February 25, 2024

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In Indonesia, the evolution of digital technology, social media platforms, and artificial intelligence (AI) has left a profound mark on the media landscape, reshaping the way news is produced, disseminated, and consumed. These technological advancements have empowered media organisations to enhance their capabilities in data gathering and analysis, facilitating the delivery of more precise and pertinent news content.

Moreover, the widespread adoption of social media platforms has provided a channel for direct interaction with audiences, enabling media outlets to receive immediate feedback, gather valuable insights, and broaden their coverage scope through online platforms.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

The Minister of Communication and Information Technology Budi Arie Setiadi encouraged the national press industry to see opportunities in global digitalisation by developing innovations. He says innovation is the key to facing rapid changes in the press industry. With digital technology, social media, and artificial intelligence, the press can create more varied and engaging content for readers.

“At present, we can see how technology has changed the way we access and consume news. The press must be adaptive to these changes and continue to develop creative ideas to remain relevant in the digital era,” he said.

“In facing this disruption, I invite all of us not to be afraid; on the contrary, we must see the opportunities brought by digital technology,” he added.

According to Minister Budi Arie, the press industry should see disruption as an opportunity to innovate and develop new information delivery methods. By utilising digital technology, the press can create more interesting and relevant content for readers, thus enhancing its competitiveness in the market.

He also cited World Association of News Publishers data showing that global press industry revenue reached USD 130 billion in 2023. This results from a combination of reporting activities with digital technology, including the growth of digital newspaper circulation.

“The increase in revenue indicates that the press industry has great potential to grow and develop in this digital era. Therefore, we must continue to encourage innovation and collaboration among stakeholders to ensure the sustainability of the press industry,” he added.

By knowing the potential revenue of the press industry due to the utilisation of digital technology, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology is boosting the spirit of the press to be more innovative in facing technological disruptions. One effort that needs to be increased is the number of subscribers, as this can be a significant source of revenue for the press industry in this digital era.

Further, Deputy Minister Nezar Patria encouraged journalists to adapt more to technological developments. “Wherever technology is a human creation, humans should not be defeated by technology. We must adapt, control, minimise its risks and maximise its benefits,” said Deputy Minister Nezar Patria.

Further, Deputy Minister Nezar Patria also emphasised the importance of a holistic approach in facing technological disruptions. According to him, in addition to developing innovations in content and technology, the press industry also needs to strengthen its integrity, professionalism, and business sustainability.

“In facing the digital era, we should not only focus on technological aspects. We must also pay attention to other aspects such as integrity, professionalism, and business sustainability to ensure that the press industry remains relevant and competitive,” he explained.

Additionally, Deputy Minister Nezar Patria stated that artificial intelligence is currently capable of performing various tasks in the field of journalism. In fact, according to him, the presence of robot journalism or machines can carry out the process of collecting, producing, and distributing news independently. “We are familiar with the term robotic journalism, so all production work, up to the distribution of news, is done by these robotics,” he concluded.

The Indonesian government fully supports the ASEAN Digital Work Plan, in collaboration with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), in 2024, aligning with the ASEAN-ITU Priority Areas of Cooperation for 2024-2026. This decision underscored a commitment to advancing digital connectivity across the ASEAN region.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

During the ASEAN Digital Ministers’ Meeting with ITU, Secretary General of the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Mira Tayyiba, accompanied by the Director of ASEAN Economic Cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Adhyanti Wirajuda, and the Head of International Cooperation Centre at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Ichwan Makmur Nasution.

Secretary General Mira emphasised that this collaboration will play an integral role in achieving comprehensive goals, specifically in making digital connectivity more equitable across ASEAN countries. “With ITU’s support, the benefits of internet connectivity are expected to be brought to all communities in the region,” she asserted.

Mira also highlighted ITU’s crucial role in extending the benefits of internet connectivity globally. About 517.2 million people in Southeast Asia, equivalent to 75.6% of the total population, are connected to the internet. Despite significant progress, challenges persist, as approximately 166.7 million people, or 24.4% of the population, still need to be connected.

Secretary General Mira asserted that efforts to connect the most remote areas and rural communities require strong dedication. Furthermore, Indonesia has collaborated with ITU in implementing initiatives such as Smart Villages and Smart Islands (SVSI).

