Data must be processed and analysed safely and securely from every edge environment to multiple clouds as enterprises require insights on demand at any scale and in any location. Partnerships and platforms based on a consistent cloud experience across a hybrid landscape can guide enterprises through the next wave of digital transformation, providing the flexibility and agility required for data-driven business success.
According to HPE data, 63% of enterprises plan to modernise or update existing mission-critical apps, with 46% remaining on-premises. This necessitates the use of custom applications to containerise enterprise operations rather than simply standardising using a one-size-fits-all approach.
It all goes down to the nuts and bolts. Now that it is unanimous that digital transformation is essential, everyone has to figure out how to implement technology to move the business forward, especially as the pandemic seems to wind down. Nonetheless, new global challenges are evolving constantly, bringing about new threats and challenges.
Asia, with its massive population and appetite for all things online, have massive potential for digital transformation. It has Asia has the most number of mobile phones and corners nearly 60% of the world’s online retail sales. E-commerce in e Asia-Pacific e is expected to nearly double by 2025 reaching $2 trillion.
Certainly, the stakes may not be as high as they are now. And yet, there is no one-size-fits-all strategy for every enterprise out there. Every company must tailor-fit a solution to move forward best. Invariably, some of the key questions that could crop up would be:
- How should my organisation implement digital transformation?
- What approach should we use to come up with the right strategy?
- What part of digital transformation should we prioritise first?
In essence, how must we move forward? Where should we allocate time, talent and treasure to make business transformation most impactful? And perhaps more importantly, how do we get everyone in our organisation on board?
This OpenGovLive! Virtual Breakfast Insight aimed to provide the latest information on the main factors that will recalibrate the digital transformation strategies towards sustainability and cost savings.
Digital Transformation: The Lasting Solution
Mohit Sagar, Group Managing Director and Editor-in-Chief, OpenGov Asia kicked off the event.
“Indeed, COVID-19 changed everything since the virus hit over two years ago,” Mohit says. “It pushed every envelope.”
But while the world may be seeing the tail end of the pandemic, new challenges are emerging that will disrupt businesses.
The problem could be about perspective. The digital transformation that we have right now must not be seen as a “band-aid” solution to a crisis. Rather, it must be seen as the way to work forward and thrive in the new normal.
Employees, who have tried the remote or hybrid model, do not want to back to a 100% in-office regimen. If 70% of the workforce present do not want to go back to the regular office, then all the more employees will not choose that, Mohit emphasises. Thus, companies must recalibrate to make such a digital transformation happen: to realign their 3 P’s – People, Process and Product.
People are getting smarter, used to the convenience of a tech-enabled life and will only get more demanding. Add to this is the fact that the world is rapidly evolving digitally so there is a need to stay ahead of the curve and stay relevant.
In a rapidly evolving digital landscape, new technology, tools and platforms offer amazing and effective solutions. Technology is the enabler that can protect, recover and manage data, create systems, better access and offer better experiences overall. When the 3P’s are aligned with tools and technology, organisations can genuinely transform.
Every organisation today still has its wheels spinning and that’s exactly what this session is covering. Participants can glean insights from each other as well as have access to products and resources that can help.
The Cloud Effect in Business
Mohan Krishnan, the HPE executive talked about the practical struggles of working from home and how he longed to travel and get back to the office. These are common issues with the worldwide workforce whereby transformation is about managing these challenges.
Mohan defines digital transformation in terms of two things: (1) data and (2) applications. As new sources of data never before extracted became available, IT is driven in all directions. As customers demand more, each department and agency needs more information to personalise and cater to individual demand. This is the age of the digital economy.
Mohan discussed the 3 key aspects that make IT more important now than ever.
- Customer experiences drive customer loyalty
- Digital products and services provide new income streams
- Efficiency in core business drives greater savings
To address these and ensure a successful transformation, HPE’s focus also rests on three key pillars:
- Edge Centric: developing better experience by connecting people, places and devices
- Data-Driven: developing better insights with AI, unified big data and analytics
- Cloud-Enabled: Hybrid Cloud solutions etc.
The new normal and the digital economy, has given rise to new phenomena. With aggregators and ride-hailing platforms, instead of buying cars, people hire cars and forget about the vehicle after the ride.
