Talend is a leading data integration and data management solution provider for datadriven companies. As an Advanced Technology Partner in the Amazon Web Services Partner Network, Talend provides fast development of Big Data, real-time analytics and ETL projects on Amazon Web Services, empowering companies to solve modern
integration challenges by connecting business-critical data and applications from onpremises systems, cloud applications, web, social, and mobile apps in days at a predictable price.
By combining the power of Talend and AWS, many customers were able to successfully transform their businesses. This paper describes use cases in the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industries, as well as the IT architectures that were used in the solutions.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY) is deliberating on various aspects of digital personal data and its protection and has formulated a draft bill titled ‘The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022’. The Ministry has invited feedback from the public on the draft Bill. The submissions will not be disclosed and held in a fiduciary capacity, to enable people submitting feedback to provide the same freely. The government has said no public disclosure of the submissions will be made.
According to a press release, the purpose of the draft Bill is to provide for the processing of digital personal data in a manner that recognises both the right of individuals to protect their personal data and the need to process personal data for lawful purposes and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The draft Bill employs plain and simple language to facilitate ease of understanding and is available on the Ministry’s website along with an explanatory note that provides a brief overview of its provisions.
There are presently over 760 million active Internet users and over the next coming years, this is expected to touch 1.2 billion. There is an increasing need to regulate content and data collection on the Internet.
The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill frames out the rights and duties of the citizen (Digital Nagrik) on one hand and the obligations to use collected data lawfully of the Data Fiduciary on the other. The bill is based on seven principles around the Data Economy.
The first principle is that usage of personal data by organisations must be done in a manner that is lawful, fair, and transparent. The second principle of purpose limitation is that the personal data is used for the purposes for which it was collected.
The third principle of data minimisation is that only those items of personal data required for attaining a specific purpose must be collected. The fourth principle of the accuracy of personal data is that a reasonable effort must be made to ensure that the personal data of the individual is accurate and kept up to date. The fifth principle of storage limitation is that personal data is not stored perpetually by default. The storage should be limited to such duration as is necessary for the stated purpose for which personal data was collected.
The sixth principle is that reasonable safeguards are taken to ensure that there is no unauthorised collection or processing of personal data. This is intended to prevent a personal data breach. The seventh principle is that the person who decides the purpose and means of the processing of personal data should be accountable for such processing.
The Bill will establish a comprehensive legal framework governing digital personal data protection in the country. The Bill provides for the processing of digital personal data in a manner that recognises the right of individuals to protect their personal data, societal rights, and the need to process personal data for lawful purposes.
To enhance digital-based governance, the government is getting ready to construct four National Data Centers (PDN). Hence, the implementation of data-driven policies is encouraged using digital government ideas and initiatives.
According to Semuel Abrijani Pangerapan, Director General of Informatics Applications at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, PDN is a strategic move by the government to advance effectiveness, efficiency, the sovereignty of state data, and the consolidation of national data within the One Data Indonesia framework.
He said during the “Groundbreaking Ceremony for the Development of the National Data Centre (Strengthening of E-Government), in Cikarang, West Java, “The PDN is one of the instructions of the President of the Republic of Indonesia in order to expedite digital transformation within government agencies.
The National Data Centre is expected to result in smart and contemporary governance because the installed technology in the PDN ecosystem comprises cloud computing, big data analytics and artificial intelligence, blockchain, and the metaverse.
Director General Semuel noted that the groundbreaking represented the introduction of the Bekasi Regency PDN development project to the central government, local government, the private sector, and the community.
The establishment of PDN is also one of the primary factors boosting Indonesia’s digital innovation. Especially in the context of effectiveness, efficiency, consolidation of national data, security, and sovereignty of state information, as well as encouraging the implementation of One Data Indonesia.
The Ministry has designed four PDN development locations, including the Deltamas Industrial Estate (Jabodetabek) region, the Nongsa Digital Park (Batam) area, the new National Capital City (IKN) in East Kalimantan, and Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara.