“As a means to provide connectivity and digital services to communities that are unconnected and underserved,” she explained.

Addressing the issue of digital connectivity, Secretary General Mira considered its crucial role in transforming communities in rural and coastal areas. In her view, digital connectivity is the key to positive changes in the lives of these communities. Adequate connection with digital technology is believed to positively impact their livelihoods and well-being by accessing various digitally available services.

She emphasised that initiatives like SVSI are concrete steps supporting the goal of equitable distribution. Aligned with the Masterplan Digital ASEAN 2025, SVSI is a strategic step to address the digital divide and promote digital inclusion across the ASEAN region.

“By creating equal access to digital services in rural and coastal areas, communities in these regions are expected to experience positive benefits from digital transformation. The connection to various digital services, such as healthcare, education, and economic services, is seen as a path to improving the standard of living and the welfare of local communities,” she added.

In exploring the positive impact and strategic role of initiatives like SVSI, Secretary General Mira underscored the importance of utilising digital technology as a catalyst for advancing the holistic well-being of communities. This perspective reflects the government’s commitment to implementing concrete steps to ensure equal access to digital connectivity, primarily focusing on rural and coastal areas.

The digital divide can be addressed through initiatives like SVSI, which are integral to national efforts and in line with the vision of the ASEAN Digital Masterplan 2025. This initiative is considered a strategic tool that will support the government’s goal of improving the population’s overall well-being. Digital technology is seen as a means to open new opportunities and empower communities, especially in areas that may have been previously limited in access and utilisation of technology.

Secretary General Mira highlighted the importance of collaboration between the government and various stakeholders in supporting digital connectivity initiatives. Strengthening this cooperation is vital to ensuring these programmes’ sustainability and success.

“By involving various stakeholders, including the private sector, academia, and civil society, we can create an ecosystem that supports government initiatives in expanding the reach of digital technology across various layers of society,” explains Mira.

The focus on rural and coastal areas is an integral part of this strategy, considering that these two regions often require the most attention to equalise digital access. Through these initiatives, positive benefits will permeate various aspects of community life in these areas, creating equal opportunities and improving overall quality of life.

The presence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology brings significant implications for the media world, with impacts that can be felt globally. The rapid advancements in this field have created various challenges and opportunities that need to be addressed by the media and journalistic industries.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

One of the significant impacts of AI technology in the media world is the increasing number of copyright violations caused by using AI-based applications. While AI can provide efficiency and innovation in content production and distribution processes, its unmonitored use can lead to copyright infringements. Some cases involve unauthorised automatic reproduction, usage of content without proper credit, and information manipulation with unsupervised algorithms.

Furthermore, the role of AI in generating news content raises concerns about the quality and accuracy of information. News content creation algorithms can unintentionally disseminate false or biased information, posing a threat to the integrity of journalism and public trust in the media.

In light of this, the Director General of Public Information and Communication at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Usman Kansong, emphasised the need for comprehensive binding regulations to avoid harming national mass media. He envisions regulations similar to those in the European Union, which comprehensively govern AI regarding copyright, pornography, deep fakes, and other aspects akin to an Omnibus Law for AI.

According to the Director General, comprehensive regulations would protect local media from the dominance of global technology giants concerning copyright ownership. Many AI-based applications monetise content obtained for free from mass media, affecting copyright enforcement, including moral and economic rights.

“In the media and science world, we quote and mention a source; then we cannot demand it. This problem also occurs on digital platforms about the media,” he explained.

In anticipation of copyright issues, the government is working on finalising publisher rights regulations. However, according to Director General Usman, several aspects still require collective attention.

It is not sure because digital platforms do use AI. However, AI companies may only sometimes want to be called digital platforms. That is why I agree with friends who say comprehensive regulations are needed,” he stated.

In response to these dynamics, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics has made a significant breakthrough by issuing Ministerial Circular 9 of 2023 regarding the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. This decision reflects the government’s commitment to addressing existing challenges and providing clear guidance for the responsible use of artificial intelligence.

The Circular is not merely a formal document but an instrument outlining three central policies:

  1. The importance of ethical values in the context of artificial intelligence.
  2. Implementing these ethical values, including how companies or organisations can apply them daily.
  3. The responsibilities to be undertaken in utilising and developing artificial intelligence.

