Worldwide, 2019 saw waves of cyberattacks that amounted to trillions of dollars in losses. Hackers are constantly devising way new ways to break through these constructed walls of security. Hence, it is crucial now more than ever to be vigilant and prepared for such attacks.
Both the public and private sectors strive to ensure that digital security efforts remain robust in an ever-changing landscape. As with other countries, Finland has set in place strategies to combat cyber resilience challenges and protect its businesses’ and citizens’ data.
OpenGov had the opportunity to speak with Antti Savolainen, Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) for the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, to gain insights into the measures taken by the Finnish Government to strengthen its cyber resilience.
Savolainen is responsible for the cybersecurity of Finnish foreign and diplomatic service. He plays an important role as a link between business leaders and IT, and his main focus areas are risk management, security awareness and incident management.
Savolainen has CISSP and RIMAP certifications. He is also a host of a track in Disobey-hacker conference.
Savolainen is interested in gamification and cybersecurity of smart cities and peace mediation.
Before joining the MFA in 2005, Savolainen was a security consultant at an IT service provider and an infantry officer in the Finnish Defence Forces.
He is a speaker at the upcoming Singapore OpenGov Leadership Forum 2020 (SG OGLF 2020) and will be sharing his experiences and knowledge in this field.
Finnish government’s approach to cybersecurity
Savolainen shared that the Government of Finland had adopted a resolution on the Nation’s Cyber Security Strategy during its plenary session on 3rd October 2019.
The Finnish Cyber Security Strategy 2019 is focused on key national objectives which are to develop the cyber environment and to safeguard key functions. The reform and implementation of this strategy are based on the political agenda of the present Government.
The current strategy relies on the general principles of the former cybersecurity strategy, laid out by the government in 2013. The present strategy and its implementation are also a part of the implementation of the European Union´s Cyber Security Strategy. Influential changes in the operating environment and the identified development needs for work at the national level have pushed the government to update the national strategy.
Savolainen listed the following strategic guidelines of the Finnish Cyber Security Strategy 2019:
- International cooperation
- Improved coordination of cybersecurity management, planning and preparedness
- Developing cybersecurity competence
The cybersecurity development programme is set to go beyond government terms, upgrading the allocation of resources and improvement of cooperation for cybersecurity. National cybersecurity policies will be strengthened and there will be a better understanding of cybersecurity projects, research and development programmes.
As part of the programme, there will be an establishment of a dedicated position of Cyber Security Director by the Ministry of Transport and Communications, for coordinating the national development of cybersecurity.
Technologies for enforcing cyber resilience
There is a wide range of technologies in place to enforce cyber resilience. Savolainen shared that the first step to doing so is cyber hygiene. This refers to all systems and networks being designed to resist different forms of cyber disruptions.
Security culture as the solid base for the security technology
“Naturally the technology is not the single silver bullet in solving the challenges. The resilience to cyberattacks comes with security culture, where awareness and education of it produces a positive end-user experience.”
The ‘system resilience by security culture’ is only possible if the system design, development, testing and implementation are made with discipline manners, for example, the DevSecOps-concept.
But this could also be jeopardised with a false sense of security. The weak usage and monitoring of encryption material (certifications, encryption keys, encryption parameters etc.) is one such example.
A “lazy admin”, system administrators with a lack of self-discipline are the quickest option for attackers to access key assets of the system. Following this, the attacker “lives of the land” and uses the system administration tools, technics and credentials to gain the foothold and broaden the attack.
Savolainen shared on some measures taken for ensuring that cyber resilience is enforced:
The National Cyber Security Center (NCSC-FI) delivers and maintains a sensor network called HAVARO. It monitors the internet data flow of key organisations of national cyber assets. This includes governmental organisations and companies tied to the national supply (finance, energy, logistics, digitalisation).
The NCSC-FI monitors and notifies the owner of the network from which the alerts originate. This service is an addition to the organisations’ own responsibility for monitoring its networks.
Isolating the classified information into separated networks and systems ensures that the attack surface is minimalised and beyond the reach from the internet. Savolainen emphasised that this should be made with a strong encryption of the networks (VPN), strong authentication, tempest shielding and constant monitoring and response.
Approaching a cyberattack
The first notice of the attack comes either from the target, internet operator, NCSA-FI or exchange of international cyber intelligence. It may come also from an independent source, such as the media, a hacker or a security researcher.
After the initial analysis of the attack, some of these measures will be adopted for countering the attack:
- Allow the attack to continue
Note: this is strongly advised only if the cyber/intelligence authorities need more information about the attacker for attribution etc.
- Limit or stop the attack net flow
- Isolation of the compromised part of the network
Further analysis of the attack will be done to recognise the following:
- The attack method in different phases of attack
- Vulnerabilities exploited in the attack
- Origin or waypoints of the attack
- Ultimate target of the attack, more complete list of the compromised assets
- The attacker command & control methods in/out the target, the exfiltration method and address
Initiatives by government for educating people/businesses on cyber resilience
The NCSC-FI releases a monthly Cyber Weather report named Kybersää. This report covers the six information security phenomena as follows:
- Network performance
- Malware and vulnerabilities
- Data breaches and leaks
- Scams and phishing
- IoT and automation.
There are three stages for monitoring cybersecurity phenomena. The Cyber Weather conditions may either be calm, worrying or serious.
Anticipating and approaching cyber-attacks
Cyber-attacks are cheaper and easier to launch. Attributing the attack to the source is quite hard, if not impossible. The lack of international regulation provides safe havens for cybercriminals and rogue nations to see this situation as useful for their cyber operations. “The attacks are here to stay,” said Savolainen.
Any regular organisation should agree that they are not capable to avoid the attack in advance, but they should develop the skills to recognise and limit the attack before the attacker gets to the crown jewels.
They should follow the three-step method of surveillance, research and exercise.
Countering a cyberattack
It is imperative for organisations to recognise the attack to stop it. They need to study and research the attacks and exchange information with allies to stay up to the game.
Surveillance and monitoring are important to recognise what should be studied. At the national level, this means getting onboard the internet operators, together with other significant ICT-service and capacity providers. Below the national level, every organisation should take care of their own network, systems and services. Co-operation between the cyber professionals in the same business area amplifies this, especially when business competitors form alliances against cybercriminals.
In Finland, every insurance company reports their cases into a shared information system to counter the insurance frauds. An insurance company can notice if someone claims compensation for the same incident from six different insurance companies.
This same idea about a coalition between competitors could apply in cybersecurity too. They could use proxies, where one does not want to share their findings by their own name. A local security company could do that too.
Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland shares a lot of cyber-related information via proxies like NCSC-FI and cybersecurity provider. Mostly the only need is to sanitise the origin of the information to hide our true surveillance capability.
Savolainen stressed that one cannot perform well in real situations without practising and exercising. Or you can avoid common mistakes and make shortcuts when you know the accurate process and contacts.
Exercising should be practised at the team, organisation and national levels. The exercises do not have to be massive and showy to get into the point. Like fire drills, you need to walk the exit route and make sure everyone’s out. You do not have to have smoke and explosions or stuntmen jumping out of windows.
Going through the checklists once a year is far better than once in five years organized spectacle; opting for both is ideal, of course.
What cybersecurity-related topics can be expected during the SG OGLF 2020?
“I’m sure that we cannot avoid talking about AI/ML,” said Savolainen. Topics on AI-powered-deep- fake-videos or netflow analysis will also be discussed.
Savolainen will also engage in discussing Cybersecurity as part of a foreign policy tool kit and on the international regulation of cyber weapons.
He looks forward to having an engaging session and delving into other topics, apart from these I hope there would be also something else than those hard-shelled things. “I would like to have a good conversation about smart city cyber issues from different angles,” he said.
The Philippines, situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire, is uniquely susceptible to a range of natural disasters stemming from its geographical location, including typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions, which render it particularly vulnerable. Nevertheless, in response to these formidable challenges, the nation has embarked on an impressive trajectory of resilience enhancement, strategically emphasising the convergence of technology and preparedness as key focal points in their efforts.
As the impact of climate and its cascading effects intensify, the Philippines’ exposure to natural hazards and the significance of resilience has surged. Recognising the limitations of traditional disaster responses, the country has shifted focus. Instead of relying solely on those methods, they’re embracing forward-thinking strategies that integrate proactive measures and technological advancements to effectively confront these challenges head-on.
The core of this transition lies in the effectiveness of the integration of technology with disaster preparedness. This fusion of innovation and readiness is indispensable in the face of ever more frequent and severe natural calamities. In an era where data analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and early warning systems have reached new heights, the Philippines is leveraging these technologies to build a nation better equipped to withstand and rebound from disasters.
The Philippines’ journey towards resilience is characterised by progressive solutions built on technology. From early warning systems that provide timely alerts to communities, to advanced data analytics aiding in disaster risk reduction, the country is pioneering approaches that safeguard its people, infrastructure, and economy.
Moreover, this evolution is not contained within national borders. The Philippines acknowledges the interconnectedness of global resilience, actively participating in international collaborations and sharing its expertise to enhance global disaster preparedness.
Engr. Niñaliza H. Escorial, the Deputy Executive Director of the Philippine Council for Industry, Energy, and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) within the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), discusses their vision in response to the rapidly changing global landscape of emerging technologies with OpenGov Asia.
She highlights the agency’s commitment to fostering advancements in Quantum technology, agreeing that it is in a nascent development stage. In a bid to enhance capabilities, PCIEERD is actively seeking collaborative partnerships abroad, emphasising knowledge exchange and capacity-building initiatives. The first step in this endeavour involves establishing an innovation laboratory in collaboration with DOST-ASTI, dedicated to Quantum technology research and development.
