The Indian Government is constituting a taskforce under the chairmanship of the Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Mr Jayant Sinha, for fast-tracking the roll-out of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) or drone technology.
The taskforce will consist of representatives from the Government, PSUs, industry and sectoral experts and it will submit its report within 6 months of its constitution. The taskforce will be headquartered at the Ministry of Civil Aviation, New Delhi.
The taskforce will focus, on research & development, acquisition & commercialisation, application & adoption of the technology in specific sectors and the required regulatory framework. This will be done with a preference for Make in India. The Make in India initiative was launched in September 2014 with the aim of transforming India into a global design and manufacturing hub
A roadmap with implementable recommendations for the Central Government, State Governments, Industry and Research Institutions including outcomes, timelines, implementation & review mechanism and measurable metrics will be prepared by the taskforce. The role of the industry will also be clearly delineated.
As part of the process, the taskforce may study global practices and interact with relevant stakeholders, as required, for preparation of their report.
The taskforce will conduct necessary consultations and interactions with Industry, Research Institutions and government organisations.
Draft regulations issued last year on civil use of drones
In November last year, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation announced draft regulations on civil use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems.
According to the draft regulations, drones have been classified on the basis of their maximum take-off weight : 1) Nano (Less than or equal to 250 gm); 2) Micro (Greater than 250 gm and less than or equal to 2 kg); 3) Mini (Greater than 2 kg and less than or equal to 25 kg); 4) Small (Greater than 25 kg and less than or equal to 150 kg); and 5) Large (Greater than 150 kg).
All drones are proposed to be operated in visual line of sight, during day time only and below 200 feet. Dropping of any substance, carriage of hazardous material or animal or human payload is not permitted.
The draft regulations require all commercial categories of drones except those in the Nano category and those operated by government security agencies, to be registered by DGCA as per ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) proposed policy, in the form of Unique Identification Number (UIN).
The Mini and above categories will require Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit (UAOP). But the model aircraft up to maximum take-off weight of 2 Kgs, flown below 200 feet, inside educational institution premises will not require UIN/UAOP.
The draft regulation also mandates remote pilots to undergo requisite training, except for nano and micro categories. As per the draft regulation, the micro and above category drones will have to be equipped with RFID/SIM, return to home option and anti-collision lights.
The draft regulation also specify certain restricted areas for operations of drones. Drones cannot be operated within an area of 5km from airport, within permanent or temporary Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas as notified by AAI (Airports Authority of India) in AIP and without prior approval over densely populated areas or over or near an area affecting public safety or where emergency operations are underway.
Restricted areas also include within 50 km from international border and beyond 500 m (horizontal) into sea along the coastline. Drones cannot be operated within 5 km radius from Vijay Chowk in Delhi and from a mobile platform such as a moving vehicle, ship or aircraft.
- More soil data
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- National coverage
- Most up-to-date data available
- Efficient provision
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- Can feed into many users’ requirements
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- Trusted location
- Certainty that data is from an authoritative source, verified and satisfies standards.
The country has established the Indonesian Aviation Sector Computer Security Incident Response Team (IAS-CSIRT) to strengthen cybersecurity. The team will report to the Ministry of Transportation’s Director General of Air Transportation.
To anticipate system vulnerabilities, identify opportunities for bad actors to exploit, and reduce the risk of cyber incident threats, the aviation sector required a dedicated cybersecurity team. The CSIRT will regularly publish information on vulnerabilities, security, and new technology trends. The team is also prepared to face various escalating challenges. Members of the CSIRT will be trained through cyber drills and workshops.
The team is in charge of receiving, reviewing, and responding to cyber incident reports and activities with the function of providing reactive services by performing incident coordination, incident triage, and incident resolution.
During the IAS-CSIRT inaugural speech, the Deputy for Cybersecurity and Economic Cryptography of the National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN), Markos, said that the aviation industry increasingly relies on digital technology for flight operations, ground services, communications navigation and surveillance, airport infrastructure, air traffic management, and supply chain.
Therefore, cybercrime prevention and management are crucial for many parties, including aviation service providers. F. Budi Prayitno, the Director of Aviation Security at the Ministry of Transportation, outlined the importance of cyber defence since cybercrime has resulted in considerable losses across sectors. “Effective cyber-crime prevention and management necessitate the collaboration of various cyber security stakeholders who already have a CSIRT,” said Budi. The BSSN contributed to the formation of the IAS-CSIRT.
Markos hopes that the IAS-CSIRT will be able to collaborate, synergise, and share information with various stakeholders and other cybersecurity constituencies in Indonesia, particularly in the handling and recovery of cyber incidents.
BSSN wants other sectors to form a CSIRT as well. The IAS-CSIRT was established for the first time (IIV) following the issuance of Presidential Regulation 82 of 2022 concerning the Protection of Vital Information Infrastructure. Sector IIV prioritises the CSIRT because it manages various strategic information assets related to community survival, national stability, and sovereignty.