This initiative signifies a positive step in creating an environment that can control AI’s ethical and responsible use. With these guidelines, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics aims to provide clear direction to companies or organisations involved in the artificial intelligence ecosystem, aligning to promote innovation while ensuring that the negative impacts of this technology are minimised.

“The most important principle is accountability and human-centred, meaning centred on humans because there are concerns that AI will kill human civilisation,” Director General Usman said.

Director General Usman stated that more than Circular’s presence needs to be improved and needed to regulate the rapidly evolving use of AI technology.

“The Circular is an ethical guide, non-coercive, without penalties, and voluntary. It is only a soft regulation and not the rule of law,” he explained. Therefore, the Director General of Public Information and Communication at the Ministry of Communication and Informatics invited the national press community to provide input in formulating more comprehensive regulations.

“I invite the press community to advocate for the presence of more comprehensive regulations. Through discussions like these, recommendations can be generated and submitted to the Minister of Communication and Informatics as the leading sector in the digital field,” he concluded. By bringing collaboration among multiple entities, the goal is to foster a regulatory framework that can effectively navigate the intricate challenges posed by AI in the media sector.

The Circular Letter of the Minister of Communication and Information Number 9 of 2023 on the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a crucial milestone in regulating and developing artificial intelligence technology in Indonesia. Minister of Communication and Information Budi Arie Setiadi has signed it as a commitment from the government to ensure that AI development aligns with ethical values and security.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

The circular letter emphasises that registered business entities under the Indonesian Standard Industrial Classification (KLBI) 62015 have the responsibility to adhere to the established guidelines and ethical norms. This includes aspects such as transparency, accountability, and fairness in developing and implementing artificial intelligence.

Deputy Minister of Communication and Information, Nezar Patria, highlighted the importance of this circular letter in shaping a safe and empowering artificial intelligence digital ecosystem. He predicted that AI potential can be utilised wisely and responsibly with these guidelines without compromising human values and justice.

As part of the government’s efforts to advance artificial intelligence technology, this circular letter also covers the use of electronic systems in both private and public scopes. This demonstrates that regulations are aimed at businesses and all parties involved in developing and utilising artificial intelligence across various sectors.

“Many ask the Ministry of Communication and Information what the benefit of this circular letter is. Indeed, this is what we call a soft regulation. Perhaps it can serve as a guide and a base for higher-level regulations later,” he explained.

As the initial step in the governance model of AI in Indonesia, this circular letter serves as a reference for ethical values in AI technology development, including inclusivity, security, accessibility, personal data protection, sustainable development and the environment.

Looking ahead, according to the Deputy Minister of Communication and Information, the existence of this circular letter will be an additional step to complement the existing regulatory framework, such as Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions and its amendments, as well as Law Number 27 of 2022 regarding Personal Data Protection.

The circular letter is envisioned to provide more detailed and current guidance on implementing legal provisions in the context of information technology and electronic transactions. Thus, the public and business entities can better understand the procedures in line with the development of time and needs.

Nezar Patria also emphasised that this step aligns with the government’s efforts to enhance personal data protection and information security. The circular letter is expected to guide all parties involved in managing and using electronic information and personal data.

“If there are cases related to the misuse of AI, they can be referred to these two laws, plus other laws such as Copyright Law and this circular letter. If they do not violate the set ethical values, I believe it will at least mitigate the judge’s ruling to impose a heavy penalty. However, if they violate it, it will sharpen the judge’s judgment to impose a severe penalty,” he clarified.

Nezar Patria asserted that there are clear boundaries between ethics and the law, even though they do not have imperative power. For further regulation, the Ministry of Communication and Information proposes drafting ministerial regulations on AI governance.

“Of course, because there will be more fields regulated there, so the discussion will be opened more widely to all stakeholders to see what needs to be responded to, which is quite crucial,” he expressed.

Executive Director of the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM), Wahyudi Djafar, stated that the existence of the AI Governance Circular Letter is a valuable lesson for Indonesia in responding appropriately to the development of AI technology through well-planned stages.

“We try to use an ethics-based approach, and then in the future, of course, we will discuss policy-wise and the context of technology development by applying various standards and ethics in AI development,” he explained.