Engr. Niñaliza underscores PCIEERD’s dedication to technological innovation, particularly in advanced manufacturing, which greatly supports industries engaged in prototype development. They know the significance of acquiring substantial equipment, considering it pivotal in fostering growth and bolstering competitiveness within the industrial sector.
Acknowledging the pivotal role of blockchain technology within the technological landscape, PCIEERD is actively embracing its integration into their initiatives. Their strategic adoption of blockchain aims to fortify and elevate capabilities, emphasising the assurance of heightened security, transparency, and efficiency across an array of applications and systems within their purview. This deliberate incorporation signifies a proactive step towards optimising technological frameworks and operations for enhanced performance and reliability.
Simultaneously, PCIEERD is delving into Artificial Intelligence (AI), moving beyond exploration to practical applications. The focus extends to improving administrative processes through diverse AI applications. The agency is actively seeking ways to enhance and streamline administrative functions, emphasising efficiency and effectiveness.
Engr. Niñaliza elaborates on PCIEERD’s expansive AI initiatives, spanning various sectors to highlight the transformative capacity of AI applications. The agency is actively leveraging AI to revolutionise weather forecasting, understanding the critical necessity for enhanced accuracy and timeliness in predictions. This strategic utilisation of AI underscores their commitment to addressing pressing needs through technological innovation.
“By integrating AI into weather prediction models, the agency aims to enhance preparedness and response to changing weather conditions, contributing to overall disaster resilience,” Engr Niñaliza explains.
The focus extends to the projection and management of river systems, where AI technology proves invaluable in analysing complex hydrological data. This initiative enables more accurate predictions of river behaviour, vital for mitigating the impact of floods and ensuring sustainable water resource management.
As they also see the pivotal role of AI in ensuring a stable food supply, PCIEERD is deploying innovative AI applications in agro-industry. This includes optimising resource allocation, enhancing agro-industry practices, and improving overall crop yield and quality. These initiatives align with the agency’s commitment to harnessing technology for the nation’s food security.
AI has emerged as a vital tool in traffic management systems, with PCIEERD harnessing AI algorithms for monitoring and controlling traffic. Their goal is to ease congestion, improve transportation efficiency, and play a role in creating sustainable, more livable urban environments.
Within the manufacturing sector, PCIEERD’s focus extends to the integration of sensors, a strategic move to expedite production processes. This innovative approach enhances efficiency and precision in manufacturing, ultimately increasing productivity and global competitiveness.
Engr. Niñaliza expands on PCIEERD’s deployment of AI in health monitoring projects, specifically tailored for students. This proactive strategy facilitates early intervention, fostering a healthier learning atmosphere. It underscores the convergence of technology and public health, prioritising well-being within educational settings.
She highlights their steadfast commitment to making science accessible and relatable, especially to diverse audiences, with a primary focus on students. PCIEERD’s engagement in science communication is evident in strategically designed initiatives that foster a deeper understanding of scientific concepts.
Curated exhibits and workshops serve as dynamic platforms where students actively engage with scientific principles in a hands-on and immersive manner. These initiatives aim not only to impart knowledge but also to cultivate a genuine interest in science, aligning with educational curricula while promoting curiosity and exploration.
Taking cognisance of the evolving landscape of communication, PCIEERD actively harnesses the power of social media as a dynamic channel for disseminating scientific information. Through various platforms, the agency strives to reach a broader audience, transcending geographical constraints and connecting with individuals from diverse backgrounds.
The approach to science communication on social media is characterised by clarity, simplicity, and engagement, ensuring that complex scientific concepts are presented in an accessible and understandable manner.
PCIEERD’s main objective is to democratise science communication, making it accessible to individuals at all levels of familiarity with scientific concepts. The agency aims to simplify science, translating intricate ideas into language and visuals that resonate with the general public. This approach fosters a culture of inclusivity, breaking down barriers between scientific knowledge and everyday understanding.
By prioritising science communication from the grassroots level, PCIEERD contributes to a broader societal understanding of the significance of science and technology. Through these initiatives, PCIEERD is actively bridging the gap between the scientific community and the public, fostering a more informed, engaged and scientifically literate society.
The efforts go beyond conveying information; they aim to inspire a sense of wonder and appreciation for the role of science in shaping the world.
PCIEERD’s international collaboration efforts extend to studying and benchmarking different food systems around the globe, particularly in terms of food technology. By exploring and learning from a wide range of methods, the agency seeks to integrate innovative food technologies that enhance productivity, reduce waste, and promote sustainability in agro-industry.
The primary focus lies in improving methods in agro-industry, streamlining supply chains, and strengthening a resilient food system capable of tackling the challenges presented by a swiftly evolving world. Insights gained will inform effective strategies, technological applications, and policy frameworks, tailor-fitted to strengthen the Philippines’ food security measures.
Acknowledging the environmental impact of waste, particularly its movement, PCIEERD is actively engaging in international collaboration on waste management. Through shared knowledge and best practices, the agency aims to minimise the environmental footprint of waste, emphasising sustainable waste disposal methods and embracing circular economy principles.
“One strategic avenue of international collaboration involves studying guidelines, especially during pandemics,” she elaborates.
They are keenly aware of the critical importance of understanding and adapting to global best practices in managing food systems amid pandemics, PCIEERD aims to examine diverse approaches worldwide. The emphasis is on collaboration to realise the goal of innovating food security initiatives through the use of advanced technologies.
Engr Niñaliza highlights the transformative potential of food technology as an essential in the fight against food hunger in the Philippines. The agency aims not only to develop solutions but also to craft comprehensive strategies that encompass both the preservation and consumption aspects of food.
By leveraging cutting-edge advancements in food technology, PCIEERD aspires to revolutionise the production, storage, and consumption of food, with the ultimate goal of significantly mitigating hunger on a large scale.
PCIEERD’s focus on preservation extends beyond traditional methods. The agency is actively seeking to harness innovative food preservation technologies to extend the shelf life of perishable goods, reduce post-harvest losses, and enhance the overall efficiency of the food supply chain.
“Through these efforts, PCIEERD aims to ensure that a greater quantity of nutritious food reaches those in need, contributing to the alleviation of hunger in local communities,” Engr Niñaliza asserts.
Simultaneously, PCIEERD recognises the crucial role of addressing consumption patterns as part of its strategy. The agency accentuates the importance of educating and engaging the public, particularly the youth, in a comprehensive awareness campaign.
This campaign aims to foster a deeper understanding of the role of food technology in daily life, making the public aware of the benefits of innovative food products and promoting sustainable and healthy dietary choices.
Considering the pivotal role of AI in shaping the future, PCIEERD is committed to fostering AI literacy, especially among the youth. Initiatives are underway to raise awareness among young stakeholders, ensuring they grasp the potential and responsible use of AI technologies.
PCIEERD aims to empower the younger generation with AI knowledge, cultivating a pool of innovators who can contribute to the development and implementation of AI solutions in diverse sectors, including addressing food security challenges.
In terms of AI, PCIEERD’s international collaboration efforts encompass discourses on AI guidelines. The agency aspires to ensure that its AI initiatives align with global ethical standards and technological norms. Addressing ethical concerns related to AI is paramount, and through international collaboration, PCIEERD aims to contribute to the development of comprehensive and universally applicable guidelines.
Engr Niñaliza envisions a unified roadmap for all DOST agencies, the goal is to harmonise efforts and resources, creating a symphony of innovation across science and technology.
This blueprint aims to streamline initiatives, eliminate redundancies, and optimise resource allocation. The strategy leverages the collective expertise of each DOST agency, fostering collaboration for a greater impact on a national scale.
“By aligning priorities, the roadmap addresses critical challenges, from industry development to energy security and emerging technologies,” she says emphatically. “The holistic approach ensures that advancements in one sector enhance progress in others, creating a ripple effect of positive change.”
This vision fosters interdisciplinary collaboration, breaking down silos to adapt swiftly to emerging trends. The goal is to position the Philippines as a dynamic force in the global scientific community.
Engr Niñaliza’s dream for DOST-PCIEERD is one of convergence, collaboration, and collective impact. Guided by a shared roadmap, the vision propels the nation forward into a future where the transformative power of science and technology uplifts every aspect of Filipino society. Through this unified approach, DOST-PCIEERD actively crafts a legacy of innovation for generations to come.
Being the first female deputy at PCIEERD, Engr Niñaliza sees her role as a testament to the agency’s strides in inclusivity and merit appreciation. With 35 years of dedicated service, her journey reflects a commitment to progress and witnessed significant improvements in the research and development system.
Rising through the ranks, she brings valuable insights, navigating the dynamic field with a comprehensive understanding of internal workings. Notable is the evolution in research and development, marked by a commitment to innovation. PCIEERD’s culture values forward-thinking approaches, staying at the forefront of technological advancements and expanding horizons in industry, energy, and emerging technologies.
PCIEERD embraces upskilling, ensuring the team remains adaptable and proficient in the latest tools and methodologies. Innovative processes, from project conceptualisation to execution, streamline approaches and position the agency as a dynamic entity within the DOST framework.
The collective journey strengthens PCIEERD, equipping it to fulfil its mandate with resilience. Engr Niñaliza takes pride in contributing to this positive trajectory and looks forward to advancements through continued innovation, upskilling, and excellence in research and development.
PCIEERD’s commitment to innovation and entrepreneurship is demonstrated by the ambitious goal of funding 20 startups annually with a dedicated budget of PHP5 million (SG$135,000). This initiative injects vitality into the local startup ecosystem, fostering technological advancements, economic growth, and job creation.