The Ministry indicated that the initial PDN was constructed in Cikarang, West Java, namely in the Deltamas Industrial Estate region, around forty kilometres from Jakarta. The second PDN will be constructed in the Nongsa neighbourhood of Batam City, Province of the Riau Archipelago. A fibre optic network capable of connecting the area and its environs to western Indonesia already exists at this site.
The decision to locate a data centre in Batam is based on the comprehensiveness of the supporting infrastructure, which includes fibre optic infrastructure, electricity supply, water, and direct paths to the global internet backbone. IKN and Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara are slated to house the second PDN development location.
Meanwhile, Usman Kansong, Director General of Information and Public Communication at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics declared that the government intends to use metaverse technology to promote virtual tourism at the Borobudur Temple.
To safeguard the tourist attraction, Director General Usman claims that the discussion on the use of this metaverse technology began concurrently with the implementation of a ban or restriction on general visitors’ access to the Borobudur Temple edifice. According to the Ministry, using this technology allows tourists who visit the Borobudur Temple can still climb this ancient structure without being there with the help of the metaverse.
Led by the Minister of Communication and Informatics Johnny G. Plate, the Ministry is optimistic that the implementation of this cutting-edge technology will be realised. The government would also offer help and training for waste management as well as for distributing local handicrafts in the vicinity of the temple and growing tourist settlements. This tourist system has the potential to offset the pandemic’s significant economic impact on the travel and tourism industry.
An organisation’s functions could be severely impacted by even a single incident. Organisations need rapid data recovery from the cloud, the edge and on-premises in the event of any type of disaster, be it a natural disaster, hardware failure, data breach or ransomware attack.
The knowledge that one is as well-prepared as possible provides some solace in the face of unforeseen calamities. With the right disaster recovery tools and procedures, it can quickly and easily restore data and workloads.
Hence, organisations need a plan to immediately get back to business as usual in the event of an interruption. Given the fast-paced nature of today’s IT environments, it is crucial to maintain a state of perpetual readiness.
Many businesses and organisations are left exposed to critical events – either man-made or natural disasters – as most fundamental systems have been shifted toward IT structures and applications.
While we can manage physical defence by using survival kits – which include emergency supplies, security, and insurance – not all firms can genuinely claim to have all bases covered. Especially in an increasingly digital landscape, where threats are virtual!
It may seem obvious to have an established disaster recovery plan, but due to the complexity of the outdated replication and recovery procedures, this is often overlooked. People might assume there is one and may have even talked about it but may overlook the most crucial step – documenting the plan.
Creatively assessing the possibilities for affordably safeguarding the data in a location apart from those dangers is vital. Despite data centres’ high level of security and frequent remote locations, creating a plan is now simpler than ever to implement using a cloud-based method.
The OpenGov Breakfast Insight on 10 November 2022 at InterContinental Singapore with Singapore’s top public sector leaders offered the most recent information on the benefits of disaster-proofing an organisation through speedy and efficient data security and recovery.
The Needs for Data Backup and Recovery
Mohit Sagar, CEO & Editor-in-Chief, OpenGov Asia believes that plans for catastrophe recovery must be in place for organisations adding that the traditional backup strategies have focused mostly on the first part of the backup and recovery process.
“The backup’s objective is to generate a copy of the data that can be retrieved in the case of a primary data failure,” Mohit explains. “A primary data failure might be the result of a hardware or software malfunction, data corruption, a hostile attack (virus, malware) or accidental deletion on the part of the user.”
Backup copies enable data to be restored from a previous point in time, assisting the organisation in recovering from an unanticipated event.
Data protection demands a secondary copy be stored in case the primary copy is lost or corrupted. This additional media can be as basic as an external drive or USB stick or as complex as a disc storage system, cloud storage container, or tape drive.
To achieve the best outcomes, backup copies should be made on a consistent, regular basis to reduce the amount of data lost between backups. The longer the time between backup copies, the greater the risk of data loss when recovering from a backup. Keeping several copies of data gives the security and flexibility to restore to a point in time that was not impacted by data corruption or malicious attacks.
In addition, a single accident or mishap might completely interrupt company operations, with significant consequences. According to reports, 93% of organisations that do not have disaster recovery coverage and experience a big data loss go out of business within a year.