To close, Mohan shared the formula everyone can glean from for digital transformation. The formula is technology, people, and economics.
AMD and the Greater User Experience
Alexey Navolokin, Director, Commercial Sales, Asia Pacific and Japan Region for Advanced Micro Devices, spoke on AMD’s role in user experience.
AMD is a world leader in the global semiconductor market cornering a sizable share in the computer processor sales. AMD’s vision is high-performance and adaptive computing is transforming our lives. The mission is to build great products that accelerate next-generation computing experiences.
AMD adds more devices and products to its portfolio and also offers the industry’s broadest portfolio of leadership high-performance and adaptive processor technologies,
Alexey acknowledges that digital transformation is changing lives. While digital transformation was essential and may have previously been about survival, the focus is now on enhancing digital experiences.
AMD is making great strides in that area by providing great products to accelerate the next generation computing experience in line with its vision.
Shaped by experience and market demand, they have fine-tuned the vision from high-performance computing to high-performance and adaptive computing. While it may be one word that has been added, it has wide-ranging implications in the way the company builds their products.
High Performance and Adaptive Computing include:
- Cloud, network, Hyperscale and Supercomputing
- 5G & Comms Infrastructure
- AI & Analytics everywhere
- Adaptive Intelligent Systems
- Gaming, Simulation, and Visualisation
- Smarter Client Devices & Edge
In short, they now have more advanced devices to offer. Moreover, A great partnership with HPE is an opportunity to provide a better service and makes sure that everything works well and delivers value.
Narasimhan Parthasarathy: Be Aware of Your Technical Debt
Narasimhan Parthasarathy, Group Chief Technology Officer of Direct Asia Insurance talked about the technical debt that everyone has at work. Specifically, about one and a half-trillion dollars of technical liability that IT has accumulated over time.
Referring to Mohan’s presentation, he agrees with “everything as a service”. That is where the digital transformation is taking place and the technical debt actually influences moving towards everything as a service. He is convinced that essentially everything that is required can be offered as a service rather than rebuild each time.
To establish context, Narasimhan defines what technical debt is which is a debt that has been carried forward because of the various shortsighted or not considered patterns before implementation. Design is critical to great products. If companies introduce products that have shortcomings in the design, the company owes its clients – that is technical debt. It can involve four things: design debt, code debt, Infrastructure debt and data debt.
When it comes to design debt, whenever people design anything – whether it is an infrastructure, an application, any network, or security – if they do not design properly and consider various factors, this will be a design debt.
The second is code debt is when people do a code review, and they do not it properly. Infrastructure debt is not planning or giving adequate thought to the investment long term.
Even though data is the new oil, it could also be a debt. Data is an oxymoron because it could be a gold mine but on the flip side, it could also be a morass.
After the informative presentations, delegates participated in interactive discussions facilitated by polling questions. This session is designed to provide live-audience interaction, promote engagement, hear real-life experiences and impart professional learning and development for the participants. It is an opportunity for delegates to gain insight from subject matter experts, share their stories and take back strategies that can be implemented in their organisations.
The first question asked what key challenge the delegates are experiencing. More than one-third (38%) said that it is challenging to extract relevant business insights from data trapped in legacy and hybrid IT infrastructure. Almost one-third chose a limited digital transformation budget while about a fifth (19%) agreed that efforts to ensure security and compliance requirements for business data needs to be improved. About a tenth (12%) found it difficult to provide a consistent cloud experience across my hybrid landscape to meet business needs. Budgets were also an area of concern.
On being asked about the main motivator that is driving digital transformation in delegates’ organisations, almost half (40%) agreed that the motivator is to speed up their time-to-market to fully capitalise on business opportunities. A little more than one-third (34%) of participants chose improved capability to manage the increasing amount of data at the edge locations while ensuring security and compliance. Delegates were equally split (13%) between growing need to maximise value/insights from increasing amount of data assets and to provide a consistent and seamless cloud-everywhere experience across a distributed enterprise.
A delegate explained the ability to provide services is a key consideration in their digital transformation adding everyone needs agility and flexibility to support business. But others had a different take. A Malaysian business leader who has been attached with banks and the shipping industry thinks proper handling of data is their biggest driving factor.