Inclusivity is a core focus, with dedicated programmes for women empowerment in entrepreneurship. Through Women Helping Women initiatives, PCIEERD addresses challenges faced by women entrepreneurs, providing support, mentorship, and financial assistance. Gender diversity is celebrated in STEM fields, breaking down barriers and inspiring the next generation of women.
PCIEERD’s commitment goes well beyond financial support, creating networking opportunities, mentorship programmes, and platforms for knowledge exchange. By addressing gender disparities and championing diversity, PCIEERD enriches the overall fabric of innovation and progress in society.
The advice given by Engr Niñaliza to anyone aiming for success, regardless of gender or background, is based on the conviction that dedication to ongoing learning and personal development is necessary to realise one’s greatest potential.
“It’s imperative to align your efforts with your strengths and passions, doing what you excel at and what truly ignites your enthusiasm,” she asserts. “Success often follows when we are dedicated to refining our skills and staying open to new knowledge.”
Engr Niñaliza has seen firsthand the transformative power of setting clear goals and persistently working towards S&T, as she progressed from a technical role to becoming the first female deputy of DOST PCIEERD. It emphasises the significance of having a clear direction and a road map for professional and personal goals.
Learning, according to her should be an ongoing process that is not limited by age or stage of career. The pursuit of knowledge and skill enhancement should be constant, whether in technical or administrative roles. Individuals who adopt this mindset are better able to adapt to changing challenges and remain relevant in their respective fields.
Engr Nializa understands the importance of recognising burnout and the need for periodic recovery. In the pursuit of success, it is critical to pay attention to one’s well-being and know when a break is required. Recovering from burnout enables rejuvenation and renewed focus, laying the groundwork for long-term success.
Her experience exemplifies the philosophy of pursuing excellence through passion alignment, continuous learning, and resilience.
“By maintaining a clear goal, staying dedicated to improvement, and understanding the importance of self-care, individuals can navigate their unique paths to success, contributing meaningfully to their fields and making a lasting impact on their personal and professional journeys,” Engr Niñaliza ends passionately.
Sebagai salah satu negara yang terletak di cincin Asia Pasifik, atau yang dikenal sebagai Cincin Api, Filipina menghadapi tantangan unik terkait ketahanan bencana. Terletak di tepi lempeng tektonik yang sangat aktif, gempa bumi seringkali terjadi di Filipina. Beberapa gempa tersebut diakibatkan oleh letusan gunung berapi ataupun badai tropis yang melanda wilayah ini.
Dengan geografi yang rentan terhadap berbagai ancaman bencana alam yang dapat terjadi sewaktu-waktu, pemerintah Filipina secara proaktif bekerja untuk meningkatkan kesiapsiagaan dan ketahanan mereka terhadap bencana. Melalui berbagai inisiatif dan program, Filipina berusaha membangun fondasi yang tangguh untuk melindungi penduduknya dan merespons dengan cepat setiap kali bencana melanda.
Salah satu aspek krusial dari upaya ini adalah dengan membangun langkah-langkah preventif dalam menghadapi gejala-gejala bencana alam. Sebagai perwakilan dari lembaga riset terkemuka di Filipina, Engr Niñaliza H Escorial selaku Deputy Executive Director di Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) Department of Science and Technology (DOST), mencanangkan pendekatan yang efektif melalui integrasi teknologi.
Engr Niñaliza mengatakan bahwa kemajuan teknologi memainkan peran vital dalam penguatan kesiapsiagaan Filipina terhadap bencana alam. “Kami percaya bahwa teknologi memiliki potensi besar untuk meningkatkan sistem peringatan dini, memantau anomali cuaca, dan memberikan data real-time kepada petugas penanggulangan bencana,” ungkapnya.
Dalam pandangan Engr Niñaliza, integrasi teknologi tidak hanya mencakup penggunaan sensor dan perangkat keras canggih, tetapi juga pengembangan perangkat lunak cerdas yang dapat menganalisis data dengan cepat dan memberikan informasi yang relevan. Hal ini dianggap krusial untuk memberikan wawasan yang lebih baik kepada petugas bencana, memungkinkan mereka mengambil keputusan yang lebih tepat waktu dan efektif.
Tantangan lingkungan, termasuk perubahan iklim, juga diperhatikan dalam upaya Filipina untuk meningkatkan ketahanan mereka. Melalui kebijakan dan program berkelanjutan dari integrasi teknologi, Engr Niñaliza optimis untuk mengurangi dan mempersiapkan kesiapsiagaan bencana alam yang dapat terjadi kapanpun. OpenGov Asia melalui rangakaian ini, berkesempatan untuk menilik lebih jauh terkait kesiapsiagaan Filipina dalam menghadapi bencana alam yang menjadi ancaman bagi negaranya, menggunakan teknologi dan kemampuan penelitian riset yang modern.
Peran Teknologi dalam Upaya Ketahanan Filipina
Engr Niñaliza selaku Deputy Executive Director di Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) Department of Science and Technology (DOST)menggarisbawahi komitmen PCIEERD dalam meningkatkan kemajuan dalan teknologi quantum. Dalam tekadnya untuk memperkaya kemampuan dan kapasitasnya, PCIEERD dengan giat menjalin kerjasama dengan mitra internasional. Kemitraan ini diharapkan mendorong pertukaran pengetahuan dan inovasi, terutama dalam konteks Filipina.
Langkah awal dalam kolaborasi ini mencakup pendirian laboratorium dan kerjasama erat dengan DOST-ASTI. Laboratorium tersebut bertujuan untuk penelitian dan pengembangan teknologi kuantum, menjadi langkah strategis yang dapat diimplementasikan bersama untuk meningkatkan pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi di Filipina. Dengan berfokus pada upaya bersama, PCIEERD membuka peluang untuk memperluas jaringan kolaboratifnya dan memajukan inovasi teknologi kuantum demi kemajuan ilmiah dan teknologi di wilayah tersebut.
Menurut Engr Niñaliza, komitmen PCIEERD juga meluas kepada sektor manufaktur, terutama industri-industri yang membutuhkan pengembangan prototype. Perolehan alat-alat besar dianggap sebagai langkah strategis yang memiliki dampak terhadap pertumbuhan dan daya saing sektor industri. Investasi ini tidak hanya memberikan kontribusi signifikan terhadap efisiensi operasional, tetapi juga memainkan peran kunci dalam membentuk lanskap kompetitif industri.
Selain prioritas yang telah disebutkan, PCIEERD mengakui blockchain merupakan hal legit lainnya dalam pengembangan lanskap teknologi. Integrasi teknologi blockchain ke dalam inisiatif mereka diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kemampuan, memastikan keamanan, transparansi, dan efisiensi di berbagai aplikasi.
Sementara itu, PCIEERD juga tengah menjelajahi dan menggali lebih dalam potensi teknologi kecerdasan buatan (AI). Pendekatan mereka mencakup berbagai upaya untuk meningkatkan proses administratif melalui integrasi beragam aplikasi AI. Langkah-langkah ini bertujuan tidak hanya untuk meningkatkan efisiensi operasional, tetapi juga merangsang inovasi dalam penanganan tugas-tugas administratif.
Melalui eksplorasi teknologi AI, PCIEERD berkomitmen untuk memperkenalkan solusi yang memanfaatkan kecerdasan buatan secara optimal, menciptakan lingkungan yang lebih cerdas dan adaptif dalam pelaksanaan tugas-tugas administratif di berbagai tingkatan. Kehadiran AI dalam berbagai proses administratif diharapkan dapat membawa dampak positif yang signifikan dalam peningkatan kinerja dan produktivitas.
Engr Niñaliza menyoroti berbagai langkah strategis yang telah diambil oleh PCIEERD di berbagai sektor. Fokusnya terutama terletak pada penggunaan kecerdasan buatan (AI) dalam melakukan peramalan cuaca. Inisiatif ini bertujuan untuk membantu memprediksi cuaca secara objektif, dengan merinci tanda-tanda yang muncul untuk meningkatkan akurasi dan keandalan dalam pemahaman kondisi atmosfer. Melalui integrasi AI dalam peramalan cuaca, PCIEERD berupaya meningkatkan kemampuan prediktifnya, memberikan informasi yang lebih terperinci dan dapat diandalkan kepada masyarakat, serta mendukung berbagai sektor yang bergantung pada pemahaman cuaca yang akurat.
Cuaca menjadi penentu utama dalam mengamati dan menganalisis gejala bencana alam. Penggunaan teknologi kecerdasan buatan (AI) dalam peramalan cuaca oleh PCIEERD memberikan dimensi baru dalam upaya pencegahan dan mitigasi risiko bencana alam. Dengan memahami dinamika atmosfer dan pola cuaca secara lebih canggih, lembaga ini tidak hanya dapat memberikan peringatan dini yang lebih akurat, tetapi juga mengidentifikasi potensi bencana dengan lebih presisi.
Penerapan AI dalam peramalan cuaca tidak hanya memperluas kapasitas prediktif, tetapi juga menciptakan kesempatan untuk mengembangkan strategi adaptasi yang lebih efektif. PCIEERD berusaha tidak hanya menjadi pemimpin dalam menyediakan informasi cuaca yang andal, tetapi juga menjadi motor penggerak dalam membentuk kebijakan yang berbasis pada pemahaman yang lebih mendalam terhadap kondisi atmosfer. Dengan demikian, lembaga ini memainkan peran krusial dalam upaya perlindungan masyarakat dan aset-asetnya dari potensi dampak bencana alam.
