Search
Close this search box.

We are creating some awesome events for you. Kindly bear with us.

Indian space agency working on systems to forecast cyclones, floods, landslides, extreme weather events

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is developing systems to forecast natural disasters, using satellite-derived information, that could be used as input by disaster management agencies and the state governments.
Some of the methodologies developed include the following:

  • Cyclone formation, track and Intensity: This system would be used for forecasting cyclone formation, tracking their path and intensity. The methodology developed has been transferred to India meteorological Department (IMD), which handles cyclone forecasts.
  • Flood Early Warning System (FLEW): The North Eastern Space Applications Centre (NESAC) of ISRO has developed the Flood Early Warning System (FLEWS) as a Research & Development (R&D) project in state of Assam, in association with the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA).

The FLEWS model is already being used in all 25 flood prone districts of Assam. Another model for forecasting floods in the Godavari floodplains in Andhra Pradesh has been developed by National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of ISRO. The methodology is being used by Central Water Commission (CWC). ISRO is developing similar systems for Krishna, Brahmani-Baitarani, Ghagra, Gandak, and Kosi rivers.

  • Heavy Rainfall/ cloud burst alerts: The Space Applications Centre (SAC; it focuses on the design of space-borne instruments for ISRO missions and development and operationalisation of applications of space technology for societal benefits ) of ISRO has developed a model for heavy rainfall / cloud burst alerts. The information is made available on ISRO’s Meteorological & Oceanographic Satellite Data Archival Centre (MOSDAC) website.

Rainfall triggered landslide alerts for the Uttarakhand Region: An experimental early warning system for rainfall triggered landslides is developed for use along the route corridors leading to the pilgrimage sites of Gangotri, Badrinath and Kedarnath (hundreds of thousands of pilgrims travel along these routes each year), as well as along the Pithoragarh-Malpa route in Uttarakhand. Landslide warnings are generated based on the statistical relation between the terrain (geological, morphological) and temporal (primarily long term rainfall events) factors.

  • Extreme weather events:  ISRO has developed experimental methodologies for early warning of extreme weather events, such as heat waves, using numerical weather predictions. This information derived is also being made available on the MOSDAC website.

Satellite missions

ISRO also two satellite missions, namely MeghaTropiques (launched in Oct 2011) and SARAL (launched in Feb 2013), in collaboration with French National Space Agency (CNES).

SARAL performs altimetric measurements designed to study ocean circulation and sea surface elevation, while the MeghaTropiques mission is delivering a dynamic three-dimensional picture of different states of water in the atmosphere. The position of the satellite over the inter-tropical belt, in a low-inclination orbit enables up to five revisits to the same location every day, allowing it to achieve remarkable progress in estimating rainfall and forecasting cyclones, monsoons and droughts. In October 2016, a 4-year extension was signed for the project.

Currently, ISRO is working with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from the USA on a joint satellite mission, ‘NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR), to be launched by 2020-21.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) refers to a technique for producing fine resolution images from an intrinsically resolution-limited radar system. The satellite is designed to observe and take measurements of some of the planet’s most complex processes, including ecosystem disturbances, ice-sheet collapse, and natural hazards such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes and landslides. Data collected from NISAR will reveal information about the evolution and state of Earth’s crust, help scientists better understand our planet’s processes and changing climate, and aid future resource and hazard management.

The fund allocation for MeghaTropiques is INR 816 million (~USD 12.6 million), for SARAL is INR 738 million (USD 11 million) and INR 5.1 billion (USD 78 million) for NISAR.

Read the press release here.

Featured image: Indian Navy/ CC BY 2.5 IN

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

PARTNER

As a Titanium Black Partner of Dell Technologies, CTC Global Singapore boasts unparalleled access to resources.

Established in 1972, we bring 52 years of experience to the table, solidifying our position as a leading IT solutions provider in Singapore. With over 300 qualified IT professionals, we are dedicated to delivering integrated solutions that empower your organization in key areas such as Automation & AI, Cyber Security, App Modernization & Data Analytics, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Renowned for our consulting expertise and delivering expert IT solutions, CTC Global Singapore has become the preferred IT outsourcing partner for businesses across Singapore.

PARTNER

Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

PARTNER

HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

PARTNER

IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.