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Improving AI-enabled Healthcare in the U.S.

A data scientist said during an online demonstration of the solution that a toolkit that can reduce algorithmic bias in Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools for the health industry would mean better care for everyone. The unique risks in algorithmic bias come from the way that it allows the systematic and repeatable automation of biases to impact people on a previously impossible scale. Designers may input the assumptions into the technology so they should be tested to ensure they are not automating harm.

Called Diagnosing Bias, the toolkit contains resources to help government health care procurement officers incorporate best practices for algorithmic accountability. The toolkit’s two main elements are a procurement template generator tool with AI contract riders and the AI Model Checklist.

– Matthew Zhou, Tech Policy Fellow, Aspen Institute

The template generator provides procurement officers with a readymade template for writing health care AI contracts that includes clauses addressing transparency, bias mitigation, security and privacy. This is not unlike a request for proposal templates common for many other purchases, such as property. The goal is to make these templates open-sourced and freely available to procurement officers.

The second tool is the checklist, which provides a set of guiding questions and transparency artefacts that procurement officers can solicit from health care AI companies at each stage of the AI design process. Health care AI has the potential to vastly improve medicine – once bias is minimised. A Science Academic Journal article stated that health care algorithms overlooked 28% of Black patients when compared to white patients with the same disease.

The National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation offers examples: The American Heart Association’s Heart Failure Risk Score assigns three additional points to patients identified as “nonblack,” which may raise the bar for hospital admission for Black patients. The STONE score, which predicts the likelihood of kidney stones in patients who arrive at the emergency room with flank pain adds three points for “nonblack” patients, leading clinicians away from diagnosing the condition.

As AI is among the most important technological developments in the healthcare sector, numerous startups are developing AI-driven imaging and diagnostic solutions that are accountable for the growth of the market. The US is evolving as a popular hub for healthcare innovations. Several start-ups have appeared in the last few years to automate the analysis of medical images. The COVID-19 outbreak has significantly promoted the implementation of remote health check-ups using digital tools, delivering clinical services to patients over distance rather than in-person.

A significant increase in the number of artificial intelligence startups in the healthcare sector is anticipated to positively influence the North American market growth during the forecast period. Additionally, the growing usage of artificial intelligence in the healthcare industry is among the other factors expected to fuel the demand for artificial intelligence in healthcare in North America.

As reported by OpenGov Asia, to help clinicians avoid remedies that may potentially contribute to a patient’s death, researchers at MIT have developed a machine learning model that could be used to identify treatments that pose a higher risk than other options. Their model can also warn doctors when a septic patient is approaching a medical dead end — the point when the patient will most likely die no matter what treatment is used — so that they can intervene before it is too late.

When utilised to a dataset of sepsis sufferers in a hospital intensive care unit, the investigator mannequin confirmed that about 12% of the therapies for deceased sufferers have been dangerous. The research additionally exhibits that about 3% of sufferers who didn’t survive have been caught in a medical stalemate 48 hours earlier than demise.

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

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As a Titanium Black Partner of Dell Technologies, CTC Global Singapore boasts unparalleled access to resources.

Established in 1972, we bring 52 years of experience to the table, solidifying our position as a leading IT solutions provider in Singapore. With over 300 qualified IT professionals, we are dedicated to delivering integrated solutions that empower your organization in key areas such as Automation & AI, Cyber Security, App Modernization & Data Analytics, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Renowned for our consulting expertise and delivering expert IT solutions, CTC Global Singapore has become the preferred IT outsourcing partner for businesses across Singapore.

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Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

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HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

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IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and consulting services provider, helping clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,800 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently, and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity, and service. For more information, visit www.ibm.com