“Dengan pengintegrasian AI kepada model prediksi cuaca, PCIEERD ingin meningkatkan kesiapan dalam merespons perubahan terhadap perubahan cuaca, sehingga dapat berkontribusi terhdapa ketahanan bencana alam secara menyeluruh,” pungkas Engr Niñaliza.
PCIEERD terus menggagas inovasi di berbagai sektor, salah satunya dalam pengembangan sistem pengairan sungai. Penggunaan teknologi kecerdasan buatan (AI) dalam konteks ini membuktikan kemampuannya untuk menyederhanakan analisis data yang kompleks. Inisiatif ini menghasilkan informasi yang akurat terkait karakteristik sungai, menjadi langkah strategis dan vital dalam merancang strategi preventif terhadap banjir dan manajemen sumber daya air.
Dengan menerapkan teknologi AI dalam analisis data sungai, PCIEERD dapat dengan cepat dan efisien mengidentifikasi pola perilaku sungai, mengukur aliran air, dan mendeteksi perubahan lingkungan sepanjang sungai. Hal ini memberikan dasar yang kuat untuk pengembangan strategi preventif yang lebih terfokus dan responsif terhadap kondisi sungai yang berubah-ubah.
Keakuratan data yang dihasilkan oleh teknologi AI tidak hanya mendukung upaya preventif terhadap banjir, tetapi juga memberikan landasan yang kokoh untuk manajemen sumber daya air secara keseluruhan. Pemahaman ini nantinya akan memberikan PCIEERD wawasan dalam merancang kebijakan air yang berkelanjutan, mengoptimalkan distribusi air, dan mendukung ketersediaan air yang berkelanjutan bagi masyarakat dan industri.
Dalam industri ketahanan pangan sendiri, PCIEERD menggunakan inovasi AI guna memperlancar kinerja agrikultur. Pengaplikasian tersebut mencakup di antaranya untuk mengoptimasi alokasi sumber daya, meningkatkan kinerja operasional agrikultur, dan meningkatkan kualitas hasil panen. Inisiatif-inisiatif tersebut menunjukkan ambisi PCIEERD dalam menginisiasi teknologi terhadap ketahanan pangan.
Di samping itu, kecerdasan buatan (AI) telah terbukti memainkan peran yang sangat penting dalam pengembangan sistem manajemen lalu lintas. PCIEERD aktif menggunakan algoritma AI untuk pemantauan dan pengendalian lalu lintas, dengan tujuan jelas untuk mengurangi kemacetan, meningkatkan efisiensi transportasi, dan memberikan kontribusi positif pada penciptaan lingkungan perkotaan yang lebih berkelanjutan dan nyaman bagi penduduknya.
Melalui penerapan teknologi AI dalam sistem manajemen lalu lintas, PCIEERD berusaha menciptakan solusi yang lebih pintar dan adaptif. Algoritma AI dapat dengan cepat merespons perubahan lalu lintas secara real-time, memberikan kemampuan untuk mengoptimalkan aliran kendaraan dan mengidentifikasi solusi terbaik untuk mengatasi masalah kemacetan.
Dalam sektor pendidikan, Engr Niñaliza menekankan komitmen mendalam PCIEERD untuk menciptakan ilmu pengetahuan yang dapat diakses oleh semua, terutama bagi mereka yang mungkin tidak memiliki akses yang memadai. Keterlibatan aktif PCIEERD dalam komunikasi ilmiah tercermin dalam inisiatif-inisiatif yang dirancang secara strategis untuk memperdalam pemahaman konsep ilmiah, seperti melakukan pameran lokakarya.
Pameran dan lokakarya yang disusun dengan cermat bukan hanya menjadi tempat untuk menyampaikan informasi, melainkan juga berfungsi sebagai platform dinamis di mana siswa tidak hanya menerima pengetahuan secara pasif, tetapi juga secara aktif terlibat dengan prinsip-prinsip ilmiah secara langsung dan mendalam. Inisiatif-inisiatif ini memberikan pengalaman langsung yang memungkinkan siswa menjelajahi, menciptakan, dan mendalami pemahaman mereka terkait ilmu pengetahuan yang ingin mereka jelajahi.
Upaya ini lebih dari sekadar menyampaikan informasi, akan tetapi, hal ini juga bertujuan untuk membangkitkan apresiasi terhadap peran ilmu pengetahuan dalam membentuk dunia
Mengingat peran kunci AI dalam membentuk masa depan, PCIEERD berkomitmen untuk mengembangkan literasi AI, khususnya di kalangan generasi muda. Sejumlah inisiatif sedang dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kesadaran di kalangan pemangku kepentingan muda, memastikan bahwa mereka memahami potensi dan penggunaan kecerdasan buatan secara bertanggung jawab.
PCIEERD mengakui bahwa pemahaman mendalam tentang AI sangat penting untuk mempersiapkan generasi mendatang menghadapi era teknologi yang terus berkembang. Dengan berfokus pada literasi AI, lembaga ini bertujuan untuk membekali pemuda dengan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang diperlukan untuk berpartisipasi secara efektif dalam dunia yang semakin terhubung dan tergantung pada kecerdasan buatan.
Inisiatif ini melibatkan serangkaian program pendidikan, seminar, dan kampanye sosial untuk memperluas pemahaman generasi muda tentang konsep, aplikasi, dan dampak kecerdasan buatan. Selain itu, fokus pada penggunaan kecerdasan buatan yang bertanggung jawab dan etis menjadi bagian integral dari upaya ini, memastikan bahwa generasi muda tidak hanya menjadi pengguna yang mahir, tetapi juga paham akan implikasi etis yang terkait.
Dengan mendekati literasi AI secara holistik, PCIEERD menciptakan landasan yang kuat untuk menciptakan lingkungan di mana pemuda dapat berinovasi, berkolaborasi, dan mengembangkan solusi berbasis kecerdasan buatan yang berkelanjutan. Dengan demikian, lembaga ini berperan aktif dalam membentuk generasi yang memahami dan mengoptimalkan potensi teknologi AI untuk kebaikan bersama dan masa depan yang berkelanjutan.
Perjalanan Transformasi Teknologi Filipina
Engr Niñaliza mencoba untuk memvisualisasikan sebuah kerangka untuk PCIEERD guna menyelaraskan upaya dan sumber daya, sehingga dapat menciptakan keselarasan inovasi di bidang sains. Rencana ini bertujuan untuk menyederhanakan langkah inisitaif, mengurangi redundansi, dan mengoptimalkan alokasi sumber daya. Tentunya, strategi ini memanfaatkan keahlian kolektif setiap agensi DOST, memupuk kolaborasi untuk dampak yang lebih besar secara nasional.
Melalui visinya ini, Engr Niñaliza tidak hanya menginginkan penyelarasan internal di PCIEERD, tetapi juga integrasi yang erat dengan setiap agensi DOST. Ia meyakini bahwa keberhasilan tidak hanya dapat dicapai melalui keahlian individu, tetapi juga melalui kolaborasi yang kuat di tingkat nasional. Rencananya adalah dengan menghubungkan potensi unik masing-masing agensi demi menciptakan dampak yang signifikan dalam panorama inovasi nasional.
“Kita dapat mencapai lebih banyak dengan berkolaborasi, menggabungkan kekuatan dan keahlian kami,” katanya mantap. Strategi ini tidak hanya sebatas perencanaan, melainkan komitmen mendalam untuk menciptakan perubahan positif yang bersifat menyeluruh.
Pendekatan holistik Engr Niñaliza dalam menciptakan hubungan timbal balik antara berbagai sektor dapat memastikan bahwa setiap kemajuan di satu bidang memberikan dorongan bagi perkembangan di bidang lain. Ini adalah pendekatan yang melibatkan pengetahuan kolektif, membawa sains dan teknologi ke tingkat yang lebih tinggi melalui sinergi yang kuat.
Visi ini tidak hanya tentang penyelarasan sumber daya, tetapi juga penciptaan efek domino perubahan positif yang meluas. Engr Niñaliza memandang rencananya sebagai fondasi untuk kolaborasi lintas disiplin, menyingkirkan hambatan-hambatan yang mungkin menghambat inovasi. Dengan ini, dia bertujuan untuk menempatkan Filipina sebagai pusat inovasi sains dan teknologi yang berkembang di panggung global.
Impian Engr Niñaliza untuk DOST-PCIEERD adalah menciptakan konvergensi, kolaborasi, dan dampak bersama terhadap Filipina. Melalui perencanaan yang realistis dengan menggunakan integrasi teknologi, visi ini dapat mendorong bangsa ke masa depan. Impiannya tersebut menunjukkan bahwa DOST-PCIEERD tidak hanya fokus pada pencapaian singkat, tetapi pada warisan inovasi yang akan memperkaya Filipina untuk generasi mendatang.
Sebagai wanita pertama yang menjabat sebagai deputi direktur di PCIEERD, Engr Niñaliza melihat perannya sebagai bukti kemajuan lembaga dalam inklusivitas dan pengakuan prestasi berdasarkan jasa. Dengan 35 tahun pengabdian, perjalanannya mencerminkan komitmen pada kemajuan signifikan dalam sistem penelitian dan pengembangan.
Melalui perjalanan karirnya, Engr Niñaliza secara konsisten memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan pada pengembangan inovasi riset dan sains di Filipina. Pengalamannya menjadi pilar utama dalam membentuk evolusi penelitian dan pengembangan, membawa mereka ke garis depan kemajuan teknologi di negara ini.