Wahyudi Djafar said the AI Governance Circular Letter will contribute to the national economy by safeguarding citizens from the risks of AI technology utilisation and usage.

“It means not inhibiting innovation from the technology itself but being able to provide good protection for citizens in the context of human rights,” he concluded.

Amid the ongoing digital technology disruption, the national television industry cannot ignore the impacts that arise. Rapid developments in digital technology bring profound changes in various aspects, ranging from viewer behaviour to shifts in content landscapes and advertising strategies.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

The shift in viewer behaviour towards digital platforms also has a significant impact on the business models in the media and entertainment industry. Traditional television stations must innovate and adjust their strategies to remain competitive in this increasingly dynamic environment.

One of the main impacts of audience migration to streaming platforms and video-on-demand (VOD) services is the increased demand for content that can be accessed anytime and anywhere. Traditional television stations must focus on producing content that is not only appealing for direct television viewing but also accessible digitally. This includes the development of user-friendly content accessible through various devices such as smartphones, tablets, and Smart TVs.

Further, the subscription-based business model is becoming increasingly dominant in this industry. Many viewers are subscribing to streaming platforms that offer ad-free content or content with more focused advertising. Traditional television stations should consider providing subscription options or partnering with streaming platforms to create additional revenue and retain their audience.

The importance of data analysis also rises with this transformation in viewer behaviour. Streaming platforms and VOD services can collect detailed user data, which can be used to understand audience preferences, make better content recommendations, and guide marketing strategies. Traditional television stations need to develop their data analysis capabilities to keep up with these trends and better understand their audience.

Additionally, collaboration between traditional television stations and digital platforms has become increasingly crucial. Strategic alliances can create opportunities to reach a wider audience, share resources, and expand content coverage. The migration of viewers to digital platforms is not only a definite threat but also an opportunity to redesign business models and create a better content experience for the audience.

Deputy Minister of Communication and Information, Nezar Patria, emphasised that players in the television industry, as part of the private television association in Indonesia, need to adapt and capitalise on digital disruption opportunities. Adapting to digital changes is not only a necessity but also a key to business sustainability and industry relevance.

Deputy Minister Nezar Patria highlighted the consequences of technological disruption, especially in the context of the shift from terrestrial to digital broadcasting. He mentions Thailand’s experience five years ago, where ad growth stagnated, players increased, and competition became tighter. Therefore, participants in the television industry need to redefine their business strategies to stay competitive.

Nezar expressed optimism regarding the development of the entertainment industry sector as one of the outcomes of digital disruption for broadcast television, including through the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology. He points out the significant growth in advertising for entertainment content and digital media, aided by technological developments that enable content production at lower costs.

The significant increase in advertising growth for entertainment and digital media content, as highlighted by Nezar, indicates a paradigm shift in marketing strategies. Companies are increasingly realising the appeal of digital content and the potential for more accurate segmentation through the use of AI technology. The ability to produce content at lower costs is also an additional incentive to adopt digital solutions in advertising campaigns.

Data has revealed that the global television service user base will reach 5.7 billion by 2027, indicating a sustained high demand for entertainment content. The annual growth of approximately 3.66% until 2027 confirms that this market continues to expand, creating opportunities for industry players to innovate and adapt to continuous changes.

Further, the global TV and Video industry’s growth of 3.04% per year in the period 2024-2028, estimated to reach US$805.2 billion, marks the positive impact of digital disruption. As a growing sector, advertising becomes one of the main drivers of this growth, demonstrating that advertisers increasingly recognise the value and effectiveness of ads in the continually evolving digital environment.

By leveraging the advancements in digital technology, including AI, the entertainment and television industry can continue to explore new opportunities. Innovative strategies, rapid adaptation to market trends, and the utilisation of technology will be the keys to success in facing digital disruption, propelling this industry to higher levels of competitiveness in the modern era.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

In the midst of the projected demographic bonus that Indonesia is expected to enjoy in 2030, Deputy Minister of Communication and Informatics Nezar Patria, represented by his expert staff in the field of Social, Economic, and Cultural Affairs, R Wijaya Kusumawardhana, highlighted the crucial role of the younger generation in shaping Indonesia’s future towards the Golden Era of 2045.

