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Indonesia to Deploy Electric Buses by 2030 to Reach Net-Zero Emission Target

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By 2030, Indonesia plans to have all public transit buses run on electricity. To counteract climate change continuously and sustainably, the country continues to aim for net-zero emissions. One way is to electrify the entire transportation fleet, as part of the Indonesian National Programme to support this goal. Moreover, converting from individual to public transportation has been one of the topics of discussion for putting the programme into action.

The Transportation Ministry’s director of road transportation, recently stated in an online seminar titled “Electric Mobility: Future Indonesia Toward Zero-Emission Buses in The Cities” that by 2030, 90% of Indonesia’s urban mass transportation will be powered entirely by electricity. “Of course, one of the government’s obstacles in implementing this electric bus [programme] is operating essentials such as batteries and others,” Risal Wasal said at the conference.

The government is attempting to implement electricity-powered buses this year to promote the initiative. Outside of Jakarta, the implementation will be tailored to the Central Government’s or Local Government’s involvement in the development of electric public transportation through the Buy the Service (BTS) programme plan, such as the Teman Bus. This aim is also executed in 11 areas of the National Tourism Strategy, referred to as the “New Bali.” Lake Toba, Mandalika, Labuan Bajo, and Borobudur Temple are among them.

Electric buses will be implemented according to Vinensia Nanlohy, a representative of the Indonesian Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, who offered numerous analytical specifications and techniques (IDTP).

In a CEOs roundtable with significant investors from the United Kingdom, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo expressed confidence that Indonesia will meet its goal to decrease emissions by 29% unconditionally by 2030, as mandated by Paris Agreement.

“Indonesia has adopted the low-carbon long-term strategy and climate tenacity of 2050 and a detailed roadmap to achieve the net-zero emission goal by 2060, or earlier,” said the President in the informal meeting in Glasgow, Scotland on the morning of November 1.

He emphasises the significance of coordinating climate policy across rich and developing countries, as well as every stakeholder’s commitment to a robust climate change strategy. One of the most important aspects, according to the President, is the financial assistance that must be provided to developing nations to enable them to fund the transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy. He expressed his optimism that the US$100 billion in adaptation funds pledged by affluent countries will be met, allowing for faster climate change mitigation.

OpenGov Asia reported the Indonesian government has encouraged the use of carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS) technology in the development of oil and rare earth gas fields to mitigate the impact of climate change caused by mining activities.

According to an official from the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, the use of clean energy, such as CCUS, has become the primary consideration in ensuring availability, affordability, sustainability, and competitiveness to achieve energy sovereignty as well as climate resilience and a low-carbon future.

The minister affirmed that energy transition, as the foundation of climate change mitigation, is crucial for Indonesia in reducing carbon emissions and achieving the carbon-neutral target by 2060. According to the official, the CCUS technology used for energy development and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has become one of the key discussions in reducing carbon dioxide emissions.  “We observe that green energy in the future will certainly be renewable energy. To this end, we need an energy transition strategy,” he noted.

Furthermore, an EOR carbon dioxide project is being carried out on the Sukowati field by a subsidiary of a state-owned oil company, a Japan-owned oil, and petroleum company, along with the Lemigas Research and Development Centre of Oil and Gas Technology, a department under the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources.

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