Transformasi yang terjadi dalam bidang penelitian dan pengembangan di bawah kepemimpinannya tidak hanya memperluas cakrawala di berbagai sektor, tetapi juga menciptakan fondasi yang kuat untuk pertumbuhan industri, ketahanan energi, dan kemajuan teknologi secara masif. Langkah-langkah inovatif yang diambilnya telah memberikan dampak positif yang terlihat dalam upaya mencapai keunggulan teknologi di Filipina.
Engr Niñaliza bukan hanya pemimpin di ranah teknologi, tetapi juga sosok yang memahami betapa pentingnya kolaborasi dan integrasi ilmu pengetahuan. Inisiatifnya tidak hanya berkutat pada peningkatan efisiensi dan produktivitas, tetapi juga pada menciptakan ekosistem di mana ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi dapat berkembang harmonis, memberikan kontribusi pada kemajuan nasional.
Pada saat yang sama, perannya dalam membuka peluang bagi penelitian dan pengembangan yang inovatif memberikan landasan untuk menghadapi tantangan masa depan. Keberhasilan dalam memimpin perubahan ini adalah hasil dari dedikasi 35 tahunnya dan pemahamannya yang mendalam terhadap dinamika lapangan penelitian.
Komitmen PCIEERD terhadap inovasi dan kewirausahaan ditunjukkan oleh tujuan ambisius untuk mendanai 20 startup setiap tahun dengan anggaran khusus sebesar PHP5 juta (US$135,000). Inisiatif ini berhasil menyuntikkan vitalitas ke dalam ekosistem startup lokal, memupuk kemajuan teknologi, pertumbuhan ekonomi, serta berhasil dalam melakukan penciptaan lapangan kerja.
Selain itu, Engr Niñaliza menekankan bahwa inklusivitas harus menjadi fokus utama. Dengan program pemberdayaan perempuan dalam kewirausahaan, melalui inisiatif Women Helping Women, PCIEERD mengatasi tantangan yang dihadapi oleh pengusaha perempuan, memberikan dukungan, bimbingan, dan bantuan keuangan. Diversitas gender dirayakan di bidang STEM, meruntuhkan hambatan dan menginspirasi generasi berikutnya dari perempuan.
Komitmen PCIEERD melampaui dukungan keuangan, menciptakan peluang jaringan, program bimbingan, dan platform pertukaran pengetahuan. Dengan mengatasi disparitas gender dan mendukung keberagaman, PCIEERD memperkaya struktur inovasi dan kemajuan dalam masyarakat.
Saran yang diberikan oleh Engr Niñaliza kepada siapa pun yang bertujuan untuk sukses, tanpa memandang gender atau latar belakang, didasarkan pada keyakinan bahwa dedikasidalam pembelajaran dan pengembangan pribadi diperlukan untuk menggali potensi terbesar seseorang.
“Penting untuk menyelaraskan usaha Anda dengan kekuatan dan hasrat Anda, melakukan apa yang Anda lakukan dengan baik dan benar-benar memantik semangat Anda. Kesuksesan sering datang ketika kita berkomitmen untuk menyempurnakan keterampilan kita dan tetap terbuka terhadap pengetahuan baru,” katanya dengan yakin.
Engr Niñaliza telah melihat sendiri kekuatan transformatif dari menetapkan tujuan yang jelas dan bekerja keras menuju S&T, saat ia berkembang dari peran teknis menjadi deputi direktur wanita pertama DOST PCIEERD. Ini menekankan pentingnya memiliki arah yang jelas dan peta jalan untuk tujuan profesional dan pribadi.
Menurutnya, pembelajaran harus menjadi proses berkelanjutan yang tidak terbatas oleh usia atau tahap karir. Pengejaran pengetahuan dan peningkatan keterampilan harus konstan, baik dalam peran teknis maupun administratif. Individu yang mengadopsi pola pikir ini lebih baik mampu beradaptasi dengan tantangan yang berubah dan tetap relevan dalam bidang mereka masing-masing.
Engr Niñaliza memahami pentingnya mengenali kelelahan dan kebutuhan pemulihan berkala. Dalam mencapai kesuksesan, sangat penting untuk memperhatikan kesejahteraan diri dan mengenali kapan diperlukan istirahat. Pemulihan dari kelelahan memberikan kesegaran dan fokus yang baru, membentuk dasar untuk kesuksesan jangka panjang.
Pengalamannya mencerminkan filosofi mengejar keunggulan melalui keselarasan hasrat, pembelajaran berkelanjutan, dan ketangguhan.
“Dengan mempertahankan tujuan yang jelas, tetap berkomitmen untuk perbaikan, dan memahami pentingnya perawatan diri, individu dapat menjelajahi jalur unik mereka menuju kesuksesan, memberikan kontribusi dengan berarti pada bidang mereka, dan memberikan dampak yang langgeng pada perjalanan pribadi dan profesional mereka,” kata Engr Niñaliza dengan penuh semangat.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology’s National e-Governance Division (NeGD) is conducting the 40th Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) Deep-Dive Training Programme from 4-8 December.
It is being conducted under the Ministry’s Cyber Surakshit Bharat initiative, which aims to raise awareness about cybercrime and enhance the capabilities of CISOs and frontline IT personnel in government departments. Through it, the government ensures there are adequate safety measures in place to combat the increasing threat of cybercrimes.
The programme is held at the Indian Institute of Public Administration in New Delhi and is attended by 31 participants from Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and New Delhi.
The programme’s objectives include raising awareness, enhancing capacity, and empowering government departments with the necessary steps to establish a cyber-resilient ecosystem. It seeks to sensitise and orient participants on cyber safety and security, advancing the Digital India programme for the integrated delivery of diverse government services to citizens. The programme aims to provide comprehensive information and knowledge about cybersecurity, fostering awareness, building capacities, and enabling government departments to effectively manage their cyber hygiene, safety, and security.
Emphasising the significance of cybersecurity in the face of escalating cyber-attacks, MeitY Secretary, S. Krishnan discussed the vulnerabilities prevalent in the digital era. He highlighted the pivotal role played by CISO officials in formulating cybersecurity strategies for organisations, particularly for information security.
Krishnan said that it was important that CISOs should keep pace with technological advancements and encouraged CISO officers to adopt innovative and forward-thinking approaches in supporting the cybersecurity initiatives of their organisations. During his address, he acknowledged the Department of Telecommunication for its role in tackling challenges presented by emerging technologies such as 5G and 6G.
Officials including the Director General of the Indian Institute of Public Administration (IIPA), S. N. Tripathi, and other officers from NeGD and IIPA attended the inaugural session of the programme. Since the initiative was launched in June 2018, NeGD has successfully organised 40 batches of CISO deep-dive training programmes, benefiting more than 1,523 CISOs and frontline IT officials.
Cybersecurity has been a top priority for the government given the increasing reliance on technology across all sectors of the economy. Last month, the Ministry of Finance spearheaded a comprehensive discourse to strategise against the burgeoning threats of cybercrime in the financial services sector, particularly the surge in online financial fraud incidents.
Stakeholders discussed the need for enhanced coordination among police, banks, and financial entities for real-time tracking and blocking of defrauded funds. They also put forth strategies to tackle the proliferation of mule accounts, augment response times to handle alerts on online financial frauds and establish regional/state-level nodal officers.
As OpenGov Asia reported, it was agreed that a central registry for merchant onboarding and KYC standardisation is required and the importance of whitelisting digital lending apps through stakeholder consultation was highlighted. Progress updates on implementing recommendations, such as setting up the Digital India Trust Agency (DIGITA) and the proposed legislation known as the ‘Banning of Unregulated Lending Activities (BULA) Act,’ were also on the agenda.
Key industry players presented their strategies for mitigating fraudulent activities. The State Bank of India (SBI) presented its Proactive Risk Monitoring (PRM) strategy, while representatives from companies dedicated to mobile banking shared their successful best practices.
The advancement of healthcare is emerging to its cybersecurity frontier, where the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) initiative serves as a cornerstone for fortifying the digital resilience of the healthcare industry. As healthcare increasingly relies on digital technologies to deliver patient care and manage sensitive health data, securing these systems from malicious cyber threats becomes paramount. The HHS strategy acknowledges the current surge in cyber incidents and proactively addresses the evolving nature of these threats.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has unveiled a concept paper outlining its cybersecurity strategy specifically tailored for the healthcare sector. Building upon President Biden’s National Cybersecurity Strategy, this initiative strongly emphasises fortifying resilience in the face of cyber threats targeting hospitals, patients, and communities.
The concept paper articulates a robust plan of action, encompassing the publication of new voluntary healthcare-specific cybersecurity performance goals, collaboration with Congress to institute supports and incentives for domestic hospitals to enhance cybersecurity, and an emphasis on accountability and coordination within the healthcare sector.
According to the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR), cyber incidents in the healthcare domain have seen a staggering increase, with a 93% rise in large breaches reported from 2018 to 2022 (from 369 to 712). Notably, incidents involving ransomware have surged by 278%. The repercussions of cyberattacks on hospitals and health systems have been severe, resulting in extended care disruptions, patient diversions, and delayed medical procedures, ultimately jeopardising patient safety.
HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra underscored the urgency of addressing cybersecurity vulnerabilities in the healthcare sector, acknowledging its high susceptibility. Becerra emphasised the Biden-Harris Administration’s commitment to bolstering nationwide cybersecurity capabilities in collaboration with healthcare and public health partners. The overarching goal is to substantially impact hospitals, patients, and communities grappling with the repercussions of cyber threats.
In acknowledging the challenges faced by the healthcare sector, the administration’s commitment extends beyond mere rhetoric, signalling a proactive stance to protect critical infrastructure. Becerra’s acknowledgement of the overarching goal underscores the administration’s dedication to significantly impacting hospitals, patients, and communities that bear the brunt of cyber threats. The focus extends beyond theoretical cybersecurity measures to tangible, real-world outcomes that ensure the safety and well-being of individuals reliant on healthcare services.
