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Indonesia Implements Project to Convert Fuel-Powered Motorbikes to Electric

Air pollution is a serious environmental issue that has intrigued the interest of researchers from various disciplines around the world. One source of air pollution is carbon exhaust from gasoline vehicles. One solution for lowering carbon emissions is to provide green vehicles, such as electric motorcycles, for drivers and passengers, which can aid in the environmentally sustainable development of the environment.

In 2018, the transport sector in Indonesia contributed 28 % of energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, primarily from road transport. Unfortunately, this sector’s mitigation strategy is currently limited to biofuel blending. Many people consider the use of electric vehicles (EVs) to be an important strategy for reducing emissions in the transportation sector.

To address this, Indonesia launched a pilot project on Wednesday to convert combustion-engine motorcycles into electric-powered vehicles, as part of a national push to make transportation more environmentally friendly, according to the energy ministry. The project has successfully converted 10 such motorcycles and aims to convert 90 more by November, according to a statement from the ministry.

The government has set a target of 13 million electric motorcycles – including converted ones – and 2.2 million electric cars on the road by 2030 as part of its national strategy. It has also promised to phase out all sales of combustion-engine vehicles by 2050.

Indonesia had more than 15 million cars and 112 million motorcycles on its roads as of 2019, data from Indonesia’s automotive industries association showed. “To create economies of scale, we have to create a market,” Indonesia’s Energy Minister said during the launch, calling for the conversion technology to be developed at the small and medium-sized business levels.

A transport ministry official said at the same event that the government is also working on converting public buses that run on fossil fuels to electric buses. Indonesia, the largest economy in Southeast Asia, is one of the world’s largest emitters of greenhouse gases. In addition, the country has ambitious plans to become a global hub for the production of batteries and electric vehicles, leveraging its abundant supplies of nickel laterite ore used in lithium batteries.

OpenGov Asia reported that to assist the government in developing the electric car industry, a company in Indonesia is engaged in its mid-stream industry, namely the development of an electric battery ecosystem in collaboration with other SOEs in the IBC (Indonesian Battery Corporation). The company had collaborated with other parties for sub-batteries, which are used in a variety of tourist areas by leasing electric motor vehicles.

They will also, shortly, launch a green energy station, where currently around 100 gas stations have been installed with solar PV so that the electricity is green energy and will be equipped with SPKLU. Currently, Indonesia’s oil and gas company has initiated SPKLU Pilots in six locations. It includes SPKLU at Fatmawati gas station, South Jakarta, inaugurated on December 10, 2020, SPKLU at Kuningan gas station, and SPKLU at Soekarno Hatta Airport, which is currently under construction. The other three SPKLUs are in synergy with the Agency for Technology Assessment and Application, located at Puspitek BPPT Serpong.

The company plans to convert 250-300 gas stations into green energy stations this year. In contrast, customers who purchase fuel from green energy stations will be rewarded. It demonstrates the company’s commitment to promoting a renewable energy mix as part of the country’s energy transition.

Electrifying the transportation system provides numerous benefits, including increased fuel portfolio diversity, decreased reliance on fossil-based sources, lower total cost of ownership, and increased price stability. In addition, it promotes national security, energy independence, and a cleaner environment. The potential benefits to the electricity industry are enormous. By 2035, one out of every nine cars sold in the world will be electric. China, India, and European countries, on the other hand, are all planning to phase out fossil-fuelled vehicles. With new mobility models and technologies emerging, EV growth will be exponential.

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