February 21, 2024

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3D improves on the study of leaves

New imaging and modelling technologies are in the process of profoundly transforming the field of plant science, according to a recent report.

These tools are providing scientists the capability to peer inside the leaf with a clarity and resolution that were inconceivable a generation ago.

A team of Australian and international scientists, in a recently published article, demonstrated how three-dimensional (3D) imaging can now reproduce the inner reality of the leaf, including the dynamic carbon and water exchange processes.

A Professor from the School of Life and Environmental Sciences at the University of Sydney explained the huge potential that embracing 3D complexity can have in improving the understanding of leaves at multiple levels of biological organisation.

This includes harnessing the knowledge to improve the photosynthetic performance of crops.

It is similar to having the ability to walk inside the leaf, instead of looking at it squashed from a two- dimensional point of view.

The co-author of the paper is a Professor at the Australian National University who received the Kyoto Prize in 2017 and the Prime Minister’s Prize for Science in 2015 in recognition for his work in developing the understanding of photosynthesis.

The Professor from the Research School of Biology at the Australian National University explained that although leaves and plant cells are three dimensional, plant biologists use highly simplified 1D or 2D models.

Thus, the biologists have evaded the difficult but confounding and beautiful 3D reality.

The leaf is an amazingly complex landscape, where water and gases flow in many directions depending on variables such as temperature, light quality and wind.

3D images give people an understanding of what is really happening.

These technologies make it possible to answer very interesting questions, some of which have eluded scientists for many years.

The process of creating the images involves the use of biological specimens, by integrating 2D leaf measurements to create 3D volumes and surfaces.

The 3D representation enables an anatomically correct basis for modelling and biophysical simulations to provide a dynamic view of the processes inside plant cells and tissues.

Adopting a 3D approach is not only critical for testing when dimensionality reduction is reliable and accurate, but also promises to deliver insights on several interesting plant processes.

These include the fundamental processes of leaf CO 2 and H 2O transport and exchange; the translation of leaf anatomical diversity to functional diversity; and fine-scale CO 2 and H 2O exchange processes in broader-scale models.

The scientists predict that with the use of a collaborative approach, they will be able to answer, within the next decade, outstanding questions about how the 3D special arrangement of organelles, cells and tissues affects photosynthesis and transpiration.

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Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

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CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Well-known for our strengths in system integration and consultation, CTC Global proves to be the preferred IT outsourcing destination for organizations all over Singapore today.

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Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

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SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

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HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

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IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.

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