Further, Anne Neuberger, Deputy National Security Adviser for Cyber and Emerging Technologies, highlighted the preventable nature of impacts stemming from cyberattacks on healthcare organisations. Neuberger stressed the administration’s commitment to establishing robust cybersecurity standards and allocating resources to enhance cyber resiliency across critical sectors, drawing parallels with initiatives like pipelines, aviation, and rail systems.
Deputy Secretary Andrea Palm echoed the concerns about the escalating cyber threats in the healthcare sector, emphasising the need for comprehensive measures to ensure the preparedness and security of hospitals, patients, and communities. HHS’s concept paper delineates a multifaceted approach, encompassing the publication of voluntary Health care and Public Health sector Cybersecurity Performance Goals (HPH CPGs) to guide institutions in prioritising and implementing high-impact cybersecurity practices.
Additionally, HHS aims to collaborate with Congress to secure new authority and funding to incentivise hospitals to adopt these practices. The plan proposes enforceable cybersecurity standards, informed by the HPH CPGs, integrated into existing programmes. The initiative further seeks to expand and enhance HHS’s coordination role as a “one-stop shop” for healthcare cybersecurity, improving coordination within the federal government and fostering deeper partnerships with industry stakeholders.
As the HHS cybersecurity strategy unfolds, it is poised to set a precedent for safeguarding critical infrastructure in the healthcare sector, addressing current vulnerabilities and establishing a resilient foundation for the future. The comprehensive and collaborative approach outlined in the concept paper aligns with the evolving nature of cyber threats, demonstrating a commitment to proactive cybersecurity measures that transcend traditional boundaries.
As a vital arm of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), the Philippine Council for Industry, Energy, and Emerging Technology Research and Development (PCIEERD) holds a pivotal role as one of the three sectoral planning councils within the organisation.
Founded on 29 June 2010, PCIEERD is distinguished by its unique commitment to driving research and development initiatives, particularly in the industries, energy, and emerging technology sectors.
Functioning as a pivotal agency, DOST-PCIEERD takes a central role in crafting policies, plans, and programmes, along with implementing strategies in the designated sectors. The execution of these initiatives is facilitated through a spectrum of Science and Technology (S&T) programmes designed to promote innovation and progress.
Encompassing a broad spectrum, DOST-PCIEERD extends research and development (R&D) support across 21 sectors, broadly categorised under industry, energy, emerging technology, and special concerns.
The council plays a crucial role in disseminating and promoting S&T information, undertaking sustained programmes for information dissemination. This proactive approach aims to enhance the accessibility and utilisation of information and research results by the diverse array of customers and stakeholders associated with the sectors.
In its commitment to fostering growth, DOST-PCIEERD dedicates efforts to developing and enhancing R&D and support capabilities. This forward-looking perspective ensures the fulfilment of present and future human resource and institutional requirements.
Moreover, the council actively contributes to technological advancement by adopting, transferring, and commercialising available technologies. In doing so, DOST-PCIEERD plays a vital role in propelling the nation’s scientific and technological landscape towards greater heights.
Driving Innovation and Industry Development
In an exclusive interview with OpenGov Asia, Dr Enrico C. Paringit, Executive Director of DOST-PCIEERD, sheds light on compelling projects that underscore the council’s significant influence on research and development in the realms of industry, energy, and emerging technology.
At the forefront of catalysing research and development in the Philippines, DOST-PCIEERD has been a driving force behind diverse programmes and initiatives. Launched in 2015, the Infrastructure Development Programme (IDP) has emerged as a cornerstone, playing a pivotal role in the expansion or modernisation of academic and research institutions.
Under the Infrastructure Development Programme (IDP), DOST-PCIEERD has actively spearheaded initiatives encompassing the acquisition of cutting-edge laboratory facilities, state-of-the-art equipment, and specialised software. Between 2015 to 2023, this strategic investment, totalling Php234.4 million (S$6.31 million), has yielded transformative outcomes, facilitating the establishment and enhancement of 49 laboratories across the nation. This concerted effort reflects the commitment to fortify research capabilities and foster innovation within academic and research institutions.
In line with the DOST Halal Policy, the DOST Halal S&T Programme was initiated to support the development of the Halal industry. This programme focuses on research and development, technology transfer, human resource development, and Halal verification through laboratory testing. Additionally, efforts have been directed towards fortifying the Filipino Halal sector to meet global benchmarks, enhance competitiveness, and improve research and development.
Dr Enrico explains that the Food Safety Programme, Food Innovation Centres, and Natural Dyes facilities have been established to strengthen the food industry and improve the living standards of Filipino people. The commitment extends to bolstering the country’s manufacturing industry by providing cutting-edge facilities for specialised testing, designing, and research and development in key sectors like food, electronics, and materials.
Under the OneLab Programme, regional testing facilities have been consolidated into a unified network, providing easy access to a global network of public and private laboratories for analytical and calibration needs. This initiative promotes collaboration among students, researchers, and industry stakeholders, with information accessible through the onelab.ph website.
The National Metrology Laboratory (NML) leads metrology efforts in the Philippines and has achieved international recognition. However, continued support is required for the expansion of Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMCs) to maintain competence globally.
Dr Enrico reveals that the establishment of the Advanced Device and Materials Testing Laboratory (ADMATEL) marks the country’s first electronics design facility, aimed at reinforcing and upgrading failure analysis and materials testing facilities to attract potential investors and promote a conducive business environment.
The Electronics Product Development Centre (EPDC) serves as the national testing facility, providing design, prototyping, and testing facilities for printed circuit boards. The goal is to support companies and schools in developing hardware and software for electronics products.
The Advanced Manufacturing Centre (AMCen), on the other hand, has been established as the national centre of excellence in additive manufacturing, focusing on areas like Aerospace and Defense, Pharmaceutical/Healthcare, Novel Electronics, Agriculture, and Automotive.
In addition, the renewable energy projects include a micro-hydro turbine research and testing facility in Morong, Rizal, supporting off-grid electrification for communities. The Mindanao Renewable Energy Centre (MREC) focuses on Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Ocean Renewable Energy (ORE) facilities, aiming to harness energy from solar power and simulate tidal and wave characteristics.
To serve as a bridge between R&D and commercialisation, the Funding Assistance for Spin-off and Translation of Research in Advancing Commercialisation (FASTRAC) Programme supports technologies such as USHER, CharM, FISH_I, Smart Surface, CATCH-ALL, Marine Nanocoat, Monascus Red Colorant, Fruitect, HormoGroe, Gitara ni Juan, X-LIPAD, MapX, Vigormin, and others.
Embedded in the ethos of DOST, a circular economy mindset takes centre stage, underscoring a dedication to initiatives that champion environmental stewardship and optimal resource utilisation. Positioned as a key tenet within the DOST framework, this pledge manifests in the backing of projects geared towards converting waste materials into valuable and sustainable resources.
A notable example is the successful initiative led by the Industrial Technology Development Institute (DOST-ITDI), wherein an in-depth analysis of dredged material from the Tullahan River was undertaken to investigate alternative applications. This project exemplifies a forward-thinking strategy in tackling environmental issues by repurposing materials that would otherwise contribute to waste, showcasing a commitment to sustainable solutions and resourcefulness.
The University of Mindanao is leading another remarkable sustainable initiative, centring on the transformation of durian rinds into 3D printing filaments. This inventive project not only addresses waste reduction but also taps into the potential of agricultural by-products, underscoring a steadfast commitment to sustainability and resource optimisation.
“At the core of our mission, we prioritise environmental sustainability, ensuring that our operations, activities, and programmes are conducted with a steadfast commitment to minimising adverse impacts on the environment,” Dr Enrico states.
Recognising the importance of ecological responsibility, PCIERRD incorporates environmental considerations as a pivotal metric in the assessment of proposals. This approach underscores its unwavering commitment to nurturing initiatives that adhere to the principles of environmental conservation and responsible stewardship.
Dedicated to environmental stewardship, the agency proactively pursues a science and technology roadmap for tackling and mitigating challenges related to waste management. Under the leadership of Dr Enrico, PCIERRD aims to assume a pivotal role in shaping sustainable practices that advocate for the responsible use and disposal of resources.
Demonstrating a responsible use of resources through its life cycle, PCIERRD fulfils its mandate to actively support the Clean Air Act (RA8749). By championing the implementation of this key legislation, the agency contributes significantly to promoting clean air standards and mitigating air pollution, aligning its efforts with broader initiatives that prioritise the health of both the environment and local communities.
“Through these multifaceted approaches, we strive to be proactive stewards of the environment, integrating sustainability principles into the fabric of the industrial operations; thereby promoting responsible practices within the realm of science and technology,” Dr Enrico emphasises.
The success of PCIERRD can be attributed in part to its ability to develop talent and inspire upcoming researchers and innovators to advance the country’s technological frontiers. In 2017, the country witnessed the launch of the Young Innovators Programme (YIP), designed as an inclusive platform for highly talented high school students aspiring to gain research experience.
The programme invites these young minds to gain experience in research under the guidance of mentors, facilitating hands-on learning and fostering a spirit of scientific inquiry. The objective of YIP is to equip and prepare these young researchers to undertake independent research endeavors, supported by funding allocated to innovative research projects.
Since its inception, the Young Innovators Programme has made significant strides in cultivating a new era of scientific exploration and inventive breakthroughs within the country. A total of Php37 million (SG$1 million) in funding has been disbursed across 56 approved projects, providing vital resources for these young innovators to bring their ideas to fruition.
