February 29, 2024

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Machine Learning on Routine Bone Scan for Stroke or Heart Attack Prevention

Machine Learning for Stroke and Heart Attack Prevention

Being able to pinpoint the possible risk of a heart attack or stroke with a simple bone scan may soon be a reality as researchers have broached a new frontier for medical research.

About the Initiative

According to a recent press release, the National Health and Medical Research Council will provide (NHMRC) AU$ 467,980 to fund a three-year collaborative project led by a team of researchers from Australia’s Edith Cowan University (ECU).

The team will investigate how machine learning can automate the task of identifying and quantifying an individual’s blood vessel disease from a routine scan, years before symptoms arise.

The project builds on the recent work led by ECU researcher Associate Professor Joshua Lewis, wherein machines used for routine bone density scans can also be used to identify the presence of calcium in a major artery in the abdomen, known as abdominal aortic calcification (AAC).

Using machine learning to scale up the AAC test will be a game-changer as it will change the reliance of getting results from trained experts, who manually process each scan, to merely the touch of a button.

Background

AAC is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease.

The NHMRC project would provide a window to identify high-risk people and prevent it years before they suffer the devastating consequences of heart attack or stroke.

The researcher explained that more than 350,000 older Australian women undertake bone density testing. Adding this scan at the time of bone density testing may lead to a paradigm shift in the way clinical cardiovascular disease is monitored and prevented.

Professor David Suter from the University’s School of Science will lead the development of the deep learning architectures needed to automate the image analysis.

This will be the first fully automated tool to routinely image and identify this disease.

He explained that with access to over 11,000 scans that have already been assessed and accurately labelled by world experts, they are well-positioned to develop an accurate visual recognition of AAC in the scans.

The visual processing of the scans was incredibly complex. Each scan is different and so the program will need to find visual cues to understand where to look for the required signs of vascular disease.

Hopefully, a cheap, safe, quick and reproducible test for visualising vascular calcification that will save lives can be developed.

Edith Cowan University will collaborate with the Universities of Manchester, Western Australia, South Hampton, and Minnesota, INSERM and the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research, a research affiliate of Harvard Medical School on the project.

Initiatives from Neighbouring Countries

Because heart attack or stroke happens to a lot of people, countries across the globe have sought ways to prevent them as well as provide the best care possible.

OpenGov Asia reported on the Cardiac Catheterisation Laboratory (Cath Lab) launched by the University of Indonesia Hospital that provides superior service in neuro-cardiovascular treatments.

The Cath Lab is a diagnostic medical treatment service tool, which detects the narrowing or the blockage of the heart or coronary arteries.

It is also used to handle neurological disease cases such as stroke, radiology and oncology.

With the launch of the tool, the hospital aims for optimisation of the services provided for patients with heart diseases.

Meanwhile, a Dunedin neuroscientist from the University of Otago, in New Zealand discovered a new way to help people recover from a stroke.

The team has gone against traditional thinking by implanting an electrode into the undamaged side of the brain.

In a world-first, the team targeted the healthy side of the brain with electrical stimulation, instead of the area around the stroke.

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

PARTNER

CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Well-known for our strengths in system integration and consultation, CTC Global proves to be the preferred IT outsourcing destination for organizations all over Singapore today.

PARTNER

Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

PARTNER

HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

PARTNER

IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.

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