February 22, 2024

We are creating some awesome events for you. Kindly bear with us.

Indian Researchers Create AI Tool for Personalised Cancer Diagnoses

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-Madras) recently developed PIVOT, an artificial intelligence (AI)-based tool that can predict cancer-causing genes. In a statement, the Institute said the tool will ultimately help devise personalised cancer treatment strategies.

Cancer is a leading cause of death across the world and accounted for nearly one in six deaths in 2020, according to data from the World Health Organisation. It is an uncontrolled growth of cells that can occur due to mutations in oncogenes, tumour suppressor genes, or both. However, not all mutations result in cancer. Therefore, it is important to identify genes that cause cancer to create appropriate, personalised cancer treatment strategies.

According to IIT-Madras’ statement, PIVOT predicts cancer-causing genes using a model that utilises information on mutations, expression of genes, and copy number variation in genes and perturbations in the biological network that results from an altered gene expression. The tool applies machine learning (ML) to classify genes as tumour suppressor genes, oncogenes, or neutral genes. PIVOT successfully predicted both the existing oncogenes and tumour-suppressor genes like TP53, and PIK3CA, among others, and new cancer-related genes such as PRKCA, SOX9, and PSMD4.

An expert explained that cancer, being a complex disease, cannot be dealt with in a one-treatment-fits-all fashion. As cancer treatment increasingly shifts towards personalised medicine, models like PIVOT, which aim at pinpointing differences between patients are very useful. Current cancer treatments are known to be detrimental to the overall health of the patient. Knowing the genes responsible for the initiation and progression of cancer in a patient can help determine the combination of drugs and therapy most suitable for their recovery.

Although there are tools currently available that identify personalised cancer genes, they use unsupervised learning and make predictions based on the presence and absence of mutations in cancer-related genes. This study, however, is the first to use supervised learning and considers the functional impact of mutations while making predictions.

IIT-Madras researchers have built AI prediction models for three types of cancer including breast invasive carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, and lung adenocarcinoma. The research team is working on a list of personalised cancer-causing genes that can help identify suitable drugs for patients based on their individual cancer profiles.

Technology in healthcare has not only been successful in treatment strategies but as a tool to connect citizens quickly and easily with medical professionals. In May, the National Health Authority (NHA), under its Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM), launched the Ayushman Bharat Health Account (ABHA) mobile application, an upgraded version of the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) health records application.

As OpenGov Asia reported, the updated version of the ABHA app has a new user interface and added functionalities that enable individuals to access their health records anywhere. Users can create an ABHA address that can be linked to a 14-digit randomly generated ABHA number. The application also allows users to link their health records created at ABDM-compliant health facilities and access them on their smartphones. Users can upload physical health records in ABDM-compliant health lockers and share digital health records (diagnostic reports, prescriptions, COVID-19 vaccination certificates) through the ABDM network.

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

PARTNER

CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Well-known for our strengths in system integration and consultation, CTC Global proves to be the preferred IT outsourcing destination for organizations all over Singapore today.

PARTNER

Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

PARTNER

HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

PARTNER

IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.

Send this to a friend