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China started building the Tianfu data centre, a national hub node for the Chengdu-Chongqing integrated computing power network. The “East Counting West Counting” project was inaugurated in February this year and includes eight national hub nodes of the national computer network, of which the Chengdu-Chongqing node is one.
The Sichuan province is the centre of the project and will focus on building Tianfu data centre clusters. The province has been selected after carefully analysing Sichuan’s industrial layout, energy structure, geology, climate, and other factors. Several internal data centres will be built in cities and form a province-wide integration of “cluster-city” complementarity and “cloud-edge” coordination data centre system.
The Tianfu data centre cluster starting area will be constructed to a high standard by 2025, and it will have a capacity of 500,000 racks. By 2030, computing power and effectiveness will be at a national advanced level and serve as the project’s central node.
The Sichuan node will become an important base for the development of China’s computing power network, said Chen Jing, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. Sichuan is capable of simultaneously performing the jobs of “East Counting” and “West Counting.” The five terms “Digital Network,” “Digital Button,” “Digital Chain,” “Digital Brain,” and “Digital Shield” are used to describe how to do it.
The hub node was simply written as “1+N” in Chinese. The Tianfu data centre cluster at the national level is identified as number 1. The cluster consists of the Tianfu New District-based supercomputing industry cluster, the Chengdu High-tech Zone-based intelligent computing industry cluster, and the Eastern New District-based cloud and edge computing industry cluster.
The five internal data centres located in cities Mianyang, Deyang, Ya’an, Yibin, Dazhou and other locations are referred to as N.
The importance of the Sichuan node
The Sichuan node is a major structure for the East Counting and West Computing national integrated big data centre innovation system. The node will encourage the quick development of a brand-new network architecture for computing power in China. It is fostering the regional integration of high-speed intelligence, green technology and affordable computing power network resources.
China’s computer networks are still unable to supply enough computational capacity. Additionally, the systems for computer-network coordination are also unable to accurately respond to demands for computing power.
The network initiative can resolve China’s future computer power issues. Current issues with China’s computing power architecture include the lack of intelligent computing power, a dearth of heterogeneous computing power and less coordinated data centre growth.
Accelerated data circulation and value transfer between east and west will comprehensively support the digital upgrade and industrial digital transformation of various industries.
The upstream and downstream industries will both experience high-quality development as a result of the implementation of the “Digital from the East and Computation from the West” project and the building of a new computing power network system.
Chen is confident that the current computing revolution would affect the future and feels it will lead to an even greater digital change. Increased processing power will drive the creation and use of big data, artificial intelligence and technologies. Even currently, computational power is being deployed to address productivity challenges.
The Institute for Digital Molecular Analytics and Science (IDMxS), which aims to promote the science of analysing biological molecules (biomolecules) using information technology and data science, was recently established by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore). This could pave the way for real-time environmental or health data monitoring and analysis, like how real-time traffic data can be obtained on mobile devices.
IDMxS, NTU’s newest national Research Centre of Excellence (RCE), is funded with a total investment of over S$160 million over 10 years, with the majority coming from NTU and the National University of Singapore and S$94 million coming from the Singapore Ministry of Education.
Digital molecular analytics, a novel scientific discipline that analyses individual molecules to discover, identify, and measure biomolecules with extraordinary accuracy, is at the core of the work done at IDMxS.
Such a science will open many new areas of research, such as the creation of diagnostic testing capabilities that may then inspire the creation of new technologies and commercial spinoffs, including blood testing kits that can generate findings instantly using nothing more than a smartphone camera.
The interdisciplinary centre is anticipated to house 100 full-time researchers and employees with backgrounds ranging throughout the spectrum of engineering and science, from optics, computer science, and artificial intelligence (AI) to biology, medical technology, and chemistry.