Concerning where delegates’ organisations are prioritising digital transformation strategy and roadmap, well over half (60%) focus on new digital offerings (e.g. payments, delivery options and ecosystem partner enablement). A little more than a quarter (26%) prioritise automation of processes by reducing human-based tasks. Delegates were equally divided (7%) between digital trust-ability of people, technology and processes to create a secure digital world and creation/manufacturing of new products or changed production lines.
Participants were polled on the most important benefit which can be achieved by adopting a consumption-based IT-led digital transformation model. Almost a quarter (24%) thought the ability to drive innovation in the business, rather than focusing on operational issues is the most valuable.
Delegates were equally split among four options (19%): Correlating technology spending directly to outcomes; bringing agility back into IT, so that it can drive forward the priorities for the business; Getting an integrated view into cost, governance, performance, operations, and security; and accessing modern IT to deliver new services and modernise legacy assets.
A delegate chose this due to his IT infrastructure model and as people are moving from monolithic into microservices. By managing these services ourselves, it would be time-consuming and intensive. Meaning, the cloud can be a ready solution that will not cost as much. Using Pay-as-you-go (etc.) will definitely help the front end of the company. Rather than lose effort on maintaining these services.
The last question asked what is the reason which helps to decide where to keep your organisation’s applications and data. A little more than half (54%) chose data security and regulatory concerns. One-fifth (20%) said the reason is the ability to free up the IT team for more high-value strategic work instead of routine operational work. The rest equally (13%) opted for data gravity and the amount of control they have over the applications and data.
Shankar Raghavan, Senior Director, Advisory, Professional Services & Greenlake Cloud Services of Hewlett-Packard Enterprise Asia Pacific, concluded the session.
Referring to Narasimhan’s thoughts, he felt that exchanging ideas is a great way to address the technical debt that organisations have. An organisation must be able to evolve and adjust its operating model to provide value in its digital agenda. The emergence of a CTO in today’s organisation speaks volumes on how important digital transformation is today.
Shankar affirms the as-a-service concept to boost the customer experience as a whole. Embracing the concept can increase the organisation’s bottom line.
In closing, Shankar then thanked everyone for the very insightful exchange and the robust participation. He was eager to support delegates on their journeys and invited them to connect with his team and him.
The government has issued a national cybersecurity strategy to respond to challenges and crimes in cyberspace. The strategy sets objectives for 2025 as well as has a vision for 2030. Under the strategy, one of the main targets is to maintain or increase Vietnam’s ranking on the global cybersecurity index (GCI).
In a press statement, the Ministry of Information and Communications (MIC) laid out the major tasks and solutions in the strategy, including strengthening the overall management of the State over cybersecurity, completing legal frameworks, and protecting national sovereignty in cyberspace.
The government will also safeguard digital infrastructure, platforms, data, and national cyberinfrastructure. It will protect the information systems of state agencies as well as crucial sectors that need to be prioritised to ensure information security.
Through the strategy, the country will foster digital trust and build an honest, civilized, and healthy network environment. It will prevent and combat law violations in cyberspace and enhance technological mastery and autonomy to actively cope with cyberspace challenges.
The government will train and develop human resources in cybersecurity, raise awareness about cybersecurity skills, and work to secure funding to implement cybersecurity initiatives. The strategy also aims to improve national prestige and foster international integration.
Meanwhile, incident response teams of 11 priority sectors for network information security will be formed. The key areas include transport, energy, natural resources and environment, information, health, finance, banking, defense, security, social order and safety, urban areas, and the government’s direction and administration.
According to a report released by the ITU in June 2021, Vietnam jumped 25 places after two years to rank 25th out of 194 countries and territories worldwide in the GCI in 2020. Vietnam ranked 7th in the Asia-Pacific region and 4th among ASEAN countries in the field.
According to Vietnam Information Security Association (VINSA), there were over 5,400 cyber-attacks on Vietnamese systems in the first five months of this year. Of these, approximately 68% were malicious attacks. However, May showed a decrease in the number of cyber incidents, due to socio-economic stability and the resumption of more economic activities initiated around the Party’s solutions and guidelines, according to the Information Security Department, MIC.
