Close this search box.

We are creating some awesome events for you. Kindly bear with us.

Heat-Conducting Nanoparticles in the U.S.

Image credits:

There are billions of small transistors crammed inside computer chips, which enable powerful computing but also generate a great deal of heat. The accumulation of heat in a computer processor can reduce its performance and reliability. Engineers use heat sinks, sometimes in conjunction with fans or liquid cooling systems, to keep chips cool; nevertheless, these technologies frequently demand a great deal of energy to run.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) researchers have taken a different method. They devised an algorithm and software system that can autonomously construct a nanoscale material capable of conducting heat in a certain manner, such as by channelling heat in only one direction. Because these materials are measured in nanometers (a human hair is around 80,000 nanometers broad), they could be employed in computer chips that can naturally disperse heat due to the geometry of the material.

The researchers created their method by adopting computational approaches normally used to generate big structures to produce nanoscale materials with specified thermal properties. They made a material that can move heat in a preferred direction (this is called “thermal anisotropy”) and another that can turn heat into electricity in an efficient way. At MIT.nano, they are using the second design to make a nanostructured silicon device for recovering heat from waste heat.

Scientists usually use a mix of guesswork and trial and error to figure out how to improve the way a nanomaterial conducts heat. Instead, a person could put the thermal properties they want into a software system and get a design that can achieve those properties and could be made.

In addition to making computer chips that can get rid of heat, this method could also be used to make thermoelectric materials, which efficiently turn heat into electricity. The lead author, Giuseppe Romano, is a research scientist at MIT’s Institute for Soldier Nanotechnology and a member of the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab. He says that these materials could use the waste heat from a rocket’s engines to help power a spacecraft.

Heat moves through semiconductors by way of vibrations. When molecules get hotter, they vibrate faster, which makes nearby groups of molecules start to vibrate, and so on. This moves heat through a material like a crowd of baseball fans doing “the wave.” At the level of the atom, these vibrational waves are turned into discrete packets of energy called “phonons.”

The ability to modify how heat can go through a material by making some portions of these structures too thin for phonons to pass through is theoretically possible. However, there are almost innumerable configurations, so it would have been incredibly impossible to arrange them for specified thermal qualities simply using intuition.

Hence, the researchers developed a novel technique, known as the transmission interpolation method, that allows these extremely complex equations to behave in a manner that the algorithm can manage. Using this technology, the computer may deform the material distribution constantly and smoothly until it obtains the necessary thermal characteristics, as opposed to testing each pixel individually.

The researchers also developed an open-source software system and a web application that allow users to input their desired thermal parameters and receive a nanoscale material structure that can be manufactured. The researchers believe that making the system open source will encourage other scientists to contribute to this field of study.

With this new instrument in hand, the researchers are investigating other materials, such as metal alloys, that can be tuned using this technique, which could open the door to new uses. Additionally, they are investigating strategies for optimising heat conductivity in three dimensions, not just horizontally and vertically.


Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.


CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Well-known for our strengths in system integration and consultation, CTC Global proves to be the preferred IT outsourcing destination for organizations all over Singapore today.


Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit


SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.


HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 


IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.