Postgraduate students from NTU will have exceptional chances for interdisciplinary education and training that spans the molecular sciences and information technology through the graduate programme of IDMxS. More than 30 PhD students will receive support from the Centre, four of whom have already begun their studies. As clinical diagnostics become more digital, IDMxS will also create continuing education programmes aimed at developing and modernising the healthcare workforce.
By fusing the fields of biology and information technology – which have each recently undergone revolutionary changes – IDMxS will create the new science of digital molecular analytics. The objective is to develop tools that can track environmental data, such as air and water quality, and health information, like viral infections or molecular signatures that signal the existence of a disease, in real-time. To develop innovative solutions for issues with health, sickness, and environmental monitoring, this process begins with the development of fundamental science.
The ability to simultaneously gather a variety of data types from a biological sample and use tools like AI and machine learning algorithms to analyse and interpret the enormous volume of data that would otherwise be impossible for humans to make sense of is at the core of IDMxS’ digital molecular analytical strategies. The research centre intends to someday spin out solutions like widely used software using digital molecular analytics.
Moreover, making blood sample test kits is one potential use for digital molecular analytics that IDMxS is investigating. The goal of this research is to create a tool that can recognise the various chemicals responsible for illnesses, infections, and diseases.
This suggests that a physician might someday be able to take a blood sample, analyse it with a smartphone camera, and obtain an accurate, real-time reading next to the patient at the doctor’s table. A similar idea might do away with the necessity for additional time-consuming laboratory tests.
The extensive surveillance of illnesses spread by insects like dengue and malaria is another project that is now under development. Researchers can one day create an imaging system that can swiftly detect and monitor dengue among the mosquito population by recognising and analysing the chemicals that make up the dengue virus. Such studies might also be used to track other airborne infections and infectious diseases, in addition to insect-borne diseases that affect urban health.
New technology will be keeping beachgoers safer this summer with the Smart Beaches project providing real-time data to almost 50 beaches in NSW, helping the region’s lifeguards more accurately predict beach conditions using GPS and smart cameras.
The Minister for Customer Service and Digital Government stated that the NSW government had invested AU$ 1.6 million to expand the project beyond the Northern Beaches and Lake Macquarie to five new council areas up and down the coast this swim season.
He noted that wave detection buoys, artificial intelligence cameras and surf rescue boards fitted with GPS technology to gather accurate data will be used on beach conditions to enable lifeguards to be better prepared for the busy summer ahead.
These smart devices will provide real-time readings on tide conditions and wave patterns, as well as help to predict how many people will visit the beach, how long they will stay and the most popular times for a swim.
The Smart Beaches project will allow beachgoers to feel safer at the surf, knowing the lifeguards have the latest data on hand to be better prepared for dangerous conditions and prevent incidents both in and out of the water.
The Minister for Local Government stated that the expansion of the trial will mean more councils will benefit from new technology. The data insights help councils make better decisions about when and where to roster lifeguards, decisions that could save lives, she said. As a result, this programme will now be expanded to beaches in Randwick, Central Coast, Wollongong, Newcastle, and Sutherland.
The Member for Manly noted that the technology had been successfully trialled at Freshwater, Shelley, South Steyne and Dee Why beaches. Over the summer of 2020-2021, 88 lives were lost in the surf. Thus, the technology will help lifeguards make more informed decisions to reduce that toll.
The state’s lifeguards will require all help they can get monitoring the surf, conditions, crowd numbers and keeping our beachgoers safe. An app is also being developed for Summer 2023/2024 that will help councils streamline existing reporting and data systems into one, easy-to-interpret dashboard. Funding has been provided through the Smart Places Acceleration Programme, an AU$45 million allocation as part of the Digital Restart Fund.
About the Smart Places Acceleration Programme
The NSW government has launched the NSW Smart Places Acceleration Programme, an AU$45 million initiative that helps place owners – including councils, government agencies, property owners, and regional organisations – partner with the State Government to solve problems and improve the quality of life for communities across regional and metropolitan NSW.
