdue University to jointly develop a dual-degree programme in semiconductors. As OpenGov Asia reported, the programme focuses on an innovative, cooperatively developed curriculum to meet the growing needs of the industry. Undergraduate students with strong academic credentials and a deep interest in semiconductor devices, chip fabrication, and circuits and systems will be considered. The programme will enable a quick ramp-up of skilled talent, preparing the next generation of the semiconductor workforce. The partnership would also entail research collaboration in semiconductor supply-chain management, chip design, packaging, system architecture, and advanced manufacturing methods
Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, recently revealed details of an AU$15 million project to develop a national soil information system, aimed at improving the sustainable management of one of the nation’s most precious assets.
Supporting the National Soil Strategy, and funded by the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, the Australian National Soil Information System (ANSIS) project is a collaboration between the government, research organisations, industry, the private sector and the community.
Using innovative processes and technologies, ANSIS will allow improved sharing of nationally consistent soil data and information through online access for users. This will help Australians to better understand their nation’s diverse range of soils and make better decisions about managing our important soil resources. Currently, soil data is collected using different methods, by different organisations, and at a range of depths in the soil. This makes it hard to access, compare and use data from diverse sources.
The Project Lead at CSIRO stated that improving access to the best soil data and information can help promote digital agriculture innovation and is key to sustainably managing Australia’s soils. By using ANSIS, farmers and agricultural advisors will have access to more soil data and be better placed to more sustainably manage the soil on which they rely.
Soil is vital to agricultural production and natural environments, as well as health and well-being. This information system will help everyone care for this important natural resource. Productive, healthy, and resilient soil means more economic, environmental, and social benefits to Australia. Monitoring soil also helps scientific understanding of how the natural world is changing.
This work will provide insight into biodiversity, water resources, landscapes and coastlines, fauna, climate, and geology. By harmonising Australia’s soil data, we can make it accessible across many fields of science and exploration. The project is being delivered under the Federal Government’s National Soil Strategy, which is about prioritising soil health, empowering soil innovation and stewards, and strengthening soil knowledge and capability. The new ANSIS system will be available for use in 2023.
ANSIS will provide improved access to nationally consistent soil data and information needed to help sustainably manage Australian soil. ANSIS will provide:
- More soil data
- More data sets are available that in other soil systems
- Enables more certainty in products developed
- Opportunity to develop new products
- Improved access
- Multiple data sets are now discoverable and accessible
- National coverage
- Most up-to-date data available
- Efficient provision
- Organised and standardised data for immediate use
- Can feed into many users’ requirements
- Consistent delivery
- Substantial reduction in time to prepare information products
- Trusted location
- Certainty that data is from an authoritative source, verified and satisfies standards.
The country has established the Indonesian Aviation Sector Computer Security Incident Response Team (IAS-CSIRT) to strengthen cybersecurity. The team will report to the Ministry of Transportation’s Director General of Air Transportation.
To anticipate system vulnerabilities, identify opportunities for bad actors to exploit, and reduce the risk of cyber incident threats, the aviation sector required a dedicated cybersecurity team. The CSIRT will regularly publish information on vulnerabilities, security, and new technology trends. The team is also prepared to face various escalating challenges. Members of the CSIRT will be trained through cyber drills and workshops.
The team is in charge of receiving, reviewing, and responding to cyber incident reports and activities with the function of providing reactive services by performing incident coordination, incident triage, and incident resolution.
During the IAS-CSIRT inaugural speech, the Deputy for Cybersecurity and Economic Cryptography of the National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN), Markos, said that the aviation industry increasingly relies on digital technology for flight operations, ground services, communications navigation and surveillance, airport infrastructure, air traffic management, and supply chain.
Therefore, cybercrime prevention and management are crucial for many parties, including aviation service providers. F. Budi Prayitno, the Director of Aviation Security at the Ministry of Transportation, outlined the importance of cyber defence since cybercrime has resulted in considerable losses across sectors. “Effective cyber-crime prevention and management necessitate the collaboration of various cyber security stakeholders who already have a CSIRT,” said Budi. The BSSN contributed to the formation of the IAS-CSIRT.
Markos hopes that the IAS-CSIRT will be able to collaborate, synergise, and share information with various stakeholders and other cybersecurity constituencies in Indonesia, particularly in the handling and recovery of cyber incidents.