The programme’s impact extends beyond financial support, contributing to the development of a vibrant community of budding scientists and researchers who are poised to make meaningful contributions to the scientific landscape in the years to come.
Nurturing Ingenuity Through Partnerships
According to Dr Enrico, engaging with diverse stakeholders is at the core of their approach as they strive to meet the evolving needs of the 21 sectors under its support. Through focused initiatives such as focus group discussions and consultation, they actively seek input from industry stakeholders, research institutions, and government agencies.
“This collaborative process allows us to gain valuable insights into the specific requirements and challenges faced by each sector, informing the direction of our research and development endeavours,” Dr Enrico explains.
Beyond external engagement, PCIEERD places considerable emphasis on internal feedback mechanisms. Tools such as the Research Fairness Survey and the R&D Customer Preference Survey serve as valuable means to directly collect insights from researchers. This two-way communication approach ensures that the perspectives and experiences of those actively engaged in the research process are taken into account, fostering an environment of continuous improvement and responsiveness within the organisation.
Collaboration remains a cornerstone of their strategy, and they actively cultivate partnerships with industry stakeholders. Through a range of programmes, such as the Expert Intervention for Scientific Engagement (ExperTiSE) programme, Regional Research Institutions (RRI), research attachments and expert visits, PCIEERD creates avenues for meaningful cooperation.
These collaborative initiatives not only enhance the effectiveness of the research but also contribute to the broader goal of fostering innovation and sustainable development across diverse sectors.
Furthermore, DOST-PCIEERD recognises the pivotal role of international alliances and partnerships, strategically emphasising their significance in advancing research and development in the fields of industry, energy, and emerging technology.
This concerted effort is driven by a commitment to contribute to the growth of scientific knowledge, facilitate technology transfer, spur economic development, and enhance the capacity to address global challenges effectively.
International partnerships provide a crucial avenue for knowledge exchange, where foreign counterparts and experts bring expertise that exposes Filipino researchers to cutting-edge technologies, methodologies, and the sharing of best practices.
Such exposure not only enhances the skills of local researchers, rendering them more competitive on the international stage but also unlocks new opportunities for commercialising innovative technologies in the global market. Consequently, it bridges the gap between research and market application, facilitating technology pathways that contribute to economic growth through income and job creation.
Several notable international engagements exemplify the commitment of DOST-PCIEERD to fostering global collaborations. Among them, the e-ASIA initiative stands out – a multilateral international joint effort involving public funding organisations from East Asia Summit (EAS) member countries.
Additionally, the Southeast Asia-Europe Joint Funding Scheme for Research and Innovation (SEA-EU JFS) facilitates joint funding of bi-regional, multi-lateral research and innovation projects, fostering cooperation between Southeast Asia and Europe.
Joint efforts such as the UKRI-NERC initiative address specific challenges, exemplified by the “Sustainable Mineral Resources in the Philippines” programme. This collaborative effort aims to fund research that offers a comprehensive perspective on mineral production in the Philippines and address environmental issues associated with legacy and abandoned mines.
Another noteworthy effort is the UKRI-JST-DOST ‘Science, Technology and Action’ Nexus for Development (STAND) Collaboration, which seeks to foster international research interaction and exchange among researchers in Japan, the United Kingdom, and Southeast Asia. This collaboration focuses on projects contributing to sustainable development in Southeast Asia, aligning with the broader goals of knowledge sharing and capacity building on a global scale.
Public-private partnerships have also contributed to the advancement of industry, energy, and emerging technology in the country. In June 2023, PCIEERD took a significant step forward in fortifying its collaboration with the mining industry by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Chamber of Mines of the Philippines.
This partnership encompasses three key areas aimed at fostering advancements and sustainability within the mining sector.
Firstly, there is a focus on the collaborative drafting of a nickel roadmap, with active consultation involving both mining industries and key government agencies. This initiative aims to chart a strategic course for the nickel industry, ensuring alignment with industry needs and national development goals.
Another crucial facet of the partnership involves an increased emphasis on research related to green minerals, particularly in anticipation of their translation into components for Electric Vehicles (EVs). This forward-looking approach aligns with the global shift towards sustainable and environmentally friendly technologies, positioning the mining industry to play a pivotal role in the emerging green economy.
Additionally, the collaborative efforts extend to the improvement of energy efficiency and the promotion of renewable energy within the mining sector. By addressing these critical aspects, the partnership endeavours to enhance the sustainability and environmental impact of mining operations, aligning with broader goals of responsible resource utilisation and energy conservation.
PCIEERD maintains an ongoing and fruitful partnership with the Philippine Technological Council (PTC), a non-stock, non-profit private organisation. The collaboration with PTC unfolds through its accreditation service, serving as a mechanism to facilitate capstone projects and promote STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) initiatives.
This sustained partnership underscores PCIEERD’s commitment to advancing technological excellence, education, and innovation within the Philippines, fostering a collaborative ecosystem that transcends industry boundaries for the greater benefit of scientific and technological progress.
Unveiling Key Strategies
Dr Enrico reveals the key strategic priorities and initiatives he is focusing on as the Executive Director of PCIEERD to foster innovation and drive industry development in the Philippines.
“Guided by the Harmonised National Research and Development Agenda (HNRDA) for the period 2022-2028, our research initiatives are intricately woven into a framework that aligns with the broader vision encapsulated in AmBisyon Natin 2040,” Dr Enrico highlights.
Envisioning a promising future for Filipinos, the HNRDA is anchored in the pillars of Malasakit, Pagbabago, and Kaunlaran, which collectively advocate for inclusive growth, a resilient society, and the cultivation of a competitive knowledge economy.
In pursuit of these aspirations, PCIERRD has embarked on pioneering programmes aimed at revolutionising the local transport systems. Spearheaded by the ELECTROMOBILITY R&D Centre, and R&D Centre for Advanced Batteries, these initiatives focus on the development and implementation of electric vehicles and enhancing advanced battery technology.
These efforts align with the priorities of the Comprehensive Roadmap for the Electric Vehicle Industry (CREVI). Additionally, PCIERRD has several initiatives on maritime transport on the electrification of boats and ferries.
“This strategic move reflects our commitment to advancing sustainable and eco-friendly solutions in the domain of transportation,” Dr Enrico furthers. “Our commitment extends to the empowerment of local governance through the implementation of the Smart Cities initiative.”
Significant transformations have been realised in cities such as Baguio, Cauayan, Iloilo, and Butuan, where the integration of smart technologies has contributed to improved urban living. The success of these endeavours has prompted an expansion of the programme beyond cities, reaching into various communities as part of our ongoing efforts to create more inclusive and technologically empowered environments.
Recognising the critical role of startups in driving innovation, PCIERRD actively supports the startup ecosystem through the Startup Grant Fund. The comprehensive programmes assist startups throughout their journey, from the initial ideation phase to full commercialisation. By nurturing and facilitating the growth of startups, they contribute to the dynamism of the entrepreneurial landscape and the overall economic development of the region.
Dr Enrico underscores in the domain of Artificial Intelligence (AI), the DOST endeavours are guided by a comprehensive 2019-2029 R&D Programme Framework. This strategic blueprint delineates a path to ensure the Philippines remains a frontrunner in the global evolution of AI technologies.
The primary thrusts of this initiative span across National Infrastructure, where the DOST has distributed nine High-Performance Computing (HPC) machines to higher education institutions, catalysing the commencement of new AI projects.
The groundwork laid in 2014 with the establishment of the Computing and Archiving Research Environment (CoARE) further bolsters these efforts, providing free access to HPC and Cloud services. The overarching goal is to enhance connectivity and expedite digital transformation by 2024, with a specific target of elevating the PH e-government index to 0.85 by 2029.
The DOST’s dedication to AI extends beyond infrastructure to encompass Capacity Building, where initiatives are undertaken to nurture the skills and expertise necessary for meaningful AI contributions. Simultaneously, the focus on Research and Data initiatives accentuates the commitment to advancing the knowledge frontier in AI.
Additionally, the department actively engages in developing Policies and Stakeholder relationships, ensuring a holistic and forward-looking approach to AI development within the country. This multi-faceted strategy underscores the DOST’s commitment to positioning the Philippines as a key player in the dynamic landscape of AI innovation and progress.
“In our pursuit of ensuring the Philippines’ prominence in technological innovation and sustainable development globally, DOST-PCIEERD employs a multifaceted approach encompassing various strategic initiatives. One pivotal effort involves bridging the gap between academic research and industry through the establishment of Technology Business Incubators (TBIs),” Dr Enrico asserts.
With 54 members in the DOST TBI Network, including 32 industry-based and 22 agriculture- and aquaculture-focused TBIs across Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) and State Universities and Colleges (SUCs), the investments since 2018 have totalled Php411 million (SG$11.1 million).
These TBIs have incubated 1,359 startups, generated 5,696 jobs, attracted over Php1.87 billion (SG$50.49 million) in private investments, and produced Php907 million (SG$24.49 million) in startup revenue. Additionally, the TBIs themselves have secured Php118.3 million (SG$3.19 million) in private investments from various partners.
To promote science education in Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Areas (GIDA), they fund projects such as the Philippine Science Centrum Travelling Exhibit. This initiative, spanning 26 GIDA districts across Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, has reached 300,000 students and instructed 4,000 teachers in basic science experiments, enhancing education in these remote areas.
Acknowledging the vital role of women entrepreneurs, initiatives like Women-Helping-Women: Innovative Social Enterprises (WHWise) aims to support and acknowledge women driving economic growth and sustainable development in their communities.