However, with the correct tools and disaster recovery methods, organisations can restore their data and workloads fast and easily. Through advanced technologies, policies and standards, establishing layers of infrastructure protection and controls increases resiliency and security posture.
Monitoring the environment and intelligently managing data, via a single interface, is one of the disruptive solutions to ensure the best visibility across the data to quickly identify risk exposure and coverage, data availability and business continuity across on-premises and cloud settings.
“When the unexpected happens, you must be able to swiftly restore your organisation’s operations. It is paramount to constantly be prepared, especially given the rate of change in today’s IT landscape,” advises Mohit.
According to Paul Lancaster, Director, Sales Engineering, Commvault, data is the competitive advantage in the modern digital economy. It generates corporate strategy, directs operational effectiveness, and forecasts consumer behaviour. “Data needs to be kept safe while still being always available.”
The problem is that the data is always changing and evolving as it expands, changes, and fragments into digital bits and bytes. Hence, the degree of an organisation’s success is directly correlated with how well they handle its data.
“In this situation, Commvault is useful. We support businesses in doing incredible things with their data. No matter where the data is located or how it is organised, our Intelligent data services can help these organisations become more efficient by changing how they protect, store, and use data,” Paul explains.
He advised organisations to always be prepared when calamity hits or whenever fraudsters attempt their best shot. Organisations should also be ready to take advantage of opportunities as they present themselves.
Further, Commvault offers flexibility in the deep integrations to:
- Connect (to Snaps/Replication via Intellisnap)
- Converge (roll new cyber harden backup infrastructure/stores with HSX)
- Cloudify (optimised stores for the cloud storage resources)
- Re-purpose (reuse existing open assets that still have a service life to the payoff from the prior investments)
Paul elaborated that their Control Plane offers comprehensive workload coverage coupled with key data management services to extend self-service roles so users can quickly and securely search and restore data. Data engineers working on a new analytics application can quickly call up a database clone to accelerate a new project.
Through hybrid cloud adoption, users can leverage cloud-based storage and realise the benefits of agile management, limitless scale, and cost savings of the cloud.
Commvault offers a comprehensive solution with deeply integrated workloads to simplify and future-proof. “We make the past more accessible and adaptable to the future faster and we span the solution across the customer’s full needs.”
Marcus Tan, Head of the Cybersecurity Department, Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R), A*STAR believes that business continuity refers to an organisation’s preparedness to keep delivering products and services at predetermined, acceptable levels despite a crisis.
“Business continuity plans detail how a company will operate during and after a disaster,” says Marcus. “It may include contingency plans explaining how the company will continue to operate even if it must relocate. In addition, smaller interruptions, or minor disasters, such as protracted power outages, may also be included in business continuity planning.”
On the other hand, recovering from a catastrophic incident, such as a natural disaster, fire, act of terrorism, active shooter, or cybercrime, is referred to as disaster recovery. Recovery from a disaster entails the steps an organisation takes to respond to an incident and resume normal operations as fast as possible.
“Disaster Recovery is an organisation’s plan for resuming normal operations following a catastrophic event. This is an essential part of the Business Continuity Plan,” Marcus elaborates. “And, importantly, strategies should align with the organisation’s goals.
There are various issues to be considered in terms of protection and recovery strategy. These are compliance requirements, budget, insurance coverage, resources (people, physical facilities), management’s risk appetite, technology, suppliers and data and data storage, among others.
Business Impact Analysis is the systematic process to determine and evaluate the potential effects of disruption to business operations resulting from disaster, accident, or emergency.
Risk Assessment, on the other hand, involves having to identify, examine, measure, and mitigate/transfer risks. Hence, it is important to identify critical business functions to keep the organisation going during a disruption.
The purpose of the Disaster Recovery Plan is Getting Ready (pre-disaster), Continuity (during a disaster), and Recovery (post-disaster).
Some of the key considerations of the Disaster Recovery Plan are identifying critical business processes to continue the minimum desired level of operations during disruption. It would also identify key data, storage, network and apps to support critical business processes.