The programme will seek to:
- Support economic and community recovery post COVID-19
- Encourage partnerships with and co-investment from local councils and industry to deliver smart place initiatives
- Support advancement and implementation of the NSW Smart Places Strategy
- Ensure NSW remains the leading state in implementing Smart Places initiatives
The Minister for Customer Service stated that this programme will connect and empower communities by driving investment in new technology and data. The aim is to use technology to make life easier for people. Be it busting congestion or improving health outcomes, the funding aims to strengthen communities. The government is calling on expressions of interest and encourages all relevant councils and place owners to bring forward ideas.
The Minister of State for Science and Technology, Jitendra Singh, has said the government of the union territory of Ladakh and the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), a unit of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), will develop a spatial data infrastructure geoportal, called Geo-Ladakh.
In a written reply to a question in Parliament, Singh explained that the project includes spatial database generation (water resources, vegetation, and energy potential) using remote sensing, geospatial techniques, and the development of a geo-portal to host the database.
Furthermore, under the project, Ladakh officials will be trained in geospatial techniques and applications. The portal will provide geospatial data visualisation and analytics for the union territory, consisting of the spatial viewer, carbon neutrality, geospatial utility mapping, and geo-tourism. To carry out the work, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between IIRS (ISRO) and the Ladakh union territory administration at the beginning of the year.
The potential of space technology could be used to generate a spatial database for time series of snow cover, freshwater availability, sites for renewable energy potential (solar and wind), availability of alpine pastures/grazing lands for natural resource management, and periodic change assessment. Presently, ISRO is setting up an optical telescope at Hanle, a village in Ladakh, to track spacecraft and space objects.
OpenGov Asia reported last month that ISRO’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched nine satellites, including eight nanosatellites, into space for earth observation. The 44-metre-long rocket’s primary payload was the Earth Observation Satellite-6 (EOS-6) or Oceansat-3, a third-generation satellite to monitor oceans. It is a follow up to OceanSat-1 or IRS-P4 and OceanSat-2 launched in 1999 and 2009, respectively. Oceansat-3 will provide data about ocean colour, sea surface temperature, and wind vector data for oceanography, climatology, and meteorological applications.
More recently, ISRO signed an MoU with a private player to launch the SpaceTech Innovation Network (SpIN), India’s first dedicated platform for innovation curation and venture development for the burgeoning space entrepreneurial ecosystem. SpIN will focus on facilitating space tech entrepreneurs in three areas: geospatial technologies and downstream applications; enabling technologies for space and mobility; and aerospace materials, sensors, and avionics.
In a statement, ISRO said that the partnership is a significant step forward in boosting space reform policies. The two organisations will work to identify and tap into the market potential of the most promising space tech innovators and entrepreneurs in the country.
Reports have shown that there are now over 100 active space start-ups in India – the number of start-ups in this sector has more than doubled in the last year alone. Through this partnership, ISRO will support the creation of an open innovation and scale-up platform for all space ecosystem stakeholders and promote active collaboration to make early-stage space start-ups successful.
As part of the partnership, SpIN launched its first innovation challenge. It is looking for solutions from early-stage start-ups in areas of maritime and land transportation, urbanisation, mapping and surveying, disaster management, food security, sustainable agriculture, environmental monitoring, and natural resources management.
The selected start-ups and innovators will be able to access the two organisation’s infrastructure and resources as per the prevailing guidelines. They will be guided in critical areas, including access to product design, testing and validation infrastructure, intellectual property management, go-to-market strategy, and access to long-term patient capital.
Indonesia’s Ministry of Communication and Informatics conducted a familiarisation workshop for health workers and non-medical staff about Electronic Medical Records (RME). According to Health Ministry regulations, health facilities in Indonesia are required to use RME. Indonesia Social Security Administrator (Health BPJS) now offers an integrated RME computing system. Some digitally based hospitals have used the system for RME.
“Through this workshop and seminar, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics introduces Electronic Medical Records (RME) so that participants can understand what RME is and how the supporting technology works,” said I Nyoman Adhiarna, Director of Digital Economy at the Ministry of Communication and Information.