During the meeting held in Yogyakarta, he expressed that the current generation, aged between 15 and 30, is anticipated to play a pivotal role in realising the vision of Indonesia Emas 2045.

Wijaya emphasised that the younger generation is not only the largest user of social media in Indonesia but also a driving force behind the potential of the digital economy. Projections indicate that the digital economy’s contribution from this generation is expected to reach 20.7% of Indonesia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2045.

The impact of the younger generation’s involvement in the digital economy is significant, with the potential to reduce poverty and contribute to the overall economic growth of the country. The government is also focusing on accelerating Indonesia’s digital economy by developing the digital skills of the younger generation, particularly Generation Z and Millennials.

The role of innovative young talent and digital literacy is seen as a prerequisite for realising Indonesia’s future as a leading economy in 2045, supported by the growth of micro, small, and medium enterprises (UMKM) and the startup community. Here are some roles they play:

  1. Promoting Digital Literacy: The Indonesian government needs to promote digital literacy among UMKM and startups to support initiatives such as HUB.ID and Sekolah Beta for development.
  2. Investing in Digital Infrastructure: The Indonesian government needs to invest in digital infrastructure to support digital economic growth, including improving internet connectivity and digital payment systems.
  3. Providing Access to Financing: UMKM and startups need access to financing to grow and expand their businesses. The Indonesian government has implemented programmes such as the National Economic Recovery Programme (PEN) and collaborated with financial institutions to provide them access to financing.
  4. Encouraging Innovation: The Indonesian government needs to encourage innovation and technological development, such as policies on digital financing and the use of artificial intelligence, which is expected to enhance productivity and income.

Responding to the need for human resources in the digital sector, Wijaya stated that Indonesia requires at least 9 million semi-skilled and skilled workers in the digital field between 2015 and 2030. However, he also emphasised the importance of productivity, considering that despite internet penetration reaching 78.19% of the total population or 215.63 million people, there is still a lack of productivity in the utilisation of the internet by the community.

Given the rapid development of digital technologies, such as cybersecurity, cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, and artificial intelligence (AI), Wijaya advocated for the mapping of the community’s conditions related to infrastructure, digital skills, and empowerment of digital technology. He highlighted that to meet these needs, the optimisation of AI technology is necessary to provide convenience in daily life. However, he also cautioned that understanding the limitations of AI utilisation is crucial for users.

The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has facilitated various initiatives, including training programmes like the Digital Talent Scholarship (DTS) and Digital Leadership Academy (DLA). The DTS programme is divided into seven academies, catering to different aspects of digital skills. In contrast, the DLA programme aims to train 550 elite youth, including government officials and private sector leaders, in digital transformation.

These programmes aim to develop digital talent and leadership among the younger generation in Indonesia, aligning with the country’s efforts to become a leading economy by 2045. The government is committed to enhancing the digital skills of young people, especially Generation Z and Millennials, to support the growth of the digital economy and alleviate poverty.

In the context of collaboration, this meeting also involved various youth communities in Indonesia. Suwondo Nainggolan, the Chief of Police in Yogyakarta, participated as a speaker, demonstrating cross-sectoral support in facing the challenges and opportunities in this era of digital transformation.

A Cultural and Digital Communication Observer at the University of Indonesia (UI), Firman Kurniawan, warned the Ministry of Communication and Informatics that the methods of spreading hoaxes related to the 2024 General Election (Pemilu) are becoming more diverse. “The Ministry of Communication and Informatics has been working hard and systematically in handling election hoaxes. But if we look at the methods of spreading hoaxes, they are continuously evolving,” said Firman.

Image credits: antaranews.com

Firman highlighted the complexity of the challenges in combating the spread of hoaxes, especially in the context of elections. He expresses concern about the negative impact that hoaxes can have, including damaging the reputation of candidates, triggering social conflicts, and undermining public trust in the democratic process.

Firman emphasised the importance of enhancing digital literacy among the public to address these issues. According to him, knowing how to identify valid and critical information in the digital world can serve as a strong defence against the spread of hoaxes. Firman also calls on mass media, government institutions, and online platforms to collaborate more closely in detecting and addressing hoaxes.

