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Indonesia Improves Stroke Care, Healthcare Systems

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Strokes were the world’s second-largest cause of death in 2015, and the leading cause of death in Indonesia in 2014. According to the Ministry of Health in Indonesia, the prevalence of stroke in the population aged 15 years was 10.9%in 2018 or an estimated 2,120,362 persons.

As a result, the government has devised several methods including the use of digital technology to lower the occurrence of strokes in Indonesia. Begin by bolstering public health preventive promotion initiatives such as advocating for the intake of balanced nutritious foods, maintaining blood sugar levels, regular physical activity, and, ultimately, routine health checkups at least every six months.

The next step is to improve stroke health services. According to the Minister of Health, the existing number of healthcare facilities and surgical specialists is insufficient. Only 20 of the 34 provinces can use cathlab, while 14 provinces are still unable to give stroke care.

Furthermore, the fulfilment of health personnel is critical. The reason for this is that the number of surgeons is still quite small. Its spread is likewise uneven; it is still concentrated in major cities on the island of Java. The sub-specialist requirements for intervention are much lower at Indonesia’s 92 medical universities, which have only 20 specialists and 13 neurologists.

Another effort being made by the government is to improve stroke services in all health facilities by utilising digital technologies. The Minister of Health wants stroke health services to evolve with the times.

Moreover, as one of the world’s most populated countries, Indonesia presents significant opportunities for U.S. exporters of medical equipment and supplies. To accommodate local demand, Indonesia relies heavily on imported medical equipment and supplies.

Imports supply more than 90 per cent of Indonesia’s medical equipment and devices; foreign products dominate more complex medical and surgical tools and infrastructures, such as medical lasers and diagnostic equipment.

Indonesia’s national development agenda prioritises healthcare. The national and regional governments are still constructing and upgrading healthcare facilities. They intend to equip community health clinics with inpatient facilities and increase service quality across all provinces.

Meanwhile, intellectual works are significant because they address moral, economic, social, legal, and political concerns. From a social standpoint, intellectual works can inspire other researchers and inventors to propose more diversified and beneficial works.

According to Dr Bambang Kesowo, a member of the BRIN Steering Committee, the legal element attempts to respect intellectual property through protection. He agreed that if there was no protection, no fresh ideas will arise, emphasising that the concept of law was developed to foster a culture of acknowledgement of one’s intellectual endeavours.

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are exclusive and are only granted to the creator of his creation to be utilised economically or legally in accordance with the law. However, IPR can be permanently transferred by a waiver or temporarily transferred by issuing a license to utilise the intellectual property.

On the other hand, intellectual property management is carried out not only to protect inventors but also as a strategic development measure. If there is an aim of commercialisation for industrial uses, the IPR issue will become more prominent.

Humans must be at the centre of national thought and growth since they are the proprietors of ideas, as well as the creators, implementers, and controllers. As a result, human quality is the most significant issue, both in terms of mindset, character, and intellectual capacity to innovate.

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