Essentially, health facilities must use the electronic record for patient registration activities, clinical information filling, storage and transfer of medical records, ownership and contents of patient medical records, security, and data protection.
Meanwhile, Setiaji, the Chief of the Ministry of Health’s Digital Transformation Officer (CTO), emphasises the importance of information technology as the backbone of the ongoing transformation of the national health system. “One of the major agenda items is the implementation of electronic medical records, which has begun with the launch of the SATU SEHAT platform.” “This platform connects sixty thousand health services across Indonesia,” he said.
The seminar also covered several topics, such as the role of medical recorders and health information (PMIK) in the success of RME adoption, RME integration with cyber security, change management in RME adoption, and RME adoption and its implications for hospital services.
Director Nyoman acknowledged challenges in implementing RME in hospitals, such as internet network connectivity and cyber security. However, adequate digital infrastructure would make digital transformation in health care more accessible. As a result, the Ministry of Communication and Informatics is currently focusing on developing digital infrastructure in remote areas, known as the 3T acronyms for frontier, outermost, and lagging.
A multifunctional satellite, Satellite Indonesia Raya (SATRIA) 1, will provide support for remote internet access. The broadband satellite will launch in 2023 to reach 150,000 public service points.
As the health sector becomes increasingly digitalised, cyber and data security has become a significant concern. According to Director Nyoman, all PSEs, both public and private, that manage personal data are urged to pay close attention to the feasibility and dependability of personal processing data, particularly those related to technology, governance, and human resources.
He is also concerned about the role of the Data Protection Officer (DPO) following the implementation of the government’s data protection law. Each electronic system operator must legally have a person in charge of data protection.
“Later,” he said, “a Personal Data Protection Agency will be formed, which will most likely be under the Ministry of Communication and Informatics.”
Director Nyoman also emphasised the Ministry of Communication and Informatics’ role in assisting the Ministry of Health in becoming the leading sector in the health sector to accelerate digital transformation in the health sector.
The Ministry of Communication and Information welcomed the One Healthy Indonesia Health Service (IHS) platform, launched in July 2021 by the Ministry of Health as a digital transformation programme based on an integrated and standardised health data system.
Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, recently revealed details of an AU$15 million project to develop a national soil information system, aimed at improving the sustainable management of one of the nation’s most precious assets.
Supporting the National Soil Strategy, and funded by the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, the Australian National Soil Information System (ANSIS) project is a collaboration between the government, research organisations, industry, the private sector and the community.
Using innovative processes and technologies, ANSIS will allow improved sharing of nationally consistent soil data and information through online access for users. This will help Australians to better understand their nation’s diverse range of soils and make better decisions about managing our important soil resources. Currently, soil data is collected using different methods, by different organisations, and at a range of depths in the soil. This makes it hard to access, compare and use data from diverse sources.
The Project Lead at CSIRO stated that improving access to the best soil data and information can help promote digital agriculture innovation and is key to sustainably managing Australia’s soils. By using ANSIS, farmers and agricultural advisors will have access to more soil data and be better placed to more sustainably manage the soil on which they rely.
Soil is vital to agricultural production and natural environments, as well as health and well-being. This information system will help everyone care for this important natural resource. Productive, healthy, and resilient soil means more economic, environmental, and social benefits to Australia. Monitoring soil also helps scientific understanding of how the natural world is changing.
This work will provide insight into biodiversity, water resources, landscapes and coastlines, fauna, climate, and geology. By harmonising Australia’s soil data, we can make it accessible across many fields of science and exploration. The project is being delivered under the Federal Government’s National Soil Strategy, which is about prioritising soil health, empowering soil innovation and stewards, and strengthening soil knowledge and capability. The new ANSIS system will be available for use in 2023.