“Currently, we are not only dealing with openly spread hoaxes but also increasingly sophisticated tactics, utilising artificial intelligence,” Firman said. He underscored the need for investment in hoax detection technology to identify complex patterns and recognise media manipulation.

Firman argued that preventive measures need to be reinforced with stricter regulations on the spread of hoaxes. While acknowledging the importance of freedom of expression, he believed that certain limits must be imposed to protect the integrity of democracy. According to him, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics must work with others in handling such hoaxes. He emphasised the need for cooperation between the government, online platforms, and civil society in developing a balanced and effective regulatory framework.

Collaboration with various parties, such as hoax victims like legislative candidates, presidential and vice-presidential candidates, and political parties participating in the election, is necessary. The Ministry of Communication and Informatics also needs to collaborate with hoax consumers, who, in this case, are the general public.

Firman believed that the Ministry of Communication and Informatics could collectively map and examine the circulating hoaxes by involving those who have fallen victim to hoaxes. Additionally, hoax consumers must be engaged to understand how hoaxes operate and become more vigilant.

“Hoaxes are network-based material. Therefore, the approach to overcoming them should also be network-based. Collaboration needs to be built. The Ministry of Communication and Informatics cannot stand alone,” said Firman.

Firman emphasised that strengthening the public’s immunity to hoaxes is not solely the government’s responsibility but involves all layers of society. He suggested that education and awareness campaigns need to be intensified through conventional channels and social media so that the public has a better understanding of the threat of hoaxes and their impact on the democratic process.

Firman supported collaboration between the government, schools, media institutions, and civil society organisations to organise digital literacy training programmes in this context. He believed that increasing public understanding of identifying hoaxes would make people more vigilant and critical information consumers.

“The Ministry of Communication and Informatics can play a role as a facilitator in bridging various parties to collectively overcome the challenges of spreading hoaxes. However, active participation from the public in these efforts cannot be ignored,” Firman asserted. He added that educating the public about the risks of hoaxes is not just a preventive step but also a long-term investment in maintaining the health of democracy.

Firman is optimistic that the spread of hoaxes can be significantly reduced with awareness and strong immunity among the public. He calls on all parties to collaborate, support each other, and create an environment of truthful and honest information, ensuring that the 2024 General Election takes place with preserved integrity and trust.

President Joko Widodo issued Presidential Regulation 82 of 2023 on the Acceleration of Digital Transformation and National Digital Service Integration to support the acceleration of digital transformation in Indonesia. Through this regulation, the government aims to integrate national digital services by utilising the Electronic-Based Government System Application, especially in implementing the Electronic-Based Government System (SPBE), which is a priority.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

The Minister of Communication and Informatics, Budi Arie Setiadi, expressed full support for the Minister of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform, Azwar Anas, by providing the necessary digital infrastructure. He emphasised that the Ministry of Communication and Informatics (Kominfo) is ready to accelerate digital transformation and national digital service integration by the directives of Presidential Regulation 82 of 2023. In this context, Kominfo will leverage existing digital infrastructure, including broadband networks and the National Data Centre.

The significance of accelerating national digital transformation is also a primary focus in the Vision of Indonesia Digital 2045, recently announced by the Kominfo. Minister Budi Arie reaffirmed his readiness to synergise with the Ministry of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform (PANRB) to expedite digital transformation in Indonesia. In alignment with this vision, Kominfo is committed to supporting PANRB and establishing closer cooperation to facilitate the implementation of Presidential Regulation 95 of 2018 on SPBE by their respective duties and responsibilities.

The meeting between Minister Budi Arie Setiadi and high-ranking officials from the Ministry of PANRB in South Jakarta marks a commitment in formulating concrete steps to achieve digital transformation goals.

Minister Budi Arie, accompanied by relevant officials such as the Director-General of Resources and Devices for Posts and Informatics Ismail, the Director-General of Postal and Informatics Organisation Wayan Toni Supriyanto, Acting Secretary-General Imam Suwandi, and Acting Director-General of Informatics Applications I Nyoman Adhiarna, all agreed to collaborate in supporting the successful implementation of digital transformation in the country.

Further, Minister Budi Arie Setiadi emphasised that the fundamental principles of digital development, which involve connecting the unconnected, self-reliance, and digital sovereignty, serve as the foundation for the Kominfo in pioneering the era of digital transformation in Indonesia. With various prepared programmes, the Kominfo plays a crucial role in ensuring that digital transformation flows from upstream to downstream.