Further, after MIC issued a warning, incidents were down 9.37% in April as compared to March 2022. The government has been proactive in raising vigilance, strengthening cyber information security as well as security and social order. This has made it difficult for bad actors to attack networks, spread infecting malicious code, and run scams to steal and destroy information of users and organisations.
In June, MIC stated that to ensure information security for information systems and Vietnam’s cyberspace, it would continue to strengthen monitoring and proactive scanning; it would evaluate statistics and promote propaganda and issue warning in the mass media so that users know and avoid the risk of cyber-attacks.
MIC also said it would address the situation by strengthening mechanisms for monitoring and proactive scanning, raising public awareness, and providing advance warnings of expected cyberattacks. Simultaneously, the Ministry would continue to urge the review of vulnerabilities and communicate signs of cyberattacks.
Marsdya TNI Donny Ermawan Taufanto, Secretary-General of the Indonesian Ministry of Defense formally inaugurated the ongoing 2022 Defense Research and Development Week with the theme “Research, Development, and Innovation of Defense Technology in Realising the Independence of Defense Equipment Tools.”
The Secretary-General urged all citizens to love, appreciate, and be proud of the innovations created by the nation’s youth. He cited that the activities have an important role in publication and scientific information to understand and produce the best solutions in the form of constructive and innovative suggestions for R & D development in the defence sector.
The activity was organised by Indonesia’s Ministry of Defense – Research and Development Agency in the form of an exhibition that displays defence equipment resulting from research and development of universities, R & D agencies, and domestic industries.
On the other hand, the Secretary-General acknowledged the exhibits of the innovative defence types of equipment, and his attention was focused on the Moto EV, a two-wheeled vehicle with an electric engine. The Moto EV is perfect for silent operation because the noise level has been minimised.
Also, the activity exhibited innovative creations in the IT sector like the Pasupati, a Pindad Simulation Product of Virtual Reality, which is a technology for digitally simulating shooting activities using weapon products.
Using VR principles, users will be invited to interact with the virtual world environment using the console, as if they were using and shooting with real weapons. With a level of ease that has a sensation like playing video games, Pasupati offers easy and real use of weapons while minimising the level of danger.
The activities of the 2022 Defense R&D Week honour the 27th National Technology Awakening Day, which aims to accommodate brilliant ideas from academics and researchers to contribute to the development of defence technology and attain future defence equipment independence.
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in collaboration with the Information and Communication Technology Training and Development Centre Research and Human Resources Development Agency of the Ministry of Communication and Information (Kominfo) held a Regional Workshop On Digital Diplomacy with the theme “The Essence of Information and Communication Technology for Government Leaders.”
The activity is intended for Government Officials for the e-government implementation of countries and territories in the Pacific region such as the Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, New Caledonia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, French Polynesia, Republic of the Marshall Islands, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
Hence, the activity was a follow-up to the International Conference on Digital Diplomacy (ICDD) with the theme “Unmasking Digital Diplomacy in the New Normal” which was held by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2021.
The ICDD 2021 activity was attended by 20 countries and produced the Bali Message on ICDD which has identified five focus areas, namely:
- Government Policy Framework to Support Digital Diplomacy;
- Crisis Management Through Digital Diplomacy;
- Data Management to Support Digital Diplomacy;
- Innovation to Support SMEs; and
- Capacity Building and Digital Inclusion.
The ICDD follow-up series will continue to be carried out by the nation’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the cornerstone of Digital Diplomacy. In the next activity, the Ministry will hold a Regional Government social media (GSMS) Conference, a scientific discussion forum on the use of digital media among governments to share new perspectives and experiences, which provide solutions to challenges in digital diplomacy through government social media.
The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has launched CovidInArea, a privacy-preserving mobile-friendly app which integrates and visualizes open data. It includes a list of buildings visited by cases who have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 virus in the past 14 days (hereinafter referred to as “incident places”), from the Department of Health (DoH) of the HKSAR Government as an easily accessible heatmap, providing a free location-based tool for users to understand their risk due to proximity with the incident places.
Making use of big data mining and machine learning techniques, a team led by Prof. Gary CHAN Shueng-Han from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering has designed and developed the app, which consists of a real-time heatmap for browsing the locations of the incident places at a glance.