Strategic planning is another cornerstone of the approach, with formulated roadmaps and sectoral strategies for the 21 supported sectors. These roadmaps not only guide the development of specific research programmes but also contribute to the realisation of sustainable development goals.
Collectively, these strategies underscore the commitment to enhancing the country’s competitiveness and productivity in the global landscape of technological innovation and sustainable development, fostering a comprehensive and impactful approach to propel the nation forward.
Nexus of Innovation by 2040
“Our forward-looking vision is rooted in becoming the Nexus of Innovation by the year 2040,” Dr Enrico shares his vision for PCIEERD’s position in the global context in the next three years. “Positioned as a leader in the country’s competitiveness and productivity, we aim to enable science and technology solutions across the industry, energy, and emerging technology sectors, all while upholding the principles of good governance.”
To realise this vision, global collaboration stands as a cornerstone of this strategy. They envision strengthening international partnerships and collaborations with funding institutions worldwide. By engaging with global counterparts, they seek to foster knowledge-sharing, promote cooperation and teamwork, facilitate mutual learning, and collectively drive innovation in the realms of industry, energy, and emerging technologies.
An essential aspect of their approach involves a dedicated focus on investment in Research and Development (R&D). By prioritising R&D investment, they ensure that PCIEERD remains at the forefront of technological advancements in the Industry, Energy, and Emerging (IEE) sectors. This commitment contributes to global innovation efforts and positions the nation as a key player in addressing pressing global challenges through technological solutions.
Their commitment extends to robust mechanisms for technology transfer and commercialisation. By effectively translating the R&D findings and innovations into practical applications and marketable products, they strive to bridge the gap between research outcomes and real-world impact.
“Knowledge dissemination forms another crucial element of our strategy. We are committed to sharing our S&T outputs, technological advancements, and success stories in technology transfer and commercialisation, both locally and globally,” Dr Enrico says emphatically. “This proactive approach ensures that the benefits of our innovations reach diverse audiences, contributing to the broader global knowledge pool.”
In all aspects of their operations, sustainability is a guiding principle. They are committed to using sustainable practices in everything they do, from research to innovations, technology transfers, and commercialisation.
Through their actions, they actively support the preservation of the environment on a global scale and are consistent with larger sustainability objectives, exemplifying a responsible and comprehensive approach to scientific and technological advancement.
“Embracing the role of a scientist is to willingly confront the mysteries of the unknown, and it is this very challenge that captivates me,” says Dr Enrico, who completed his doctorate at the Tokyo Institute of Technology and served as the principal scientist for DOST Project NOAH and the DOST DREAM LIDAR Programme.
Seeking out interesting and meaningful challenges brought him joy. His work at PCIEERD is similar to a large-scale experiment in which he develops theories and verifies them against reality.
He believes that this dynamic process fosters continuous innovation by pushing boundaries and revealing new possibilities. The core values of high integrity, innovation, and excellence serve as guiding principles, propelling the entire PCIEEED led by him to strive for excellence in all that they do.
“We are committed to exploring new ground in science and are constantly looking for ways to offer significant discoveries and solutions that have a long-term impact for the benefit of the whole nation,” Dr Enrico concludes.
The Minister of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), Ashwini Vaishnaw, has discussed creating a robust response to the challenges posed by deepfake technology with representatives from academia, industry bodies, and social media companies. The consensus reached in the discussion entails collaborative efforts among the government, academia, social media companies, and the National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) to collectively address the harmful uses of deepfake.
Deepfakes are artificial intelligence-manipulated video, audio, and images. Their hyper-realistic nature makes them challenging to identify as fake, especially for individuals unfamiliar with the technology. Therefore, these manipulations can and have harmed reputations and serve as tools to falsify evidence. Deepfakes are also a threat to democracy and social institutions globally and the increasing presence of deepfakes in political messaging could be particularly damaging, especially in the lead-up to the upcoming general elections, posing risks to the integrity of information and public discourse.
The meeting, held at the end of November, concluded with an agreement to identify actionable items within the next 10 days, focusing on four key pillars:
- Detection: Develop methods to identify deepfake content both before and after its posting.
- Prevention: Establish an effective mechanism to prevent the spread of deepfake content.
- Reporting: Implement an efficient and prompt reporting system along with a grievance redressal mechanism.
- Awareness: Launch a widespread awareness campaign to educate the public on the issues related to deepfake technology.Top of Form
Furthermore, effective immediately, MeitY will initiate an exercise to assess and formulate necessary regulations to combat the threat of deepfake. To facilitate this process, MeitY will invite public comments through the MyGov portal.
A follow-up meeting with relevant stakeholders will be held again this week to finalise the four-pillared structure. According to the government’s AI news portal, it remains committed to combating the growing threat of deepfake through technology and by fostering public awareness. It said that MeitY has frequently guided social media intermediaries, urging them to exercise due diligence and promptly take necessary actions against instances of deepfake.
Recently, the Delhi High Court expressed reservations about the prospect of judicial intervention to regulate the use of deepfake content created through AI. It said that addressing the issue and finding a balanced solution would be more appropriately handled by the government, given its extensive data resources and wide-ranging machinery. The court scheduled the matter for an additional hearing in January.
Governments globally are addressing the threats of damaging deepfake technologies by implementing enhanced rules and regulations. In September, the United States National Security Agency (NSA) and federal agency partners issued new guidance on cybersecurity risks associated with deepfakes.
As OpenGov Asia reported, they published a Cybersecurity Information Sheet (CSI) titled “Contextualising Deepfake Threats to Organisations” to help organisations recognise, safeguard against, and respond to deepfake threats.
It suggests that organisations should incorporate real-time verification capabilities. It underscores the use of passive detection techniques for continuous monitoring and early identification and emphasises the significance of safeguarding high-profile officers and their communications, as they are frequent targets of deepfake attempts.
Apart from detection, the guidance offered ways to mitigate the impact of deepfake attacks. Organisations must foster information sharing within and across organisations. The guidance advocates for thorough planning and rehearsal of responses to potential exploitation attempts, ensuring organisations are well-prepared for any incidents. Personnel training is another crucial aspect, providing individuals with the skills and knowledge to effectively recognise and respond to synthetic media threats.
New Zealand has been facing many cyber threats during 2020-2023, posing a significant risk to individuals, businesses, and critical infrastructure. New Zealand’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) estimates that a staggering NZ$65 million in harm was deflected from nationally significant organisations in 2022. This impressive figure underscores the importance of robust cybersecurity measures in safeguarding critical infrastructure from cyberattacks.
Cybercriminals are constantly adapting their techniques, employing increasingly complex and difficult-to-detect methods. This includes ransomware attacks or data breaches that expose sensitive information, supply chains, and even education as the most vulnerable target.
New Zealand Police have warned about a targeted email campaign affecting various organisations, with schools being a primary focus. This digital threat has prompted heightened vigilance and collaborative efforts to mitigate potential risks to the targeted entities.
According to the latest advisory, multiple organisations, including several schools, have fallen prey to this email campaign. New Zealand Police have expressed confidence that the emails originate from the same source. Despite this, they have emphasised that no perceived tangible threat exists to the organisations receiving these emails.
The authorities are actively seeking the cooperation of the recipients in reporting any such emails to facilitate ongoing investigations aimed at uncovering the origins of these potentially malicious communications. This collaboration between affected organisations and law enforcement underscores the significance of collective action in addressing cybersecurity challenges.
The impacted schools are taking swift action by disseminating timely updates to their students, staff, and parent communities. Reassuring their stakeholders, these educational institutions emphasise that all necessary measures are being implemented to ensure safety and well-being take precedence.
In the face of emerging cybersecurity threats, it is crucial for organisations, especially educational institutions, to stay informed and prepared. The ongoing incidents highlight the need for a proactive approach to cybersecurity, where institutions can benefit from robust policies and procedures to safeguard against digital threats.
Schools are advised to adhere to their established emergency policies and procedures in an emergency or a situation posing a potential threat. Collaboration with the appropriate emergency services and adherence to their guidance is paramount in ensuring a coordinated and effective response.
School students emerge as a particularly vulnerable demographic to the pervasive threat of cyberattacks due to their extensive engagement with digital platforms. The substantial amount of time they dedicate to online activities, including educational pursuits, social interactions, and entertainment, significantly heightens their susceptibility to becoming victims of cyber threats.
Their digital presence, often marked by a lack of comprehensive awareness and cybersecurity education, makes them attractive targets for various malicious actors operating in the cyber realm.
In cases involving threats of violence, the primary agency to engage with is the New Zealand Police. Their expertise and resources can be pivotal in addressing and neutralising potential risks. Local Te Mahau offices can assist as needed to support affected entities further. It underscores the importance of a collaborative effort at the community level, where various stakeholders work together to enhance resilience against cyber threats.
As the digital landscape evolves, so do the tactics malicious actors employ. The recent email campaign serves as a reminder for organisations to stay vigilant, enhance their cybersecurity measures, and foster a culture of digital awareness. Cybersecurity education and training are essential to fortifying defences against phishing attempts and other cyber threats.
It underscores the imperative for fostering collaboration among various stakeholders to address and counteract the escalating threat posed by cyber-attacks effectively. A united front involving governments, businesses, cybersecurity experts, and the broader community is essential to mitigate the risks and challenges associated with these digital incursions.
Emphasising the significance of collective efforts, it highlights the interconnected nature of the digital landscape, where a collaborative approach becomes pivotal in fortifying defences, sharing intelligence, and devising comprehensive strategies to safeguard the increasingly interlinked and technologically dependent societies from ever-evolving cyber threats.