February 23, 2024

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Artificial Intelligence’s Regulations in Shenzhen, China

As a frontier city in the technology industry, Shenzhen’s regulations may be influential in setting the national standards for Artificial Intelligence (AI) in China. Often referred to as China’s Silicon Valley, Shenzhen is home to leading technology companies. Shenzhen’s regulations on AI, cover products and services approvals, education and R&D, procurement and functional utility, and the ethics of its use.

Shenzhen recently released plans to regulate and support the development of its AI industry, making it the first local government in China to establish targeted policies for the sector. Shenzhen policymakers have submitted a draft outline of the plan, the regulations on the Promotion of Artificial Intelligence Industry of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone to the local People’s Congress for review.

While not yet finalised, the regulations seek to promote the use and development of AI in both the public and private sectors, establish a framework to govern the approval of AI products and services and regulate AI usage ethics.

Frequently referred to as China’s Silicon Valley, Shenzhen – home to tech companies– stands to lead the country’s transition to AI and other high-tech fields. Due to Shenzhen’s leadership in AI, the city’s policies affecting the sector may prove influential in setting standards across the rest of China.

Promoting AI Research and Adoption

The regulations include measures to encourage public institutions and companies to invest in AI research and development, as well as to actively adopt AI for present-day use. In terms of research, the regulations encourage universities and other higher education institutions to establish interdisciplinary AI courses, set up R&D labs, and cooperate with industry to educate the workforce and foster innovation. They also stipulate that salaries and other incentives for AI researchers should be flexible as a means to attract top talent.

Moreover, the regulations instruct government bodies to use AI as much as possible in day-to-day operations, and to prioritise grant administration and procurement to AI leaders. These measures aim to accelerate the actual adoption of AI by government bodies. To further encourage AI development, the regulations seek to shorten the approval system for AI products and services and to establish a risk management system that emphasises trial and usage.

The regulations specifically emphasise the development and adoption of AI in the healthcare sector. They encourage healthcare institutions to create streamlined review systems for AI product testing approvals. Similarly, Shenzhen will allow healthcare institutions to test low-risk AI products and services in a limited manner.

Data usage oversight

According to the regulations, Shenzhen will grant industry stakeholders improved access to data held by the government, to the extent that sharing such data complies with relevant laws. By sharing data with industry, the city hopes to speed up the development of AI products and services suited for local conditions.

To address privacy and data usage concerns, the regulations state that the government will establish an AI ethics committee to offer guidance on how AI should be developed and used, and to safeguard residents’ data privacy rights. AI should be developed in a way that promotes economic and social development, per the Regulations, while also addressing ethical concerns in a standardised and coordinated way.

Besides privacy and ethics considerations, the regulations aim to set up a standardised and comprehensive system to manage AI industry statistics collection and oversight. Shenzhen will establish and improve statistical classification standards for the AI industry, including through the creation of an AI industry classification catalogue.

Besides Shenzhen, Shanghai has also been focusing on developing AI. As reported by OpenGov Asia, Shanghai announced a municipal Artificial Intelligence (AI) plan that will look into rule changes related to digital technology, promote the establishment of technical standards and regulations and form a mechanism for monitoring risks and issuing early warnings.

The plan will use scientific measures to regulate the industry so that it produces safe, reliable and controllable products. The plan will also help government agencies construct management rules and systems and enable users to properly use AI solutions with appropriate levels of self-protection.

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Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

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CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

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Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

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SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

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HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

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IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.

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