February 24, 2024

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NTU is working on V2X technologies

Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University will be working with selected industry partners to integrate cellular communication into vehicle-to-everything (V2X) technologies. This is part of the University’s research into the smart mobility sector.

NTU’s Research Capabilities in V2X

As an intelligent transport system, V2X transmits information between a vehicle and another entity which affects it. Entities might include other vehicles, pedestrians and data centres. In a world where everything becomes increasingly interconnected, improving V2X technologies is pertinent. By harnessing V2X, road safety, ease of traffic flow and energy savings can be championed.

NTU has conducted extensive research in the field. In 2015, the NTU-NXP Smart Mobility Test Bed was launched. This turned the campus into a V2X-enabled one, allowing for research and testing of secure, smart connectivity and mobility solutions. Improvements in traffic flow in cities, road accident prevention and an enhanced user experience for mobility services were the desired outcomes.

Beginning 2019, NTU will be looking into the different vehicular communications technology. These include dedicated short-range communication V2X, existing 4.5G and the latest 5G mobile networks. Through their research, it is hoped that the speed of data transmission and radio coverage distance for communication between vehicles and infrastructure will be improved. Ultimately, the study will expedite the speed at which notifications and warnings are received.

In partnership with various industry players, the University is looking for ways where the aforementioned technologies “synergistically complement” each other and can be used in autonomous vehicle prototypes, traffic infrastructure and unmanned aircraft systems. In doing so, real-time navigation traffic and hazard information can be relayed to vehicles pre-emptively.

Test Drive

Four completed research projects were showcased. They pivot about early warning system for vehicles and cellular communication for personal mobility devices (PMDs).

The early warning system taps on the car’s electronic systems through the onboard diagnostics report. Researchers collect the data from the onboard diagnostics port and analysed it to improve road safety for all, including users of the V2X network.

For example, a single vehicle can alert another approaching vehicle if its doors are opened, or has an engine fault and was disabled along the expressway. Alerts like these are sent out real-time wirelessly using the smart onboard unit. This gives the driver additional reaction time to avoid incidents.

Additionally, by combining Green Wave and Green Light Optimised Speed Advisory system, drivers can gauge how fast or slow they should be going to catch the green wave i.e. when all traffic lights on the route are green. Data is sent from the traffic lights to the driver.

Secondly, in partnership with a private automotive parts company, NTU is working to integrate a V2X smart unit into PMDs. Both drivers and PMD motorists can be alerted if a PMD is in the blind spot of a reversing vehicle, lowering the risk of an accident.

A third showcase is a positioning system which uses V2X radio signal to determine vehicle locations in areas where the GPS is unable to locate satellite signals. Using the onboard unit in the vehicle to communicate with roadside units installed in carparks, the V2X-locate system uses the known locations of the roadside units and the V2X radio signal in a way. Much like a GPS navigator which uses GPS satellite signals, the vehicle is made aware of its location. It boasts a 1 metre accuracy 95% of the time.

Finally, this partnership taps on the industry player’s futuristic 60 Ghz V2X system which download large files in split seconds. The same feat can be accomplished while the vehicle is on the move and within range of the 60 GHz base stations which are installed on lampposts or bus stops. Ultra-fast and real-time high definition streaming and file downloads will soon be possible for intelligent transportation systems. The technology need only be monitored by a central system for wireless downloading of high-definition maps to the autonomous vehicles.

Vice President of Research, NTU, Professor Lam Khin Yong said, “Employing cellular communication and integrating them into existing V2X technologies for mobility can help to reduce travelling time, minimise the risk of serious accidents and optimise road usage for a densely populated urban city like Singapore. The emerging technologies researched today may soon become the norm for our everyday lives, contributing to Singapore’s vision to be a Smart Nation.”

PARTNER

Qlik’s vision is a data-literate world, where everyone can use data and analytics to improve decision-making and solve their most challenging problems. A private company, Qlik offers real-time data integration and analytics solutions, powered by Qlik Cloud, to close the gaps between data, insights and action. By transforming data into Active Intelligence, businesses can drive better decisions, improve revenue and profitability, and optimize customer relationships. Qlik serves more than 38,000 active customers in over 100 countries.

PARTNER

CTC Global Singapore, a premier end-to-end IT solutions provider, is a fully owned subsidiary of ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation (CTC) and ITOCHU Corporation.

Since 1972, CTC has established itself as one of the country’s top IT solutions providers. With 50 years of experience, headed by an experienced management team and staffed by over 200 qualified IT professionals, we support organizations with integrated IT solutions expertise in Autonomous IT, Cyber Security, Digital Transformation, Enterprise Cloud Infrastructure, Workplace Modernization and Professional Services.

Well-known for our strengths in system integration and consultation, CTC Global proves to be the preferred IT outsourcing destination for organizations all over Singapore today.

PARTNER

Planview has one mission: to build the future of connected work. Our solutions enable organizations to connect the business from ideas to impact, empowering companies to accelerate the achievement of what matters most. Planview’s full spectrum of Portfolio Management and Work Management solutions creates an organizational focus on the strategic outcomes that matter and empowers teams to deliver their best work, no matter how they work. The comprehensive Planview platform and enterprise success model enables customers to deliver innovative, competitive products, services, and customer experiences. Headquartered in Austin, Texas, with locations around the world, Planview has more than 1,300 employees supporting 4,500 customers and 2.6 million users worldwide. For more information, visit www.planview.com.

SUPPORTING ORGANISATION

SIRIM is a premier industrial research and technology organisation in Malaysia, wholly-owned by the Minister​ of Finance Incorporated. With over forty years of experience and expertise, SIRIM is mandated as the machinery for research and technology development, and the national champion of quality. SIRIM has always played a major role in the development of the country’s private sector. By tapping into our expertise and knowledge base, we focus on developing new technologies and improvements in the manufacturing, technology and services sectors. We nurture Small Medium Enterprises (SME) growth with solutions for technology penetration and upgrading, making it an ideal technology partner for SMEs.

PARTNER

HashiCorp provides infrastructure automation software for multi-cloud environments, enabling enterprises to unlock a common cloud operating model to provision, secure, connect, and run any application on any infrastructure. HashiCorp tools allow organizations to deliver applications faster by helping enterprises transition from manual processes and ITIL practices to self-service automation and DevOps practices. 

PARTNER

IBM is a leading global hybrid cloud and AI, and business services provider. We help clients in more than 175 countries capitalize on insights from their data, streamline business processes, reduce costs and gain the competitive edge in their industries. Nearly 3,000 government and corporate entities in critical infrastructure areas such as financial services, telecommunications and healthcare rely on IBM’s hybrid cloud platform and Red Hat OpenShift to affect their digital transformations quickly, efficiently and securely. IBM’s breakthrough innovations in AI, quantum computing, industry-specific cloud solutions and business services deliver open and flexible options to our clients. All of this is backed by IBM’s legendary commitment to trust, transparency, responsibility, inclusivity and service.

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