One of Kominfo’s primary focuses in realising these efforts is ensuring that 4G mobile services are available evenly across all regions of Indonesia, enabling every segment of society to reap its benefits. Additionally, Kominfo is committed to creating a safe digital space where the public can engage in online activities without concerns about digital security risks. Ensuring the protection of the public is a priority, positioning Kominfo as the vanguard in providing a secure digital environment.

Moreover, Kominfo actively supports the creation of a fair level playing field in related sectors. These efforts aim to enable established and emerging businesses to compete fairly and healthily in the digital world. Supporting digitalisation in all sectors is one of the ways Kominfo encourages economic growth and innovation in Indonesia.

The slogan “Indonesia Terkoneksi: Semakin Digital, Semakin Maju!” (“Indonesia Connected: More Digital, More Advanced!”) serves as the shared spirit and aspiration endorsed by Kominfo. However, downstream activities in all sectors need severe attention and must be implemented simultaneously to achieve this success. The Ministry of Communication and Informatics knows these challenges cannot be overcome in isolation.

Therefore, collaboration between all government entities, societal layers, and business stakeholders is essential to achieving common goals in realising a successful and sustainable digital transformation in Indonesia. Indonesia can only enter the digital era with sustainability progress through collective efforts.

With self-reliance, digital sovereignty, and a collaborative spirit as fundamental principles, Kominfo is ready to play its strategic role in realising Indonesia’s vision of accelerating digital transformation. Indonesia will become a resilient and empowered nation facing challenges and opportunities in this digital era through a holistic approach and close collaboration.

As part of Indonesia’s preparation towards a national strategy to achieve Indonesia Digital 2045, as a direct derivative of the Golden Indonesia Vision 2045, the government has unveiled the Indonesia Digital Vision (VID) 2045.

Image credits: kominfo.go.id

Minister of Communication and Information Technology Budi Arie Setiadi urged collaboration and support from all parties to realise an inclusive and collaborative digital ecosystem based on innovation that supports Indonesia’s advancement, sovereignty, and sustainability.

“There is a need for shared understanding and measurable implementation steps that align between government institutions, the private sector, and society. We expect real support and follow-up actions from every government entity that plays a role and collaborates with the private and public sectors to be promptly realised in each sector,” he expressed during a meeting with the Minister of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform, Azwar Anas, at the Ministry of PANRB.

In achieving VID 2045, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology emphasised inclusive digital development, ensuring equal access to digital services and providing a secure digital space for all layers of society.

“For this, extensive communication is needed regarding the vision, mission, direction, policies, and strategies to all stakeholders,” he emphasised.

In this context, economic progress stands as one of the top priorities. As the Golden Indonesia vision aims to transform the country into a developed nation and the world’s fifth-largest economy by 2045, accelerating economic growth becomes a critical element of the Indonesia Digital 2045 strategy. Collaboration between the government, private sector, and society is crucial to achieving this goal. Minister Budi Arie Setiadi stressed the need for shared understanding and the implementation of measured steps.

The Indonesian government is committed to creating an inclusive and collaborative digital ecosystem. Genuine support and follow-up from all government entities are expected to expedite development in the digital sector. This collaboration also involves the private and public sectors, ensuring each sector contributes maximally according to its expertise and capabilities.

Furthermore, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance, led by Sri Mulyani, have initiated the development of a National Portal. This portal is designed to facilitate the public in making tax payments through digital payment platforms.

“The support from the Ministry of Finance will undoubtedly smooth our steps in facilitating the public, especially concerning digital payments,” expressed the Minister of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform, Abdullah Azwar Anas, during a meeting with Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani Indrawati at the Ministry of Finance office.

This portal has three main focuses: digital identity, data exchange, and digital payment. In this regard, the Ministry of Finance actively supports the maturation of digital payment. Minister Anas explained that Digital Payment is a part of Digital Public Infrastructure, which is the focus of government digitisation.

The Ministry of Finance is not alone in this strategic economic initiative. Other relevant institutions include the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) and the Ministry of National Development Planning (PPN)/Bappenas.

