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An Overview of Public-Private Partnerships

An Overview of Public-Private Partnerships

Throughout history, governments have used a mix of public and private endeavours and a public-private partnership (PPP) is a cooperative arrangement between one or more public and private sectors, usually of a long-term nature. Traditionally, for long-term and costly infrastructural projects, it may not be practical for the government to bear the entire cost of these projects and thus involving the private sector would provide a more sensible financing model as well as be able to tap on the expertise and knowledge of the private companies involved.
         
         

On a conceptual level, while it may be hard for public and private sectors to understand how each other work since their financing models and motives can be rather different: the former is non-profit and the latter is for profit. In recent times, technological disruptions have shaken up industries, both created and eliminated jobs and ultimately altered the ways economies work.

In that regard, governments are not spared either- they are expected to keep up with these disruptions and offer citizens more accessible and convenient e-services through utilising ICT technologies. This provision of services, naturally, cannot be done by governments and government agencies alone and it is only beneficial if they can facilitate collaboration with the private sector on the delivery of such services in the long run, since the private sector is most familiar with the technologies and requirements involved for such projects.   

Public-private partnerships are of course not restricted to the provision of e-services alone- other examples include infrastructural projects, signing of Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) agreements, working with institutes of higher learning and so on. The bigger picture is that governments can no longer think it is enough to be doing what they think is easy or convenient for themselves but consider how they can be facilitators in processes and changes caused by technological disruptions. For instance, they have to make sure that existing regulations or statutes do not impede or hinder innovation and entrepreneurial efforts. 

With that in mind, let us consider some examples of PPPs in the Asia-Pacific region which OpenGov has covered in the last couple of months:

Australia
        

Melbourne Transport Living Lab
         
New South Wales Smart Sensing Network (NSSN)
         
Sydney Urban Living Lab
         
         

Japan
         

Public Private Action for Partnership (PPAP) for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The Japanese Experience

Malaysia
         

Performance Management and Delivery Unit (PEMANDU)- promoting, facilitating and project managing under national key economic areas till 2020
         
         

Singapore
   
     
Changi Airport Living Lab
         
Singapore Polytechnics and Singapore Fintech Association MOU
         
National University of Singapore (NUS), EZ-Link & Alibaba Cloud MOU
         
Economic Development Board (EDB) – Schneider Electric Partnership
         
Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (CSA) MOU with Nanyang Polytechnic (NYP) and Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT)

Although the above-mentioned list is not an exhaustive one, the implications are that governments can no longer be passive or reactive in a technologically-driven economy. It is imperative that governments embrace change and disruption through deliberate collaboration and partnerships with private sectors, in order to stay relevant and continue to facilitate processes that would make a positive impact on the economy and keep their citizens engaged. What would be interesting to observe are the changing dynamics between the interactions and levels of collaboration between public and private sectors in the future – traditional definitions of what public and private sectors are and do may no longer be relevant.

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

PARTNER

As a Titanium Black Partner of Dell Technologies, CTC Global Singapore boasts unparalleled access to resources.

Established in 1972, we bring 52 years of experience to the table, solidifying our position as a leading IT solutions provider in Singapore. With over 300 qualified IT professionals, we are dedicated to delivering integrated solutions that empower your organization in key areas such as Automation & AI, Cyber Security, App Modernization & Data Analytics, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Renowned for our consulting expertise and delivering expert IT solutions, CTC Global Singapore has become the preferred IT outsourcing partner for businesses across Singapore.

PARTNER

Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

PARTNER

HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

PARTNER

IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.