There must be also a consideration of compliance with regulations, recovery point objective, recovery time objective, establishing management succession, reporting structure, roles in the event of a disaster, and budget.
A Disaster Recovery Plan should be updated when a significant change to system architecture occurs; and if it has changed in system dependencies and recovery personnel as well.
“Tools are great for making your job easier, but they can never take the place of doing the things we need to do,” Marcus concludes.
Chua Chee Pin, Area Vice President – ASEAN, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea & Taiwan, Commvault highlighted that data is getting more and more in demand. “The balance between data democracy and security is so important, hence protecting your organisation’s data is complex.”
Everyone is now aware of the significance of data, both in their professional and personal life. Digitisation, cell phones, and Internet of Things (IoT) sensors all contribute to the ever-increasing amount of data. Utilising this knowledge is crucial for both company competitiveness and empowering individuals in their daily lives.
“Commvault’s data management and protection unify and safeguard data at scale across on-premises, hybrid, and multi-cloud environments for all workloads,” claims Chee Pin. “Advanced detection, multi-layer protection, and rapid recovery against security threats, such as ransomware and data breaches.”
Mohit highlights the importance of a digital partner. External partners can be a pillar of support while facing digital transformation procedures. They are available to assist every organisation with any project based on their demands.
“They can guide you through a much broader and more sophisticated process, as they possess the necessary expertise and experience,” Mohit opines. “Partnerships can save the organisation from making unneeded errors, thus saving time and money.”
The one-year Solar Forecasting Model trial was recently completed. It was launched to anticipate solar intermittency and enhance power grid resilience. The project was developed by the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS) at the National University of Singapore (NUS). It was supported by the Energy Market Authority (EMA) and the Meteorological Service Singapore (MSS) of the National Environment Agency (NEA).
The model completed its trial at EMA’s Power System Control Centre in September. It can forecast island-wide solar irradiance up to one hour ahead, with an average error rate lower than 10%, one of the lowest for solar forecasting in the tropics. According to a statement by EMA, Singapore’s power system operator, the model uses data from real-time irradiance sensors that are installed on rooftops of buildings and electrical substations across the country.
The model involves several dynamic solar forecasting techniques, including satellite imagery and machine learning algorithms. Combining outputs from MSS’ numerical weather prediction system, SINGV, the Solar Forecasting Model collects various types of data to generate solar irradiance forecasts at regular intervals from 5 minutes to 24 hours ahead of schedules.
Solar power generation cannot be moderated according to energy demand, unlike power generation plants. Solar power generation is dependent on Singapore’s tropical weather conditions, which vary due to environmental factors. This can lead to imbalances between electricity demand and supply output from solar photovoltaic (PV) systems.
The model would allow EMA to anticipate the solar power output and take pre-emptive actions to manage solar intermittency and balance the power grid. This is another step towards maintaining grid reliability as the government scales up solar deployment in Singapore, the statement wrote.
The model will also enable the electricity market to procure additional reserves or adjust the output of power generation plants and energy storage systems to increase electricity supply ahead of time to meet demand.
Following the completion of the trial, EMA is upgrading its Energy Management System (EMS) to incorporate solar generation forecasts produced by the Solar Forecasting Model by 2023. These forecasts would also be provided to the Energy Market Company (EMC), Singapore’s wholesale electricity market operator, to be factored into the market clearing process. This will generate more precise dispatch schedules for power generators to meet power system demand.
By 2030, Singapore aims to deploy at least 2 gigawatt-peak (GWp) of solar capacity, under the Singapore Green Plan 2030. A reliable solar forecasting model to predict solar irradiance will enhance the country’s grid resilience and flexibility while supporting the deployment of additional solar capacity.
The Singapore Green Plan 2030 was unveiled in February 2021. As OpenGov Asia reported, the country is keen to make a concerted effort to seek green growth opportunities to create new jobs, transform Singapore’s industries and harness sustainability as a competitive advantage. The plan aims to help more local enterprises restructure to adopt greener technologies and practices, and shift towards greener business activities. Other objectives include planting one million more trees, quadrupling solar energy deployment by 2025, reducing the waste sent to landfill by 30% by 2030, and having at least 20% of schools be carbon neutral by 2030.