Unlike other existing platforms and apps which mostly require users to check the locations manually, CovidInArea runs the check automatically by providing real-time GPS support for mobile users. It is the first public COVID-19-related app available in both Google Play Store and Apple App Store developed by a university for city-wide use anywhere in Hong Kong.
The heatmap pinpoints incident places given by DoH, based on data updated continuously as per the government’s related daily information release. By zooming in and out on the heatmap, users can immediately gain a complete picture of the incident places, which are indicated by hues of different temperatures, hence able to make informed decisions in their daily routine, path planning and keep safe distancing.
User privacy is ensured in CovidInArea, which requires no user registration and collects no personal information beyond GPS location. All computations are carried out with results presented locally on the user’s phone, while the GPS location, once consumed, is immediately discarded without storage at any time.
In addition, with GPS on, users are enabled to easily visualise in a chart – over several days – the number of incidents placed in their proximity in real-time. Taking into consideration the distance, users’ dwell time, and number of places of incidence in proximity, the app also indicates the overall proximity risk using a colour radar chart:
- Red: Overall high sustained contact with incident places. Recommended to reduce high-risk places, manage health and take voluntary testing if needed.
- Yellow:Medium risk. Be cautious. Plan safe paths to reduce risk.
- Green:Low risk. Stay vigilant.
Prof. Gary Chan stated that because the number of confirmed cases in Hong Kong has remained high as of late, the app provides a timely and user-friendly reference on incident places to help citizens stay vigilant of their surroundings and take precautions if necessary to proactively reduce the infection risk while commuting.
He added that with CovidInArea, users can take appropriate actions to plan daily routes, manage their health, and keep a safe distance from the incident places. The professor also thanked the government for opening up the data for public use to fight against COVID-19 together.
Prof. Gary CHAN Shueng-Han is an expert in the development of novel and precise sensing and positioning technologies for smart applications. The government has worked alongside him to develop a geofencing technology applied in the StayHomeSafe app to enforce local home quarantine orders. He has also innovated a privacy-preserving mobile app that senses registered Bluetooth signals to efficiently search for missing dementia patients in the city. His indoor navigation technology has also been deployed in many malls and venues.
Promoting digital transactions
Traders at Ha Long 1 and Ha Long 2 markets in the Quang Ninh province are now able to go cashless using digital payment services under a 4.0 market model. State-run enterprise Viettel Quang Ninh is the supplier of non-cash payment services in the two markets.
All small traders in the markets will make digital payments through Viettel Money, a digital payment platform. Payments can be made via phone numbers, QR codes, or bank transfers. Fees for electricity, water, and environmental sanitation can also be paid with a Viettel Money account.
According to an official, to achieve the government’s target to have electronic payment rates reach 50% by 2025, digital payments must become part of daily life in both urban and rural areas. Viettel Quang Ninh has readied technology and human resources to coordinate with Hạ Long city’s authorities to deploy cashless applications.
In April this year, Ha Long city issued a plan to develop non-cash payment methods for the 2022-2025 period, under which the city aims to have 90% of citizens 15 years and older own transaction accounts and have non-cash payments in e-commerce reach 50%. The average growth in the volume and value of non-cash payment transactions is expected to expand by 20-25% per year, while 100% of the tuition fees of educational institutions and schools in Ha Long should be paid through cashless methods.
Ha Long city’s public administration centre has guided and supported citizens in making payment transactions on the National Public Service Portal. By July, over 1,400 citizens had paid taxes and other fees through the system, with a total amount of over US$ 727,400, accounting for 84% of total transactions.
Quang Ninh authorities are promoting comprehensive digital transformation, especially in administrative reform, hoping to attract investment into the locality. Since June, digitisation and data extraction platforms have been piloted at the provincial public administration service centre and in the sectors of justice; labour, invalids, and society; education and training; health care; and information and communication.
Over 9,300 enterprises in the region have registered to use e-invoices. Quang Ninh has so far provided 1,712 Level-4 online public services out of the 1,832 administrative procedures. The rate of administrative procedure documents received and processed online via the online public service portal reached 62%. Up to 1,180 online public services at levels 3-4 of the locality have been synchronised on the national public service portal.