Before the inauguration, BSSN signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) and cooperation agreement with state-owned Aviasi Wisata Indonesia (InJourney Group) to support the tourism industry. In addition, cooperation on information protection and electronic transactions intends to improve the quality of information protection and electronic commerce.
The agreement’s scope includes information and communication technology security, the use of electronic certificates to improve electronic transaction security, the improvement and development of human resources, the exchange of information, and cybersecurity campaigns and literacy.
At the signing ceremony, the Head of the National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN), Hinsa Siburian, emphasised the importance of synergy and collaboration to recover the Indonesian aviation and tourism industry through a reliable and safe digital transformation.
Furthermore, between January and November 2022, BSSN detected over 1.14 million traffic anomalies across all InJourney Group assets. BSSN said the most anomalies were discovered in August, with 235,742 events.
The collaboration is expected to make digital information transactions and exchanges more secure and leak-proof. The rapid advancement of digital technology presents an opportunity for Injourney to gain trust and confidence in the Indonesian tourism industry. However, as a result, it must be balanced with maximum data, information, and electronic transaction security.
China Provincial Development and Reform Commission announced the list of the second batch of digital transformation promotion centres in Liaoning Province. There are 13 additional provincial-level digital transformation promotion centres to help small and medium-sized enterprises improve transformation capabilities, reduce transformation costs, and shorten transformation cycles. There are currently 29 digital transformation promotion centres in the province, in addition to the previously announced first batch of lists.
The centres will assist the government in promoting digital construction in Liaoning and cultivating a digital transformation ecology. The programme is under the construction of the second batch of digital transformation promotion centres in Liaoning Province according to the Provincial Development and Reform Commission. The listed enterprises in this programme are based on self-declaration and recommendations from provincial and municipal departments. Experts then review the voluntary requests before being finalised and publicised.
According to the Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the digital transformation promotion centre should fully integrate resources to assist small and medium-sized enterprises.
The province government will provide transformation tools, products, technologies, and customised solutions to support business digital transformation and development. The centre promotes traditional businesses, internet platform enterprises, industry platform enterprises and financial institutions.
The government also promotes collaborative innovation in industries, education, medical care, employment, elderly care, and other fields. Companies participating in the programme will use the projects as a starting point to develop digital technology application scenarios. Participants in the programme are also permitted to complete personnel training with universities and colleges and vocational training and education.
The Provincial Development and Reform Commission will regularly evaluate provincial-level digital transformation promotion centres. The results will be used to recommend applicants for national-level digital transformation promotion centres.
China is currently driving the country’s digital economy. In early November, the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the “Guidelines for the Digital Transformation of SMEs.” The regulation aims to fully implement the Party Central Committee’s and State Council’s decision-making deployment to encourage SMEs to improve their overall strength and core competitiveness through digital transformation.
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, stated that “small and medium-sized enterprises can do great things.” He also emphasised the importance of grasping the direction of digitisation, networking, and intelligence. Moreover, promoting the digitisation of manufacturing, service industries, agriculture, and other industries is also necessary.
The guidelines aim to implement Party Central Committee and State Council decision-making and deployment, strengthen policy coordination, strengthen scientific guidance, deepen transformation awareness, and gather work synergy. The report also needed to promote high-quality economic development through the digital transformation of small and medium-sized businesses. The effort also had to be consistent with the overall economic and social digital transformation trend.
Furthermore, China will use the guidance to increase specialisation and new development of small and medium-sized businesses. The government intends to expand the use of digital technology in various sectors, including research, production, supply, marketing, and clothing. They plan to empower and refine products, increase value, plus accelerate technological innovation and new development in small and medium-sized businesses.
Another role of guidance is strengthening the digital transformation system and the comprehensive path of small and medium-sized businesses. Digital transformation is a multifaceted, cross-cutting project. The guidelines thus aid transformation from the demand side, the supply side, and local governments at all levels. All interested parties can use the guidelines to clarify their positioning and path and strengthen the collective force of transformation.
Stakeholders in the payments industry were challenged to step up their technological advancement. The appeal was issued as a government effort to ensure that the country stays current in advancing the money and payments landscape.
“My overarching message is that we all work and live in a period of substantive change. (The change) offers enormous opportunity if embraced, but potentially greater risk if not,” Karen Silk, Assistant Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand – Te Ptea Matua, said at a conference in Auckland.
Silk emphasised the technological improvement needed because New Zealand does not yet have scalable electronic, instant, peer-to-peer payments and lacks real-time retail payment systems. She also encouraged speeding up the fintech developments in the country. She noted that the country could become more digitally competitive by nurturing home-grown fintech enterprises.
The government has recognised the importance of increasing domestic competition and efficiency savings in the payment space and the broader financial system. However, lingering reliance on legacy systems, failure to understand regulatory impetus and focus, and limitations in cohesion and provision of regulatory support for innovation are impeding real progress.
Nevertheless, Silk praised recent legislative changes. Financial regulators provide a one-stop shop for fintech firms and system-level work to improve cross-border payments. The positive movement makes domestic interbank payments available seven days a week.
