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New Zealand to Bolster Development of Frontier Firms

The New Zealand government wants to grow more frontier firms, companies that excel in their productivity and business results. New Zealand frontier firms are just 45% as productive as their peers overseas, which puts New Zealand at a disadvantage both inside the country and in its attempts to do business elsewhere.

To help achieve this goal, the government established the Productivity Commission to advise on how it can lift the country’s productivity.

Based on the commission’s report, first, it endorses a regulation to establish a consumer data right in New Zealand as it would open opportunities for innovative digital businesses to devise new products and services that can lift productivity and enhance well-being. The reform could also help consumers protect their data from third parties whom they wish should not have it.

The commission notes that a consumer data right should be consistent with Australia’s CDR approach, and aim for trans-Tasman and international interoperability. Banking and finance should be the first sector to be targeted, thereby enabling the development of open banking and open finance in New Zealand.

The Ministry for Business Innovation and Employment (MBIE) is currently examining 59 submissions for discussion on introducing a consumer data right in New Zealand.

The commission also notes that the reform should respect indigenous data sovereignty: “Establishing a consumer data right may interact with Māori data sovereignty and needs to be treated in line with the spirit and obligations of the Treaty of Waitangi.”

Also, commonly with tech start-ups, CIOs grapple with talent shortages. A recent NZ Tech survey of 190 employers shows that collectively they will require 5,000 newly digitally skilled employees in the next two years. The commission recommends that a major review of migration policy is likely to be of great interest to the tech community. Despite large inflows of migrants to New Zealand over the last 10 years, skilled labour shortages continue. This suggests an ongoing mismatch between the supply of labour the needs of firms, that is not being met either by the domestic education and training system or by skilled migration.

The issue around IT talent is more nuanced than reforming the migration settings, however, as NZTech’s report ‘Digital Skills Aotearoa’ noted. In 2019, 3,265 students graduated with computer science, IT, or software engineering degrees, but only 352 were able to get internships, despite 2,699 registering. Meanwhile, 2,683 visas were approved for IT professionals.

Industry groups are working on establishing a tech-based Workforce Development Council as part of a wider government reform of the vocational training sector. Meanwhile, academic institutions such as the University of Auckland are exploring ways to bring business and IT disciplines closer together to ensure that graduates are better prepared to meet the needs of employers.

Lastly, among the major sectors that the commission considers ripe for reform is health tech. The report’s emphasis on urging district health boards (DHBs) to support the health tech innovation is somewhat redundant given the sweeping reforms announced by the Ministry of Health that will see these boards abolished and replaced by a national body.

Still, the issues that the reports highlights are likely to be discussion points for the new regime that is expected to be in place by July 2022. The report’s commentary about the “rigidities in DHBs’ procurement processes” and “lack of targeted innovation funding for DHBs” was also highlighted by a study from an alliance of health IT providers in their review of the health sector.

The government should use its intended major health system reform to improve the mandate, funding, and incentives for DHBs to participate in the health tech innovation ecosystem, for the mutual benefit of the health tech sector, and the efficiency, effectiveness, and accessibility of New Zealand’s health and disability system, the commission’s report recommends.

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