Local authorities are developing modern and synchronous infrastructure facilities and enhancing regional linkages to promote economic growth. As of early June 2022, the province’s non-budget investment attraction reached over US $1.6 billion. Last year, Quang Ninh topped Vietnam’s Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI) and the Satisfaction Index of Public Administration Services (SIPAS). It also ranked second in the public administration reform (PAR) Index. The locality posted an estimated growth rate of 10.66% in the gross regional domestic product (GRDP) in the first six months of this year, which is 2.64 percentage points higher than the rate in the same period of 2021. Quang Ninh collected over US $1.17 billion for the state budget, an increase of 18% year-on-year.
Cloud adoption, software modernisation, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity, according to Lily Zeleke, Acting Deputy Chief Information Officer for Information Enterprise, Department of Défense, are crucial to all Defence Department missions.
“Our ability to deliver information at resilience and speed, as well as [delivering] secure information to our people, is paramount to staying ahead of adversaries,” says Lily.
The funding of these technologies within the allocated budget, she continued, is a compromise between cost-effectiveness and mission effectiveness. “Zero trust is a key aspect in the success of the transition to the cloud.”
The DOD has a vast amount of data, and zero trust is about protecting it at all levels and granting the right people access to the data they need for mission success at the correct security levels.
As outlined in the DOD’s 2022 Software Modernisation Strategy, all the services and the department are currently trying to consolidate, streamline, and deploy information enterprise modernization.
Meanwhile, 50 states have joined an anti-robocall litigation task force to investigate the telecommunications firms who are mostly held accountable for introducing foreign robocalls into the US, according to Connecticut Attorney General William Tong.
The sole objective of this cross-partisan, national Task Force is to reduce illegal robocalls as 16 states, including Connecticut, make up the Executive Committee overseeing this task force.
Although gateway providers have a duty to verify that foreign traffic entering the American phone network is lawful, they are not doing enough to prevent robocall traffic.
The Task Force will concentrate on the telecom sector to lessen the number of robocalls that Connecticut residents receive and to aid the businesses that are operating within the law.
Over 33 million scam robocalls are placed on Americans every day, according to the National Consumer Law Centre and Electronic Privacy Information Centre. Among the various frauds targeting customers, especially some of the most vulnerable populations, are Social Security Administration fraud against the elderly.
The Task Force’s main goal is to close the companies that make money off this illegal scam traffic and won’t take any other action to reduce the number of scam calls. Attorney General Tong provides the following advice for avoiding con artists and telemarketers:
The first is to be cautious of callers who expressly request that you make a gift card, wire transfer, or cryptocurrency payment. The second is to be wary of telephone calls that have already been recorded from phoney government entities. In most cases, the Social Security Administration doesn’t call people.
Similarly, do not supply any personal information and quickly end the call if you suspect fraud; and support Connecticut’s investigations by filing a complaint about robocalls.
Furthermore, according to the Attorney General, to avoid receiving spam messages, customers should report fraudulent texts to their wireless service providers and refrain from replying to texts that seem shady or are sent from an unknown number.
In addition, he cautioned against providing sensitive personal or financial information and against clicking links in dubious texts.
In addition, he advised calling a company that sends a text message to confirm the connection using a legitimate number, stressing that con artists may use their fake numbers to appear in a search engine. It was suggested to utilise something other than a search engine to authenticate the phone number.
In a significant win for global research training, Australian and French academic ties are set grow stronger following the announcement of the Australia France Network of Doctoral Excellence (AUFRANDE). The € 15.7 million (AU$ 22.8 million) network will be led by RMIT’s European hub in Barcelona and involve thirty-seven universities across France and Australia.
Co-funded by the European Commission, in collaboration with RMIT and partners, the five-year project will employ sixty-four early career doctoral researchers, with a focus on generating industry-relevant research. The researchers will be mentored by experienced supervisors from academia and industry and receive training and support including annual workshops and group events.
In a speech at the Australian Embassy in Paris, the RMIT Vice-Chancellor and President stated that AUFRANDE was set to spark a new generation of high performing early-stage researchers. Australian and French research ecosystems are being connected at scale in a way never done before.
This is only possible because of the unique positioning of RMIT’s European hub, able to serve as a bridge between the two countries through its detailed knowledge of how research funding works in both regions.
Australia’s Ambassador to France stated that establishing the network marked a significant collaboration between the two nations.
