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Indonesia: Unmanned Aircraft and IoT for Cleaner Ports

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To support the Net Zero Emission (NZE) 2050 programme, a team of lecturers from Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) has developed an advanced ship emission monitoring device in the port area. This innovation addresses the significant impact of exhaust emissions from ships on air pollution, contributing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and fostering a cleaner environment.

At the forefront of their ingenious approach lies the integration of Unmanned Aircraft (PUTA) technology and the Internet of Things (IoT) to create a comprehensive monitoring system capable of accurately measuring ship emissions. Using Unmanned Aircraft ensures that data collection can be conducted flexibly and efficiently, covering vast areas of the port region. Paired with the power of IoT, this novel device enables real-time tracking and analysis of ship exhaust emissions, facilitating prompt decision-making and targeted actions to combat pollution effectively.

The ITS team’s cutting-edge ship emission monitoring device actively supports the NZE 2050 initiative, fostering a cleaner, greener environment. Their commitment to innovation and collaboration reflects the urgency in mitigating air pollution’s impact and advancing climate change solutions for a sustainable future.

ITS and maritime and shipping company, along with aerotechnology company, are partners in supporting the innovations developed by the ITS lecturer team. The collaboration addresses the need for a monitoring system for ship exhaust emissions in Indonesia. It led to the conception of a ship emission monitoring device based on PUTA and the IoT.

Muhammad Riduwan, a lecturer at the Department of Marine Transportation Engineering ITS, familiarly known as the man behind the idea, emphasised that combining PUTA and IoT offers an effective and efficient solution to this problem. He elaborated on the intended effectiveness and efficiency, stating that PUTA can be remotely controlled through a smartphone or computer, eliminating the need for complex hardware systems.

“Only a software system is required to monitor ship emissions in the port area. Real-time data on ship emissions can be obtained through a controlling website, providing valuable insights into the environmental impact,” he explained.

Additional clarification is provided regarding the direct and indirect benefits and impact of ITS and its related partners’ innovations.

The system operates by deploying PUTA within the port area and installing four sensors to detect SOx, NOx, COx, and PM emissions from ships. The gas monitoring conducted by PUTA provides real-time data accessible through the ITS lecturer team’s developed website. This website displays the emission levels of ships and monitors whether they adhere to IMO regulations, ensuring compliance and environmental standards.

Furthermore, the ITS lecturer team’s innovation is a collaborative effort between the Department of Marine Transportation Engineering and the Software Engineering Study Programme (RPL Study Programme) from the Department of Informatics at ITS.

Alongside Riduwan, other ITS lecturers involved in this project include Ir Tri Achmadi, PhD, Maulana Yafie Danendra ST MLog, and Siska Arifiani SKom MKom. Ten students from the respective departments have also been actively engaged in the development process to enhance the project’s scope and potential impact.

Collaborating closely with private sector companies, the team is dedicated to advancing this innovative project, which is currently in the developmental phase. The initial testing of this technology is planned to take place at one of the ports in the Bangkalan area, Madura.

Riduwan  believe, the innovations initiated by ITS have the potential to bring about positive effects in multiple ways. These benefits can enhance various aspects, such as environmental monitoring and technological advancements. Simultaneously, they can indirectly contribute to broader initiatives, such as the NZE 2050 programme, by mitigating air pollution and reducing greenhouse gas emissions through digital technology.


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