During the pandemic, the financial crisis compelled everyone to seek money in diverse ways. Monthly earnings for hackers can range from millions to billions of rupiah due to the high value of illegal personal data. In addition, hackers are motivated by social and political issues. Not only does the hacking violate social norms, but it also has the potential to incite public unrest.
Security gaps on business or governmental websites make it simple for a hacker with ulterior motives to access people’s personal information. The lack of knowledge regarding digital data security and the absence of clear laws regarding digital crimes enable these individuals to continue their bad practices. Therefore, the government desires to strengthen its cyber security.
The website lapor.go.id, the government’s official information system that accepts online aspirations and complaints from the public, is another option for expressing aspirations. In addition, the House of Representatives and the Government of Indonesia have adopted the Bill for the Protection of Personal Data (PDP). It will then be forwarded to the President for ratification and publication in the State Gazette.
Indonesia is the fifth ASEAN nation to have a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of personal data, according to the Minister of Communication and Information, Johnny G. Plate. He emphasised that the PDP Law’s implementation will uphold citizens’ rights in line with the Republic of Indonesia’s 1945 Constitution.
Ratifying the PDP Bill is concrete proof that the Constitution’s mandate has been carried out. The PDP Bill will expand the scope of the government’s authority and role in enforcing and regulating the obligations placed on all public and private parties who process personal data.
Ratifying the PDP Law, according to the Minister, would boost confidence in and recognition of Indonesia’s leadership role in global data governance. He claimed that Indonesia would be the sixth ASEAN nation to have a comprehensive legal framework for protecting personal data.
Therefore, businesses and governments alike need to contribute to improving the infrastructure for handling digital data. Businesses and government agencies that deal with customers’ private information must exercise extreme caution and accountability when handling this information.
Data owners can also increase their knowledge of digital data security by taking measures like not reusing passwords, being wary of sharing personal information and avoiding questionable websites and apps. Privacy should be respected on both sides, especially when dealing with sensitive information.
In addition, Minister Johnny has commended the work of the Indonesian Parliament in passing the PDP Law. Many interested parties are waiting for the court’s decision on the PDP Bill because of its importance. The government, the police, the private sector, the internet, the platforms, the social media, and the people of Indonesia all play a part.
There will be more than 70 articles in the PDP Law, which will be broken down into roughly 15 chapters. Personal data of Indonesian users, including its collection, storage, processing, and transfer, will be the subject of these articles and chapters, which will also provide a thorough discussion of data ownership rights and limitations.
Minister Johnny has extended an invitation to all residents to participate in the development of the nation and state, arguing that the entire ecosystem of communication and IT can serve as an example and source of motivation toward the goal of digital transformation.
Researchers at City University of Hong Kong (CityU) have developed an Internet of Things (IoT) Smart Mask that integrates an ultrathin nanocomposite sponge structure-based soundwave sensor. The sensor can detect and classify various respiratory sounds (breathing, coughing and speaking) using deep learning, helping to improve personal and public health.
The research is led by Professor Li Wenjung, Chair Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering (MNE), Professor Wang Jianping, Professor in the Department of Computer Science (CS), and Dr Yu Xinge, Associate Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering (BME).
Across the globe, the current sentiment is that the COVID-19 virus is becoming endemic, similar to common cold and flu viruses. However, infectious disease experts have warned that we must not be too optimistic and be realistic about the likely levels of death, disability and illness that may be caused by a “COVID-19” endemic phase. It is important to remember that endemicity does not correspond to harmlessness.
For example, while Malaria was widely recognised in ancient Greece by the 4th century BC it is still considered an endemic disease in almost 90 countries today. Therefore, wearing masks as a common protective measure against the transmission of the coronavirus, or as a fashion accessory with the conventional function of preventing the spread of respiratory infections, such as influenza viruses, could still be very important in densely populated cities for the foreseeable future.