An AUFRANDE partner, the Director of Research at École Centrale de Lyon welcomed this opportunity to intensify and diversify research collaborations, with an expected significant impact on several acute scientific and technological issues. He noted that from photonics and nanotechnology to acoustics and energetics, young researchers will find exciting AUFRANDE PhD positions in Centrale Lyon laboratories.
The award of AUFRANDE unites RMIT Europe’s expertise in leading large scale multi-partner international PhD programs, following the award of REDI last year, which links RMIT with twenty-four partners in ten countries. The new network will also establish a significant number of co-supervision agreements between French and Australian partners, laying the groundwork for continued high levels of collaboration well beyond the project’s end.
Researchers will be employed at French academic institutions and spend up to one year on secondment at an Australian university. They will receive both French and Australian doctoral degrees upon successful completion of their research.
Other Australian partners include UNSW Sydney, The University of Tasmania, Macquarie University and The University of Sydney. The first group of PhD candidates will be recruited from a worldwide hiring campaign expected to begin in early 2023.
Relations between Australia and France are positive and friendly with the bilateral relationship being underpinned by strong and enduring historical links. There has been consular and diplomatic engagement since 1842, and cooperation in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The Joint Statement of Enhanced Strategic Partnership between Australia and France, signed on 3 March 2017, was developed to enable both countries to strengthen engagement in the Indo-Pacific region. The statement promotes two-way visits and cooperation in the following priority areas: political; defence; security and intelligence; economic; energy and resources; transport and infrastructure; education, science, technology, and culture; innovation; shared memory of the First World War; environmental and climate issues; international development; and consular and crisis management. Regular communication between Australian and French ministers and senior officials recently has helped advance the implementation of partnership objectives.
The impact of sea waves on the speed and performance of ocean-going vessels, as well as their fuel consumption, contributes to maritime greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. However, assessing this effect has proven challenging.
With this, researchers from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) led by Dr Liu Shukui, a professor at the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at NTU Singapore, and Professor Apostolos Papanikolaou of NTUA have developed a new method that can more accurately and easily estimate this wave effect, allowing ship operators, among other things, to account for it when planning shipping routes.
On the other hand, the maritime industry is also in the process of updating an existing International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) requirement using the new method as part of a larger revision.
According to the researchers’ estimates, the new method has the potential to reduce a ship’s fuel consumption and GHG emissions by 5 per cent to 10 per cent. Depending on the ship’s design and shipping operations, this reduction could be even greater.
Tag as the SHOPERA-NTUA-NTU-MARIC (SNNM) method has been accepted by some international organisations as the recommended system for analysing a ship’s speed and power performance.
The method has also been incorporated into the official International Maritime Organisation (IMO) standards for determining the minimum propulsion power and aims to cut shipping-related greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2050.
In addition, the SNNM method is an improved method for the correction of added wave resistance to be used worldwide, particularly for the confirmation of a ship’s Energy Efficient Design Index (EEDI) – an initiative that strives to foster innovation and technical improvement of the components that influence the fuel efficiency of ships.
Moreover, the existing software tools calculate the extra resistance from waves based on the design of a ship’s hull, whereas the new method estimates it using eight parameters. These include the length and breadth of a vessel, as well as its loading state.
This means that ship operators can accurately predict this additional resistance even in the absence of specific knowledge about the hull design. Such hull information is typically confidential and difficult to get.
To construct the method, researchers compiled a database of the additional resistance encountered by ships of various sizes and shapes. From more than 5,000 experimental data points, they determined the most significant characteristics that define the added resistance from waves.
Independent validation tests conducted by a specialist committee demonstrated that the new approach accurately predicts the wave resistance encountered by ships. Thus, the researchers are currently collaborating with industry partners to implement the novel method.
If implemented appropriately and to a large extent, the SNNM approach represents a significant step forward that has the potential to assist the worldwide shipping sector in accomplishing this objective.
Its scientific originality and significance have been demonstrated by the adoption or recommended in related documents from some international organisations.
Predicting ship performance in a seaway with accuracy and efficiency is crucial for successful ship operations. The ability to anticipate the achievable speed and power consumption in each sea state are vital for ship design review, weather routing, sea margin prediction, and logistics planning, and for that reason, the overall resistance in waves is a crucial parameter.