ANSIS will provide improved access to nationally consistent soil data and information needed to help sustainably manage Australian soil. ANSIS will provide:
- More soil data
- More data sets are available that in other soil systems
- Enables more certainty in products developed
- Opportunity to develop new products
- Improved access
- Multiple data sets are now discoverable and accessible
- National coverage
- Most up-to-date data available
- Efficient provision
- Organised and standardised data for immediate use
- Can feed into many users’ requirements
- Consistent delivery
- Substantial reduction in time to prepare information products
- Trusted location
- Certainty that data is from an authoritative source, verified and satisfies standards.
Indonesia has great ambitions for its digital economy and has deployed strategies to achieve its ambitions with a goal to reach USD315 billion by 2030. The 2021-2024 Indonesia Digital Roadmap is set on 4 pillars, namely digital infrastructure, digital government, digital economy and digital society.
As part of its strategy, the government is promoting four important digital skills to accelerate its digital economy. The government believes that the future demand for digital skills will be focused on four areas Artificial Intelligence, Bitcoin, Cloud Computing, and Data Analytics (ABCD). The ABCD skills are projected to help the national economy hit its US$315 billion by 2030 target.
Therefore, the Indonesian government is encouraging young people to start businesses through a variety of free programs such as Beta School, 1,000 Startup Movement, Startup Studio, HUB.ID and IGDX.
“Aside from university disciplines, the ABCD is becoming increasingly important for everyone. I believe that all young people require ABCD,” stated Dedy Permadi, Expert Staff of the Minister of Communication and Informatics, in a discussion forum.
Mastering ABCD technical hard skills apart, Indonesian digital talents are also expected to be proficient in non-technical or soft skills known as the 4C’s, which are Complex Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, Creativity and Communication.
The Director of SDPPI Kominfo, Ismail, expressed his hope that the young generation in Indonesia would capture the golden opportunity for digitalisation. Digitalisation will transform Indonesia from a consumer country to a prominent player in the new normal.
The government recognises the importance of good infrastructure support in boosting the digital economy. As a result, the government is working to ensure an equitable distribution of internet connection networks across Indonesia, particularly in frontier, remote, and underdeveloped (3T) areas.
According to Ismail, the development of ICT infrastructure must meet three criteria: broad coverage, the deployment of a fibre-optic cable network on the backbone, and affordability, which means that the price is reasonable for the community.
Private operators focus on developing infrastructure in high-demand urban areas and, as a result, the digital divide between cities and towns has grown wider. Consequently, the government is beginning to develop 3T telecommunications in rural, underserved areas.
“We cannot rely solely on private-sector investment. To speed up and accelerate digital transformation, the government must invest in infrastructure,” Ismail said emphatically.
The Ministry of Communication and Information Agency and Telecommunications and Information Accessibility (BAKTI) have also worked to improve and expand internet access for public services throughout Indonesia. BAKTI is working with telecommunications companies to build Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) in remote areas of Indonesia.
“We hope to finish building BTS in all remote areas by 2023 and connect them to the 4G network,” Deddy stated.
Indonesia is a vast archipelagic country. So, relying solely on fibre optic cable networks will make it difficult to provide connectivity. As a result, the government is combining the fibre optic cable network constructed with the 150 Gbps SATRIA 1 satellite.
This multifunctional satellite can provide internet access to 150,000 public service locations in Indonesia, including educational institutions, local governments, defence and security administration, and health facilities. This satellite is scheduled to launch in 2023.
The government has begun construction of the first National Data Centre in the Delta Mas Region, GIIC, Cikarang District, Bekasi Regency, West Java Province, in connection with its digital strategy. It will then gradually expand data centres in Nongsa Digital Park in Batam, Riau Archipelago, the new National Capital City (IKN) in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, and Labuan Bajo, East Nusa Tenggara.
The creation of this government data centre is intended to promote efficiency, effectiveness, state data sovereignty, and national data consolidation as part of the One Data Indonesia initiative. “This (data centre) is critical because government data management is critical to developing society’s transformation into a digital society,” Deddy said.