Close this search box.

We are creating some awesome events for you. Kindly bear with us.

Indian Institute of Technology, Madras ML Algorithm to Prevent Illegal Poaching

Image credit: iitmadras; Twitter

The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-Madras) and researchers from a United States-based university have developed a machine-learning algorithm to protect wildlife. The CombSGPO (Combined Security Game Policy Optimisation) algorithm performs strategic resource allocation and patrolling in green security domains to prevent illegal poaching, logging, and fishing.

According to an IIT-Madras press release, the research team found that a combined and coordinated use of forest rangers and surveillance drones, referred to as resources, was a good way to protect wildlife from poaching. As the resources are limited, the algorithm provides highly efficient, scalable strategies. After the extent of resources has been identified, the algorithm handles resource allocation and strategises patrolling. It uses data from the animal population in the conserved area and assumes that poachers are aware of the patrolling being done at various sites. The drones have object detectors mounted on them to signal and communicate with each other as well as the human patrollers.

The algorithm works on a game theory-based model created by the researchers. Game theory is a theoretical framework for conceiving social situations among competing players. In the context of wildlife protection, game theory pertains to predicting the areas where poaching may take place. These predictions are based on the history of poaching incidents and interactions between poachers and defenders. A researcher said that the game model and the kind of resources they used to simulate such a ‘poaching game’ between the defender (forest rangers and drones) and attackers (poachers) are based on the widely-studied Stackelberg Security Game Model and are linked to drones that have already been deployed in Africa to stop elephant and rhino poaching.

As per the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the wildlife trade poses the second-biggest direct threat to the survival of species after habitat destruction. While several organisations and regulatory authorities are trying to curb the incidences of poaching, the poachers seem to have always remained one step ahead of the patrollers. This collaborative research project is expected to keep poaching incidents in check.

To extend and apply this research in domains like security, search and rescue, and aerial mapping for agriculture, among others, the team is trying to perform sample-efficient, multi-agent reinforcement learning to learn with a limited amount of information since data collection is costly in a real-world scenario.

Apart from protecting wildlife, IIT-Madras has also been developing technology-driven solutions to solve several ecological-based problems that have arisen as a consequence of climate change. Earlier this year, the institute used artificial intelligence (AI) tools to study fuel production from biomass. With increasing environmental concerns associated with petroleum-derived fuels, biomass is a practical solution as a source of energy-dense fuel. In a statement, IIT-Madras explained that the researchers used AI and computer simulation and modelling to understand the concept, which saved time and costs.

The team used a machine-learning method called recurrent neural networks (RNN) to study the reactions that occur during the conversion of biomass into energy-dense syngas (gasification of biomass). As OpenGov Asia reported, the technology is able to predict the composition of the biofuel produced as a function of the time the biomass spends in the reactor. The team used a statistical reactor for accurate data generation, which allows the model to be applied over a wide range of operating conditions. The team believes extracting fuel from biomass could help the country attain fuel self-sufficiency.


Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.


As a Titanium Black Partner of Dell Technologies, CTC Global Singapore boasts unparalleled access to resources.

Established in 1972, we bring 52 years of experience to the table, solidifying our position as a leading IT solutions provider in Singapore. With over 300 qualified IT professionals, we are dedicated to delivering integrated solutions that empower your organization in key areas such as Automation & AI, Cyber Security, App Modernization & Data Analytics, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Renowned for our consulting expertise and delivering expert IT solutions, CTC Global Singapore has become the preferred IT outsourcing partner for businesses across Singapore.


Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit


SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.


HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 


IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.