The CityU team’s Smart Mask integrates an ultrathin flexible wide-bandwidth soundwave sensor made of carbon nanotube/polydimethylsiloxane (CNT/PDMS) nanocomposites, which is as thin as 400 µm and enables high sensitivity in both static and dynamic pressure measurement ranges – up to 4000 Hz. This enables the tracking, classifying and recognising of three different types of respiratory activities – breathing, speaking and coughing – as well as speech identification.
In the study, thirty-one human subjects were recruited, from whom respiratory activity was collected while they wore the smart mask. The data were processed and classified using deep-learning methods: namely, a support vector machine and convolutional neural networks. All human subjects had macro recalls above 90% (with a maximum as high as 100%), and the average reached 95.23% for all three types of respiratory sounds, showing stable and robust performance.
Professor Li noted that irregular respiratory activities are key symptoms of respiratory illness and are usually of great importance for diagnosing diseases such as pertussis and asthma. It has already been shown that COVID-19 may lead to notable changes in the voice of infected people. Therefore, the team’s novel IoT Smart Mask enables prolonged and systematic monitoring, screening and diagnosis of several common cough-related diseases.
Currently, researchers use commercial sensors to detect temperature changes and airflow to count the number of coughs, but they cannot capture important physiological information contained in the human voice. The smart mask is sensitive to both subtle air pressure and high-frequency vibrations and can detect three phrases of coughing, Professor Wang explained.
As a potentially low-cost, daily smart wearable device, this new IoT Smart Mask will help personal and public health management of respiratory disease screening, especially for cities with dense populations, such as Hong Kong, according to Dr Yu.
The research is led by the CityU team but with important contributions from Professor Shen Jiangang’s team from the School of Chinese Medicine of The University of Hong Kong.
The Ho Chi Minh City People’s Committee recently launched an information system to handle administrative procedures. This system was developed by combining the online public service portal and the electronic single-window system. A representative from the Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group (VNPT) noted that the VNPT-built system is capable of handling 17 million dossiers each year.
According to Lam Dinh Thang, the Director of the municipal Department of Information and Communications, people and enterprise-centred systems are connected with the National Public Service Portal, the electronic authentication, identification systems, and information systems and databases of ministries and central agencies. This has created favourable conditions for individuals and organisations to handle administrative procedures in a swift and accurate manner.
Ho Chi Minh authorities have always considered administrative reforms as an important task, the Chairman of the municipal People’s Committee noted. The city considers people’s satisfaction and enterprises’ development as the metre of administrative reform effectiveness and civil servants’ capacity.
Around 13 million people in the city, including the local population of almost ten million and people from other localities, require administrative procedures to be processed. It will be hard for civil servants to complete handling papers on schedule if they use traditional methods. Therefore, applying an information system for handling administrative procedures is an urgent need, the Chairman explained.
In August, Ho Chi Minh City authorities announced that it will coordinate with a global financial institution to develop a data management strategy, aiming to better cultivate data for government operations. As OpenGov Asia reported, the strategy identifies a vision, specific goals, priority areas, and plans for the implementation of data and digitisation projects to improve the city’s data-driven governance.
The two organisations had earlier completed a survey and assessment of the current status of data and data usage needs of local state regulators, with a focus placed on three areas: urban planning, citizens’ information, and economic and financial development.
In its digital transformation journey, the country envisions the development of smart cities and provinces, and Ho Chi Minh is among the top cities in terms of digitisation. In the 2021 Digital Transformation Index (DTI), the city climbed two spots to rank third, after Da Nang and Thien-Hue.
The city aims for its digital economy to account for 25% of the southern hub’s gross regional domestic product (GRDP) by 2025. Accordingly, the local government will focus on raising public awareness of digital transformation, organising the implementation of digital transformation tasks, and completing the digital government. Authorities will work to integrate and effectively exploit data to aid post-COVID-19 socio-economic recovery and development and support modern-oriented governance.
Specific action programmes will be mapped out and implemented, while the application of information technology will be accelerated across fields. The local government will also work to ensure information security and safety when building the digital government, economy, and society. The government said it would strongly invest in human resources development, focusing on training and fostering cadres, civil servants, and public employees.