BSSN wants other sectors to form a CSIRT as well. The IAS-CSIRT was established for the first time (IIV) following the issuance of Presidential Regulation 82 of 2022 concerning the Protection of Vital Information Infrastructure. Sector IIV prioritises the CSIRT because it manages various strategic information assets related to community survival, national stability, and sovereignty.
Before the inauguration, BSSN signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) and cooperation agreement with state-owned Aviasi Wisata Indonesia (InJourney Group) to support the tourism industry. In addition, cooperation on information protection and electronic transactions intends to improve the quality of information protection and electronic commerce.
The agreement’s scope includes information and communication technology security, the use of electronic certificates to improve electronic transaction security, the improvement and development of human resources, the exchange of information, and cybersecurity campaigns and literacy.
At the signing ceremony, the Head of the National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN), Hinsa Siburian, emphasised the importance of synergy and collaboration to recover the Indonesian aviation and tourism industry through a reliable and safe digital transformation.
Furthermore, between January and November 2022, BSSN detected over 1.14 million traffic anomalies across all InJourney Group assets. BSSN said the most anomalies were discovered in August, with 235,742 events.
The collaboration is expected to make digital information transactions and exchanges more secure and leak-proof. The rapid advancement of digital technology presents an opportunity for Injourney to gain trust and confidence in the Indonesian tourism industry. However, as a result, it must be balanced with maximum data, information, and electronic transaction security.
China Provincial Development and Reform Commission announced the list of the second batch of digital transformation promotion centres in Liaoning Province. There are 13 additional provincial-level digital transformation promotion centres to help small and medium-sized enterprises improve transformation capabilities, reduce transformation costs, and shorten transformation cycles. There are currently 29 digital transformation promotion centres in the province, in addition to the previously announced first batch of lists.
The centres will assist the government in promoting digital construction in Liaoning and cultivating a digital transformation ecology. The programme is under the construction of the second batch of digital transformation promotion centres in Liaoning Province according to the Provincial Development and Reform Commission. The listed enterprises in this programme are based on self-declaration and recommendations from provincial and municipal departments. Experts then review the voluntary requests before being finalised and publicised.
According to the Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the digital transformation promotion centre should fully integrate resources to assist small and medium-sized enterprises.
The province government will provide transformation tools, products, technologies, and customised solutions to support business digital transformation and development. The centre promotes traditional businesses, internet platform enterprises, industry platform enterprises and financial institutions.
The government also promotes collaborative innovation in industries, education, medical care, employment, elderly care, and other fields. Companies participating in the programme will use the projects as a starting point to develop digital technology application scenarios. Participants in the programme are also permitted to complete personnel training with universities and colleges and vocational training and education.
The Provincial Development and Reform Commission will regularly evaluate provincial-level digital transformation promotion centres. The results will be used to recommend applicants for national-level digital transformation promotion centres.
China is currently driving the country’s digital economy. In early November, the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the “Guidelines for the Digital Transformation of SMEs.” The regulation aims to fully implement the Party Central Committee’s and State Council’s decision-making deployment to encourage SMEs to improve their overall strength and core competitiveness through digital transformation.
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, stated that “small and medium-sized enterprises can do great things.” He also emphasised the importance of grasping the direction of digitisation, networking, and intelligence. Moreover, promoting the digitisation of manufacturing, service industries, agriculture, and other industries is also necessary.
The guidelines aim to implement Party Central Committee and State Council decision-making and deployment, strengthen policy coordination, strengthen scientific guidance, deepen transformation awareness, and gather work synergy. The report also needed to promote high-quality economic development through the digital transformation of small and medium-sized businesses. The effort also had to be consistent with the overall economic and social digital transformation trend.
Furthermore, China will use the guidance to increase specialisation and new development of small and medium-sized businesses. The government intends to expand the use of digital technology in various sectors, including research, production, supply, marketing, and clothing. They plan to empower and refine products, increase value, plus accelerate technological innovation and new development in small and medium-sized businesses.
Another role of guidance is strengthening the digital transformation system and the comprehensive path of small and medium-sized businesses. Digital transformation is a multifaceted, cross-cutting project. The guidelines thus aid transformation from the demand side, the supply side, and local governments at all levels. All interested parties can use the guidelines to clarify their positioning and path and strengthen the collective force of transformation.