In the future, the public can conduct various tax payments, Tabungan Perumahan Rakyat (Tapera), and other services through a platform connected to various digital payment methods. “The medium-term goal is to provide integrated services, significant access, and user-friendly technology,” said Minister Anas.

The Ministry of Finance will optimise an integrated payment system (payment gateway) connected to all digital government services. This optimisation aims to simplify the payment system connected to various financial services nationally and internationally.

Four stages in accelerating the digital transformation of the government have been prepared. Firstly, consolidate services into one public portal and one apparatus portal. Secondly, it accelerates the development of priority digital services and systems. The third step is to build and strengthen GovTech Indonesia, focusing on providing convenience.

Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani emphasised that digital transformation is crucial for reforming various sectors. “So that people don’t have alternatives. This is what will change the structure of institutions and how individuals interact,” Sri Mulyani firmly stated.

As a resolution for the year 2024, the Ministry of State Apparatus Empowerment and Bureaucratic Reform (PANRB) under Abdullah Azwar Anas has reviewed the readiness for the implementation of digital transformation alongside the Electronic Government System (SPBE) team at the PANRB Ministry Office in Jakarta. Minister Anas visited the meeting room of the Institutional and Administrative Deputy to discuss the technical strategies of digital transformation that government agencies will execute and the readiness of the soon-to-be-launched GovTech.

Image credits: menpan.go.id

GovTech stands for Government Technology, referring to government agencies implementing technology in their tasks. GovTech aims to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of public services by leveraging technologies such as artificial intelligence, advanced sensing, blockchain, and others. In Indonesia, the government plans to establish GovTech Indonesia by expanding the scale of the Digital Transformation Office (DTO) as one of the strategies to accelerate the digital transformation process in Indonesia.

Since 2023, Indonesia has implemented a series of progressive efforts to carry out extensive digital transformation. These steps include the implementation of the Public Service Mall (Mal Pelayanan Publik), an innovative platform aimed at accelerating decision-making in the public domain. Furthermore, significant achievements have been realised through the launch of the SATRIA Satellite, an initiative to optimise communication networks in remote, marginalised, and underserved areas (3T).

The SATRIA Satellite is a technological facility and a concrete step towards accelerating connectivity and access to information in previously limited regions. This initiative improves internet connectivity and provides a positive boost to economic development and the quality of life for local communities.

Additionally, Indonesia has been actively supporting the preparation of a digitally literate workforce. Training and education programmes have been implemented to ensure Indonesia’s workforce possesses the skills and knowledge needed to compete in the digital era. The increased digital literacy efforts are directed not only towards individuals already in the workforce but also towards the younger generation through an updated national education system.

All these steps reflect Indonesia’s commitment to facing global challenges in the digital era and positioning the country as a critical player in the global technology ecosystem. The ongoing digital transformation in the country impacts not only the economic sector but also the social and educational structures, creating a robust foundation for sustainable growth and long-term progress.

In cybersecurity, under the leadership of Budi Arie Setiadi, the Minister of Communication and Information, significant strides have been made in disrupting access to over 800,000 online gambling contents, including websites, IPs, applications, and file-sharing. Despite legal regulations against criminal gambling activities in Indonesia, such as stipulated in Article 303 of the Criminal Code and Article 303 bis of the Criminal Code, the issue of online gambling remains unresolved. Minister Budi Arie stated that the Ministry of Communication and Information collaborates with the Financial Services Authority (OJK) to block accounts related to online gambling.

“Kominfo collaborates with various stakeholders in combating online gambling. We work together with OJK, telecommunications and internet service providers, and digital platforms,” he emphasised.

The Minister of Communication and Information has requested internet service providers (ISPs) and mobile operators to enhance efforts in eradicating online gambling by ensuring the accuracy of system synchronisation in databases containing gambling content.

Observing Indonesia’s seriousness in preparing for digital transformation, encompassing public policies and cybersecurity establishes a solid foundation for the growth of the technology ecosystem. Indonesia continues to build a strong foundation to realise its vision of digital transformation through a combination of efforts to enhance public services, launch satellites for connectivity in remote areas, support digital literacy, and strengthen cybersecurity. These efforts not only reshape the technological landscape domestically but also position Indonesia as a regional leader in facing and harnessing the potential of the digital era.


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