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Indonesia: Unmanned Systems and Surveillance

Image credits: its.ac.id

Professor Subchan SSi MSc PhD from the Department of Mathematics at Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) embarked on research focusing on Navigation, Guidance, and Control (NGC) within unmanned systems, intending to enhance surveillance capabilities.

This research delved explicitly into Navigation, Guidance, and Control (NGC) within unmanned systems. It is especially relevant in the current context of heightened tension due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, where advanced technology and Artificial Intelligence (AI) play pivotal roles in mission execution for both parties.

During his inaugural scientific oration as the 162nd Professor at Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Subchan delved into the core principles guiding the development of unmanned systems. He emphasised that Navigation, Guidance, and Control (NGC) were the cornerstones of his research. He elaborated on each component, highlighting their critical roles in unmanned systems’ functionality.

He explained that navigation involves the determination of precise location. At the same time, the guidance provides the necessary direction to follow, and control acts as the mechanism for adjusting the vehicle’s trajectory as required. Subchan underscored the significance of NGC, emphasising that it is indispensable for properly operating aircraft and unmanned ground vehicles.

Subchan elaborated on the three critical stages involved in the unmanned system he developed. The initial phase involves identifying environmental conditions and is carried out by High-Level Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV).

This crucial stage is the foundation for identifying potential hazards within a given area. Subchan stressed that it primarily focuses on assessing temporary environmental conditions, thus laying the groundwork for subsequent phases in the process.

The subsequent phase confirms the situation by deploying Low-Level Micro UAVs and UGVs. In this stage, these miniature vehicles receive signals from the main UAV, instructing them to capture images and verify the presence of potential threats within the designated area.

“Once the images are acquired, the third and final phase commences, which is the decision-making process. During this stage, the Ground Control Station (GCS) plays a pivotal role as it evaluates the data collected from the UAV and UGV, using it as a foundation for critical decision-making processes,” Professor Subchan observed.

Professor Subchan, a figure in the Department of Mathematics, emphasised that this research can significantly enhance surveillance’s monitoring and decision-making capabilities. He stressed that the scope of this research extends beyond unmanned systems, offering prospects for application in the field of national defence technology.

Subchan asserted, “With a robust route-taking system and automatic danger detection, the Indonesian military will become more efficient in safeguarding our homeland.” This highlights the dual importance of his research: not only does it advance the concept of unmanned systems, but it also contributes to bolstering national defence capabilities.

Beyond the efficiency achieved in unmanned systems, it’s imperative to highlight the invaluable provision of precise and comprehensive data through the control system. Professor Subchan’s control system seamlessly integrates with on-field sensors, a strategic design choice to simplify data analysis.

This integrated system presents the data collected by the UAV and UGV in a highly visualised format within the unmanned Navigation, Guidance, and Control (NGC) framework. This visualisation empowers decision-makers to swiftly formulate tactical responses based on the rich dataset.

The implications of this research extend far beyond military applications. Professor Subchan envisioned its potential utility in addressing various challenges encompassing land, sea, and air domains. While the primary focus may be on military threats, he pointed out that this research harbours the promise of adaptation to other critical environments, such as natural disaster management and evacuation procedures.

His unwavering commitment to this research is driven by a love for his homeland and a deep sense of responsibility towards ensuring the security and well-being of the Indonesian populace. This research embodies a heartfelt dedication to safeguarding Indonesia and its people.


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