Silk stated that challenges could arise from new players who “inadvertently” introduce design or technology risks. She called it a risk as the nature of the business avoiding New Zealand regulation or undermining the role of central bank money, whether cash or a possible Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). Even though the Reserve Bank is still researching the CBDC.
The Reserve Bank of New Zealand published a paper recently describing the current state of the country’s payments system. It will issue another next month, consulting on the potential need to regulate private crypto assets until March 2023.
The Reserve Bank remains committed to improving the cash system’s efficiency and resilience to ensure that it continued providing payment options for everyone and financial and social inclusion for those who rely on it, Silk said. Next year, the Bank has planned small live experiments to investigate various ways to expand merchants’ roles in the cash system.
This could include assisting merchants in recycling cash at the point of sale; compensating them for cash-out services; facilitating frequent, affordable cash delivery and collection for merchants; and consolidating the cash system through the creation of utility entities, Silk explained.
Payments represent the flow of money. Sooner or later, the global payment evolution will also impact New Zealand. Hence, the country demands better, smarter, and faster payment. As a result, the study of payments has come under scrutiny.
Only some understand the intricacies of New Zealand payments, and because they are complex and interconnected, creating a single view of the payments landscape takes time and effort. Furthermore, payment systems and services differ from country to country.
The Reserve Bank plays a multifaceted role in the payment landscape. The bank runs, participates in, regulates, and monitors core payment systems. It has also recently taken on the part of money steward in New Zealand. In addition, it is interested in supporting and ensuring that money and payment systems are efficient and reliable and supporting innovation and inclusion.
The National Development Council (NDC) Deputy Minister, Kao Shien-quey, discussed the idea of tightening cooperation with the Europe Union (EU) when attending the presentation meeting of the European Chamber of Commerce Taiwan (ECCT) 2023 Position Papers.
According to Kao, the government is actively promoting the “Six Core Strategic Industries” as part of the 5+2 Industrial Innovation Plan. It has designated several vital industries to take precedence in the programme, including semiconductors, finance, manufacturing, and service, among others.
The Executive Yuan has proposed an amendment to Article 10-2 of the Industrial Innovation Statute requiring the semiconductor industry to consolidate its competitive advantage. Moreover, the Taiwan government will use cutting-edge technology such as artificial intelligence (AI) and 5G to drive digital transformation in finance, traditional manufacturing, service, and other industries.
Each ministry actively promotes issues such as talent recruitment, bilingual policy, and other ECCT-related concerns. For example, the NDC has established the Employment “Gold Card Office” to increase the quality of professional talent recruitment. The certificate provides integrated services from work to life to international talent. Currently, nearly 6,200 Employment Gold Cards are valid.
Furthermore, Taiwan is focusing on intensifying its work on energy transformation. Kao stated that, in the face of the new post-pandemic global situation, the government is actively promoting the dual shifts of “net-zero” and “digital,” as well as building resilient global supply chains with the EU and other allies.
The government’s most crucial task in net zero is energy transformation. Accordingly, Taiwan officially announced “Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-Zero Emissions in 2050” in March this year. The initiative sets stage milestones and will present the concrete execution plan of the 12 Key Strategies, which cover issues of concern to ECCT. Some critical problems are wind power, photovoltaic power, and other renewable energy, as well as energy storage, power systems, and vehicle electrification, by the end of the year.
Kao stated that the government has allocated a net-zero related budget of NT$ 68.2 billion (US$ 2.2 billion) for next year and the 10-year “Construction Plan for Strengthening Grid Resilience.” She thanked European firms for their involvement in renewable energy in Taiwan. She urged them to continue participating in Taiwan’s energy-related construction to capitalise on Taiwan’s green transformation business opportunities.
Regarding supply chain resilience, Kao echoed the ECCT’s Position Papers, stating that many countries are restructuring supply chains. The restructuring happens in response to the current situation’s challenges, and Taiwan has advantages in semiconductors and International Trade Commission (ITC). Moreover, she shared the ideas of democracy and the rule of law with the EU, making Taiwan and the EU each other’s most trustworthy partners in supply chain restructuring.
Taiwan and Europe have enormous potential for future collaboration in new strategic industries. The best example is ASML’s announcement that it will make its most significant investment in Taiwan next year to collaborate on building a more secure and resilient global supply chain.
Kao also thanked the ECCT for its long-term efforts to promote bilateral relations. She said that Taiwan values the European Parliament’s support during this period of increased geopolitical risk. Kao thanked ECCT for its long-term involvement in Taiwan and expressed hope that ECCT can continue to support Taiwan and seize opportunities for transformation together in the new post-pandemic world.
Previously, President Tsai announced the plan to strengthen ties with Europe in her New Year’s Day speech this year. The administration has proposed a US$ 1.2 billion Eastern Europe Investment and Finance Fund. The budget indicates that Taiwan-Europe trade and economic relations are approaching a new high point.